Filters








22,450 Hits in 4.2 sec

Machine consciousness as a service (MCaaS): a roadmap

Islam Elgedawy
2017 Iran Journal of Computer Science  
We propose a roadmap for building such MCaaS service as a composite web service, adopting the Starzyk-Prasad machine consciousness computational model.  ...  Currently, there exist many general computational models for machine consciousness that could be adopted. They differ in their complexity and their definition of what consciousness is.  ...  This realizes the motor-skills component in the model. -Build a sub-cortical service to handle the emotions and rewards using the pain-network, and ML mechanism proposed in [27] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42044-017-0002-1 fatcat:cqp3qxla2rdmvpewsljs6ajspa

Challenges to the Modularity Thesis Under the Bayesian Brain Models

Nithin George, Meera Mary Sunny
2019 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We analyse this argument using the novel conception of attention in the BB models.  ...  The Bayesian Brain (BB) models are a class of neuro-computational models that aim to ground perception, cognition, and action under a single computational principle of prediction-error minimization.  ...  In order to build a unified epistemology of mental functions, the BB models need to explain empirical findings from diverse domains of cognition, emotion, perception, and action.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2019.00353 pmid:31649518 pmcid:PMC6796786 fatcat:sksl6jaixvddlh767vedsqolda

Introduction to the Special Topic Embodied and Grounded Cognition

Anna M. Borghi, Diane Pecher
2011 Frontiers in Psychology  
People can also represent and reason about abstract concepts that do not have many sensory-motor features, however, and there is not much evidence yet on grounding of abstract concepts in sensory-motor  ...  The authors proposed that sensory-motor brain areas underlie prediction of actions, arguing in favor of a more procedural view of cognition.  ...  In contrast, Ursino et al. (2010) presented a two-store model of representation: a semantic store of topologically organized sensory-motor features and a lexicon.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00187 pmid:21887149 pmcid:PMC3156979 fatcat:loyt652lj5g5tfmbk3xv2735ve

Mental imagery of speech: linking motor and perceptual systems through internal simulation and estimation

Xing Tian, David Poeppel
2012 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
On the basis of previous findings in mental imagery of speech, we argue for the following regarding the induction mechanisms of mental imagery and the interaction between motor and perceptual systems:  ...  The neural basis of mental imagery has been investigated by localizing the underlying neural networks, mostly in motor and perceptual systems, separately.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was supported by MURI ARO #54228-LS-MUR and NIH 2R01DC 05660.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00314 pmid:23226121 pmcid:PMC3508402 fatcat:pv6ykogibfdk5p3u53c4eglmuq

Characteristics of Idiopathic Sensory Processing Disorder in Young Children

Shelley Mulligan, Sarah Douglas, Caitlin Armstrong
2021 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience  
A retrospective, non-experimental design applying descriptive and correlational analyses was used.  ...  Adaptive behavior for all developmental domains was below average, and the severity of SPD symptoms moderately and positively correlated with behaviors associated with mental disorders, and with lower  ...  domains: Communication, daily living, social, and motor (Table 3 ).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnint.2021.647928 pmid:33994966 pmcid:PMC8113623 fatcat:supifnp62jh4vl24jdua5lpwge

Mirroring versus simulation: on the representational function of simulation

Mitchell Herschbach
2011 Synthese  
To do so I describe an account of goal attribution involving a motor mirroring process that should not be characterized as interpersonal mental simulation.  ...  Mirroring results in a neural process in an observer that resembles a neural process of the same type in the observed agent.  ...  This is the case whether the actor's motor control system uses only real sensory feedback or, in addition to this, makes use of the feedback provided by a sensory forward model.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-011-9969-6 fatcat:qk3w34xl5zgm7amt4pekek5xuq

Understanding and dealing with the mental creations: living in real and virtual worlds

Mukundan CR
2018 Journal of Psychology & Clinical Psychiatry  
Understanding own cognitive processing methods and the skills acquired help us to know the generation of mental processes and what we have achieved by the mental creation of thoughts, emotions, and sensory-motor  ...  These become immensely enriched combination of virtual mental products unless and until the sensory-motor contacts could be made with the physical realities, when one experiences the sensory-motor contacts  ...  fantasizing, and abnormal mental conditions of hallucinations etc., when virtual sensory-motor images are made in the brain.  ... 
doi:10.15406/jpcpy.2018.09.00557 fatcat:4dw7thuidvewbbhi6plhd5q4ja

Mental Imagery for Intelligent Vehicles

Alice Plebe, Riccardo Donà, Gastone Pietro Papini Rosati, Mauro Da Lio
2019 Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems  
We propose to use the CDZs as a "template" for the implementation of neural network models mimicking the phenomenon of mental imagery, which is considered to be at the heart of the human ability to perform  ...  In this paper, we will try to build upon the reasons why the human brain is so effective in learning tasks as complex as the one of driving, borrowing explanations from the most established theories on  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was developed inside the EU Horizon 2020 Dreams4Cars Research and Innovation Action project, supported by the European Commission under Grant 731593.  ... 
doi:10.5220/0007657500430051 dblp:conf/vehits/PlebeDPL19 fatcat:w3knd6idq5d4xarks6vkoivta4

Towards an Articulation-Based Developmental Robotics Approach for Word Processing in Face-to-Face Communication

Bernd J. Kröger, Peter Birkholz, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube
2011 Paladyn: Journal of Behavioral Robotics  
On the basis of current literature a blueprint of a brain model will be outlined for this kind of robots and preliminary scenarios for knowledge acquisition will be described.  ...  AbstractWhile we are capable of modeling the shape, e.g. face, arms, etc. of humanoid robots in a nearly natural or human-like way, it is much more difficult to generate human-like facial or body movements  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by German Research Council (DFG) grant Kr 1439/13-1 and grant Kr 1439/15-1 and in part by COST-action 2102.  ... 
doi:10.2478/s13230-011-0016-6 fatcat:vpg24n4lcvfy7lhlwcjad5u2qe

Mapping Others: Representation and Mindreading

Adam Green
2014 Essays in Philosophy  
I claim that one can improve on the representational views of social cognition by moving away from talk of the mental manipulation of propositions in favor of the construction of maps and models of others  ...  Thinking about the representational qualities of maps and models allows one to offer a new perspective on the nature of mindreading.  ...  One starts with something inchoate, something map-like that is primarily useful because it forms the basis for going about building a more useful map or model of the other person.  ... 
doi:10.7710/1526-0569.1508 fatcat:jke7icqvwze2zdmp6xiejerp7a

From Action to Cognition: Neural Reuse, Network Theory and the Emergence of Higher Cognitive Functions

Radek Ptak, Naz Doganci, Alexia Bourgeois
2021 Brain Sciences  
They often argue against domain-specificity and for a distributed, embodied representation of knowledge, which sets them apart from modular theories of mental processes.  ...  Neural reuse theories generally take a developmental approach and model the brain as a dynamic system composed of highly flexible neural networks.  ...  This produces a system that disregards real sensory information and applies motor plans on generated images of the body. We here propose a very similar model for mental rotation.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci11121652 pmid:34942954 pmcid:PMC8699577 fatcat:3ngmeegyyvdg7emvucjeepfdfi

The Cerebellum: Adaptive Prediction for Movement and Cognition

Arseny A. Sokolov, R. Chris Miall, Richard B. Ivry
2017 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
A.A.S. was supported by a research grant for junior academic clinicians by the fund of the Research Committee of the Faculty for Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.  ...  R.B.I. was supported by grants NS092079 and NS074917 from the National Institute of Health (USA). R.C.M was supported by grants from the Wellcome Trust (WT087554) and MRC (MR/J012610/1).  ...  One idea that has been useful in the sensory and motor domains is that cerebellar predictive capabilities are temporally constrained.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2017.02.005 pmid:28385461 pmcid:PMC5477675 fatcat:xle2gri7sfdu7kn3tsdevufevu

Neurorehabilitation: Recovery Advances through CNS Neuromodulation

Denis Larrivee
2019 International Journal of Psychiatry Research  
Building on diagnostic clarity, a spectrum of technological advances, ranging from machine learning and BCI intervention to non-invasive neurostimulation, now assist functional recovery either directly  ...  Modern neurorehabilitation promises to revolutionize standard interventions for CNS impairments in domains traditionally dominated by physiotherapy.  ...  in the relatively simpler anatomical substrate of sensorial and motor nerves [22] .  ... 
doi:10.33425/2641-4317.1044 fatcat:obyuisnujfcbjkrb6mmrthqdoi

Cerebellar Contributions to Social Cognition in ASD: A Predictive Processing Framework

Isabelle R. Frosch, Vijay A. Mittal, Anila M. D'Mello
2022 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience  
Importantly, neuroimaging, clinical, and animal work find that the cerebellum supports adaptive prediction in both motor and non-motor domains.  ...  Here, we review evidence for a cerebellar role in social cognition and adaptive prediction across individuals with and without ASD.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We acknowledge helpful feedback and discussion on the manuscript from Amanda O'Brien as well as their funding sources.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnint.2022.810425 pmid:35153691 pmcid:PMC8832100 fatcat:lfddo7wrxnh4rdkupfdk4z4x4q

Page 2850 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 83, Issue 7 [page]

1996 Psychological Abstracts  
This research indicates that the computational mechanisms of language are derived from those of the sensory-motor domain, and that the pervasiveness of metaphor is one manifestation of language’s computational  ...  QMaPS monitors development of a learner’s knowledge (LK) in these environments by comparing it with a target model. It should be used in combination with a mechanism to obtain information about LK.  ... 
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 22,450 results