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SoK: Off The Chain Transactions [article]

Lewis Gudgeon, Pedro Moreno-Sanchez, Stefanie Roos, Patrick McCorry, Arthur Gervais
2019 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
Instead, they utilize the expensive and low-rate blockchain only as a recourse for disputes.  ...  Categorizing the research into payment and state channels, commit-chains and protocols for refereed delegation, we provide a comparison of the protocols and their properties.  ...  Multi-Hop Privacy We consider the following privacy properties for routed payments (cf. Section 3.6).  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/GudgeonMRMG19 fatcat:r6luga6h2bgrfluy5apycn5qti

The Challenges of Privacy and Access Control as Key Perspectives for the Future Electric Smart Grid

Anna Triantafyllou, Jose Antonio Perez Jimenez, Alejandro del Real Torres, Thomas Lagkas, Konstantinos Rantos, Panagiotis Sarigiannidis
2020 IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society  
Efficient categorization is provided regarding the proposed privacy preserving methods and characteristics, while focus is also given on the use of the Blockchain technology and the Multi Authority Access  ...  This study presents a comprehensive overview of the latest privacy-preserving mechanisms and policies in the ESG, while promoting the employment of modern access control techniques towards preventing personal  ...  Furthermore, a hash-based authentication code was utilized in [63] so as to support the design of a privacy preserving AMI for fine-grained metering data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2020.3037517 fatcat:2qhvityrlrdjvawlkx54wmpkna

IOT Security with Blockchain

Abhinav kumar, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies
2021 Ymer  
Traditional security and privacy methods be likely to be inapplicable for IoT, mainly due to its distributed network topology and the supply-constraints of most of its devices.  ...  For creating these concepts, a new technology called blockchain can be used.  ...  Blockchain based transmission standard for IoT devices  ... 
doi:10.37896/ymer20.11/2 fatcat:phm4xovbrffyxakfa35kqtxviu

Multi-Layer Blockchain-Based Security Architecture for Internet of Things

Houshyar Honar Pajooh, Mohammad Rashid, Fakhrul Alam, Serge Demidenko
2021 Sensors  
The open-source Hyperledger Fabric Blockchain platform is deployed for the proposed model development. Base stations adopt a global blockchain approach to communicate with each other securely.  ...  The proposed lightweight blockchain model is also shown to be better suited to balance network latency and throughput as compared to a traditional global blockchain.  ...  The implementation of several privacy preservation strategies in blockchain-based IoT systems is discussed in [29] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21030772 pmid:33498860 fatcat:aihjj5p3wveevlz2njipjk6q3y

Integration of Blockchain Technology and Federated Learning in Vehicular (IoT) Networks: A Comprehensive Survey

Abdul Rehman Javed, Muhammad Abul Hassan, Faisal Shahzad, Waqas Ahmed, Saurabh Singh, Thar Baker, Thippa Reddy Gadekallu
2022 Sensors  
These issues can be addressed using Federated Learning (FL) and blockchain. FL can be used to address the issues of privacy preservation and handling big data generated in STI management and control.  ...  Computation cost, communication overheads, and privacy issues are significant concerns for wide-scale ML adoption within STI.  ...  Informed Consent Statement: Not applicable.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22124394 pmid:35746176 pmcid:PMC9229631 fatcat:4p7klbusnndtdf2r2us6fp23xa

Security and privacy for 6G: A survey on prospective technologies and challenges [article]

Van-Linh Nguyen, Po-Ching Lin, Bo-Chao Cheng, Ren-Hung Hwang, Ying-Dar Lin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
However, for now, security and privacy issues for 6G remain largely in concept.  ...  This survey provides a systematic overview of security and privacy issues based on prospective technologies for 6G in the physical, connection, and service layers, as well as through lessons learned from  ...  Three key technologies to ensure supply chain security are based on, (1) blockchain, (2) AI, and (3) physically unclonable functions [253] .  ... 
arXiv:2108.11861v1 fatcat:o7fgtm4tobfk5knltojut6xpyi

A Lightweight Blockchain Based Framework for Underwater IoT

Md Ashraf Uddin, Andrew Stranieri, Iqbal Gondal, Venki Balasurbramanian
2019 Electronics  
must be transmitted to surface base stations for storage and processing.  ...  Our proposal includes a layer-based architecture consisting of Fog and Cloud elements to process and store and process the Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) data securely with customized Blockchain  ...  The authors are grateful to Centre for Informatics and Applied Optimization (CIAO) for their support. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8121552 fatcat:ofwm52e7wrfyfngbet5dtjat3m

SoK of Used Cryptography in Blockchain [article]

Mayank Raikwar, Danilo Gligoroski, Katina Kralevska
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Although many recent papers study the use-cases of blockchain in different industrial areas, such as finance, health care, legal relations, IoT, information security, and consensus building systems, only  ...  few studies scrutinize the cryptographic concepts used in blockchain.  ...  Recent works [87, 88] on multi-hop payment channel provide value privacy and security but only for Bitcoin-compatible blockchains.  ... 
arXiv:1906.08609v3 fatcat:l62esrum3bhmfcdxzpx3h3he4e

Dynamic Adaptive Cross-Chain Trading Mode for Multi-Microgrid Joint Operation

Longze Wang, Jing Wu, Rongfang Yuan, Delong Zhang, Jinxin Liu, Siyu Jiang, Yan Zhang, Meicheng Li
2020 Sensors  
Thus, in this paper, we propose a dynamic adaptive cross-chain trading mode for multi-microgrid joint operation.  ...  At the same time, we design a corresponding key management interoperability protocol based on RSA algorithm and Chinese remainder theorem, which can realize data transfer and information consensus for  ...  [34] 2020 Hybrid blockchain Privacy-preserving and trustful Energy transaction in IOT platforms He et al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20216096 pmid:33120923 fatcat:6uvz6ts3jbd7dbyftfg3zfmfc4

A Survey on Metaverse: Fundamentals, Security, and Privacy [article]

Yuntao Wang, Zhou Su, Ning Zhang, Rui Xing, Dongxiao Liu, Tom H. Luan, Xuemin Shen
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we draw open research directions for building future metaverse systems.  ...  Driven by recent advances in emerging technologies such as extended reality, artificial intelligence, and blockchain, metaverse is stepping from science fiction to an upcoming reality.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in part by NSFC (nos. U20A20175, U1808207), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.  ... 
arXiv:2203.02662v3 fatcat:iudwizbvp5cv3fga6lpvydlrna

Trust in Edge-based Internet of Things architectures: State of the Art and Research Challenges

Lidia Fotia, Flavia C. Delicato, Giancarlo Fortino
2022 ACM Computing Surveys  
The Internet of Things (IoT) aims to enable a scenario where smart objects, inserted into information networks, supply smart services for human beings.  ...  Also, we discuss about blockchain as a solution to solve several trust problems in IoT and analyze in detail the correlation between blockchain and edge computing.  ...  ES preserves the mainstream blockchain, in such a way other devices can download the chain data from it.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3558779 fatcat:yz5ql7rhjfb5la2ksclwobw6qu

A Survey of IoT Security Based on a Layered Architecture of Sensing and Data Analysis

Hichem Mrabet, Sana Belguith, Adeeb Alhomoud, Abderrazak Jemai
2020 Sensors  
In this survey paper, a new compacted and optimized architecture for IoT is proposed based on five layers.  ...  Then, the application layer involves application protocols and lightweight encryption algorithms for IoT.  ...  Blockchain in Smart IoT Blockchain (BC) can be useful in many application fields, such as logistics and supply-chain management, Industry 4.0, the food industry, smart grid, and wireless network virtualization  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20133625 pmid:32605178 pmcid:PMC7374330 fatcat:rk52vsqrrzd2hebt2xddhrdt54

Blockchain for Vehicular Internet of Things: Recent Advances and Open Issues

Chunrong Peng, Celimuge Wu, Liming Gao, Jiefang Zhang, Kok-Lim Alvin Alvin Yau, Yusheng Ji
2020 Sensors  
Then, we conduct a literature review on the existing research efforts of the blockchain for vehicular IoT by discussing the research problems and technical issues.  ...  However, the application of blockchain in vehicular environments also faces some technical challenges. In this paper, we first explain the fundamentals of blockchain and vehicular IoT.  ...  [94] A blockchain-based identity authentication scheme for IoV. Lu et al. [95] A blockchain-based solution for privacy-preserving authentication in VANETs. Feng et al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20185079 pmid:32906707 pmcid:PMC7571114 fatcat:ukisc67roneg7kcqugsiblh6ca

Securing Genetic Algorithm enabled SDN Routing for Blockchain based Internet of Things

Shahid Abbas, Nadeem Javaid, Ahmad Almogren, Sardar Muhammad Gulfam, Abrar Ahmed, Ayman Radwan
2021 IEEE Access  
PRIVACY PRESERVATION FOR CRITICAL NODES 1) Problems In crowed-sensing, mobile devices are used for data collection.  ...  In addition, two types of approaches are proposed to preserve privacy: centralized and decentralized.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3118948 fatcat:avzwkd6ofbclhn2t7swhs7spv4

smartFHE: Privacy-Preserving Smart Contracts from Fully Homomorphic Encryption [article]

Ravital Solomon, Ghada Almashaqbeh
2021 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
that preserve input/output privacy for an arbitrary number of users' inputs.  ...  To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to use FHE in the blockchain model. We define notions for a privacy-preserving smart contract (PPSC) scheme along with its correctness and security.  ...  New Notion for Privacy-Preserving Smart Contracts. We define a notion for privacy-preserving smart contracts (PPSCs) capturing the support of arbitrary computation with multi-user I/O privacy.  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/SolomonA21 fatcat:ju6g7enyfvdhpbkelbxy7eawbm
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