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Arming the Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age - Edited by Christopher Leslie Brown and Philip D. Morgan

Manisha Sinha
2008 The historian  
Both books under review examine how British garment industries created fashions to be sold within Britain and beyond and discuss how what appealed to Britons might or might not sell to the Americans, French  ...  The excessive theorizing, in keeping with much literature on the subject of cultural studies, will be of little interest to readers outside the field of fashion history, and specialists in dress and culture  ...  texts and classics, and the growth of public interest in modern science.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-6563.2008.00221_68.x fatcat:5lgzdc7invhbdhsdqngflwv5bq

Homomorphic Sortition – Secret Leader Election for Blockchain [article]

Luciano Freitas, Andrei Tonkikh, Sara Tucci-Piergiovanni, Renaud Sirdey, Oana Stan, Nicolas Quero, Adda-Akram Bendoukha, Petr Kuznetsov
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In a secret single leader election protocol (SSLE), one of the system members is chosen as a leader and no other member can know who the leader is, unless she decides to reveal herself.  ...  In contrast to existing secret leader election protocols, our SLS solution is purely asynchronous and it fairly leverages the stake distribution among the system members: the probability distribution for  ...  Mainstream consensus implementations follow the classical leader-based approach [16, 25] , where a single process is selected to be the leader whose task is to propose a value and orchestrate the agreement  ... 
arXiv:2206.11519v1 fatcat:ppi4kbcmpvajzdws64l75aluya

Leader Election Using NewSQL Database Systems [chapter]

Salman Niazi, Mahmoud Ismail, Gautier Berthou, Jim Dowling
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Our main contribution is the design, implementation and validation of a practical leader election algorithm, based on NewSQL databases, that has performance comparable to a leader election implementation  ...  As a result many production systems use third-party distributed coordination services, such as ZooKeeper and Chubby, to provide a reliable leader election service.  ...  This work funded by the EU FP7 project "Scalable, Secure Storage and Analysis of Biobank Data" under Grant Agreement no. 317871, and by Swedish e-Science Research Center (SeRC) as a part of the e-Science  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-19129-4_13 fatcat:axomhcdphvd6nerreu4y33e4ym

Scaling Blockchains: Can Elected Committees Help? [article]

Alon Benhaim, Brett Hemenway Falk, Gerry Tsoukalas
2021 arXiv   pre-print
entrusted to a committee of elected block producers.  ...  In theory, the smaller the committee, the faster the blockchain can reach consensus and the more it can scale.  ...  In a permissionless setting, however, where the set of block producer candidates is anonymous and dynamic, classical consensus protocols fail, and other leader-election methods must be devised.  ... 
arXiv:2110.08673v1 fatcat:u44kggwhdvguzjnordudf7hgym

Voting-Based Scheme for Leader Election in Lead-Follow UAV Swarm with Constrained Communication

Yuan Zuo, Wen Yao, Qiang Chang, Xiaozhou Zhu, Jianjun Gui, Jiangyi Qin
2022 Electronics  
In this article, we propose a voting-based leader election scheme inspired by the Raft method in distributed computation consensus to solve the problem.  ...  The motivation is to build a mechanism helping the distributed swarm recover from possible failures.  ...  The Leader Election Process The leader election scheme in UAV swarm generally employs a similar process to that of the Raft algorithm in order to reach an agreement.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11142143 fatcat:6aemipdqsvdu5f7tfejvydihwi

Framing populism in France through the 2017 presidential election speeches by the leading candidates

Pabo Ribera, José I. Díaz
2020 Revista Española de Ciencia Política  
Such an agreement would consist mainly on six chantiers or projects: education and culture, work society, economic modernization, security, democratic reform and the international agenda.  ...  He describes the people as bearer of virtues and linked again to him, as he comes directly from it: "I am a candidate for the presidential election for France.  ... 
doi:10.21308/recp.52.01 fatcat:tkhczwn5mvfgjkifcrt7dnzlcq

The Blockchain Consensus Layer and BFT

Ittai Abraham, Dahlia Malkhi
2017 Bulletin of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science  
Our goal is to present analogies and connections between Blockchain protocols and Byzantine fault tolerant (BFT) protocols. We also discuss opportunities to consider hybrid solutions.  ...  In this paper, we analyze Blockchain consensus protocols in the lens of the foundations of distributed computing.  ...  It builds around a view by view solution that explicitly collect information from a quorum of parties, and determines a proper way to the log from one view to the next.  ... 
dblp:journals/eatcs/AbrahamM17 fatcat:c3rc3deljnhpxikzntnwtirzim

Revolution Without Reform? A Critique of Egypt's Election Laws

Sahar F. Aziz
2012 Social Science Research Network  
This Article compares Egypt's election laws before and after the January 25 Revolution to determine whether the changes are sufficient to produce the structural reforms Egyptians demand.  ...  While Egyptian election laws have been amended for the better since the revolution, more legislative reforms are needed to ensure that future elections are fair, free, and accessible to all Egyptians.  ...  Reid, The Rise of Professions and Professional Organizations in Modern Egypt, 16 COMP. STUD.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2026475 fatcat:cx54wnaxnrefzhdyqpzaknmjjq

SoK: Understanding BFT Consensus in the Age of Blockchains [article]

Gang Wang
2021 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
Original multi-valued validated asynchronous Byzantine agreement (MVBA) [126] requires around the O(ln 2 + λn 2 + n 3 ) communication (where n is the number of parties, l is the input length, and λ is  ...  Based on the proposed APDB and asynchronous binary agreement, the authors design and present a self-bootstrap framework Dumbo-MVBA to reduce the communication cost of existing MVBA protocols.  ...  The leader election process is a critical part of PoS, and the leader election process can be either public or private.  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/Wang21c fatcat:wggbkbi25fg43fieebp4qzlk3m

Consensus in the Age of Blockchains [article]

Shehar Bano, Alberto Sonnino, Mustafa Al-Bassam, Sarah Azouvi, Patrick McCorry, Sarah Meiklejohn, George Danezis
2017 arXiv   pre-print
What distinguishes blockchains from traditional distributed databases is the ability to operate in a decentralized setting without relying on a trusted third party.  ...  As such their core technical component is consensus: how to reach agreement among a group of nodes.  ...  Participants request a wait time from their enclave and the chip with the shortest wait time is elected as the leader.  ... 
arXiv:1711.03936v2 fatcat:va2pvautcvf4zdt5marnsornvi

A Disappearing People: The Doctrine of Election and Predestination from Irenaeus to Augustine

Mark G. Bilby
2002 Zenodo  
conception, from the election of the Church as a visible whole to the election of a hidden few, from election as the context of salvation to election as identified with salvation and destiny, from a fundamentally  ...  yet particular people to an exclusive aggregate, from the supposition of the historic and continuing election of Israel to the implicit denial of the election of Israel as a people, and finally from the  ...  departs from the classical articulation, making the pivotal move to discuss the doctrine within a primarily corporate framework (stemming from his Christocentric commitments) and only then speaking to  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3752256 fatcat:4fyqve22vfd5rlgf7utafyasu4

Creating a Novel Consensus Algorithm for Distributed Computing use Cases

Some applications that consensus algorithms try to cover are: deciding on transaction operations (read, write, commit); deciding on node leaders of a system; maintaining replicas in the state of a machine  ...  Some common algorithms of this type are Proof of Work algorithm (PoW), the practical Byzantine fault tolerance algorithm (PBFT), the proof-of-stake algorithm (PoS) and the delegated proof-of-stake algorithm  ...  The moment a network failure occurs that causes the leader node to get disconnected from the network a new election is held to contest a new leader for the same as a part of this algorithm's implementation  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.a1059.1191s19 fatcat:gm43pg2ydvad3jotdkpsh73tbe

Scalable byzantine computation

Valerie King, Jared Saia
2010 ACM SIGACT News  
After almost 30 years of research on Byzantine Agreement (BA), the problem continues to be relevant and to re-invent itself in new ways.  ...  In this paper, we will consider only the latter situation, and will use the term Byzantine agreement to make this clear.  ...  I would like to thank Christian Cachin, Robert Haas and Rachid Guerraoui for their valuable comments and many interesting discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1855118.1855136 fatcat:rguixn4g7rfxxam474upudq6mu

Efficient Asynchronous Byzantine Agreement without Private Setups [article]

Yingzi Gao, Yuan Lu, Zhenliang Lu, Qiang Tang, Jing Xu, Zhenfeng Zhang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This gives us a reasonably fair random leader election protocol with expected O(λ n^3) communication and expected constant rounds.  ...  Efficient asynchronous Byzantine agreement (BA) protocols were mostly studied with private setups, e.g., pre-setup threshold cryptosystem.  ...  In particular, our common coin and leader election can be directly plugged into any Byzantine agreement protocols that requires such a building block to improve the efficiency of their private-setup free  ... 
arXiv:2106.07831v4 fatcat:jwa4eli4aze25fbva5oyy6hqdi

The Quest for Scalable Blockchain Fabric: Proof-of-Work vs. BFT Replication [chapter]

Marko Vukolić
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This approach, however, makes cryptocurrency platforms step away from their original purpose and enter the domain of database-replication protocols, notably, the classical state-machine replication, and  ...  Specifically, the trend of modern cryptocurrency platforms, such as Ethereum, is to support execution of arbitrary distributed applications on blockchain fabric, needing much better performance.  ...  However, what is different in Bitcoin-NG from BFT protocols is that leader election is PoW-based.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-39028-4_9 fatcat:qn2b33impvhbbpsey4kff34jky
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