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Functional MRI compliance in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Sirel Karakas, Elvin Dogutepe Dincer, Arzu Ozkan Ceylan, Emre Tileylioglu, Hakki Muammer Karakas, E. Turgut Tali
2015 Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology  
METHODS Subjects included 77 males aged 6-12 years; there were 53 patients in the ADHD group and 24 participants in the healthy control group.  ...  Compliance was not significantly different between ADHD and control groups based on success, failure, and repetition rates of fMRI.  ...  Acknowledgements We wholeheartedly thank the parents and children who volunteered to take part in this very intensive study.  ... 
doi:10.5152/dir.2014.14006 pmid:25519454 pmcid:PMC4463357 fatcat:qwf2kadv4jakhflxz2ayevtbf4

Anatomical and Functional Brain Imaging in Childhood ADHD: Update 2013

Marco Angriman, Anita Beggiato, Samuele Cortese
2013 Current Developmental Disorders Reports  
We conclude that the combination of multimodal neuroimaging techniques has the potential not only to increase our understanding of structural disruptions in neuronal circuits associated with functional  ...  We critically overview anatomical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies, as well as functional MRI and resting state MRI studies.  ...  In the ADHD-pure subgroup (n=11) compared to control group, a lack of age-dependent maturation and a greater complexity in grey and white matter micro- structural organisation were found.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40474-013-0001-3 fatcat:gthwmju54bejhauoik46lo56rm

Neonatal basal ganglia and thalamic volumes: very preterm birth and 7-year neurodevelopmental outcomes

Wai Yen Loh, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Alicia J Spittle, Jian Chen, Katherine J Lee, Charlotte Molesworth, Terrie E Inder, A Connelly, Lex W Doyle, Deanne K Thompson
2017 Pediatric Research  
RESULTS: All deep gray matter structures examined were smaller in VP infants compared with controls at termequivalent age; ranging from (percentage mean difference (95% confidence intervals) − 6.2% (−10.2%  ...  Neonatal basal ganglia and thalamic volumes were positively related to motor, intelligence quotient, and academic outcomes at age 7 years, with mostly similar relationships in the VP and control groups  ...  Group differences in basal ganglia and thalamic volumes at termequivalent age were assessed using separate linear regression models for each structure, with sex and age at MRI scan included in the model  ... 
doi:10.1038/pr.2017.161 pmid:28700568 pmcid:PMC5685902 fatcat:s4aqv4rocrde7bex3m75ndwa4m

Neuroanatomical phenotypes in mental illness: identifying convergent and divergent cortical phenotypes across autism, ADHD and schizophrenia

Min Tae M Park, Armin Raznahan, Philip Shaw, Nitin Gogtay, Jason P Lerch, M Mallar Chakravarty
2018 Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience  
Here, we ask if autism-spectrum disorders (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia share neuroanatomical variations.  ...  There is evidence suggesting neuropsychiatric disorders share genomic, cognitive and clinical features.  ...  Acknowledgements: The authors thank all groups, as noted in  ... 
pmid:29688876 pmcid:PMC5915241 fatcat:kxzmuvza4vgrrbwrdjxivdgbmm

fMRI and Voxel-based Morphometry in Detection of Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease

Andrey V. Sokolov, Sergey V. Vorobyev, Aleksandr Yu. Efimtcev, Viacheslav S. Dekan, Gennadiy E. Trufanov, Vladimir Yu. Lobzin, Vladimir A. Fokin
2017 Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies  
The use of functional MRI and voxel-based morphometry provides the way to find alterations in brain function on early stages of AD before the development of significant irreversible structural damage.  ...  control group.  ...  Functional MRI allows to investigate alterations in brain function before development of significant structural damage (Bassett, S.S., 2006) .  ... 
doi:10.5220/0006109600670071 dblp:conf/biostec/SokolovVEDTLF17 fatcat:wkpe4zlzdnd7jfsqcrusqdk43q

Altered gray matter organization in children and adolescents with ADHD: a structural covariance connectome study

K R Griffiths, S M Grieve, M R Kohn, S Clarke, L M Williams, M S Korgaonkar
2016 Translational Psychiatry  
We generated anatomical networks based on covariance of gray matter volumes from 92 regions across the brain in children and adolescents with ADHD (n = 34) and age-and sex-matched healthy controls (n =  ...  Although multiple studies have reported structural deficits in multiple brain regions in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we do not yet know if these deficits reflect a more systematic  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The iSPOT-A trial was sponsored by Brain Resource Company Operations Pty Ltd and collection of control data was funded by the NHMRC funded Project Grant (APP1008080) awarded to MSK, SMG  ... 
doi:10.1038/tp.2016.219 pmid:27824356 pmcid:PMC5314130 fatcat:b6i72v34pbcyxhonqhdd34osgm

Neuroanatomical phenotypes in mental illness: identifying convergent and divergent cortical phenotypes across autism, ADHD and schizophrenia

Min Tae M. Park, Armin Raznahan, Philip Shaw, Nitin Gogtay, Jason P. Lerch, M. Mallar Chakravarty
2018 Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience  
of both local and systemic alterations targeting brain networks.  ...  Networks enriched in cortical thickness anomalies were also strongly represented in functional MRI results (Neurosynth; r = 0.64, p = 0.032).  ...  Acknowledgements: The authors thank all groups, as noted in  ... 
doi:10.1503/jpn.170094 pmid:29402375 fatcat:k56x43rvbfajzc37apgipxwxbm

Disrupted topological organization of structural and functional brain connectomes in clinically isolated syndrome and multiple sclerosis

Ni Shu, Yunyun Duan, Mingrui Xia, Menno M. Schoonheim, Jing Huang, Zhuoqiong Ren, Zheng Sun, Jing Ye, Huiqing Dong, Fu-Dong Shi, Frederik Barkhof, Kuncheng Li (+1 others)
2016 Scientific Reports  
Here, we investigated the topological alterations of both the structural and functional connectomes in 41 CIS and 32 MS patients, compared to 35 healthy controls, by combining diffusion tensor imaging  ...  Importantly, the disruptions of structural and functional connectomes in patients occurred in the same direction and locally correlated in sensorimotor component.  ...  Thus, the aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive view of the whole-brain structural and functional connectome and demonstrate its relationship based on DTI and rs-fMRI in CIS and MS combined  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep29383 pmid:27403924 pmcid:PMC4941534 fatcat:igq6ah7sjrfyxersqkini6bxce

Cognitive Load of Exercise Influences Cognition and Neuroplasticity of Healthy Elderly: An Exploratory Investigation

Yi-Ping Chao, Changwei W. Wu, Li-Jung Lin, Cheng-Hung Lai, Hong-Yi Wu, Ai-Ling Hsu, Chiao-Nan Chen
2020 Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering  
The age-related alterations in local efficiency and betweenness were protected by exercise.  ...  Resting-state functional MRI and diffusion MRI were used to investigate the effects of intervention on functional and structural connectivity, respectively.  ...  This work was supported by Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST 104-2410-H-182-026, MOST  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40846-020-00522-x fatcat:7k7b5b7fuzampfivpgccf5vogi

Magnetic resonance imaging of healthy and diseased brain networks

Yong He, Alan Evans
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques (e.g., structural MRI, diffusion MRI, and functional MRI) and network analysis approaches such as graph theory have allowed to investigate  ...  In this research topic, we aimed at compiling works representing the state of the art in structural and functional brain networks in healthy and disease populations using neuroimaging data.  ...  to middle age (∼50 years old) and eventually become a fast localization in the old age.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00890 pmid:25404910 pmcid:PMC4217377 fatcat:5zzlkiilpbh5layovewji3ui6m

Structural white matter networks in myotonic dystrophy type 1

Maud van Dorst, Kees Okkersen, Roy P.C. Kessels, Frederick J.A. Meijer, Darren G. Monckton, Baziel G.M. van Engelen, Anil M. Tuladhar, Joost Raaphorst
2019 NeuroImage: Clinical  
We performed a cross-sectional neuropsychological assessment and brain MRI in 25 myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients and 26 age, sex and educational level matched unaffected controls.  ...  Structural white matter networks in DM1 were characterised by reduced global efficiency, local efficiency and strength, while the network density was compatible to controls.  ...  Graph theoretical measures of global and local connectivity in structural grey matter networks in 28 DM1 patients were not different from 28 unaffected controls, although there were regional differences  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.101615 pmid:30522973 pmcid:PMC6413352 fatcat:5my3p5fehvgffhknojpeodiqd4

Effect of Psychostimulants on Brain Structure and Function in ADHD

Thomas J. Spencer, Ariel Brown, Larry J. Seidman, Eve M. Valera, Nikos Makris, Alexandra Lomedico, Stephen V. Faraone, Joseph Biederman
2013 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry  
These included 6 structural MRI, 20 functional MRI studies, and 3 spectroscopy studies. Methods varied widely in terms of design, analytic technique, and regions of the brain investigated.  ...  Despite the inherent limitations and heterogeneity of the extant MRI literature, our review suggests that therapeutic oral doses of stimulants decrease alterations in brain structure and function in subjects  ...  [13] [14] [15] Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI (fMRI) respectively allow examination of detailed anatomy and dynamic functional processes in the brain.  ... 
doi:10.4088/jcp.12r08287 pmid:24107764 pmcid:PMC3801446 fatcat:yvwzgv327vgibakvwfbe3qnfuq

Early Alteration of Structural and Functional Brain Development in Premature Infants Born with Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Cristina Borradori Tolsa, Slava Zimine, Simon K Warfield, Monica Freschi, Ana Sancho Rossignol, Francois Lazeyras, Sylviane Hanquinet, Mirjam Pfizenmaier, Petra S Hüppi
2004 Pediatric Research  
in cognitive function, attention capacity, and school performance.  ...  Twenty-eight preterm infants (gestational age 32.5 Ϯ 1.9 wk) were studied by early and term magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).  ...  Joseph Volpe for his scientific advice and support, and, finally, the families and infants of the cohort.  ... 
doi:10.1203/01.pdr.0000128983.54614.7e pmid:15128927 fatcat:2s7w35tbujf3hivp4vblryl5my

Early childhood bilingualism: effects on brain structure and function

Sezgi Goksan, Froso Argyri, Jonathan D. Clayden, Frederique Liegeois, Li Wei
2020 F1000Research  
We will combine standardised tests of attention with structural and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in bilingual children.  ...  We will collect structural and functional MRI, and quantitative measures of EC and language skills from two groups of English-Greek bilingual children - 20 simultaneous bilinguals (exposure to both languages  ...  All research at Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and the UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health is made possible by the NIHR Great Ormond Street Hospital Biomedical Research  ... 
doi:10.12688/f1000research.23216.2 fatcat:wc6ucsmn2zfxlgni5vyjxepqua

Regional Topological Aberrances of White Matter- and Gray Matter-based Functional Networks for Attention Processing may Foster Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Attention Deficits in Adults [article]

Ziyan Wu, Meng Cao, Xin Di, Kai Wu, Yu Gao, Xiaobo Li
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Correlation analyses were conducted between the neuroimaging measures that showed significant between-group differences and the behavioral symptom measures in attention domain in the groups of TBI and  ...  Task-based functional MRI data were collected from 42 adults with TBI and 43 group-matched normal controls (NCs), and analyzed using the graph theoretic technique.  ...  Indeed, TBI-related functional and structural alterations in cortical and subcortical regions, which are structurally connected by PCR, and their significant involvement in altered attentional control  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.11.30.470633 fatcat:d5a7enxtpnf6zhlmjvwulszezq
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