Filters








107 Hits in 7.0 sec

Brain-implantable biomimetic electronics as the next era in neural prosthetics

T.W. Berger, M. Baudry, R.D. Brinton, J.-S. Liaw, V.Z. Marmarelis, A. Yoondong Park, B.J. Sheu, A.R. Tanguay
2001 Proceedings of the IEEE  
An interdisciplinary multilaboratory effort to develop an implantable neural prosthetic that can coexist and bidirectionally communicate with living brain tissue is described.  ...  Although the final achievement of such a goal is many years in the future, it is proposed that the path to an implantable prosthetic is now definable, allowing the problem to be solved in a rational, incremental  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors gratefully acknowledge postdoctoral fellows and graduate students who made fundamental contributions to the theoretical and experimental work described here, and most notably  ... 
doi:10.1109/5.939806 fatcat:juafqjmghffyhnrt6xeev2lwoa

A neural network trained by 3D printed biomimetic cochleae provides clinical informatics for cochlear implant patients [article]

Iek Man Lei, Chen Jiang, Chon Lok Lei, Simone Rosalie de Rijk, Yu Chuen Tam, Michael P.F. Sutcliffe, George Malliaras, Manohar Bance, Yan Yan Shery Huang
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
Here, we report on the development of a neural network model that is informed by measurements in 3D printed biomimetic cochleae with realistic conductivity and anatomy.  ...  Cochlear implants (CIs) restore hearing in patients with severe to profound deafness by delivering electrical stimuli inside the cochlea.  ...  Introduction 29 The use of prosthetic medical electronic implants and bioelectronic devices has been 30 increasing rapidly, and is anticipated to form a new era of medicine 1,2 .  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.11.28.20240176 fatcat:3muwjun62bethi7vhblpaeffju

Intelligent biohybrid systems for functional brain repair

Gabriella Panuccio, Marianna Semprini, Michela Chiappalone
2016 European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine  
In this review, we describe the progression of brain repair strategies, from the early pioneering demonstration of their feasibility to their recent implementation in the experimental and clinical settings  ...  A B S T R A C T In the quest for novel neurotechnologies to defeat brain diseases, intelligent biohybrid systems have earned a privileged role among unconventional brain repair strategies.  ...  The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Lorenzo Natale for the fruitful discussion on artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nhtm.2016.10.001 fatcat:kntrmz53obdzbfjc7jomlbkw5e

Probabilistic methods in bci research

P. Sykacek, S. Roberts, M. Stokes, E. Curran, M. Gibbs, L. Pickup
2003 IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering  
This paper suggests a probabilistic treatment of the signal processing part of a brain-computer interface (BCI).  ...  This suggests that adaptive translation algorithms might help in cases where brain dynamics change due to learning effects or fatigue.  ...  Owen for having been involved in the studies relating to this paper and the anonymous reviewers for useful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnsre.2003.814447 pmid:12899272 fatcat:ukmj4vkkpzfs5aufdv3fpwbtze

Selective Electrical Interfaces with the Nervous System

Wim L. C. Rutten
2002 Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering  
The latter may play a role in brain-computer interfaces.  ...  In the latter case the surrounding volume conductor becomes part of the interface.  ...  They may be implanted in living nerve tissue to serve as a hybrid interface between electronics and nerve.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.bioeng.4.020702.153427 pmid:12117764 fatcat:3xai3zupyvhovawceotkigxtje

Biomimetic Skin [chapter]

Markellos Ntagios, Oliver Ozioko, Ravinder Dahiya
2022 Cognitive Robotics  
Pacemakers and cochlear implants are some of the artificial organs developed in the past.  ...  The interest in this field is also fueled by the new and emerging applications of robots in areas such as smart factories and ambient assisted living, where safe and intelligent humanrobot interaction  ...  Obtaining complex smart structures with intrinsic sensing, actuation, and computing is the way to pro gress to the next era of autonomous robotic systems.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/13780.003.0013 fatcat:ojsdydrwb5gopppzbor6375xha

Sensors for Robotic Hands: A Survey of State of the Art

Artur Saudabayev, Huseyin Atakan Varol
2015 IEEE Access  
We also cover the sensors developed for robot hand usage in each era.  ...  At each period, we present the robot hands with a focus on their sensor systems dividing them into categories, such as prosthetics, research devices, and industrial end-effectors.  ...  Other notable prosthetic hands of the era are described in [20] and [39] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2015.2482543 fatcat:nuogqh23mzecfmr7llvb4o4me4

Neurorestorative interventions involving bioelectronic implants after spinal cord injury

Newton Cho, Jordan W. Squair, Jocelyne Bloch, Grégoire Courtine
2019 Bioelectronic Medicine  
The spectrum of implantable brain-computer interface technologies is also expanding at a fast pace, and all these neurotechnologies are being progressively embedded within rehabilitation programs in order  ...  Multiple neuromodulation therapies that target circuits located in the brain, midbrain, or spinal cord have been able to improve motor and autonomic functions.  ...  Acknowledgements Jean-Baptiste Mignardot for all the illustrations.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s42234-019-0027-x pmid:32232100 pmcid:PMC7098222 fatcat:4d3hjy3fxjajfd7xezo3scds6y

Flexible Circuit Technologies for Biomedical Applications [chapter]

Damien C., Wen Li, James D., Mark S., Yu-Chong Tai
2013 Advances in Micro/Nano Electromechanical Systems and Fabrication Technologies  
prosthetics aimed to provide eyesight to the blind and limb movement to para-and quadriplegic patients through spinal cord stimulation.  ...  In addition, the prevalence of RP has been estimated to be approximately 1 in 4000 [2] .  ...  This implant demonstrated the technology as well as the remarkable ability for the human brain to compensate for low-resolution input.  ... 
doi:10.5772/55308 fatcat:fboznhmzwrhghitgocqq7mssu4

Advances in Translational Nanotechnology: Challenges and Opportunities

Shyam S. Mohapatra, Robert D. Frisina, Subhra Mohapatra, Kevin B. Sneed, Eleni Markoutsa, Tao Wang, Rinku Dutta, Ratka Damnjanovic, Manh-Huong Phan, Daniel J. Denmark, Manas R. Biswal, Andrew R. McGill (+33 others)
2020 Applied Sciences  
This review highlights notable research in the areas of engineering especially in optics, photonics and plasmonics and electronics; biomedical devices, nano-biotechnology, nanotherapeutics including both  ...  in the US and globally.  ...  process in many neurologic disorders such as stroke [19] , brain trauma [20] , and Alzheimer's disease [21] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10144881 fatcat:ign6bnvd6ben3aydpbj4w77njq

Social Implications of Technology: The Past, the Present, and the Future

K. D. Stephan, K. Michael, M. G. Michael, L. Jacob, E. P. Anesta
2012 Proceedings of the IEEE  
We foresee major social implications in the increasing variety and sophistication of implant technologies, leading to cyborgs and human-machine hybrids.  ...  We examine some current trends such as mobile, wearable, and pervasive computing, and find both dangers and opportunities in these trends.  ...  and nurses at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation in Ohio had spent the next few hours electronically eavesdropping on single cells in Joan's brain attempting to pinpoint the precise trouble spot that caused  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2012.2189919 fatcat:ipnfoyj4dnddvmfvgjuoymoiai

Convergence Platforms: Foundational Science and Technology Tools [chapter]

Mark Lundstrom, H.-S. Philip Wong
2013 Science Policy Reports  
Semiconductor nanoelectronics seems destined to play an even more important role in addressing the challenges of the 21 st century by serving as the foundation that enables continuing advances in the convergence  ...  Semiconductor microelectronics was one of the great technologies of the 20 th century.  ...  , to support advances in the field of neuroscience, learning, and cognition • Reduced need for animal experiments • Electronic synapses for in vivo monitoring and stimulation of neurons or neural prosthetics  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02204-8_1 fatcat:t55qy6axezfaxnjmfbhurqfuda

Nanobiomaterials for vascular biology and wound management: A review

Ajay Vikram Singh, Donato Gemmati, Anurag Kanase, Ishan Pandey, Vatsala Misra, Vimal Kishore, Timotheus Jahnke, Joachim Bill
2018 Veins and Lymphatics  
Over the past years, research in clinical science has seen a dramatic increase in medicinal materials at nanoscale those significantly contributed to tissue repair.  ...  This chapter outlines the new biomaterials at nanoscale those contribute state of the art clinical practices in ulcer management and wound healing due to their superior properties over traditional dressing  ...  The challenge of recreating complex CNS functions such as cognition in the brain cannot be recapitulated via 3D patterning.  ... 
doi:10.4081/vl.2018.7196 fatcat:2rix7obzxbc3ngiodwwwjhgadu

Large-Area Soft e-Skin: The Challenges Beyond Sensor Designs

Ravinder Dahiya, Nivasan Yogeswaran, Fengyuan Liu, Libu Manjakkal, Etienne Burdet, Vincent Hayward, Henrik Jorntell
2019 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The challenges in relation with these advances for tactile sensing and haptics in robotics and prosthetics are discussed along with potential solutions.  ...  Artificial tactile skin that can play the roles of human skin remains a distant possibility because of hard issues in resilience, manufacturing, mechanics, sensorics, electronics, energetics, information  ...  As discussed in the next section, there has been the new interest in exploiting the area of body surface to generate energy [55] - [57] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2019.2941366 fatcat:ilkyqa7sgrhozfot5f5v6mhyqq

Biomaterials Approach to Expand and Direct Differentiation of Stem Cells

Chou Chai, Kam W Leong
2007 Molecular Therapy  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research and Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School for funding. Support by NIH (EB003447) is also acknowledged.  ...  in a poly(D,L-lactide-coglycolide) (PLGA) scaffold, heralds the arrival of the era of whole organ TE.  ...  of nestin, a marker of neural precursor cells, as well as the formation of vascular structures.  ... 
doi:10.1038/sj.mt.6300084 pmid:17264853 pmcid:PMC2365728 fatcat:72ccpjyo2vd4npt7axmhlst6gy
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 107 results