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The Assessment of Cognitive Performance in Children: Considerations for Detecting Nutritional Influences

Donna Hughes, Janet Bryan
2003 Nutrition reviews  
The accurate assessment of cognitive performance in children is critical for detecting the effects of micronutrient de ciency or supplementation on the developing brain and its functions.  ...  tests that can be used to assess cognitive performance and investigate the effects of micronutrient de ciency and supplementation on cognitive development among children in a variety of cultures.  ...  Acknowledgement This review was funded by the Unilever Health Institute, The Netherlands.  ... 
doi:10.1301/nr.2003.dec.413-422 pmid:14968911 fatcat:n5ajd4hwpbaabc4tysujj5bfby

Information-processing speed is the primary deficit underlying the poor performance of multiple sclerosis patients in the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT)

C. Forn, A. Belenguer, M. A. Parcet-Ibars, C. Ávila
2008 Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology  
PASAT execution was associated with scores of the Digit Backward test, Symbol Digit Modality Test (SDMT), and measures of working memory and information-processing speed.  ...  Our results suggest that reduced information-processing speed (and not working memory) is the primary alteration underlying the lower scores in the PASAT task (and probably other cognitive deficits) that  ...  This research was supported by Grant BSO2002-00631 awarded to Cristina Forn and Grant PI021756 from the Spanish Ministry of Public Health.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13803390701779560 pmid:18608672 fatcat:cgh46tzsjnfstnt5pdpmu6rs2e

Impact of childhood cerebellar tumor surgery on cognition revealed by precuneus hyperconnectivity

Christian Dorfer, Thomas Pletschko, Rene Seiger, Monika Chocholous, Gregor Kasprian, Jacqueline Krajnik, Karl Roessler, Kathrin Kollndorfer, Veronika Schöpf, Ulrike Leiss, Irene Slavc, Daniela Prayer (+2 others)
2022 Neuro-Oncology Advances  
= 30.66), worse performance on the WIE subtest Digit Symbol Coding (M = 38.92, SD = 35.29), subtest Symbol Search (M = 40.75, SD = 35.28), and test battery for attentional performance (TAP) divided attention  ...  Functional MRI has catalyzed insights into brain functional systems and has already been linked with the neuropsychological performance.  ...  Additionally, 2 subtests from the WIE were used to obtain additional indicators for visual information processing speed: (1) visuomotor processing speed (Digit Symbol Coding) and (2) information processing  ... 
doi:10.1093/noajnl/vdac050 pmid:35571986 pmcid:PMC9092637 fatcat:xtk4qrjn3reibimzqwsxgjfdce

Cognitive Function and Whole-Brain MRI Metrics Are Not Associated with Mobility in Older Adults with Multiple Sclerosis

Jessica F. Baird, Robert W. Motl
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Older adults (≥55 years) with MS (n = 31) and age- and sex-matched controls (n = 22) completed measures of mobility (Short Physical Performance Battery) and cognitive processing speed (Symbol Digit Modalities  ...  This study examined cognitive processing speed and global brain atrophy as factors that may contribute to mobility disability in older adults with and without MS.  ...  Cognitive processing speed was measured using the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) [29] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18084232 pmid:33923592 fatcat:fql3vxrehfgcndafkkznsdrgx4

Clinical correlates of parametric digit-symbol substitution test in schizophrenia

Anekal C. Amaresha, Vijay Danivas, Venkataram Shivakumar, Sri Mahavir Agarwal, Sunil V. Kalmady, Janardhanan C. Narayanaswamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
2014 Asian Journal of Psychiatry  
Processing speed deficit, ascertained by digit-symbol substitution test (DSST), is considered as a fundamental impairment in schizophrenia.  ...  Clinical correlates of processing speed abnormalities, especially using the parametric version of DSST is yet to be evaluated comprehensively.  ...  A classical task that is used to assess processing speed is the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST); in this task, the subject is instructed to utilise information from digit-symbol pairing to deduce  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2014.03.010 pmid:25042951 pmcid:PMC4156309 fatcat:qcph43t2h5gp5e63fbsxwvff6q

Cognitive processing speed and the structure of white matter pathways: Convergent evidence from normal variation and lesion studies

U. Turken, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, Roland Bammer, Juliana V. Baldo, Nina F. Dronkers, John D.E. Gabrieli
2008 NeuroImage  
These findings suggest that cognitive processing speed, as assessed by the Digit-Symbol test, is closely related to the structural integrity of white matter tracts associated with parietal and temporal  ...  Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was applied to diffusion tensor imaging data from thirty-nine young healthy subjects in order to investigate the relation between processing speed, as assessed with the Digit-Symbol  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was supported by grants from National Institutes of Health (MH61426 and 1 F32 NS43961), the Department of Veterans Affairs Division of Medicine and Surgery, National Institute  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.03.057 pmid:18602840 pmcid:PMC2630965 fatcat:etenl7qvbram7d47mocxbiwqtu

Effects of Maternal Fish Oil and/or 5-Methyl-Tetrahydrofolate Supplementation during Pregnancy on Offspring Brain Resting-State at 10 Years Old: A Follow-Up Study from the NUHEAL Randomized Controlled Trial

Hatim Azaryah, Juan Verdejo-Román, Cristina Martin-Pérez, José Antonio García-Santos, Cristina Martínez-Zaldívar, Francisco J. Torres-Espínola, Daniel Campos, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Pérez-García, Andrés Catena, Cristina Campoy
2020 Nutrients  
Considering the No-FO group, the aforementioned networks were associated negatively with attention and speed-processing functions.  ...  supplementation and assessed through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning and neurodevelopment testing.  ...  Semantic Fluency Categorical Fluency Test (F-A-S-Animals) Verbal Comprehension Token Test II (NEPSY-II) Processing Speed Processing Speed Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) Impulsivity/Inhibition Stroop  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu12092701 pmid:32899673 fatcat:n46255khefb2jfkro76mjzckuy

Neurocognitive outcomes of HIV-associated tuberculous meningitis

Carson M Quinn, John Kasibante, Alice Namudde, Ananta S Bangdiwala, Mable Kabahubya, Noeline Nakasujja, Sarah Lofgren, Alison Elliott, David R Boulware, David B Meya, Fiona V Cresswell
2021 Wellcome Open Research  
and memory, processing speed, and executive function emerged.  ...  Methods: We tested 36 survivors of TBM in Uganda with a comprehensive battery of neurocognitive assessments at 8 and 24 weeks after diagnosis, and compared results to a representative cohort of HIV-uninfected  ...  Ned Sacktor for his pioneering work in neurocognitive assessments in Africa.  ... 
doi:10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16967.1 fatcat:2644gpzlovfapoz3fgwjxscwtm

Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children [chapter]

David B. Pisoni, Christopher M. Conway, William G. Kronenberger, David L. Horn, Jennifer Karpicke, Shirley C. Henning
2008 Deaf Cognition  
language and the neural systems that support these processes (Effects of Early Experience.  ...  The traditional outcome measures of audiologic benefit were never designed to assess, understand or explain individual differences in speech perception and spoken language processing.  ...  brain as a whole… no part of the brain functions on its own, but only through the other parts of the brain with which it is connected" (p. 125).  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0003 fatcat:cdokkoci3bhejnnbk6qo5hjev4

The Role of Cognitive Factors in Predicting Balance and Fall Risk in a Neuro-Rehabilitation Setting

A. Saverino, D. Waller, K. Rantell, R. Parry, A. Moriarty, E. D. Playford, Jeffrey M Haddad
2016 PLoS ONE  
Baseline assessment included a measure of balance (Berg Balance Scale) and a battery of standard cognitive tests measuring executive function, speed of information processing, verbal and visual memory,  ...  Composite scores of executive function, speed of information processing and visual memory domains resulted in 2 to 3 times increased likelihood of having better balance (OR 2.74 95% CI 1.08 to 6.94, OR  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Duncan Frazer for his advice during the early stages of study design. We are also grateful to Clare Mongibeaux for her support with data entry. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153469 pmid:27115880 pmcid:PMC4846032 fatcat:qhys5txaibgcrdgsrk4aetx5f4

Neuropsychology of Neuroendocrine Dysregulation after Traumatic Brain Injury

Josef Zihl, Osborne Almeida
2015 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
Reduced information processing speed and difficulties with concentration and divided attention are the most common deficits in mild TBI (for a review, see [4] ).  ...  be accompanied by pre-and post-assessments.  ...  Semantic memory memory for general or domain-specific knowledge or information Divided attention Test (PASAT) Stroop Test; Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT); Paced Auditory Serial Addition Spatial  ... 
doi:10.3390/jcm4051051 pmid:26239465 pmcid:PMC4470216 fatcat:qyvgs3ix4ff7jlovldntls4z5m

Assessment and Impact of Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis: An Overview

Miguel Macías Islas, Ethel Ciampi
2019 Biomedicines  
However, there are still key uncertainties concerning the underlying mechanisms of damage, neural basis, sensitivity and validity of neuropsychological tests, and efficacy of pharmacological and non-pharmacological  ...  The present article aimed to present an overview of the assessment, neural correlates, and impact of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis.  ...  assess precisely the speed of substitution of symbols by digits.  ... 
doi:10.3390/biomedicines7010022 pmid:30893874 pmcid:PMC6466345 fatcat:ume3tltwfjfenbcoufgop7t7am

Cognitive abilities, brain white matter hyperintensity volume, and structural network connectivity in older age

Stewart J. Wiseman, Tom Booth, Stuart J. Ritchie, Simon R. Cox, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Maria del C. Valdés Hernández, David Alexander Dickie, Natalie A. Royle, John M. Starr, Ian J. Deary, Joanna M. Wardlaw, Mark E. Bastin
2017 Human Brain Mapping  
Relationships between whole-brain connectivity, assessed using graph theory metrics, and four major domains of cognitive ability (visuospatial reasoning, verbal memory, information processing speed and  ...  Objective: To assess brain structural connectivity in relation to cognitive abilities in healthy ageing, and the mediating effects of white matter hyper-intensity (WMH) volume.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The image acquisition and analysis was performed at the Brain Research Imaging Centre, University of Edinburgh (http://www.bric. ed.ac.uk). AUTHOR DISCLOSURES  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.23857 pmid:29139161 pmcid:PMC5813175 fatcat:6hg34xz4ovaypkcjtm7xmrq4ey

White matter integrity of the medial forebrain bundle and attention and working memory deficits following traumatic brain injury

Jacqueline A. Owens, Gershon Spitz, Jennie L. Ponsford, Alicia R. Dymowski, Nicholas Ferris, Catherine Willmott
2016 Brain and Behavior  
Making Task-A, Hayling, selective attention task, n-back, and Symbol Digit Modalities Test.  ...  Damage to these fibers following traumatic brain injury (TBI) may alter extracellular catecholamine levels in the PFC and impede attention and working memory ability.  ...  information in the screening process.  ... 
doi:10.1002/brb3.608 pmid:28239519 pmcid:PMC5318362 fatcat:ih5xpin2hzaulgdr4sym2d66rm

Mindfulness and Aerobic Exercise as an Intervention for Cognitive Dysfunction Following an Acquired Brain Injury: A Pilot Study

Lovisa Hellgren, Anna Lundqvist, Björn Börsbo, Richard Levi, Kersti Samuelsson
2019 Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation  
The outcome measures included assessment of information processing speed, working memory, oxygen uptake and self-reported mental fatigue.  ...  Clinical Rehabilitation Impact: The combination of guided mindfulness and physical activity shows promise as a treatment modality in rehabilitation of impaired information processing speed and mental fatigue  ...  The study was supported financially by Futurum, Academy for Health and Care (grant numbers Futurum-519331, Futurum-608761) and the Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (grant number FORSS-559471  ... 
doi:10.4236/ojtr.2019.71002 fatcat:eprp3awjpjhldhbudx6clxb3wm
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