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Blockchain Enabled Automatic Reward System in Solid Waste Management

Shaik Vaseem Akram, Sultan S. Alshamrani, Rajesh Singh, Mamoon Rashid, Anita Gehlot, Ahmed Saeed AlGhamdi, Deepak Prashar
2021 Security and Communication Networks  
Solid waste management (SWM) is a key administrative unit for managing the urban waste to deliver an eco-friendly environment to the citizens residing in urban cities.  ...  In this study, a blockchain-based reward system is proposed to generate the rewards based on real-time series data such as quantity of garbage and level of waste.  ...  Our proposed system for implementation of an automatic reward system for solid waste management is developed using Python programming language as the data structure and algorithmic base architecture. e  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/6952121 doaj:f22a7ddeb35445bb9706636650f6c951 fatcat:ey75kpt5qvfathclhnyh7yv5ga

Blockchain for Waste Management in Smart Cities: A Survey

Raja Wasim Ahmad, Khaled Salah, Raja Jayaraman, Ibrar Yaqoob, Mohammed Omar
2021 IEEE Access  
In this paper, we explore the key role of blockchain technology in managing waste within smart cities as it can offer traceability, immutability, transparency, and audit features in a decentralized, trusted  ...  Furthermore, we present insightful discussions on several ongoing blockchain-based research projects and case studies to highlight the practicability of blockchain in waste management.  ...  Article Waste Type Objectives Services Rewards Penalty Solution Platform [10] Electronic Waste To efficiently manage electronic waste using an Ethereum blockchain platform in 5G-enabled  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3113380 fatcat:dzpocnfukbbwzipcbcjtrzrczm

Stimulative Coordination Models for Cooperative and Competitive Enterprise Alliances Based on Token Economy

Wang Ziwei, Zhong Xiaolei
2022 IEEE Access  
The rapid development of blockchain technology offers new ways for businesses to establish an efficient management system with consensus-based governance.  ...  In contrast, models for cooperative enterprise alliances utilize the blockchain and token economy to alleviate unfair advantages and encourage efficient resource sharing.  ...  The continuous updates in the resource sharing system would enable the system to deal with more conditions automatically and accurately.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3169598 fatcat:hietiyubcrg5ldskrpwjdkzw6u

CROWDFUNDING SMART CONTRACT: SECURITY AND CHALLENGES

Ratul Amin Md., Megat F. Zuhairi
2021 Indian Journal of Computer Science and Engineering  
In the recent years, the acceptance of blockchain for commercial and businesses has significantly increased.  ...  Distributed ledger-based technology crowdfunding is an appealing method for e-economy and its revolutionary concept enable improved credibility and confidentiality in transaction.  ...  In the reward-based model, the project offers some form of reward to the investors.  ... 
doi:10.21817/indjcse/2021/v12i1/211201017 fatcat:zzqxc6yq6jdg5arva757pzyv7a

The Green Blockchains of Circular Economy

George Hatzivasilis, Sotiris Ioannidis, Konstantinos Fysarakis, George Spanoudakis, Nikos Papadakis
2021 Electronics  
Thus, "green-miners" devote their resources not only for making money, but also for optimizing operations of real-systems, which results in actual resource savings.  ...  For the core operation, the blockchain ledger records the changes in the assets' states via smart contracts that implement the CE business logic and are lightweight, complying with the IoT requirements  ...  The main monitoring and decision-making setting is presented in [16, 17] , where we detailed a complete circular scenario and the implementation of an enhance recycle-reward and e-waste management service  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10162008 fatcat:mkwngiv5knesnhav3tebgaaesm

Research on Medical Waste Supervision Model and Implementation Method Based on Blockchain

Hui Wang, Longshuai Zheng, Qiuhong Xue, Xueqing Li, Lu Liu
2022 Security and Communication Networks  
However, it has not been successfully applied in the area of medical waste regulation, where the recycling and disposal of medical waste have significant loopholes in the management of classification,  ...  By building a decentralized system architecture and setting intelligent contracts, we integrate and record the medical waste disposal regulatory information in different phases on the blockchain to form  ...  In terms of sorting out appropriate research methods, it is extended to the area of "blockchain + ewaste or solid waste" management.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/5630960 fatcat:jk526kteffhllpis3eqfjrmpeq

Blockchain-based Smart Contracts - Applications and Challenges [article]

Yining Hu, Madhusanka Liyanage, Ahsan Mansoor, Kanchana Thilakarathna, Guillaume Jourjon, Aruna Seneviratne
2019 arXiv   pre-print
With the advance in blockchain technology, smart contracts are being used to serve a wide range of purposes ranging from self-managed identities on public blockchains to automating business collaboration  ...  on permissioned blockchains.  ...  Some of the popular use cases include: banking, Electronic Medical Record (EMR), IoT data management [6] , in addition, there are also other interesting applications such as smart waste management, real  ... 
arXiv:1810.04699v2 fatcat:7hkuvcpngnaulpttyqfkpwmndq

Efficient Plastic Recycling and Remolding Circular Economy Using the Technology of Trust–Blockchain

Swikriti Khadke, Pragya Gupta, Shanmukh Rachakunta, Chandreswar Mahata, Suma Dawn, Mohit Sharma, Deepak Verma, Aniruddha Pradhan, Ambati Mounika Sai Krishna, Seeram Ramakrishna, Sabyasachi Chakrabortty, Gopalan Saianand (+4 others)
2021 Sustainability  
The key contribution in this work focuses on ongoing efforts to utilize plastic waste by introducing blockchain during plastic waste recycling.  ...  The strategic management of plastic waste and recycling can preserve environmental species and associated costs.  ...  and Belgium Foodchain Foodchain Spa (Italy) Food waste [29] Troventum Troventum Limited (Malta) Solid recyclable household waste IBM Blockchain Platform IBM (US)/Plastic Bank (Canada) Plastics Resource  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13169142 fatcat:if2mtzelefhoreuh47f2v5fuse

The Applications of Blockchain in Artificial Intelligence

Ruonan Wang, Min Luo, Yihong Wen, Lianhai Wang, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Debiao He, Wenxiu Ding
2021 Security and Communication Networks  
In recent times, there have also been attempts to utilize blockchain (a peer-to-peer distributed system) to facilitate AI applications, for example, in secure data sharing (for model training), preserving  ...  Hence, in this paper, we perform a comprehensive review of how blockchain can benefit AI from these four aspects.  ...  At the same time, knowledge management smart contract (KMSC) is deployed in KM-chain to realize automatic knowledge management. e consensus algorithm used in KM-chain is called proof of capacity (PoC).  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/6126247 fatcat:7neic6vhnrfmhghhdjf634ozh4

CrowdIoT: The Crowd-Sourcing Test System for IoT Devices Based on Blockchain

Yifan Lin, Zhiji Li, Wenbo Yue, Jinghang Wen
2022 Advances in Internet of Things  
In view of some problems existing in traditional software crowdsourcing tests and Internet of Things device tests, we developed a CrowdIoT crowdsourcing test system for the Internet of Things devices based  ...  Crow-dIoT uses the core technology of blockchain to focus its testing on physical devices on the Internet of Things.  ...  The vendor also needs to record the rewards into the block chain, and the block chain automatically issues the rewards after the user receives the task in the system and completes it.  ... 
doi:10.4236/ait.2022.122003 fatcat:j2a2xtmuszcvjn5lftotywogq4

A study of crucial role of software engineering in development of smart cities, with special emphasis on digital and information communication technologies

Dr. Dipak Shamla Gade
2021 Zenodo  
A study of crucial role of software engineering in development of smart cities, with special emphasis on digital and information communication technologies: PDF  ...  His constructive review of my research work only ensured maintaining high standard of my research outcome in form of published papers.  ...  a Smart Waste management system.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5151117 fatcat:ku37xvbbebg7dktwzkpmouaeku

A Survey on the Security of Blockchain Systems [article]

Xiaoqi Li, Peng Jiang, Ting Chen, Xiapu Luo, Qiaoyan Wen
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we conduct a systematic study on the security threats to blockchain and survey the corresponding real attacks by examining popular blockchain systems.  ...  We also review the security enhancement solutions for blockchain, which could be used in the development of various blockchain systems, and suggest some future directions to stir research efforts into  ...  If the manager aborts the protocol of Hawk, it will be automatically financially penalized, and the users will gain compensation.  ... 
arXiv:1802.06993v3 fatcat:j6glkgammfe7joxu5khtzlk7pu

A Blockchain Protocol for Deferred Contract Validation and Parallel Execution
스마트 컨트랙트의 지연검증과 병렬실행을 지원하는 블록체인 설계와 구현

Yoomee Ko, Hyeojin Jhon, Minsoo Ryu
2020 KIISE Transactions on Computing Practices  
Further, EP enables enterprise users to use Klaytn blockchain with traditional database and security systems typically believed to be difficult to integrate with decentralized systems, such as access control  ...  First, EP functions as a blockchain enabler reduce the technical hurdles in tasks inevitable for using blockchain technology.  ...  A proposal passed by the House of Representatives, a system that evaluates different proposals through the votes of all users, is automatically introduced as a new proposal.  ... 
doi:10.5626/ktcp.2020.26.8.396 fatcat:ts6by7denrb7hgsdi5qqxuajmq

Verification of Cryptocurrency Mining Using Ethereum

Dong-Her Shih, Ting-Wei Wu, Tzu-Hsin Hsu, Po-Yuan Shih, David C. Yen
2020 IEEE Access  
The decentralized system of blockchain enables users to identify and participate in verification of mining sites through Ethereum smart contracts.  ...  To earn mining rewards of a blockchain, a new type of attack, called cryptojacking, has emerged in the online world.  ...  The decentralized system of blockchain enables users to identify and participate in verification of mining sites through Ethereum smart contracts.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3005523 fatcat:brfukitkw5hhpap6cwwivyxf7i

Biomass blockchain as a factor of energetical sustainability development

Emilia Krajnakova, Mantas Svazas, Valentinas Navickas, Manuela Tvaronavičienė
2019 Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues  
As the conjuncture of the energetic system in countries or different regions changes, renewable energy sources play a significant role.  ...  The research shows that a biomass blockchain enables simplification of biomass production process, thus saving resources and contributing to the expansion of forests and the development of common energy  ...  Finally, blockchain may make existing electric industry processes more efficient by serving as the backbone for utilities' "smart grid" management systems that automatically diagnose network emergencies  ... 
doi:10.9770/jesi.2019.6.3(28) fatcat:ckebatqzq5e4jfoe6el4m5dxh4
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