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The Agency Class Action

Michael D. Sant'Ambrogio, Adam S. Zimmerman
2012 Social Science Research Network  
After surveying current tools by which agencies could promote more efficiency, consistency, and legal access, this Article finds that agency class action rules more effectively resolve common disputes  ...  Accordingly, in a variety of adjudicatory proceedings, agencies routinely (1) waste resources on repetitive cases, ( 2) reach inconsistent decisions for similar claims, and ( 3) deny individuals access  ...  , but without the res judicata effect of a class action judgment.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1997421 fatcat:v55nfulp3bfaldhaohe4ujdtzq

Are Judges Human? Part Two: As through a Class Darkly

Jerome Frank
1931 University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register  
He will only torture himself if he insists on finding an "objective" basis for his decisions that, "This is a great play", "That is a splendid novel", "This is a beautiful painting".  ...  See Llewellyn, A Realist Jurisprudence-The Next Step ( Perhaps a preferable name for this movement would be "legal actualism", "legal observationism", "legal descriptionism", "legal pragmatism", or "  ...  consideration. 2 Holmes To Holmes the law, for the lawyer, seems to consist of specific enforceable decisions of the courts. 8 3 They determine legal rights and duties.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3308599 fatcat:vxysbesldja25gcaopaqgmouaq

World-Class Universities [chapter]

Nikolay Skvortsov, Olga Moskaleva, Julia Dmitrieva
2013 Building World-Class Universities  
Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made.  ...  the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use.  ...  Acknowledgment We are indebted to the interdisciplinary research program Engaging Vulnerability at Uppsala University for generous funding which enabled the editors to work efficiently during the last  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-6209-034-7_4 fatcat:iiq6hr6tp5fvtbsy6k3xwokn5u

Globalization and the Middle Class

Katherine V.W. Stone
2012 Social Science Research Network  
The most important question for social policy today is: can the United States participate in global trade while maintaining a robust middle class?  ...  Abstract The most important question for social policy today is: can the United States participate in global trade while maintaining a robust middle class?  ...  The European Union has adopted a new governance framework for social regulation through a method it calls the "Open Method of Coordination. (OSM)".  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2150412 fatcat:6ari63q46bbqvkhabnajrugab4

Do Class and School Size Matter? A Crucial Issue to School Improvement

Elizabeth Cornelius, Raffaella Gaines, Tara Gautney, Gresha Johnson, Robyn Rainer, Charles E. Notar, Shelia A. Webb
2008 International Education Studies  
The average marks in math are 67 for class 1 and 61.5 for class 2 in the mid-term examination. It lies in a medium level among the 18 classes of first grade in this school.  ...  allocated a budget of HK$200 million to encourage schools to develop Putonghua as MoI for the Chinese Language subject.In terms of pedagogy, teachers are trained to apply L1 methods in teaching the Chinese  ...  Professionalism, Values, Attitudes, Ethics -Possess technical knowledge and skills with commitment to a set of shared values. -Have autonomy to enforce the values.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ies.v1n4p3 fatcat:tzuixqay7zfcxlmutlxoeh2rku

Playboys & Mayfair Men: Crime, Class, Masculinity, and Fascism in 1930s LondonPlayboys & Mayfair Men: Crime, Class, Masculinity, and Fascism in 1930s London. By Angus McLaren (Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017) 264 pp. $24.95

Peter Stansky
2018 Journal of Interdisciplinary History  
generalization as true in the past century as it was for the Romans or Mayans or dynastic Chinese.  ...  Scheidel notes a few exceptional cases, for instance, fifth-century Athens, which combined direct democracy with war mobilization in ways that had some brief positive effect.  ...  by summarizing the key arguments succinctly.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jinh_r_01241 fatcat:5skkmyd2p5gn3plncemujtdjzq

What's Left to Remedy Wage Theft? How Arbitration Mandates that Bar Class Actions Impact Low-Wage Workers

Nantiya Ruan
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Conn. 2002) (concluding that a class action is the superior method for bringing plaintiffs' overtime claims, in part, because "the cost of individual litigation is prohibitive"); Ansoumana v.  ...  . 94 Current employees fear termination, retaliation in the form of change in schedule or job duties, harassment, or '"the class suit ... provides small claimants with a method of obtaining redress for  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2159963 fatcat:6naqgvemvzcjbcvcbx4vdh5dge

Investor Protection and Share Prices: Evidence from Statutory Rules Governing Variations of Shareholders' Class Rights in Russia

Alexander Muravyev
2009 Social Science Research Network  
Based on a novel hand-collected dataset of dual class stock companies in Russia and using the difference-in-difference estimator, the study finds a statistically and economically significant effect of  ...  The legal change analyzed involves the empowerment of preferred (non-voting) shareholders to veto unfavorable changes in their class rights.  ...  crucial change affecting preferred shareholders was that they regained the right to veto disadvantageous "class rights" To summarize, since their introduction in 1992, preferred shares have enjoyed a number  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1331367 fatcat:mla7apm7efctthtzafqvfdtyum

Nothing to Say About Race and Class? [chapter]

2020 Beauvoir in Time  
situated,"103 and her mobilization of a Kantian method by which "examples are the go-cart of judgment." définitive infériorité, cette altérité maudite qui est inscrite dans la couleur de sa peau: il regarde  ...  (Again this is a question of method, too large for me to take up here: what counts as evidence for a writer's view, and what has the status of "exception"?)  ... 
doi:10.1163/9789004431218_005 fatcat:irwktwvspnbotdviys56ufsa2e

The Hardhat Riot: Nixon, New York City, and the Dawn of the White Working-Class Revolution

Daniel Schlozman
2021 Journal of Interdisciplinary History  
Although the quality of a commodity arises from its singularly distinctive identity (Assam tea versus Darjeeling, for instance), that attribute involves a complex regulatory process of standardizing discrete  ...  To that end, the second analytical burden of this work is to show that quality is not a stable end product of market capitalism and consumer choice.  ...  in historical method.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jinh_r_01689 fatcat:ck4rlqtw7nh2xavjuxuo36vbd4

Legal Judgment Prediction with Multi-Stage CaseRepresentation Learning in the Real Court Setting [article]

Luyao Ma, Yating Zhang, Tianyi Wang, Xiaozhong Liu, Wei Ye, Changlong Sun, Shikun Zhang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Legal judgment prediction(LJP) is an essential task for legal AI.  ...  While prior methods studied on this topic in a pseudo setting by employing the judge-summarized case narrative as the input to predict the judgment, neglecting critical case life-cycle information in real  ...  As for the proposed methods, we are capable of predicting the judgment results of all the claims of a case at once, thus in each sample we conduct multi-class classification tasks where is the number of  ... 
arXiv:2107.05192v1 fatcat:isqunj4khfgc5klhlni3kyowdu

Of Tricksters and Dilemmas in ESL Writing Classes: An Epistolary Account

Warren Herendeen
1986 Journal of Basic Writing  
So, too, I have an odd sympathy for those who want to guarantee English legal status as a national treasure.  ...  If, for example, a Chinese writer of English develops a topic using the "eight-legged essay form," common in traditional Chinese rhetoric (Kaplan) , then the English reader may not have appropriate schema  ...  a grade point average.  ... 
doi:10.37514/jbw-j.1986.5.2.06 fatcat:sdblqknmhrfc3aiqnrx2lappvu

Sequence Generation Network Based on Hierarchical Attention for Multi-Charge Prediction

Kongfan Zhu, Baosen Ma, Tianhuan Huang, Zeqiang Li, Haoyang Ma, Yujun Li
2020 IEEE Access  
To solve this problem, in this paper we introduce a novel hierarchical nested attention structure model with relevant law article information to predict the multi-charge classification of legal judgment  ...  a vital role in the judgment of criminal cases.  ...  To address the problem of predicting countless and confusing charges, we have introduced a novel hierarchical nested attention structure to predict multiple charges of legal judgment documents.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2998486 fatcat:5j3ghgoaxfaupmdg522yifaafy

Contentious Republicans: Popular Politics, Race, and Class in Nineteenth-Century Colombia. By James E. Sanders (Durham, Duke University Press, 2004) 258 pp. $79.95 cloth $22.95 paper

Kris Lane
2006 Journal of Interdisciplinary History  
History of Chinese Beggars)(Taibei, 1992); Qu Yanbin, Zhongguo qigai shi (A History of Chinese Beggars)(Shanghai, 1990).  ...  Lu thus creates a cultural encyclopedia about Chinese beggars.  ...  For those organizations that have been granted a photocopy license with CCC, a separate system of payment has been arranged.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jinh.2006.37.2.325 fatcat:owwkhjdhpvfmnlgbipoudvtpk4

Learning Fine-grained Fact-Article Correspondence in Legal Cases [article]

Jidong Ge, Yunyun huang, Xiaoyu Shen, Chuanyi Li, Wei Hu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Automatically recommending relevant law articles to a given legal case has attracted much attention as it can greatly release human labor from searching over the large database of laws.  ...  Our best system reaches an F1 score of 96.3%, making it of great potential for practical use.  ...  In Cail2018: A large-scale legal dataset for judgment prediction. arXiv preprint Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language arXiv:1807.02478 (2018  ... 
arXiv:2104.10726v3 fatcat:o2ht6u6bifezffvy6nbkxyctrm
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