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Blockchain: A Graph Primer [article]

Cuneyt Gurcan Akcora and Yulia R. Gel and Murat Kantarcioglu
2017 arXiv   pre-print
As graph mining has become a major part its analysis, we will elaborate on graph theoretical aspects of the Blockchain technology.  ...  We will offer a holistic view on Blockchain. Starting with a brief history, we will give the building blocks of Blockchain, and explain their interactions.  ...  Our aim is to provide a concise but complete summary of Blockchain for graph mining researchers.  ... 
arXiv:1708.08749v1 fatcat:p6c3ph7gqzea3gvpqefr6gmz6i

Characterizing EOSIO Blockchain [article]

Yuheng Huang, Haoyu Wang, Lei Wu, Gareth Tyson, Xiapu Luo, Run Zhang, Xuanzhe Liu, Gang Huang, Xuxian Jiang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we perform a large-scale measurement study of the EOSIO blockchain and its associated DApps.  ...  EOSIO has become one of the most popular blockchain platforms since its mainnet launch in June 2018.  ...  A Primer on Bots We define bot-like account as those operated by machines (e.g., programs).  ... 
arXiv:2002.05369v1 fatcat:gnklajb24begxmzz26z5ewaouy

Bitcoin Risk Modeling with Blockchain Graphs [article]

Cuneyt Akcora, Matthew Dixon, Yulia Gel, Murat Kantarcioglu
2018 arXiv   pre-print
By processing all transactions, we model the network with a high fidelity graph so that it is possible to characterize how the flow of information in the network evolves over time.  ...  In contrast to financial exchanges, Blockchain based crypto-currencies expose the entire transaction history to the public.  ...  Method: Chainlets and Data Processing As shown in Figure 1 , a Bitcoin graph consists of three main components: addresses, transactions and blocks (see [1] for a primer on Blockchain graphs).  ... 
arXiv:1805.04698v1 fatcat:5qo2k5suzjcinl7jel6onysthu

A Primer for Blockchain [article]

Lawrence J. Trautman, Mason J. Molesky
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This article contributes to the scholarly literature and our understanding by providing a cogent description of this important technology and look at potential uses.  ...  Much has been written about the likely impact of blockchain technology.  ...  Smart Cities The blockchain has been recognized by scholars for its potential to transform urban living. 154 JJ.  ... 
arXiv:1904.03254v1 fatcat:itylcu5u6vcrrns3va4p5dno34

Blockchain analytics for intraday financial risk modeling

Matthew F. Dixon, Cuneyt Gurcan Akcora, Yulia R. Gel, Murat Kantarcioglu
2019 Digital Finance  
Blockchain offers the opportunity to use the transaction graph for financial governance, yet properties of this graph are understudied.  ...  Using bars ranging from 15 min up to a day, we fit GARCH models with and without the extreme chainlets and show that the former exhibit superior value-at-risk backtesting performance.  ...  Chainlets and extreme chainlets As shown in Fig. 1 , a Bitcoin graph consists of three main components: addresses, transactions and blocks (see Akcora et al. 2017 for a primer on Blockchain graphs).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42521-019-00009-8 fatcat:7bmjaqu6grco7cj4z7fxvusgey

Understanding (Mis)Behavior on the EOSIO Blockchain

Yuheng Huang, Haoyu Wang, Lei Wu, Gareth Tyson, Xiapu Luo, Run Zhang, Xuanzhe Liu, Gang Huang, Xuxian Jiang
2020 Proceedings of the ACM on Measurement and Analysis of Computing Systems  
In this paper, we perform a large-scale measurement study of the EOSIO blockchain and its associated DApps.  ...  EOSIO has become one of the most popular blockchain platforms since its mainnet launch in June 2018.  ...  A Primer on Bots We define bot-like account as those operated by machines (e.g., programs).  ... 
doi:10.1145/3392155 fatcat:xthxzkkferabdmuosm7gz2gcdi

Comparing Blockchain Standards and Recommendations

Lukas König, Yuliia Korobeinikova, Simon Tjoa, Peter Kieseberg
2020 Future Internet  
Therefore, this paper shall provide an overview of standardization organization's publications about blockchains/distributed ledger technologies, a set of comparison criteria for future work and a comparison  ...  blockchain specific information security framework.  ...  Cons: The lack of use-cases and evolution of the field as a whole locks it in place as just a primer.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi12120222 fatcat:hpl5bmyi2zfqhdlcgzwh7hjaru

Blockchain Consensus Algorithms: A Survey [article]

Md Sadek Ferdous, Mohammad Jabed Morshed Chowdhury, Mohammad A. Hoque, Alan Colman
2020 arXiv   pre-print
It is considered a technological breakthrough anticipated to disrupt several application domains. This has resulted in a plethora of blockchain systems for various purposes.  ...  A systematic analysis of these algorithms will help to understand how and why any particular blockchain performs the way it functions.  ...  Both of their ledgers are based on DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph), a specific type of directed graph with no cycle.  ... 
arXiv:2001.07091v2 fatcat:fqgrkarfajfsvng676igrpwme4

How to Securely Prune Bitcoin's Blockchain [article]

Roman Matzutt, Benedikt Kalde, Jan Pennekamp, Arthur Drichel, Martin Henze, Klaus Wehrle
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we revise this popular belief and present CoinPrune, a snapshot-based pruning scheme that is fully compatible with Bitcoin.  ...  Despite the benefits of its blockchain, Bitcoin still faces serious scalability issues, most importantly its ever-increasing blockchain size.  ...  Bitcoin Primer.  ... 
arXiv:2004.06911v1 fatcat:x4ecu3ezgzhzxncujaargntjqe

Reparo: Publicly Verifiable Layer to Repair Blockchains [article]

Sri Aravinda Krishnan Thyagarajan, Adithya Bhat, Bernardo Magri, Daniel Tschudi, Aniket Kate
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A line of research then spawned on Redactable blockchains with the aim of solving the problem of redacting illicit contents from both permissioned and permissionless blockchains.  ...  We present Reparo, a generic protocol that acts as a publicly verifiable layer on top of any blockchain to perform repairs, ranging from fixing buggy contracts to removing illicit contents from the chain  ...  NCT is a research cooperation between the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) and the Technische Hochschule Nürnberg Georg Simon Ohm (THN).  ... 
arXiv:2001.00486v2 fatcat:ktitrir7wfb4zm3wqek6ym5xca

Embedded Supervision: How to Build Regulation into Blockchain Finance

Raphael Auer, Bank of International Settlements
2019 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Globalization Institute Working Papers  
Source: Author's elaboration. financial exposures could be disclosed, but without revealing the underlying micro data. 19 Graph 4 summarises the elements of a blockchain adapted for embedded supervision  ...  Example of a DLT-based market ledger providing for embedded supervision Graph 4 The blockchain records the history of transactions and contractual obligations, as well as links to relevant external information  ... 
doi:10.24149/gwp371 fatcat:vq3mai2rjfgz5bhltabpjfevfi

A Survey on Blockchain Interoperability: Past, Present, and Future Trends [article]

Rafael Belchior, André Vasconcelos, Sérgio Guerreiro, Miguel Correia
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Our findings show that blockchain interoperability has a much broader spectrum than cryptocurrencies.  ...  Given the novelty and potential of this new domain, we conduct a literature review on blockchain interoperability, by collecting 262 papers, and 70 grey literature documents, constituting a corpus of 332  ...  A Primer on Blockchain Technology The term blockchain has at least two different meanings: a type of system and a type of data structure.  ... 
arXiv:2005.14282v3 fatcat:svd3ltjeenfsjerwa2sgwz6nzy

Application of Bitcoin in Blockchain - A Systematic Literature Review

Abhishek Jha, B. Indira Reddy
2019 International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science Engineering and Information Technology  
In this paper I have done a literature review on Blockchain technology and its application in Bitcoin.  ...  proof of work in peer-to-peer network with the help of Blockchain.  ...  Yong Yuan and Fei-Yue Wang.[32] In this paper the author direct a primer investigation of Blockchain based Intelligent Transportation Systems.  ... 
doi:10.32628/cseit1953130 fatcat:oremqajvkzctplax3knofyqhxe

YODA: Enabling computationally intensive contracts on blockchains with Byzantine and Selfish nodes [article]

Sourav Das, Vinay Joseph Ribeiro, Abhijeet Anand
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present YODA, which is to the best of our knowledge the first solution for efficient computation of CICs in permissionless blockchains with guarantees for a threat model with both Byzantine  ...  YODA selects one or more execution sets (ES) via Sortition to execute a particular CIC off-chain.  ...  During the early part of the graph wee see a small aberration.  ... 
arXiv:1811.03265v2 fatcat:q3sm57zkrnanfcyp4ydnwszgxe

CryptoKitties Transaction Network Analysis: The Rise and Fall of the First Blockchain Game Mania

Xin-Jian Jiang, Xiao Fan Liu
2021 Frontiers in Physics  
Based on the numbers of addresses involved in the game each day, we divide the game progress into four stages: the primer, the rise, the fall, and the serenity.  ...  The game gained explosive growth upon its release but quickly collapsed in a short time.  ...  [7] constructed three graphs with ether transfer, contract creation, and contract invocation, found a power-law degree distribution, and revealed anomalies in these graphs. Somin et al.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fphy.2021.631665 doaj:837374bd475049d8bd57e15fd9551dbd fatcat:25ozmzize5djvlk7fecxz6gxfy
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