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News Briefs

1995 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology  
PV cells are semiconductor devices that convert the News Briefs energy in sunlight into electricity.  ...  PHOTOVOLTAIC HOT WATER SYSTEM EXCEEDS EXPECTATIONS A full-scale prototype of a novel solar water heating system-the first to use photovoltaic cells in combination with computer technology to capture the  ...  The standard is a foundation for building a logically integrated database of diverse data stored in geographically separated data banks under the management and control of heterogeneous database management  ... 
doi:10.6028/jres.100.038 fatcat:ezzama7esraxrhjd2pgiujid4a

News briefs

1994 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology  
One result of the collaboration could be the construction of a novel composite material composed of inorganic silica-based particles from the clay embedded in an organic matrix formed from the micelles  ...  Effective March 11,1994 FIPS 185 provides a strong encryption algorithm for protecting unclassified information.  ... 
doi:10.6028/jres.099.017 fatcat:lu7b2pezp5gwzjdpe67hgc7dm4

Prediction [article]

Didier Sornette, Ivan Osorio
2010 arXiv   pre-print
A key insight is to organize the evidence and mechanisms in terms of two summarizing measures: (i) amplitude of disorder or heterogeneity in the system and (ii) level of coupling or interaction strength  ...  The presented statistical evidence provides the substance of a general phase diagram for understanding the many facets of the spatio-temporal organization of these systems.  ...  5 for a partial insight in this rich organization).  ... 
arXiv:1007.2420v1 fatcat:5rivn4q4w5ggfpaihcdwokujjm

French Roadmap for complex Systems 2008-2009 [article]

Paul Bourgine , Frederic Amblard, Francois Arlabosse, Pierre Auger, Jean-Bernard Baillon, Olivier Barreteau, Pierre Baudot, Elisabeth Bouchaud, Soufian Ben Amor, Hugues Berry, Cyrille Bertelle, Marc Berthod, Guillaume Beslon, Giulio Biroli, Daniel Bonamy (+61 others)
2009 arXiv   pre-print
This second issue of the French Complex Systems Roadmap is the outcome of the Entretiens de Cargese 2008, an interdisciplinary brainstorming session organized over one week in 2008, jointly by RNSC, ISC-PIF  ...  The aim of this roadmap is to foster the coordination of the complex systems community on focused topics and questions, as well as to present contributions and challenges in the complex systems sciences  ...  Preamble A "complex system" is in general any system comprised of a great number of heterogeneous entities, among which local interactions create multiple levels of collective structure and organization  ... 
arXiv:0907.2221v1 fatcat:sfwycearbneirbi25t7dgta5py

Multipotent Systems: Combining Planning, Self-Organization, and Reconfiguration in Modular Robot Ensembles

Oliver Kosak, Constantin Wanninger, Alwin Hoffmann, Hella Ponsar, Wolfgang Reif
2018 Sensors  
Because typically a high degree of autonomy in such systems is a prerequisite for their practical usage, we also present the integration of necessary mechanisms and algorithms for achieving the systems  ...  While homogeneously configured systems are known to be robust against failures through redundancy but are highly specialized for specific use cases, heterogeneously designed systems can be used for a broad  ...  Figure 8 . 8 Local rules for executing the particle swarm optimization algorithm [63] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19010017 fatcat:oq3ohsfduzbxtcjx2m42jv4sfq

Population-Based Methods: PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION – Development of a General-Purpose Optimizer and Applications [article]

Mauro S. Innocente
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The particle swarm optimization paradigm was inspired by previous simulations of the cooperative behaviour observed in social beings.  ...  In addition, some constraint-handling techniques are incorporated into the canonical algorithm to handle inequality constraints.  ...  Thus, the evolutionary algorithms and the particle swarm optimization paradigm consist of decentralized and self-organized systems whose bottom-up ability to optimize emerges in a higher level than that  ... 
arXiv:2101.10901v1 fatcat:nbzmzhe6czg2njia3ek2x57r2u

AAAI 2002 Workshops

M. Brian Blake, Karen Zita Haigh, Henry Hexmoor, Rino Falcone, Leen-Kiat Soh, Chitta Baral, Sheila A. McIlraith, Piotr J. Gmytrasiewicz, Simon Parsons, Rainer Malaka, Antonio Krüger, Paolo Bouquet (+19 others)
2002 The AI Magazine  
plan execution process, in the ways communication and perception are used, and in whether a global plan for all agents or a local plan for each agent is produced.  ...  The third track included one paper on localization in real time by particle filtering (Kwok) and one on real-time airport scheduling (Andres Gomez de Silva Garza).  ...  On the temporal side, systematic and general algorithms for reasoning about granularity were presented, and new results and tableaux algorithms for reasoning in tractable fragments of Joseph Halpern and  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v23i4.1678 dblp:journals/aim/BlakeHHFSBMGPMKBSKPBdJDDRSGWGHIWAGL02 fatcat:b3lkuxmpj5ezbddwbysfuk4yhi

An Early Stage Researcher's Primer on Systems Medicine Terminology

Massimiliano Zanin, Nadim A.A. Aitya, José Basilio, Jan Baumbach, Arriel Benis, Chandan K. Behera, Magda Bucholc, Filippo Castiglione, Ioanna Chouvarda, Blandine Comte, Tien-Tuan Dao, Xuemei Ding (+43 others)
2021 Network and Systems Medicine  
Results: This glossary aims at being a first aid kit for the Systems Medicine researcher facing an unfamiliar term, where he/she can get a first understanding of them, and, more importantly, examples and  ...  Methods: In this review, we collect and explain more than100 terms related to Systems Medicine.  ...  How do systems self-organize themselves and spontaneously achieve a higher-ordered state?  ... 
doi:10.1089/nsm.2020.0003 pmid:33659919 pmcid:PMC7919422 fatcat:izso73zmcjf2foc54wgl6bnloi

A Roadmap Toward the Resilient Internet of Things for Cyber-Physical Systems

Denise Ratasich, Faiq Khalid, Florian Geissler, Radu Grosu, Muhammad Shafique, Ezio Bartocci
2019 IEEE Access  
Furthermore, this paper presents the main challenges in building a resilient IoT for CPS which is crucial in the era of smart CPS with enhanced connectivity (an excellent example of such a system is connected  ...  This paper summarizes state-of-the-art of existing work on anomaly detection, fault-tolerance and self-healing, and adds a number of other methods applicable to achieve resilience in an IoT.  ...  FIGURE 8 . 8 A taxonomy of methods for recovery or mitigation. FIGURE 9 . 9 A brief history of computer systems and our roadmap towards resilient IoT for CPS.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2891969 fatcat:hb77c2cenfhlpbtpnjql5umh6a

Applications and Techniques for Fast Machine Learning in Science [article]

Allison McCarn Deiana, Joshua Agar, Michaela Blott, Giuseppe Di Guglielmo, Javier Duarte, Philip Harris, Scott Hauck, Mia Liu, Mark S. Neubauer, Jennifer Ngadiuba, Seda Ogrenci-Memik, Maurizio Pierini (+74 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This is followed by a high-level overview and organization of technical advances, including an abundance of pointers to source material, which can enable these breakthroughs.  ...  training and implementing performant and resource-efficient ML algorithms; and computing architectures, platforms, and technologies for deploying these algorithms.  ...  Specialized detector sub-systems and algorithms are used to reconstruct the different types and properties of particles produced in collisions.  ... 
arXiv:2110.13041v1 fatcat:cvbo2hmfgfcuxi7abezypw2qrm

Humanitarian Logistics and Cultural Diversity within Crowd Simulation

Carlos Alberto Ochoa Zezzatti, Isaac Rudomin, Genoveva Vargas Solar, Javier A. Espinosa-Oviedo, Hugo Pérez, José-Luis Zechinelli Martini
2017 Journal of Computacion y Sistemas  
., a fire or explosion) produced in collective events (e.g., religious pilgrimages, music concerts and sportive events).  ...  This paper proposes an approach to explore the impact of anthropometry and cultural diversity in the behaviour of crowds in panic situations.  ...  For example, self-organized patterns of motion demonstrate that "intelligent" collective dynamics can be based on simple local interactions; under extreme conditions, coordination may break down giving  ... 
doi:10.13053/cys-21-1-2583 fatcat:si3aumhgznbi5hirr3ahh6dnle

Holonic System Model for Resilient Energy Grid Operation

Rolf Egert, Tim Grube, Florian Volk, Max Mühlhäuser
2021 Energies  
Holarchies are a promising (systems-of-systems) architectural pattern for smart grids fostering fast isolation and self-sustained operation of subparts (so-called holons), as well as supporting dynamic  ...  To leverage these properties to increase the resilience of smart grids, we propose a system model that combines a holonic architecture and locally available resources offered by prosumers.  ...  Their scheduling process is separated into three phases for appliance monitoring, stochastic scheduling, and the real-time control of appliances.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14144120 fatcat:35t7xpy7ujaaphcxh57wjmujv4

Peer Selection Strategy Using Mobile Agent and Trust in Peer-to-Peer Streaming Media System

He Xu, Han-Chen Huang, Ruchuan Wang, Jun Dong
2013 International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks  
Recently, there are a lot of researchers studying peer selection strategy in peer-to-peer streaming system.  ...  In this paper, a novel P2P streaming media peer selection strategy based on mobile agent and trust (MATPS) is proposed.  ...  All MAMS use a structured self-organizing P2P protocol to organize a structured P2P overlay network.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/791560 fatcat:7zrkk73g5zgwzc3ahemqyoo5sq

Metallic Nanoparticles [chapter]

2008 Handbook of Metal Physics  
The random motion of the particles allows for a complete exploration of the sample.  ...  Our results pave the way for a new subwavelength imaging technique, well adapted to optical characterization in water-based systems (such as in emerging microfluidics studies), which are mostly inaccessible  ...  In particular, in our case there is no need to track one same particle along time, since stochastic independent localizations are enough for our purpose of scanning a specific field-of-view.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1570-002x(08)00216-4 fatcat:ellgsqvxw5do3jabtwrz5t3lxu

Reflections on a Biometrics of Organismal Form

Fred L. Bookstein
2019 Biological Theory  
Two of these are particularly relevant to quantifications of form: the concept of ordered heterogeneity and the principle of nonstructural memory, the truism that typically the forms of organisms substantially  ...  Back in 1987 the physicist/theoretical biologist Walter Elsasser reviewed a range of philosophical issues at the foundation of organismal biology above the molecular level.  ...  for descriptive purposes into a range of spatial scales suggestive (in many examples) of separate developmental processes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13752-019-00320-y fatcat:ilmeotz5zfgrvgevbs67xujyqi
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