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A Hybrid Embedding Approach to Noisy Answer Passage Retrieval [chapter]

Daniel Cohen, W. Bruce Croft
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
However, determining the relevancy of answer passages remains a significant challenge, specifically when there exists a lexical and semantic gap between the text representation used for training and the  ...  Recent work with deep learning has shown the efficacy of distributed text representations for retrieving sentences or tokens for question answering.  ...  Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsor.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-76941-7_10 fatcat:6glb3eh65rg3ng5rfatuz5edim

From word embeddings to document similarities for improved information retrieval in software engineering

Xin Ye, Hui Shen, Xiao Ma, Razvan Bunescu, Chang Liu
2016 Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Software Engineering - ICSE '16  
This is often the case in bug and feature location, community question answering, or more generally the communication between technical personnel and non-technical stake holders in a software project.  ...  In this paper, we propose bridging the lexical gap by projecting natural language statements and code snippets as meaning vectors in a shared representation space.  ...  All these works neither measure word similarities nor try to bridge the lexical gap between code and queries.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2884781.2884862 dblp:conf/icse/YeSMBL16 fatcat:2tnkofn66jdepahx2ymo2jg7du

Applying Semantic Parsing to Question Answering Over Linked Data: Addressing the Lexical Gap [chapter]

Sherzod Hakimov, Christina Unger, Sebastian Walter, Philipp Cimiano
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The lexical gap refers to the mismatch between the vocabulary used in a user question and the vocabulary used in the relevant dataset.  ...  In this paper we focus on analyzing the lexical gap that arises as a challenge for any such question answering system.  ...  The lexical gap refers to the problem that the vocabulary used by a user and the vocabulary used to formally represent the data can di↵er substantially.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-19581-0_8 fatcat:5ppnppmvwrdg3bfxazd6hbmyhy

Towards Reading Acquisition: Bridging the Gap in Literacy Knowledge among At-Risk Arab Children

Baha Makhoul
2014 Athens Journal of Social Sciences  
The students were assessed for their discourse and listening comprehension skills, phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary in addition to their reading skills upon commencing 2nd grade.  ...  Despite the observed lag in literacy skills among the at-risk kindergarten children, the obtained results indicate that they were able to close the gaps in most of the literacy assessed domains but were  ...  The current program has demonstrated its efficacy in bridging the gaps between low SES students and their peers from more advantageous socioeconomic background in different assessed literacy domains.  ... 
doi:10.30958/ajss.2-1-3 fatcat:omqeeqambnezbeo7ux7h2afnvu

The Relation of Knowledge-Text Integration Processes and Reading Comprehension in 7th- to 12th-Grade Students

Marcia A. Barnes, Yusra Ahmed, Amy Barth, David J. Francis
2015 Scientific Studies of Reading  
Reading times for the second sentence in a pair (Jane's headache went away) were compared in conditions where the first sentence was either causally or temporally related to the first sentence (Jane took  ...  This interaction held with comprehension-and inference-related factors (working memory, word and world knowledge, and word reading efficiency) in the models.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We acknowledge the invaluable contributions of the middle and high school staff and students in Channelview ISD, Dickinson ISD, Galveston ISD, and Humble ISD in Texas.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10888438.2015.1022650 pmid:26997861 pmcid:PMC4798749 fatcat:wkecakfuxvb65anrh2q3e6r3de

Output tasks and vocabulary gains

Trevor Holster, Darcy Delint
2012 The Language Teacher  
Folse (2004) argued for the importance of vocabulary instruction and the effectiveness of list learning, while Laufer and Girsai (2008) found mechanical output tasks using contrastive analysis and translation  ...  Both groups showed substantive gains in vocabulary knowledge but the control group showed larger vocabulary gains than the treatment group, contrary to expectations.  ...  The vocabulary homework comprised word-search, word-scramble, gapped sentence completion, and crossword tasks.  ... 
doi:10.37546/jalttlt36.2-1 fatcat:dwhq7mjb6bhijoss7wdybn7dqi

Sanative Chatbot For Health Seekers

V.Manoj Kumar, A. Keerthana
2016 International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science  
The basic aim of this system is to bridge the vocabulary gap between the health providers by proving instant replies to the questions posted by patients.  ...  Local mining aims to code the medical records by extracting the medical concepts from individual record and then mapping them to terminologies based on external authenticated vocabularies.  ...  In this paper we present a medical terminology assignment scheme to bridge the vocabulary gap between health seekers and health care knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.18535/ijecs/v5i3.28 fatcat:6ofabf4oobf43j4ag6le5ypcbq

Addressing Certain Grey Areas in the Students' Translation Feedbacks

Gareebullah Hago Hamdoun Mudawi
2016 Social Science Research Network  
The study explores certain gaps between some aspects of course content and the actual needs of students as translators.  ...  The study tries to clarify the identified problems and suggest some solutions to address these gaps in order to help students develop into professional translators.  ...  Also, the study aims to figure out the gaps between the components of the curricula, and to suggest ways and means in order to bridge them.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2795897 fatcat:cdwitkmly5cnbplvev77gim65e

An Italian Question Answering System for Structured Data based on Controlled Natural Languages

Lucia Siciliani, Pierpaolo Basile, Giovanni Semeraro, Matteo Mennitti
2019 Italian Conference on Computational Linguistics  
This task is particularly tricky due to the gap between the vocabularies adopted by users and the formalism that characterizes any query language.  ...  In this paper we present MULIB, a Question Answering system capable of answering questions in Italian over both Knowledge Bases and databases.  ...  Acknowledgment This work is partially funded by the "DECi-SION Data-drivEn Customer Service Innova-tiON" project, POR Puglia FESR 2014-2020 -INNONET-WORK program -"Sostegno alle attività di R&S per lo  ... 
dblp:conf/clic-it/SicilianiBSM19 fatcat:oq326za26zdkrp6kpx2h5eaqqq

Automatic Keyphrase Extraction by Bridging Vocabulary Gap

Zhiyuan Liu, Xinxiong Chen, Yabin Zheng, Maosong Sun
2011 Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning  
Appropriate keyphrases, however, are not always statistically significant or even do not appear in the given document. This makes a large vocabulary gap between a document and its keyphrases.  ...  probabilities between the words in documents and the words in keyphrases.  ...  Acknowledgments This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under Grant No. 60873174. The authors would like to thank Peng Li and Xiance Si for their suggestions.  ... 
dblp:conf/conll/LiuCZS11 fatcat:vwk3tnevfzaaroetoslxjfi3wu

Could an Interactive-Balanced Environment for Reading Acquisition Overcome the Triad Risk Factors: Low Socioeconomic Status, Low Literacy Skills and Language Properties?

Baha Makhoul, Raphiq Ibrahim
2014 Psychology  
The results of the study indicate that the learning program succeeded in bridging the gaps in literacy skills between the at-risk children and their heterogeneous peers.  ...  Children were assessed both at the end of kindergarten and at the beginning of 2nd grade in the following domains: discourse, listening comprehension, phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary.  ...  Special thanks to the schools staff and the children for their collaboration and to the Chief Scientist of the Israeli Ministry of Education, which allowed us to get into the schools.  ... 
doi:10.4236/psych.2014.519222 fatcat:ryqk5obiwvhtdcfhdktpfejimi

Page 47 of Language Arts Vol. 2, Issue 2 [page]

1925 Language Arts  
Enough words to bridge the gap between the pupil and the school. WHAT IS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ENGLISH? 47 book or the speaker should be learned by sight or sound.  ...  What beyond composing a_ sensible answer to a sensible question within the in- formation of the child, is of much value in writing?  ... 

Page 47 of Language Arts Vol. 2, Issue 2 [page]

1925 Language Arts  
Enough words to bridge the gap between the pupil and the in history. book or the speaker should be learned by sight or sound.  ...  What beyond composing a_ sensible answer to a sensible question within the in- formation of the child, is of much value in writing?  ... 

GINO – A Guided Input Natural Language Ontology Editor [chapter]

Abraham Bernstein, Esther Kaufmann
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The gap between the end user and the logic-based scaffolding has to be bridged if the Semantic Web's capabilities are to be utilized by the general public.  ...  This paper proposes that controlled natural languages offer one way to bridge the gap.  ...  Consequently, the question how to bridge the gap is pivotal for the success of the Semantic Web for end users.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11926078_11 fatcat:6iaeqwbapndkxdx22byxwfpf6a

Action Research in English for Specific Purposes: English Language for the Medical Students in Bangladesh

Liza Sharmin
2018 Asian Journal of Humanity Art and Literature  
It is my assumption that, specific English language course can solve the problem by bridging the gap between their knowledge and their proficiency language." (Sharmin, L. -2011).  ...  Since I taught them with general English language materials, I observed a gap between their target area and English language.  ...  The students were asked to answer the questions in a complete sentence/ sentences.  ... 
doi:10.18034/ajhal.v5i1.330 fatcat:5vsamn2v55c5jkpn3pyuwcgfgq
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