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Dealing with Trouble: A Data-Driven Model of a Repair Type for a Conversational Agent

Sviatlana Höhn
Here I describe a data-driven model for simulation of dialogue sequences where the learner user does not understand the talk of a conversational agent in chat and asks for clarification.  ...  Troubles in hearing, comprehension or speech production are common in human conversations, especially if participants of the conversation communicate in a foreign language that they have not yet fully  ...  For the implementation, I extend a German AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) based chatbot (Droßmann 2005; Bush 2006 ) with a repair manager.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v29i1.9724 fatcat:6tocn76scragviuxmu42q3kpm4

Artificial Intelligence [article]

John Paul Mueller Luca Massaron
2018 Zenodo  
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has had several false starts and stops over the years, partly because people don't really understand what AI is all about, or even what it should accomplish.  ...  As AI intelligence increases, however, it becomes essential for an AI to exhibit Friendly Artificial Intelligence (FAI) behaviors consistent with an Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) that has a positive  ...  Of course, Artificial Intelligence For Dummies also covers the really cool uses for AI.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5599660 fatcat:rn6nyx5xinehzpwfy3knurtzgy

On Whose Shoulders?

Yorick Wilks
2008 Computational Linguistics  
It is something endemic in the wider field of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, although bottom-up wiki techniques are now filling many historical gaps for those who know where to look, as  ...  It aims to provide access to information and services as well as company for the elderly by chatting, remembering past conversations, and organizing (and making sense of) the owner's photographic and image  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli.2008.34.4.471 fatcat:mhyltasxmvab7k5yxx3tym6pna

Authors and Machines

Jane C. Ginsburg, Luke Ali Budiardjo
2018 Social Science Research Network  
in practical artificial intelligence (artificial intelligence designed for a narrow specific purpose, like business analytics, language translation, etc.), the idea of true machine thought, guided by  ...  conversational language between experimental chat bots, 198 have led us to anticipate the advent of what was once the stuff of science fiction: the thinking machine. 199 But there is ample cause for  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3233885 fatcat:k5fe5jd3dze35jhjuthbzbb67q

Cloud Computing and Privacy Risks in the Information/Knowledge/Digital Risk Society and Economy: An Overview

Sompurna Bhadra
2020 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
, and 3D printing, artificial intelligence, biotechnology and others [3] .  ...  These studies are largely an inductive process to gain understanding. ...Exploratory studies observe specific phenomena to look for patterns and arrive at a general theory of behaviour.  ...  resources for sustainable development New sensing and monitoring technologies can help track oceanic resources; big data and artificial intelligence will facilitate better resource management practices  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2020.6362 fatcat:jhpjpe4uundtbmk4jodptvhwqa


1968 Anthropology News  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to thank Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens for permission to conduct this research and for the ready assistance of the administration and zookeeping staff.  ...  to move robots (Blakeslee 2008) .  ...  According to Clive Gamble (1986, 56) , by the mid-1980s the idea of culture as an information system was already considered a commonplace archaeological view.  ... 
doi:10.1111/an.1968. fatcat:63gsf3bvc5eqjp4hirog2a5mkm

Behavioral and Social Science: Fifty Years of Discovery

Martin Bulmer, Neil J. Smelser, Dean R. Gerstein
1986 Contemporary Sociology  
A final theme is the remarkable growth of the study of cognition and behavior, covered in chapters on child development, language, and visual perception.  ...  A suggestion by Clive Granger, who is an exponent of time-series methods, may indicate a fruitful alternative that is automatic.  ...  Reading machines for the blind, using an artificial speech output, have been develcoed and are already installed in large libraries (Cooper et al., 1984) .  ... 
doi:10.2307/2071061 fatcat:eaaplogpnnhwddnbditxrovcs4

Prometheus wired: the hope for democracy in the age of network technology

2001 ChoiceReviews  
Prometheus: I caused blind hopes to dwell in their breasts7 For this, Prometheus was chained to a rock, his ever-regenerating liver devoured in perpetuity by an insatiable eagle.  ...  , courage and friendship; Mary Stone for her love and for nailing my ass to the facts; Ronald Beiner and Richard Simeon for their support, advice, and criticism.  ...  Turing was one of the forefathers of modem computing and artificial intelligence research.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.38-2996 fatcat:r6oqbybt7rhx5acnwrai6rszny

Progettazione organizzativa 4.0: verso una rivisitazione dei principi sociotecnici

Emilio Bartezzaghi, Raffaella Cagliano, Filomena Canterino, Silvia Gilardi, Marco Guerci, Emanuela Shaba
"Answer Gardner: A Tool for Growing Organizational Memory", Proceedings of the Conference on Office Automation Systems, Cambridge (MA): ACM. Anderson J.R. (1987).  ...  "Methodologies for Studying Human Knowledge". Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 10: 467-505. Bagnara S. (1990). Ergonomia cognitive e interazione uomo-calcolatore. In: Gilli D., Grimaldi F. (a cura di).  ...  Namely, the recent surge of interest in artificial intelligence, with its emphasis on formalizing thinking, planning, pattern recognition and language understanding, has provided new emphasis for tackling  ... 
doi:10.3280/so2020-001-s1011 fatcat:eponu6x5bzbqhdqbncppfrwr5i

Algorithmic business and EU law on fair trading

Federico Galli
Christoph Schommer for listening to my PhD speculations and for having guided me through a better understanding of artificial intelligence.  ...  This thesis studies how commercial practice is developing with artificial intelligence technologies and discusses some normative concepts of EU law on fair trading.  ...  On the one hand, definitions clarify the meaning of words (what are we referring to when employing the terms "artificial intelligence", "robotics" and "algorithmic techniques"?).  ... 
doi:10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9750 fatcat:rb4rikb24vgbpj3v6ps24b7ugq

Modelling speaker adaptation in second language learner dialogue [article]

Arabella Jane Sinclair, University Of Edinburgh, University Of Edinburgh, Dragan Gasevic, Christopher Lucas, Adam Lopez
Understanding how tutors and students adapt to one another within Second Language (L2) learning is an important step in the development of better automated tutoring tools for L2 conversational practice  ...  Such an understanding can not only inform conversational agent design, but can be useful for other pedagogic applications such as formative assessment, self reflection on tutoring practice, learning analytics  ...  Acknowledgments Thanks to Vajjala and Meurers (2016) for sharing their feature set and Xu et al. (2015) for sharing their corpus.  ... 
doi:10.7488/era/310 fatcat:4hf47upzubfm7o2lrh6nu3a25q

Great Power Blame Game: The Ongoing War of Words Over COVID-19

Melissa Conley Tyler, Asialink, Tiffany Liu, Asialink
2020 Melbourne Asia Review  
His current areas of professional interest are government support of science, technology and innovation, and regulation of artificial intelligence.  ...  Robotic caregivers in China proved useful in the country's coronavirus strategy, and many nations are exploring a bigger combat role for robots (18) .  ... 
doi:10.37839/mar2652-550x2.17 fatcat:umdd6tuh2rgwnaiyuzwtsutovq

How children fail

John Holt
1966 Journal of the Reading Specialist  
Others wrote and passed notes, or whispered, or held conversations in sign language, or made doodles or pictures on their papers or desks, or fiddled with objects.  ...  Practice you do for yourself, to get better at something you want or need to do.  ... 
doi:10.1080/19388076609556948 fatcat:ou5vcwmaczdtrmlksex4x5qe6a

PEGASUS: Pre-training with Extracted Gap-sentences for Abstractive Summarization [article]

Jingqing Zhang, Yao Zhao, Mohammad Saleh, Peter J. Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In PEGASUS, important sentences are removed/masked from an input document and are generated together as one output sequence from the remaining sentences, similar to an extractive summary.  ...  However, pre-training objectives tailored for abstractive text summarization have not been explored. Furthermore there is a lack of systematic evaluation across diverse domains.  ...  , and Samy Bengio for reviewing the manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:1912.08777v3 fatcat:sniaydtda5a35pgyugitvcjtpy

Sensory vestibular information and vertebrate motor behaviour

Daniel Eugène, Nicolas Vibert, Pierre-Paul Vidal
2008 Physiology News  
Angus Brown University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK Acknowledgements The authors gratefully thank Catja van Heusden for HPLC expert technical assistance and Lisa Brown for the editing of the manuscript  ...  He also contributed to the updating of the Australian code of practice for animals used for scientific purposes.  ...  Two of the papers included -Working with C Sherrington (an interview with Mr T J Surman) and Working with Cambridge physiologists (an interview with Clive Hood) -may be of particular interest to Society  ... 
doi:10.36866/pn.71.17 fatcat:p4zdezfb2rbhdlwgpwqga3nham
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