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Blockchain Technology Secures Robot Swarms: A Comparison of Consensus Protocols and Their Resilience to Byzantine Robots

Volker Strobel, Eduardo Castelló Ferrer, Marco Dorigo
2020 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
In this work, we show how a swarm of robots can achieve consensus even in the presence of Byzantine robots by exploiting blockchain technology.  ...  serve as "meta-controllers" and we compare it to state-of-the-art consensus protocols using a robot swarm simulator.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors contributed to the conceptualization of this research and the setup of the experiments. VS implemented the software and conducted and analyzed the experiments.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2020.00054 pmid:33501222 pmcid:PMC7806104 fatcat:akkh7jbsl5apflvpfnx63rijtu

Blockchain-Powered Collaboration in Heterogeneous Swarms of Robots [article]

Jorge Peña Queralta, Tomi Westerlund
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Leveraging the extensive research of consensus algorithms in the blockchain domain, we exploit key technologies in this field to be integrated for consensus in robotic systems.  ...  In this paper, we present a novel approach to managing collaboration terms in heterogeneous multi-robot systems with blockchain technology.  ...  In particular, consensus algorithms and protocols in blockchain systems are able to provide not only a decentralized and scalable solution to multi-robot consensus, but also raise the level of security  ... 
arXiv:1912.01711v3 fatcat:4vdtbzkabvh27mvhz5xik5fz6y

Partition-Tolerant and Byzantine-Tolerant Decision-Making for Distributed Robotic Systems with IOTA and ROS 2 [article]

Farhad Keramat, Jorge Peña Queralta, Tomi Westerlund
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Two aspects that are a matter of current research are robot security and secure multi-robot collaboration robust to byzantine agents.  ...  Blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) have been proposed to address the challenges in both domains.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research work is supported by the R3Swarms project funded by the Secure Systems Research Center (SSRC), Technology Innovation Institute (TII).  ... 
arXiv:2208.13467v1 fatcat:q3v2ubnvivasrehttijwph34ie

Blockchain for AI: Review and Open Research Challenges

Khaled Salah, M. Habib Ur Rehman, Nishara Nizamuddin, Ala Al-Fuqaha
2019 IEEE Access  
Blockchain technology has the ability to automate payment in cryptocurrency and to provide access to a shared ledger of data, transactions, and logs in a decentralized, secure, and trusted manner.  ...  Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) and blockchain have become two of the most trending and disruptive technologies.  ...  Each robot in the swarm saves a copy of safety measurement on the blockchain for identifying byzantine robots.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2018.2890507 fatcat:ikgb5ov7kzecdgehdyychbqz3e

A Decentralized Context Broker Using Byzantine Fault Tolerant Consensus

Aswin Karthik Ramachandran Venkatapathy, Michael Ten Hompel
2019 Ledger  
A highly scalable decentralized context broker stack is composed of three layers—starting with a peer-to-peer network connecting a byzantine fault-tolerant (i.e., blockchain-based) consensus protocoland  ...  A context broker is a reliable message-relaying service used to connect devices by integrating all device protocols and communication methods, and reliably transporting messages while isolating data from  ...  Notes and References  ... 
doi:10.5195/ledger.2019.173 fatcat:wiuzefzqenbhlmvocya6vh6lc4

Combining Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence - Literature Review and State of the Art

Erik Karger
2020 International Conference on Information Systems  
We undertake a systematic literature review to close this research gap and to provide a first comprehensive overview of this emerging field.  ...  We do so by providing a threefold categorization of the different options for connecting the blockchain and AI.  ...  This new and energy-saving consensus protocol should help ensure a blockchain network's decentralization and security.  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/Karger20 fatcat:3wpsnvty35hf5evn7iwms3czqi

IoT Security and Computation Management on a Multi-Robot System for Rescue Operations Based on a Cloud Framework

Swarnabha Roy, Tony Vo, Steven Hernandez, Austin Lehrmann, Asad Ali, Stavros Kalafatis
2022 Sensors  
Lastly, blockchain technology mitigates the security issues related to adversarial or malicious robotic nodes connecting to the cluster and not agreeing to privacy rules and norms.  ...  There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the importance of Multi-Robot coordination and Modular Robotics.  ...  Acknowledgments: We are grateful to Stavros Kalafatis, John Lusher II, Kevin Nowka, and Wonhyeok Jang for their support and cooperation in allowing this work to be a part of the Senior Capstone project  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22155569 pmid:35898074 pmcid:PMC9330409 fatcat:j6wka5ewwjeshejrmgh7ndtmve

Blockchain-Empowered Digital Twins Collaboration: Smart Transportation Use Case

Radhya Sahal, Saeed H. Alsamhi, Kenneth N. Brown, Donna O'Shea, Conor McCarthy, Mohsen Guizani
2021 Machines  
Then, we have proposed a conceptual framework to fulfill the DTs collaboration requirements by using the combination of blockchain, predictive analysis techniques, and DTs technologies.  ...  Digital twins (DTs) is a promising technology in the revolution of the industry and essential for Industry 4.0.  ...  For further query email to corresponding author (rsahal@ucc.ie, radhya.sahal@gmail.com). Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/machines9090193 fatcat:g3pervcktfefhg6qniwcsk7zbu

A Comprehensive Review on Blockchains for Internet of Vehicles: Challenges and Directions [article]

Brian Hildebrand, Mohamed Baza, Tara Salman, Fathi Amsaad, Abdul Razaqu, Abdullah Alourani
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Blockchain technology has been emerged as a decentralized approach for enhanced security without depending on trusted third parties to run services.  ...  In this work, we present the state-of-the-art of Blockchain-enabled IoVs (BIoV) with a particular focus on their applications such as crowdsourcing-based applications, energy trading, traffic congestion  ...  [70] proposed a Blockchain-based framework using PoA as an efficient consensus mechanism for swarm robotics. A similar swarm technique could be explored in the context of AVs within a IoVs or IoV.  ... 
arXiv:2203.10708v1 fatcat:sozptzz5l5a27oh5rukujcg32a

SoK: Applying Blockchain Technology in Industrial Internet of Things [article]

Gang Wang
2021 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
As a distributed and decentralized tamper-resistant ledger, blockchain maintains the consistency of data records at different locations and holds the potential to address the issues in traditional IIoT  ...  Most existing industrial IoT (IIoT) implementations, however, are still relying on a centralized architecture, which is vulnerable to the single point of failure attack and requires a massive amount of  ...  In general, blockchain technology, with the help of consensus protocols and smart contracts, can serve as an enabler for IIoT to provide secure, reliable, and immutable data storage.  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/Wang21b fatcat:ds2ekk2345hczowriucjedo6gu

A Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence-Based, Patient-Centric Healthcare System for Combating the COVID-19 Pandemic: Opportunities and Applications

Mohamed Yaseen Jabarulla, Heung-No Lee
2021 Healthcare  
Then, we explore the significant applications of integrated blockchain and AI technologies to augment existing public healthcare strategies for tackling COVID-19.  ...  Next, we conceptually propose a decentralized, patient-centric healthcare framework based on blockchain and AI to mitigate COVID-19 challenges.  ...  The blockchain enables independent drones or robots to reach a consensus in a decentralized way, and shares knowledge to improve the performance of the system [93] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/healthcare9081019 fatcat:orckfwuvlrc2tfu2oocgzbifmu

VORTEX ENTERPRISE: DECENTRALIZED VIRTUAL REALITY BLOCKCHAIN-BASED PLATFORM

Aleksandar Jovanović, Aleksandar Milosavljević
2019 Facta Universitatis Series Automatic Control and Robotics  
However, the recent development of hardware and software has made it possible for VR technologies to become widely adopted by the mass market with the highest level of immersion and affordable price.  ...  However, building platforms for VR technologies will require many active users and their engagement in project development.  ...  Disciplina blockchain in comparison to ETH, NEO (low-cost transactions) and EOS (POS consensus) platforms additionally provides a web of trust to establish the authenticity and private chain.  ... 
doi:10.22190/fuacr1901057j fatcat:qvrfrqm4mzbpfnh7te4rcpb6te

Localized State-Change Consensus in Immense and Highly Dynamic Environments

Linir Zamir, Mehrdad Nojoumian
2022 Cryptography  
Indeed, distributed autonomous systems are growing rapidly and the integrity of their communication protocols for coordination and planning is still vulnerable because several units are required to act  ...  Consensus algorithms, and specifically LSC, can be a practical solution for the immutable and secured communication of autonomous systems with limited computational resources.  ...  Data sharing is not applicable to this article. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cryptography6020023 fatcat:u77iwd6osng4vjdcssdad2hojm

Applications of Blockchains in the Internet of Things: A Comprehensive Survey

Muhammad Salek Ali, Massimo Vecchio, Miguel Pincheira, Koustabh Dolui, Fabio Antonelli, Mubashir Husain Rehmani
2018 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
use blockchains to provide a decentralized, secure medium for the IoT.  ...  In this context, the blockchain is seen as the missing link toward building a truly decentralized, trustless, and secure environment for the IoT and, in this survey, we aim to shape a coherent and comprehensive  ...  Byzantine faults occur when a node sends false messages and misleads the other nodes participating in the consensus protocol.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2018.2886932 fatcat:b6m4roave5c7tpdlzgguustf6e

Hyperledger Fabric Blockchain for Securing the Edge Internet of Things

Houshyar Honar Pajooh, Mohammad Rashid, Fakhrul Alam, Serge Demidenko
2021 Sensors  
Blockchain technology, as a distributed and decentralized ledger, is a potential solution to tackle the limitations of the current peer-to-peer IoT networks.  ...  A set of built-in queries is leveraged by smart-contracts technology to define the rules and conditions.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors acknowledge Massey University for the resources provided to conduct this research.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21020359 pmid:33430274 fatcat:6z7xmxahzrdjlmp7uqbmx3ogp4
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