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Brain functional plasticity associated with the emergence of expertise in extreme language control

Alexis Hervais-Adelman, Barbara Moser-Mercer, Narly Golestani
2015 NeuroImage  
in learning, in motor control, and in a variety of domain-general executive functions.  ...  Such practice-related change is consistent with decreased demands on multilingual language control as the task becomes more automatized with practice.  ...  Olivera-Tovar, and Carmen Delgado Luchner for their efforts in rating the participants' output.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.03.072 pmid:25869858 fatcat:tc6epxrdh5duraan4krh4makse

Functional connectivity of the striatum in experts of stenography

Takehito Ito, Tetsuya Matsuda, Shinsuke Shimojo
2015 Brain and Behavior  
However, shorthand is quickly being replaced with voice recognition technology. We took this nearly final opportunity to scan the brains of the last alive shorthand experts of the Japanese language.  ...  Stenography provides cognitive neuroscientists with a unique opportunity to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying the neural plasticity that enables such a high degree of expertise.  ...  SS was supported by the Japanese Agency of Technology, CREST program (Implicit Interpersonal Communication). We thank all of the stenographers and control participants who cooperated in this study.  ... 
doi:10.1002/brb3.333 pmid:25874166 pmcid:PMC4396401 fatcat:ptze7t5nhjar5k7bxliqz6guve

The neurobiology of simultaneous interpreting: Where extreme language control and cognitive control intersect

Alexis Hervais-Adelman, Laura Babcock
2019 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
This requires the deployment of an array of linguistic and cognitive control mechanisms that must coordinate the various brain systems implicated in handling these tasks.  ...  In the present paper, we review the extant data and propose an integrative model of simultaneous interpreting that piggybacks on existing theories of multilingual language control.  ...  A.H-A is funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (Grant Number: PP00P1_163726)  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728919000324 fatcat:62hpubpoija67gyylbbw2slbay

Do children really recover better? Neurobehavioural plasticity after early brain insult

V. Anderson, M. Spencer-Smith, A. Wood
2011 Brain  
To this end we have provided an overview of normal brain development, followed by a description of the biological mechanisms associated with the most common childhood brain insults, in order to explore  ...  Less is known about the impact of this plasticity in the context of the young, injured brain.  ...  Modification of brain function after brain injury has also been achieved via transplantation or grafting, with these experimental methods widely reported in the animal literature, and now emerging in the  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awr103 pmid:21784775 fatcat:xpbdy4edmbbbtdpuvliqtce5be

Music in the Brain [chapter]

Mireille Besson, Mylène Barbaroux, Eva Dittinger
2017 The Routledge Companion to Music Cognition  
To investigate the modularity of language processing and, specifically, the question of whether the language module is informationally encapsulated, many experiments examined the impact of music expertise  ...  Th ese influences are seen in behavior as well as in the complex brain networks that sustain behavior.  ...  Acknowledgments : We thank the CNRS, the Labex BLRI (Grant/Award Number: ANR-11-LABX-0036) and the Institut Convergence ILCB (Grant/Award Number: ANR-16-CONV-0002) for continuous support.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315194738-4 fatcat:wjr5bqeszbhkbky223nxwsdumy

Unraveling the Biology of Auditory Learning: A Cognitive–Sensorimotor–Reward Framework

Nina Kraus, Travis White-Schwoch
2015 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
plasticity to devise strategies to improve language and communication in normal and disordered systems.  ...  Rethinking the Auditory System: A Distributed, but Integrated, Circuit Traditional models characterized the auditory system as series of relay stations along an assembly line, each with distinct functions  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Trent Nicol for his input on the manuscript and to colleagues in the Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, past and present, for the many experiments and conversations  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2015.08.017 pmid:26454481 pmcid:PMC4754986 fatcat:a7xhrzm4abb4natmhx5mljxz2u

Development of Neural Systems for Reading

Bradley L. Schlaggar, Bruce D. McCandliss
2007 Annual Review of Neuroscience  
This review focuses on functional changes that occur during reading acquisition in cortical regions associated with both the perception of visual words and spoken language, and it examines how such functional  ...  of observation (genetics, white matter tract structure, functional organization of language, cultural organization of writing systems) impact the emergence of neural systems involved in reading ability  ...  of how functions emerge within brain systems.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.28.061604.135645 pmid:17600524 fatcat:ivfj6tbdtfc6bjl6smpsoywb5e

How neuropsychology informs our understanding of developmental disorders

Bruce F. Pennington
2009 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines  
Very simply put, neuropsychology is the study of brain-behavior relations, and developmental neuropsychology is the study of how those relations develop in both typical and atypical cases.  ...  More recently, with advances in neural network models, neuroimaging, and genetics, a field of developmental cognitive neuroscience has emerged that tests links across several levels of analysis: etiology  ...  An earlier version of part of this article appeared in Pennington, Snyder, and Roberts (2007  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.01977.x pmid:19175811 fatcat:jugv6bjfcrd6xgnhi223g6cfve

Introduction to The Neurosciences and Music IV: Learning and Memory

E. Altenmüller, S.M. Demorest, T. Fujioka, A.R. Halpern, E.E. Hannon, P. Loui, M. Majno, M.S. Oechslin, N. Osborne, K. Overy, C. Palmer, I. Peretz (+4 others)
2012 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
Here, the proceedings are introduced by the workshop and symposia leaders on topics including working with children, rhythm perception, language processing, cultural learning, memory, musical imagery,  ...  The rich diversity of the interdisciplinary research presented suggests that the future of music neuroscience looks both exciting and promising, and that important implications for music rehabilitation  ...  Symposium 6: Music-induced adaptive and maladaptive brain plasticity in health and disease Eckart Altenmüller Emerging research over the last decade has shown that long-term music training and the associated  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06474.x pmid:22524334 fatcat:u3wlsepr75aaxo35oidppza7r4

The impact of expertise in olfaction

Jean-Pierre Royet, Jane Plailly, Anne-Lise Saive, Alexandra Veyrac, Chantal Delon-Martin
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
These data are compared with those obtained using animals subjected to prolonged olfactory exposure or to olfactory-enriched environments and are discussed in the context of functional and structural plasticity  ...  Recently, the development of cerebral imaging techniques has enabled the identification of brain areas and neural networks involved in odor processing, revealing functional and structural modifications  ...  7 The concept of "functional brain plasticity" refers to modifications of brain activity, whereas "structural brain plasticity" refers to changes at the anatomical level. functional groups (Figure 3 ;  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00928 pmid:24379793 pmcid:PMC3861696 fatcat:xcansxxob5e2badbqvivnmglny

The layering of auditory experiences in driving experience-dependent subcortical plasticity

Erika Skoe, Bharath Chandrasekaran
2014 Hearing Research  
In this review article, we focus on recent studies of experiential influences on brainstem function.  ...  Our hypothesis builds on the idea that the subcortical auditory system reflects the collective auditory experiences of an individual, including interactions with sound that occurred in the distant past  ...  This observation emerged from their work in speakers of tonal language. In tonal languages, pitch changes within a syllable can change the meaning of a word.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.heares.2014.01.002 pmid:24445149 fatcat:g3kcwvo4bjdghbpmxm6thh3mpq

The Neurobiological Basis of Reading

Jane Joseph, Kimberly Noble, Guinevere Eden
2001 Journal of Learning Disabilities  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors are supported through the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development (P50 HD40095). We thank Thomas Zeffiro, Lynn Gareau and Alyssa Verbalis for  ...  We will first present a brief discussion of neural plasticity associated with skill learning in humans.  ...  Finally, we will discuss the neural plasticity associated with learning to read.  ... 
doi:10.1177/002221940103400609 pmid:15503571 fatcat:m6lqatlgt5dadixqlpvnlnn7gu

Plasticity and the ageing mind: an exemplar of the bio-cultural orchestration of brain and behaviour

2001 European Review  
Beginning in early adulthood, the plasticity of the cognitive mechanics decreases with advancing age, but the cognitive pragmatics exploit the opportunities of culture and the experiential and interpersonal  ...  Professional expertise, artistic competence, social-emotional intelligence and wisdom are examples of late-life potentials in the cognitive pragmatics.  ...  In our view, this supports the conclusion that the more recent 'emerging' properties of mind are primarily associated with cultural factors.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1062798701000060 fatcat:2xc3rz2ssbg6haimqc5xno5pl4

Examining neural plasticity and cognitive benefit through the unique lens of musical training

Sylvain Moreno, Gavin M. Bidelman
2014 Hearing Research  
Ultimately, understanding the broad impact of music on the brain will not only provide a more holistic picture of auditory processing and plasticity, but may help inform and tailor remediation and training  ...  functions, and the coordination between these processes.  ...  The preparation of this work was supported by a grant from the FedDev for Ontario awarded to S. M. and grant-in-aid from the GRAMMY Foundation awarded to G.M.B.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.heares.2013.09.012 pmid:24079993 fatcat:jatuwnxmrfezxptouzayrjqk5y

Functional neural anatomy of talent

M. Layne Kalbfleisch
2004 The Anatomical Record  
Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience report on the neural basis of g from various perspectives such as the neural speed theory and the efficiency of prefrontal function.  ...  , cognitive function, and plasticity to suggest a paradigm for investigating talent as the maximal and productive use of either or both of one's high level of general intelligence or domainspecific ability  ...  It is an associative process dependent upon multiple forms of memory and the functional connectivity of systems in the brain.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ar.b.20010 pmid:15052651 fatcat:osz6ukpmenb7zdu5hwblccazl4
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