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Blockchain Networks: Data Structures of Bitcoin, Monero, Zcash, Ethereum, Ripple and Iota [article]

Cuneyt Gurcan Akcora and Murat Kantarcioglu and Yulia R. Gel
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We discuss how we can abstract blockchain data as various types of networks and further use such associated network abstractions to reap important insights on blockchains' structure, organization, and  ...  To assist data scientists in various analytic tasks on a blockchain, in this tutorial, we provide a systematic and comprehensive overview of the fundamental elements of blockchain network models.  ...  Block 15 has no transaction other than the coinbase one. their data structures: Bitcoin, ZCash, Monero, Ethereum, Ripple, and IOTA.  ... 
arXiv:2103.08712v2 fatcat:pmndnlo645b3xhai7sgmy2tgjy

Mapping the Global Legal Landscape of Blockchain Technologies

Julie A. Maupin
2017 Social Science Research Network  
helpful websites that publish information on Bitcoin, Ethereum and other blockchain-based scams.  ...  Thanks to the inherent transparency of data within the Bitcoin network, Silk Road and its early successors were shut down and their operators 19 See e.g. the Brooklyn Microgrid project, online: <brooklynmicrogrid  ...  Our research programs focus on governance of the global economy, global security and politics, and international law in collaboration with a range of strategic partners and support from the Government  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2930077 fatcat:4cykn7zhujgubmzv2r3fj5mgva

Decrypting Distributed Ledger Design – Taxonomy, Classification and Blockchain Community Evaluation [article]

Mark C. Ballandies, Marcus M. Dapp, Evangelos Pournaras
2020 arXiv   pre-print
made using real-world data and wisdom of the crowd.  ...  A systematic and data-driven analysis, comparison and rigorous evaluation of the different design choices of distributed ledgers and their implications is a challenge.  ...  The Ethereum token allows everyone to store data or smart contracts on-chain [2] and to access in this way the distributed ledger of the network.  ... 
arXiv:1811.03419v3 fatcat:l6tnapghqbdzdph3nf4gip5k44

On the suitability of blockchain platforms for IoT applications: Architectures, security, privacy, and performance

Sotirios Brotsis, Konstantinos Limniotis, Gueltoum Bendiab, Nicholas Kolokotronis, Stavros Shiaeles
2021 Computer Networks  
Key architectural aspects of blockchain solutions are examined in terms of their ability to withstand various types of common IoT and blockchain attacks, deliver enhanced privacy features, and assure adequate  ...  This paper aims at addressing the above needs by providing a comprehensive and coherent review of the available blockchain solutions to determine their ability to meet the requirements and tackle the challenges  ...  Privacy mechanisms relying on one-time address are available in Bitcoin, Ethereum, Monero, as well as, in Ripple.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2021.108005 fatcat:35tosxqpxjawzilnxoco5u2b5q

Blockchain and Cryptocurrency: A comparative framework of the main Architectural Drivers [article]

Martin Garriga, Maximiliano Arias, Alan De Renzis
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Blockchain is a decentralized transaction and data management solution, the technological weapon-of-choice behind the success of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.  ...  As the number and variety of existing blockchain implementations continues to increase, adopters should focus on selecting the best one to support their decentralized applications (dApps), rather than  ...  This work is partially supported by ANPCyT project PICT-1725-2017 and CONICET.  ... 
arXiv:1812.08806v1 fatcat:4und7ijvmzenrdfdj6cuea5duy

Taxonomy of Blockchain Technologies. Principles of Identification and Classification [article]

Paolo Tasca, Claudio J. Tessone
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, a taxonomy tree summarises the study and provides a navigation tool across different blockchain architectural configurations.  ...  A comparative study across the most widely known blockchain technologies is conducted with a bottom-up approach. Blockchains are disentangled into building blocks.  ...  The storage space available on the blockchain networks can be used for the storage and exchange of arbitrary data structures.  ... 
arXiv:1708.04872v2 fatcat:fwlsx2hu3jb3dpiiw44y453jei

Big-Crypto: Big Data, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency

Hossein Hassani, Xu Huang, Emmanuel Silva
2018 Big Data and Cognitive Computing  
The cryptocurrency technology and its network have been endowed with many superior features due to its unique architecture, which also determined its worldwide efficiency, applicability and data intensive  ...  Accordingly, we aim to present a systematic review of the interactions between Big Data and cryptocurrency and serve as the one stop reference directory for researchers with regard to identifying research  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/bdcc2040034 fatcat:w45yqt7jarbhvbopzjhr7pm74u

Topics of Blockchain Technology to Teach at Community College

Penn P. Wu, Jeannie Jo
2019 Zenodo  
discussion of developing blockchain applications.  ...  Such an introductory course does not need to engage students in the discussions of mathematics and sciences that make blockchain technologies possible.  ...  , Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Zcash, Monero, Ripple, Dash, IOTA and Smart Contract SUPPLEMENTARY TEXTBOOKS Author Year Title Publisher Andreas Antonopoulos 2017 Mastering Bitcoin: Programming the  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2643589 fatcat:ccd3owjtc5ejpcst7re36avrqa

A Taxonomy of Blockchain Technologies: Principles of Identification and Classification

Paolo Tasca, Claudio J. Tessone
2019 Ledger  
Each building block is then hierarchically classified into main and subcomponents. Then, varieties of the subcomponents are identified and compared.  ...  A taxonomy tree is used to summarise the study and provide a navigation tool across different blockchain architectural configurations.  ...  CJT acknowledges the University of Zurich for financial support through the University Research Priority Programme on Social Networks. Notes and References  ... 
doi:10.5195/ledger.2019.140 fatcat:klipzqst2jajzpjvgcyjio7mvq

A Survey on Consensus Mechanisms and Mining Strategy Management in Blockchain Networks

Wenbo Wang, Dinh Thai Hoang, Peizhao Hu, Zehui Xiong, Dusit Niyato, Ping Wang, Yonggang Wen, Dong In Kim
2019 IEEE Access  
Nowadays, it is envisioned as a powerful backbone/framework for decentralized data processing and data-driven self-organization in flat, open-access networks.  ...  In this survey, we provide a systematic vision of the organization of blockchain networks.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The ASEAN IVO (http://www.nict.go.jp/en/asean_ivo) project Cyberattack Detection and Information Security for Industry 4.0 was also involved in the production of the contents of this work  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2896108 fatcat:sgldb5225zgbblapruvsz2gdky

Blockchain based Decentralized Applications: Technology Review and Development Guidelines [article]

Claudia Pop, Tudor Cioara, Ionut Anghel, Marcel Antal, Ioan Salomie
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Protocol and Network Tier solutions address the digital assets registration, transactions, data structure, and privacy and business rules implementation and the creation of peer-to-peer networks, ledger  ...  In the last years it has drawn high interest from the academic community, technology developers and startups thus lots of solutions have been developed to address blockchain technology limitations and  ...  Acknowledgements: This work has been conducted within the eDREAM project Grant number 774478, co-funded by the European Commission as part of the H2020 Framework Programme (H2020-LCE-2017-SGS).  ... 
arXiv:2003.07131v1 fatcat:75xfa7defbhorplxx2bj3y6age

A Survey on Blockchain Technology: Evolution, Architecture and Security

Muhammad Nasir Mumtaz Bhutta, Amir A. Khwaja, Adnan Nadeem, Hafiz Farooq Ahmad, Muhammad Khurram Khan, Moataz Hanif, Houbing Song, Majed Alshamari, Yue Cao
2021 IEEE Access  
Blockchain gained considerable attention due to its very first application of Cryptocurrencies e.g., Bitcoin.  ...  terms of changing its structure or divide in multiple committees [48][67][73][161] ✔ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to thank the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia for financial support under grant no. 186218.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3072849 fatcat:veqgq5cyx5hgdhkw5zgi5yqyki

A Survey on Volatility Fluctuations in the Decentralized Cryptocurrency Financial Assets

Nikolaos A. Kyriazis
2021 Journal of Risk and Financial Management  
Overall, it is found that the inclusion of Bitcoin in portfolios with conventional assets could significantly improve the risk–return trade-off of investors' decisions.  ...  Moreover, emphasis is placed on interconnectedness and hedging and/or diversifying abilities, measurement of profit-making and risk, efficiency and herding behavior.  ...  Bitcoin Ethereum Ripple Litecoin NEM Ethereum Classic Dash IOTA BitShares Monero Stratis EOS Zcash Steem Waves AntShares Bytecoin Golem Veritaseum Siacoin BitConnect Gnosis Iconomi Augur  ... 
doi:10.3390/jrfm14070293 fatcat:zgfkjue2cbc5xhnafufrudfl7i

A critical review on blockchain assessment initiatives: A technology evolution viewpoint

Ricardo Colomo‐Palacios, Mary Sánchez‐Gordón, Daniel Arias‐Aranda
2020 Journal of Software: Evolution and Process  
Thus, applications of blockchain have evolved towards wider scopes than cryptocurrency and asset management.  ...  As the usage of blockchain keeps increasing, a fourth generation of blockchain platforms is being proposed.  ...  On the other hand, permissionless blockchain lets anyone participate in the system. Classic examples of these blockchains are Bitcoin and Ethereum and more recently Monero or Zcash.  ... 
doi:10.1002/smr.2272 fatcat:zrnurwf5kvfh3huisf6tv7njbi

Blockchain And The Future of the Internet: A Comprehensive Review [article]

Fakhar ul Hassan, Anwaar Ali, Mohamed Rahouti, Siddique Latif, Salil Kanhere, Jatinder Singh, AlaAl-Fuqaha, Umar Janjua, Adnan Noor Mian, Junaid Qadir, Jon Crowcroft
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a survey of blockchain-based network applications.  ...  Our goal is to cover the evolution of blockchain-based systems that are trying to bring in a renaissance in the existing, mostly centralized, space of network applications.  ...  Example(s) Description Cryptocurrency Bitcoin, Bcash, Iota, OmiseGO, Litecoin, Ripple, Dash, Zcash, Monero Decentralized peer-to-peer electronic cash system for online payments.  ... 
arXiv:1904.00733v2 fatcat:yjp452bwwza4lh6m27o3t24pje
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