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Brain anatomical networks in world class gymnasts: A DTI tractography study

Bin Wang, Yuanyuan Fan, Min Lu, Shumei Li, Zheng Song, Xiaoling Peng, Ruibin Zhang, Qixiang Lin, Yong He, Jun Wang, Ruiwang Huang
2013 NeuroImage  
In this study, we acquired diffusion images from thirteen world class gymnasts and fourteen matched controls, constructed their anatomical networks, and calculated the topological properties of each network  ...  a r t i c l e i n f o The excellent motor skills of world class gymnasts amaze everyone.  ...  Conclusion In summary, we constructed brain anatomical networks for world class gymnasts and controls using DTI and deterministic tractography.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.10.007 pmid:23073234 fatcat:m4vsu65nqjdvlj3wz34auqfbwq

Long-term intensive training induced brain structural changes in world class gymnasts

Ruiwang Huang, Min Lu, Zheng Song, Jun Wang
2013 Brain Structure and Function  
However, little evidence exists for such brain anatomical changes in top-level gymnasts.  ...  of fractional anisotropy, a VBM-style analysis) methods to quantitatively compare the brain structural differences between the world class gymnasts (WCG) and the non-athlete groups.  ...  decreased FA in the world class gymnasts.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00429-013-0677-5 pmid:24297657 fatcat:eozxsrgqy5acnbf3we22ia5yaa

Motor skill learning induces brain network plasticity: A diffusion-tensor imaging study

Yan-Ling Pi, Xu-Heng Wu, Feng-Juan Wang, Ke Liu, Yin Wu, Hua Zhu, Jian Zhang, Satoru Hayasaka
2019 PLoS ONE  
We found that on the global-level, the brain network of high-level basketball players had a shorter path length, small-worldness, and higher global efficiency.  ...  We selected 21 high-level basketball players and 25 ordinary individuals as control subjects, collected their DTI data, built a network of brain structures, and used graph theory to analyze and compare  ...  Conclusions In summary, we constructed brain anatomical networks for the athlete group with professional skills and controls using DTI and deterministic tractography.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0210015 pmid:30726222 pmcid:PMC6364877 fatcat:l47i6mnxtbcppnxuzlx6gqojm4

Machine learning applications using diffusion tensor imaging of human brain: A PubMed literature review [article]

Ashirbani Saha, Pantea Fadaiefard, Jessica E. Rabski, Alireza Sadeghian, Michael D. Cusimano
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We performed a PubMed search to find 148 papers published between January 2010 and December 2019 related to human brain, Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), and Machine Learning (ML).  ...  A significant portion (31/44) of publications in the recent years (2018-2019) continued to use SVM, support vector regression, and random forest which are a part of traditional ML.  ...  healthy controls [169] , exploring amygdala modulation in adolescent representatives of families facing more economic and social challenges [170] , classification of world-class gymnasts and healthy  ... 
arXiv:2012.10517v1 fatcat:v4jxs6lfqfeabmn3m577jqj3ii

Neural correlates of motor impairment during motor imagery and motor execution in sub-cortical stroke

Wan-Wa Wong, Suk-Tak Chan, Kwok-Wing Tang, Fei Meng, Kai-Yu Tong
2013 Brain Injury  
Using a large-scale complex network approach based on graph theory facilitates the identification of organizational patterns in brain network and thus enable interpretation.  ...  Changes were documented on a local level and on a network level where interactions between pairs of brain components were mainly considered.  ...  GMV+FA+Mean Diffusivity 10 ♀ professional ballet dancers vs 10 ♀ non Hanggi et al. (2010) Cortical dancers VBM+ DTI GMD 13 world class gymnasts vs 13 non gymnasts Huang et al. (2015) Changes  ... 
doi:10.3109/02699052.2013.771796 pmid:23514275 fatcat:k6xgsniqfjcvvjzxfrty4n3rcu

Structural Brain Correlates Associated with Professional Handball Playing

Jürgen Hänggi, Nicolas Langer, Kai Lutz, Karin Birrer, Susan Mérillat, Lutz Jäncke, Yong He
2015 PLoS ONE  
The anatomical measures of the brain regions associated with handball playing were positively correlated in handball players, but not interrelated in control women.  ...  Correlations between handball training-related measures and anatomical differences suggest neuroplastic adaptations rather than a genetic predisposition for a ball playing affinity.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank all volunteers for their participation in the study. The Architecture of the Handball Player's Brain  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124222 pmid:25915906 pmcid:PMC4411074 fatcat:or7atodd3fctrmhhmccqfnd24i

Differences in Cortical Representation and Structural Connectivity of Hands and Feet between Professional Handball Players and Ballet Dancers

Jessica Meier, Marlene Sofie Topka, Jürgen Hänggi
2016 Neural Plasticity  
Our results suggest that structural adaptations are sport-specific and are manifested in brain regions associated with the neural processing of sport-specific skills.  ...  and feet using voxel-based morphometry as well as on fractional anisotropy (FA) of the corticospinal tract by means of diffusion tensor imaging-based fibre tractography.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank all professional sportswomen and control subjects for their participation in the study.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2016/6817397 pmid:27247805 pmcid:PMC4876236 fatcat:a4canh6bkfhp5kavo4g6ftwqke

Abstracts from the 9th Meeting of The European Association of NeuroOncology, September 16-19, 2010, Maastricht, The Netherlands

2010 Neuro-Oncology  
In vitro studies have shown that 99m Tc-TF is influenced in a lesser degree from the P-gp expression, thus may be superior to 99m Tc-MIBI for brain tumor imaging.  ...  Brain SPECT by 99m Tc-TF was performed within a week prior to surgical excision and the expression of P-gp was assessed by immunohistochemistry.  ...  (2.2-3.0) in females (WHO world standard population).  ... 
doi:10.1093/neuonc/noq085 fatcat:gjf6gsrup5derot25vxenj6tvy

ESPR 2013

2013 Pediatric Radiology  
DTI with tractography important in surgical planning; 4.  ...  CT is reserved for the study of complex fractures. Upper extremity: More frequent in children engaged in baseball, judo, gymnastic, and snowboarding.  ...  We evaluated in a single-center retrospective analysis 15 MRI studies in 13 patients (age 10-22 years, median age 15 years) during a 12 month period.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00247-013-2675-4 pmid:23613005 pmcid:PMC3679720 fatcat:nh3zxi5k3re6zgfy5zwqvnrele

E-Poster Presentations

2020 European psychiatry  
Methods: We carried out a case-register study including patients with delusional disorder attending our emergency department, which covers mental health services within a well-defined catchment area (nearly  ...  In a second step, a retrospective assessment of diagnostic criteria (DSM-5) was undertaken by using entries on the HCIS software.  ...  Conflict of interest: No Keywords: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); brain networks; tractography; attention EPP0677 Voxel-based volumetric brain alterations in patients with major depression  ... 
doi:10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.5 fatcat:vslfruegm5f2jc5dl6hu6gqnom

Abstracts of The 3rd Asia-Oceanian Conference of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine in Conjunction with The XI Annual Scientific Meeting of The Indonesian Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Association

P Tulaar
2012 Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine  
work. • The World Report on Disability (WHO & World Bank 2011) defines disability as an interaction of a person with a health condition and the environment.  ...  The purpose of this study was to conduct a network meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness of focused shock wave (FSW) therapy of different intensity levels and to compare with a new alternative,  ...  The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of two types of cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 in the whole brain, in order to find a basis for further study on the functions of cannabinoid  ... 
doi:10.2340/16501977-0994 fatcat:hq2przzinbbsbb2tullwuq2chu

The sleep onset transition: a connectivity investigation built on EEG source localization

Antonio Fernández Guerrero
., knock-out animals in genetics), but takes more prominence in the study of the brain (e.g., by studying brain lesions, it could be discovered the anatomical position for Broca's area and its purpose)  ...  A brain with less modularity by sleep loss would be less segregated on nodes of its networks, exhibiting more randomness on its architecture and consequently, diverging from a small-world network (which  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-153590 fatcat:npsk5xk3fjd77hsu57jqgr3kc4

Hippocampal and cortical neuroplasticity and functional changes induced by vestibular system stimulation through various methods of balance training [article]

Miloš Đorđević, Universitäts- Und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Martin-Luther Universität, Stefanie Schreiber, Michael Falkenstein
) and other cortical regions in groups where a voxel-based morphometric (VBM) analysis was performed (ballet dancers and sportive dancers).  ...  For this reason, three separate studies were organized: 1) 3-month longitudinal slacklining training study with young subjects (18-35 years), b) cross-sectional study on professional ballet dancers (18  ...  Long-term intensive training induced brain structural changes in world class gymnasts. Brain Struct Funct. 2015;220(2):625-44. 89. Wenzel U, Taubert M, Ragert P, Krug J, Villringer A.  ... 
doi:10.25673/14016 fatcat:hv52rnejbncabdvyrul27cux4q

Untersuchungen zum Einfluss von sportinduzierter Neuroplastizität bei kognitiv gesunden Senioren im Kontext der Demenzprävention [article]

Patrick Müller, Universitäts- Und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Martin-Luther Universität, Stefanie Schreiber, Christine Arnim
Future studies should make use of DTI white matter tractography to assess white matter changes. TABLE 1 | 1 Demographic information on the participants at baseline.  ...  DISCUSSION In this study, we compared the effects of participation in either a dance program or a conventional physical fitness sport program on brain function and volume in healthy seniors.  ...  Moreover, a positive correlation between left HC volume and balance performance was observed. Dancing seems a promising intervention for both improving balance and brain structure in the elderly.  ... 
doi:10.25673/13627 fatcat:2ypiysz66va4bn4bw3b3f6vwea