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Poaching Detection Technologies—A Survey

Jacob Kamminga, Eyuel Ayele, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul Havinga
2018 Sensors  
Until prevention of poaching takes effect, there will be a continuous urgent need for new (combined) approaches that take up the research challenges and provide better protection against poaching in wildlife  ...  In South Africa, a rhino was killed every 8 h for its horn throughout 2016. Wild animals, rhinos and elephants, in particular, are facing an ever increasing poaching crisis.  ...  In another work, the authors present CAPTURE [94] , a more recent model to predict poaching activities.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18051474 pmid:29738501 pmcid:PMC5982520 fatcat:zbqahbrsojaolp6fkjfqwkol4m

Taking It for a Test Drive: A Hybrid Spatio-Temporal Model for Wildlife Poaching Prediction Evaluated Through a Controlled Field Test [chapter]

Shahrzad Gholami, Benjamin Ford, Fei Fang, Andrew Plumptre, Milind Tambe, Margaret Driciru, Fred Wanyama, Aggrey Rwetsiba, Mustapha Nsubaga, Joshua Mabonga
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present a hybrid spatio-temporal model that predicts poaching threat levels and results from a five-month field test of our model in Uganda's Queen Elizabeth Protected Area (QEPA).  ...  focusing their efforts to prevent wildlife poaching and save animals.  ...  We are grateful to the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Uganda Wildlife Authority for supporting data collection in QEPA. We also thank Donnabell Dmello for her help in data processing.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-71273-4_24 fatcat:lc437rjpofbs3iplqr7pirz37m

Applying a conceptual framework to rhinoceros conservation on private lands in South Africa

EC Rubino, EF Pienaar
2017 Endangered Species Research  
We argue that current anti-poaching actions are insufficient to attain rhino conservation on private lands because these actions fail to address key components of the private landowners' decision-making  ...  To offset the costs of rhino protection and management (including acquiring and managing sufficient habitat to support rhinos), landowners require a renewable income stream that is directly linked to rhino  ...  New mobile phone applications encourage the public to report illegal wildlife activities (UNEP 2014).  ... 
doi:10.3354/esr00844 fatcat:x6c2qb3fr5alrdfu4gggwlom3m

Exploiting Data and Human Knowledge for Predicting Wildlife Poaching

Swaminathan Gurumurthy, Lantao Yu, Chenyan Zhang, Yongchao Jin, Weiping Li, Xiaodong Zhang, Fei Fang
2018 Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies (COMPASS) - COMPASS '18  
Poaching continues to be a significant threat to the conservation of wildlife and the associated ecosystem.  ...  In this paper, we contribute new solutions to the predictive analysis of poaching patterns by exploiting both very limited data and human knowledge.  ...  Capture: A new predictive anti-poaching tool for wildlife protection. In Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Autonomous Agents & Multiagent Systems.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3209811.3209879 dblp:conf/dev/GurumurthyYZJLZ18 fatcat:xzqfd6jujzbuznhsj7pbw2bhc4

Stay Ahead of Poachers: Illegal Wildlife Poaching Prediction and Patrol Planning Under Uncertainty with Field Test Evaluations [article]

Lily Xu, Shahrzad Gholami, Sara Mc Carthy, Bistra Dilkina, Andrew Plumptre, Milind Tambe, Rohit Singh, Mustapha Nsubuga, Joshua Mabonga, Margaret Driciru, Fred Wanyama, Aggrey Rwetsiba, Tom Okello (+1 others)
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To help combat poaching, the Protection Assistant for Wildlife Security (PAWS) is a machine learning pipeline that has been developed as a data-driven approach to identify areas at high risk of poaching  ...  In this paper, we take an end-to-end approach to the data-to-deployment pipeline for anti-poaching.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thank you to our partners at Uganda Wildlife Authority, Cambodia Ministry of Environment, Wildlife Conservation Society, and the World Wide Fund for Nature for their conservation efforts  ... 
arXiv:1903.06669v3 fatcat:wvttsoa3nzgvxgijn7smpwpd5u

Fostering adoption of conservation technologies: a case study with wildlife law enforcement rangers

Nicole Sintov, Viviane Seyranian, Arnaud Lyet
2018 Oryx  
To address this gap we conducted a case study focused on a new technology called the Protection Assistant for Wildlife Security (PAWS), which was developed to deter poaching by improving the deployment  ...  Hence, there is a need to understand users' adoption decisions and how to account for these to streamline the introduction of new technologies.  ...  Department of Defense Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (grant # WNF---) and WWF (PAWS anti-poaching grant).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0030605317001533 fatcat:zirl3c5hnbcanmvyhuurdwuhpa

Factors Influencing Wild Animals Poaching In Ruvuma Region Tanzania

Bahati Golyama, Jerome Metody Nilahi
2019 International Journal of Innovative Research & Development  
This has led in turn to equipment inadequacy to low salary and low motivation for wild animal's officers which demoralized anti-poaching activities. Minimal budget is a threat to existing manpower.  ...  For example, findings in this study are similar with Daigle (2001) who conducted a study in predicting illegal hunting "intentions (poaching) and Behaviour: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour  ... 
doi:10.24940/ijird/2019/v8/i7/jul19063 fatcat:onvwxqkzdreaxbsndbm4yk3mhq

Assessing the viability of tiger subpopulations in a fragmented landscape

2006 Journal of Applied Ecology  
This stresses the importance of focusing anti¬ poaching efforts on core 3, which is the strategy that the PVA predicted to provide the greatest benefits for this core.  ...  Scenario 3: connectivity with anti-poaching measures The PVA models were repeated as for scenario 2, but anti-poaching measures were incorporated into the models.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01153.x fatcat:ymbtcbleaff6nbamvetjjc66tu

Using Relative Abundance Indices from Camera-Trapping to Test Wildlife Conservation Hypotheses – An Example from Khao Yai National Park, Thailand

Kate E. Jenks, Prawatsart Chanteap, Damrongchainarong Kanda, Cutter Peter, Passanan Cutter, Tim Redford, J. Lynam Antony, JoGayle Howard, Peter Leimgruber
2011 Tropical Conservation Science  
Khao Yai National Park (KYNP) is well known for its biodiversity and has the potential to serve as a regional model for wildlife conservation.  ...  Overall, a relatively high number of camera trap photographs was obtained for viverrids (four species; 44 photos) and ursids (two species; 39 photos).  ...  Antle (T.I.G.E.R.S. and Rare Species Fund) for their substantial support for the training course and field surveys.  ... 
doi:10.1177/194008291100400203 fatcat:y2jrvvicanc3pgavjnsexlam5e

Automatic Acquisition and Sustainable Use of Political-Ecological Data

Timothy C. Haas
2018 Data Science Journal  
On the ecosystem side, a method is derived for estimating wildlife abundance from purchasable high-resolution satellite images.  ...  On the political side, a method is developed for gathering news articles about human actions that affect the ecosystem along with a method for identifying themes in social media that concern the consumption  ...  products, poaching, and anti-poaching measures.  ... 
doi:10.5334/dsj-2018-017 fatcat:zofwqbtvbjdwphfzpthxw6sn5m

Emerging Technologies to Conserve Biodiversity

Stuart L. Pimm, Sky Alibhai, Richard Bergl, Alex Dehgan, Chandra Giri, Zoë Jewell, Lucas Joppa, Roland Kays, Scott Loarie
2015 Trends in Ecology & Evolution  
For example, improving technologies alone cannot prevent poaching: solutions require providing appropriate tools to the right people.  ...  New technologies alone do not save species, and new data create new problems.  ...  To be effective for anti-poaching efforts and protected area management, conservation drones must approximate military grade capabilities.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.08.008 pmid:26437636 fatcat:4m66aitjsvd45fauowofpfkrnm

Local community benefits from elephants: Can willingness to support anti‐poaching efforts be strengthened?

Agripa Ngorima, Abigail Brown, Current Masunungure, Duan Biggs
2020 Conservation Science and Practice  
Local communities coexisting with elephants can play an important role in strengthening protection measures against poaching.  ...  Our paper empirically examined how the spread of costs and benefits associated with elephants, and associated ownership rights, influenced community attitudes to support anti-poaching activities.  ...  (Newing, 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/csp2.303 fatcat:nvjtlocrvfcuncphspf4hd7txy

Indicators of success for smart law enforcement in protected areas: A case study for Russian Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) reserves

Michiel H. H. HÖTTE, Igor A. KOLODIN, Sergei L. BEREZNUK, Jonathan C. SLAGHT, Linda L. KERLEY, Svetlana V. SOUTYRINA, Galina P. SALKINA, Olga Y. ZAUMYSLOVA, Emma J. STOKES, Dale G. MIQUELLE
2016 Integrative Zoology  
International Development (USAID; Associate Award #118-A-00-11-00007-00), the United States Fish and Wildlife Service's Rhinoceros and Tiger Fund (grant numbers F10AP00399 and F14AP00659), the Columbus  ...  Tigra National Park and Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Zapovednik for agreeing to participate in this program and for their efforts to make SMART a success.  ...  and Reporting Tool) as a means to improve anti-poaching patrol performance and results (Schmitt & Sallee 2002; Stokes 2010; Saunders 2011; Moreto et al. 2014; no author 2015) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/1749-4877.12168 pmid:26458501 fatcat:3bs6dl7ljrahvloik3quag6lja

Monitoring Great Ape and Elephant Abundance at Large Spatial Scales: Measuring Effectiveness of a Conservation Landscape

Emma J. Stokes, Samantha Strindberg, Parfait C. Bakabana, Paul W. Elkan, Fortuné C. Iyenguet, Bola Madzoké, Guy Aimé F. Malanda, Brice S. Mowawa, Calixte Moukoumbou, Franck K. Ouakabadio, Hugo J. Rainey, Wayne M. Getz
2010 PLoS ONE  
Chimpanzees show a clear preference for unlogged or more mature forests and human disturbance had a negative influence on chimpanzee abundance, in spite of anti-poaching interventions.  ...  We applied Generalized-Additive Models to evaluate a priori predictions of species response to different landscape processes.  ...  We further thank Sarah Elkan of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Congo program for administrative support and Mark Gately, Jim Beck and the WCS project staff of northern Congo for logistical assistance  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010294 pmid:20428233 pmcid:PMC2859051 fatcat:2bef7efqpzf2xotuq5ufkc5qw4

Investigating patterns of tiger and prey poaching in the Bangladesh Sundarbans: Implications for improved management

M. Abdul Aziz, Simon Tollington, Adam Barlow, John Goodrich, Mohammad Shamsuddoha, M. Anwarul Islam, Jim J. Groombridge
2017 Global Ecology and Conservation  
The current poaching pressure is likely to have contributed to a recent decline in relative tiger abundance.  ...  This study demonstrates a simple approach to investigating the methods, intensity and distribution of poaching, that could be replicated across all tiger landscapes to better direct mitigating actions  ...  Abdul Aziz was awarded with a Commonwealth Scholarship by the Commonwealth Scholarship Commission, UK and the fieldwork was supported by Panthera, and WildTeam's BAGH project financed by USAID Bangladesh  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2016.12.001 fatcat:hqssq4ygaffe5kvmlybjkkq5t4
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