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Burst firing is a neural code in an insect auditory system

Hugo G. Eyherabide
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/oqtegebkbzdxhnnm6apa2dr4ja" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
This phenomenon is called burst firing. To analyze burst activity in an insect system, grasshopper auditory receptor neurons were recorded in vivo for several distinct stimulus types.  ...  Our findings suggest a sparse neural code where information about the stimulus is represented by the number of spikes per burst, irrespective of the detailed interspike-interval structure within a burst  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are grateful to Adam Kepecs for sharing his unpublished manuscript A burst-duration code in the thalamus with us. We thank Tim Gollisch and Germán Mato for useful discussions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/neuro.10.003.2008">doi:10.3389/neuro.10.003.2008</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18946533">pmid:18946533</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2525941/">pmcid:PMC2525941</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ugsmnjwn5bfsvlp3xtbewojczm">fatcat:ugsmnjwn5bfsvlp3xtbewojczm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170813044337/https://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/14818/1/fncom-02-003.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d3/0a/d30a3562905d39fd3f1a28a4fe33563bdfd02188.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/neuro.10.003.2008"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2525941" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Bursting Neurons and Ultrasound Avoidance in Crickets

Gary Marsat, Gerald S. Pollack
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wrk3kouosrhcxiprcbguskdipu" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
AN2 firing is necessary and sufficient to trigger avoidance steering but only high-rate firing, such as occurs in bursts, evokes this response.  ...  We discuss how this key relationship between bursting and the triggering of avoidance behavior is also observed in other invertebrate systems such as the avoidance of looming visual stimuli in locusts  ...  BURSTING AS A NEURAL CODE Behavior, including decision making, is an inherently temporal process so it goes without saying that the underlying neural activity is also temporally patterned.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2012.00095">doi:10.3389/fnins.2012.00095</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22783158">pmid:22783158</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3387578/">pmcid:PMC3387578</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wynfnhcg7rgurnk4iwzbs3ch3e">fatcat:wynfnhcg7rgurnk4iwzbs3ch3e</a> </span>
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Probing Real Sensory Worlds of Receivers with Unsupervised Clustering

Michael Pfeiffer, Manfred Hartbauer, Alexander B. Lang, Wolfgang Maass, Heinrich Römer, Daniel Durstewitz
<span title="2012-06-06">2012</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gm7274mfe6fcs7e3jterqlri" style="color: black;">PLoS ONE</a> </i> &nbsp;
We investigate the processing of auditory stimuli by an acoustic interneuron of insects.  ...  Our study shows that burst coding can provide a reliable mechanism for acoustic insects to classify and discriminate signals under very noisy real-world conditions.  ...  grateful to the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and the National Authority for the Environment (ANAM) for research permits and logistical support, which ensured that all work was conducted in  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037354">doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037354</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22701566">pmid:22701566</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3368931/">pmcid:PMC3368931</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/d6a4n5xzxzemdbue7epjviiz2q">fatcat:d6a4n5xzxzemdbue7epjviiz2q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171003211101/http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0037354&amp;type=printable" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/96/9f/969f2e77b814d452334e43d9afcd91171c36bc02.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037354"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> plos.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3368931" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Bursts generate a non-reducible spike-pattern code

Hugo G. Eyherabide
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wrk3kouosrhcxiprcbguskdipu" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
Given the ubiquity of burst firing, we expect similar findings also for other neural systems.  ...  By using grasshopper auditory receptors as a model system, we show that correlations between spikes can be used to represent behaviorally relevant stimuli.  ...  Our model system, hence, provides an example of a correlation-based neural code whose building blocks are bursts of spikes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/neuro.01.002.2009">doi:10.3389/neuro.01.002.2009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19753092">pmid:19753092</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2695386/">pmcid:PMC2695386</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/77m4xoxmkfcn5j5tj254mf5eqe">fatcat:77m4xoxmkfcn5j5tj254mf5eqe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20100621064222/http://argentum.ucbso.berkeley.edu/papers/Eyherabide2009Bursts.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/2b/3a/2b3a97facf3969d2473599833845f0c3f40fc85e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/neuro.01.002.2009"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2695386" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Neurophysiology goes wild: from exploring sensory coding in sound proof rooms to natural environments

Heiner Römer
<span title="2021-04-09">2021</span> <i title="Springer-Verlag"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cnwn5yaxivgu3iqcchgapwjrqu" style="color: black;">Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
How these representations are created by sensory systems is a central issue in sensory physiology.  ...  This review addresses the history of experimental approaches toward ideas about sensory coding, using the relatively simple auditory system of acoustic insects.  ...  Indeed, a major advantage of most insects' auditory systems is that all of the biologically relevant information in an acoustic signal is usually encoded in the activity of a few afferents and is conveyed  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00359-021-01482-6">doi:10.1007/s00359-021-01482-6</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33835199">pmid:33835199</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8079291/">pmcid:PMC8079291</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/l6seqdpdlfflroq5h5bjev55eu">fatcat:l6seqdpdlfflroq5h5bjev55eu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210718052347/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00359-021-01482-6.pdf?error=cookies_not_supported&amp;code=60c8ba0f-06a4-4ba3-94cb-795d22620db9" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fa/ca/faca9edae03332742ddf40e3ae31c4e3660ba728.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00359-021-01482-6"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8079291" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Inhibitory Pathways for Processing the Temporal Structure of Sensory Signals in the Insect Brain

Hiroyuki Ai, Ajayrama Kumaraswamy, Tsunehiko Kohashi, Hidetoshi Ikeno, Thomas Wachtler
<span title="2018-08-21">2018</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Underlying these behaviors, neural circuits involving inhibitory connections play a critical common role in processing the exact timing of the signals in the primary sensory centers of the brain.  ...  Insects have acquired excellent sensory information processing abilities in the process of evolution.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01517">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01517</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30186204">pmid:30186204</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC6110935/">pmcid:PMC6110935</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rshkb2mb5fdt3je6gnga6kuiqa">fatcat:rshkb2mb5fdt3je6gnga6kuiqa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190222030638/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/327a/c22f61603685595cf761d8131d29e0127368.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/32/7a/327ac22f61603685595cf761d8131d29e0127368.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01517"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110935" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Implanted electrode recordings from a praying mantis auditory interneuron during flying bat attacks

Jeffrey D Triblehorn, David D Yager
<span title="">2002</span> <i title="The Company of Biologists"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5xcv7kysijfjzp2otel5353bcy" style="color: black;">Journal of Experimental Biology</a> </i> &nbsp;
However, cessation of 501-T3 activity may allow a true 'last-chance' response to be mediated by other neural systems.  ...  Using an implanted electrode, we recorded the responses from the ultrasound-sensitive mantis interneuron 501-T3 during flying bat attacks in a large flight room where the mantis served as the target. 501  ...  As a result, these shorter bat pulses may not activate the insect auditory system strongly enough to elicit an evasive response.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11854368">pmid:11854368</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/h5tc246pyrepbbuwivnzrfghmm">fatcat:h5tc246pyrepbbuwivnzrfghmm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170706132944/http://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/205/3/307.full.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b6/3f/b63fcb2b8f927fba3385a121a3dac29fddf853ac.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a>

Commentary: Burst Firing in a Motion-Sensitive Neural Pathway Correlates with Expansion Properties of Looming Objects That Evoke Avoidance Behaviors

Jessica L. Fox
<span title="2016-01-11">2016</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ocihcbhrsvefji6tmqvzm24pfm" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
Because the neural circuit is relatively direct, from retina to muscle in only a handful of synapses, it is an excellent candidate for the study of neural coding.  ...  What is the neural code?  ...  A commentary on Burst Firing in a Motion-Sensitive Neural Pathway Correlates with Expansion Properties of Looming Objects That Evoke Avoidance Behaviors What is the neural code?  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnint.2015.00068">doi:10.3389/fnint.2015.00068</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26793074">pmid:26793074</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4707220/">pmcid:PMC4707220</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qn3me45sinbuhb675hreq6g3fa">fatcat:qn3me45sinbuhb675hreq6g3fa</a> </span>
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Olfactory Coding: A Plastic Approach to Timing Precision

Rebecca L. Vislay-Meltzer, Mark Stopfer
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/waxwzq3cnbet3cmwccpuk4bel4" style="color: black;">Current Biology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Recently, this mechanism was found to stabilize spike timing relationships across populations of neurons in the locust olfactory system.  ...  Spike-timing dependent plasticity has been associated with neural development, learning, and memory.  ...  Potentiation of this synapse causes a compensatory phaseadvance in the firing of the b-lobe neuron while depression causes a delay (C, purple boxes), ensuring that the timing of the neural code for the  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2007.07.015">doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.07.015</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17878046">pmid:17878046</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2jw6qdae4netfo46udgwm56p44">fatcat:2jw6qdae4netfo46udgwm56p44</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190316165324/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/82707041.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/53/40/534045733cb507a4e54edb24948f7a86a3c8ac7f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2007.07.015"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

New neural circuits for robot phonotaxis

R. E. Reeve, B. H. Webb
<span title="2003-10-15">2003</span> <i title="The Royal Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ercgg4vn2fenngurcnadfzdfri" style="color: black;">Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Grey Walter built robotic systems in order to better understand biological systems. In that tradition, this paper reports ongoing work on a robot model of cricket sound localisation.  ...  The former allows exploration of the functionality of identified neurons in the insect, including the possible roles of multiple sensory fibres, mutually inhibitory connections, and brain neurons with  ...  The auditory neurons (AN) represent the first stage of processing in the cricket's prothoracic ganglion in which a small number of neural pairs receive direct input from the auditory nerve.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2003.1274">doi:10.1098/rsta.2003.1274</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14599318">pmid:14599318</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7zc55zmjojej7gshyoz5yeporq">fatcat:7zc55zmjojej7gshyoz5yeporq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20030829031430/http://www.stir.ac.uk:80/staff/psychology/bhw1/phonotaxis/WGW_02.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/37/f7/37f7fcd7837d0db92dc947a520229cf614a61a33.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2003.1274"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Olfactory Coding: Unusual Conductances Contribute to Sparse Neural Representation. Focus on "Intrinsic Membrane Properties and Inhibitory Synaptic Input of Kenyon Cells as Mechanisms for Sparse Coding?"

Rose C. Ong, Mark Stopfer
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="American Physiological Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nr2f6gixzrgdlloxlemhfdztdi" style="color: black;">Journal of Neurophysiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Binary spiking in auditory cortex. A simple connectivity scheme for sparse coding in an olfactory system. J Neurosci 27: 1659 -1669, 2007. Laughlin SB.  ...  Intensity versus identity coding in an olfactory system. Neuron 39: 991-1004, 2003. Stopfer M, Wehr M, MacLeod K, Laurent G. Neural dynamics, oscillatory synchronization, and odour codes.  ...  How does sparse coding arise in sensory systems?  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00330.2009">doi:10.1152/jn.00330.2009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19906885">pmid:19906885</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2807219/">pmcid:PMC2807219</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/no2xt653z5dynagwpwjggy3nye">fatcat:no2xt653z5dynagwpwjggy3nye</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181030060807/https://www.physiology.org/doi/pdf/10.1152/jn.00330.2009" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/eb/ac/ebac4b372ac0e6fe14d755e35d3806110fba2daf.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00330.2009"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2807219" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Neural networks a century after Cajal

Walter J. Jermakowicz, Vivien A. Casagrande
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qkvbkelzkrd4nknmw4skjww3ti" style="color: black;">Brain Research Reviews</a> </i> &nbsp;
In the first section of this essay we describe the dependence of the brain's developmental processes on synchronous firing and how these processes form a brain that supports and is sensitive to synchronous  ...  Examples from sensory (auditory, olfactory and somatosensory), motor and higher cognitive (attention, memory) systems are then presented to illustrate potential roles for these synchronous codes in normal  ...  In addition, we extend our gratitude to two anonymous reviews for their helpful comments. Supported by National Institutes of Health grants EY01778 (VAC) and Core Grants EY08126 and HD15052.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.06.003">doi:10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.06.003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17692925">pmid:17692925</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2101763/">pmcid:PMC2101763</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lswbuxa3vrbzrkqmg4bngfgqiq">fatcat:lswbuxa3vrbzrkqmg4bngfgqiq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829192914/http://homes.mpimf-heidelberg.mpg.de/~mhelmsta/pdf/2007%20Jermakowicz_2007_Brain-Research-Reviews.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b8/46/b84678db1d24acb773cdaa3a046fc95500873ba7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.06.003"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2101763" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Neurons with different temporal firing patterns in the inferior colliculus of the little brown bat differentially process sinusoidal amplitude-modulated signals

C.J. Condon, K.R. White, A.S. Feng
<span title="">1996</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cnwn5yaxivgu3iqcchgapwjrqu" style="color: black;">Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
We examined how well single neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC) of an FM bat (Myotis lucifugus) processed simple tone bursts of different duration and sinusoidal amplitude-modulated (SAM) signals that  ...  Units' responses to SAM tones, measured in terms of average spike count and firing synchrony to the modulation envelope, were plotted as a function of the modulation frequency to construct their modulation  ...  David Gooler, Alexander Galazyuk, Daniel Llano, Karl-Heinz Esser, and two anonymous reviewers for their instructive comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00188158">doi:10.1007/bf00188158</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8592300">pmid:8592300</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/moym4pylurgghj6myry6s4z5lq">fatcat:moym4pylurgghj6myry6s4z5lq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170812032727/http://utsc.utoronto.ca/~amason/courses/coursepage/presentations/files/Neurons%20with%20different%20temporal%20firing%20patterns%20in%20the%20inferior%20colliculus%20-%20JCP.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b0/46/b04606f568c97d2e5b3090a58845b3bd648fe197.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00188158"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Burst Firing in a Motion-Sensitive Neural Pathway Correlates with Expansion Properties of Looming Objects that Evoke Avoidance Behaviors

Glyn A. McMillan, John R. Gray
<span title="2015-12-14">2015</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ocihcbhrsvefji6tmqvzm24pfm" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
firing that peaks after a certain retinal threshold angle is exceeded.  ...  One interneuron in this pathway, the descending contralateral movement detector (DCMD), is typically described as using rate coding; edge expansion of approaching objects causes an increased rate of neuronal  ...  Rate coding implies that information is averaged over a period of time and that variability in individual spike timing represents random neural noise (Stein et al., 2005) .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnint.2015.00060">doi:10.3389/fnint.2015.00060</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26696845">pmid:26696845</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4677101/">pmcid:PMC4677101</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ihjtzovaufdzvljmueblzlej4e">fatcat:ihjtzovaufdzvljmueblzlej4e</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829133306/https://fjfsdata01prod.blob.core.windows.net/articles/files/165882/pubmed-zip/.versions/1/.package-entries/fnint-09-00060/fnint-09-00060.pdf?sv=2015-12-11&amp;sr=b&amp;sig=eDRwx%2BNsV3s5Yb9hV4jO1bI5y6vJVlGyky4wNiX0o0g%3D&amp;se=2017-08-29T13%3A33%3A11Z&amp;sp=r&amp;rscd=attachment%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27fnint-09-00060.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/67/8d/678db07726bf3da580485c7d1fb0fef2534d60e0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnint.2015.00060"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677101" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Conserved mechanisms of vocalization coding in mammalian and songbird auditory midbrain

Sarah M.N. Woolley, Christine V. Portfors
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ib23p2n3fng3nlyt27dogansua" style="color: black;">Hearing Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
The auditory midbrain is also the first region in the ascending auditory system where neurons show complex tuning properties that are correlated with the acoustics of social vocalizations.  ...  Here, we compare auditory response properties and neural coding of social vocalizations in auditory midbrain neurons of mammalian and avian vocal communicators.  ...  SMNW is supported by the NIH (R01-DC009810) and the NSF (IOS-0920081). CVP is supported by the NSF (IOS-0920060).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2013.05.005">doi:10.1016/j.heares.2013.05.005</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23726970">pmid:23726970</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3818289/">pmcid:PMC3818289</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ua454ncfzbh53i4wei2s6ksgd4">fatcat:ua454ncfzbh53i4wei2s6ksgd4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191028130918/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3818289&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f6/f1/f6f160b4ff4d02f370bb34b4d417718dbe001cd4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2013.05.005"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3818289" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>
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