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Breaking down the cocktail party: Attentional modulation of cerebral audiovisual speech processing

Patrik Wikman, Elisa Sahari, Viljami Salmela, Alina Leminen, Miika Leminen, Matti Laine, Kimmo Alho
2020 NeuroImage  
We used univariate analyses in combination with multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) to study modulations of brain activity related to attentive processing of audiovisual speech.  ...  Semantic coherence modulated attention-related activation patterns in the earliest stages of auditory cortical processing, suggesting that the auditory cortex is involved in high-level speech processing  ...  Acknowledgments This work is supported by the Academy of Finland (grant # 297848 , "Modulations of brain activity patterns during selective attention to speech ", 2016-2020).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117365 pmid:32941985 fatcat:ozzrfzgceja6lcmexgnwx5um4i

Neural Entrainment to Speech Modulates Speech Intelligibility

Lars Riecke, Elia Formisano, Bettina Sorger, Deniz Başkent, Etienne Gaudrain
2018 Current Biology  
Speech-brain entrainment, the alignment of neural activity to the slow temporal fluctuations (envelope) of acoustic speech input, is a ubiquitous element of current theories of speech processing.  ...  Using electric brain stimulation, they find that synchronization of ongoing brain activity with the rhythm of auditory speech modulates the intelligibility of this speech.  ...  The results from two speech-recognition experiments support this prediction in both a cocktail-party-like scenario and a listening situation devoid of aural speech-amplitude envelope input.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.033 pmid:29290557 fatcat:5qfvi3qh2bhbrjbbn4va5emg2m

Early reflection energy in concert halls: how much, how early, and from where

Anders Chr. Gade
2001 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
while the modulation rate of B was swept up or down during a block of trials. ͓  ...  In other words, the ''cocktail party'' effect can occur even when there is no spatial separation between sound sources.  ...  However, it is not clear how complex object and motion processing are influenced by this early visual processing. In two studies this question was explored in audiovisual speech perception.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4744078 fatcat:ido5s7awararfly27vq35s5sjy

Crowding is similar for eye movements and manual responses

F. Yildirim, F. W. Cornelissen
2014 Journal of Vision  
face illusion Talia Retter, Bruno Rossion 33.582 Attentional scope modulates unconscious processing: evidence from breaking continuous flash suppression Sol Z Sun, Susanne Ferber 33.583 Moving biological  ...  before starting her faculty position in 2012 She was recently selected as a ) and the top-down effects of attention on visual processing He received his PhD from New York University in 2007 and pursued  ... 
doi:10.1167/14.10.789 fatcat:uxwzbzfhbjc3ddyfhbs2ilr4qe

Biological Specifics of Musical Performing Memory Essence for Musical Performance Efficiency

Maria Dymnikowa, Elena A. Ogorodnikova, Valentin I. Petrushin
2020 Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies  
The efficiency of this process is conditioned by ergonomic, effective work on learning, and memorizing the music.  ...  The article, from the health psychology mainstream, presents methodical, practical tips with recommendations resulting from the biological principles, regularities, and specifics of this process revealed  ...  a large number of people -i.e., cocktail party aural perception effect [53] .  ... 
doi:10.24203/ajhss.v8i2.6122 fatcat:k7omuxut4jhcvjst74ka5ilrma

Scattering by two spheres: Theory and experiment

Irina Bjo/rno/, Leif Bjo/rno/
1998 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
However, in most real-world situations, signals such as speech sounds are comodulated and noises such as cocktail party and traffic noises are not.  ...  These results suggest that cerebral nondopaminergic lesions are probably responsible for the impairments of parkinsonian speech. 2pSC16.  ...  A universal parallel signal processing module is designed, which is based on the VME bus, so it is convenient to get a more powerful processing system.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.421626 fatcat:qf2u35fztjfgtgredwhbg53zwm

Ray tracing in a turbulent, shallow‐water channel

Christian Bjerrum‐Niese, René Lützen, Leif Bjo/rno/
1998 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
However, in most real-world situations, signals such as speech sounds are comodulated and noises such as cocktail party and traffic noises are not.  ...  These results suggest that cerebral nondopaminergic lesions are probably responsible for the impairments of parkinsonian speech. 2pSC16.  ...  A universal parallel signal processing module is designed, which is based on the VME bus, so it is convenient to get a more powerful processing system.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.422455 fatcat:vqypn7trzberzap3bkznkoddcu

Acoustic GIS‐based monitoring of Atlantic cod ecosystems in coastal Newfoundland

George A. Rose
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The complexity of open plan office acoustic design results from the fundamental contradiction of communication and concentration.  ...  Recently, the availability of powerful computing facilities combined with the development of numerical algorithms specially designed to simulate sound propagation over large distances has paved the way  ...  Such results suggest a model of selective attention in which the focus of attention is an auditory object that is formed through interactions between automatic grouping processes and top-down selection  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2932540 fatcat:v6w3j7upx5duhkunch6oai5jve

Trends in preference, programming and design of concert halls for symphonic music

Anders C. Gade
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Such results suggest a model of selective attention in which the focus of attention is an auditory object that is formed through interactions between automatic grouping processes and top-down selection  ...  Listeners' ability to parse concurrent sounds is a prerequisite in solving the cocktail party problem.  ...  This paper presents a new sensor signal processing method of the pulse-compression technique using a delta-sigma modulated single-bit digital signal.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2932471 fatcat:hhka5ml2fvcszklkzau2lw3gka

The structural acoustic properties of stiffened shells

Yu Luan
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The complexity of open plan office acoustic design results from the fundamental contradiction of communication and concentration.  ...  Recently, the availability of powerful computing facilities combined with the development of numerical algorithms specially designed to simulate sound propagation over large distances has paved the way  ...  Such results suggest a model of selective attention in which the focus of attention is an auditory object that is formed through interactions between automatic grouping processes and top-down selection  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2932806 fatcat:zohbewf2k5h7fly2hoqzfdk42e

Parameter survey of a rib stiffened wooden floor using sinus modes model

Lars‐Göran Sjökvist, Jonas Brunskog, Finn Jacobsen
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Members of the audience completed questionnaires assessing the acoustic qualities of the spaces.  ...  The poor quality of clarity was assessed for churches with longest EDT for the performance of music involving polyphony.  ...  The dual requirement of localization and signal-to-source assignment, in addition to reverberation, may represent a limiting factor for the role of localization in the cocktail-party effect.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2933934 fatcat:fmeouf2iynctnculdxzvoqb4iu

Measurement of total sound energy density in enclosures at low frequencies

Finn Jacobsen
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Members of the audience completed questionnaires assessing the acoustic qualities of the spaces.  ...  The poor quality of clarity was assessed for churches with longest EDT for the performance of music involving polyphony.  ...  The dual requirement of localization and signal-to-source assignment, in addition to reverberation, may represent a limiting factor for the role of localization in the cocktail-party effect.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2934233 fatcat:vuavezpbsnabxmhi4jlbvbwgly

Spherical near field acoustic holography with microphones on a rigid sphere

Finn Jacobsen, Jo/rgen Hald, Efrén Fernandez, Guillermo Moreno
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Members of the audience completed questionnaires assessing the acoustic qualities of the spaces.  ...  The poor quality of clarity was assessed for churches with longest EDT for the performance of music involving polyphony.  ...  The dual requirement of localization and signal-to-source assignment, in addition to reverberation, may represent a limiting factor for the role of localization in the cocktail-party effect.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2934035 fatcat:57w2rziyfvcmnnyzsxlgg43qxa

Seeking a New Path: Pasacalle Activists Practicing Culture in Villa El Salvador, Perú

Carlos Odria
2017 Ethnomusicology  
This trend consists of a festive segment that is inserted in a specific, usually unexpected, timeline of a given event (e.g., a wedding reception, anniversaries, private parties, cocktails, corporate gigs  ...  interconnected housing modules (see Fig. 1 .7).  ... 
doi:10.5406/ethnomusicology.61.1.0001 fatcat:dd7rz3g655ewpg6d6ucnqjxuoy

Neural and Behavioural Correlates of Auditory Discrimination and Language Processing in Infants and Children

Jolanta Golan
2021
The mismatch response (MMR), an electrophysiological measure elicited to auditory stimulation, can provide a neural index of speech processing and language development.  ...  Inconsistency of accounts on auditory and speech processing in early development tends to be attributed to maturational factors in children.  ...  They were assessed in their ability to distinguish English words, such as "tot' versus "taught" when played among multispeaker speech babble, i.e., 'the cocktail party effect'.  ... 
doi:10.15123/uel.8q06y fatcat:vsj5klta7jcbheazktb6yt3hoy
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