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Biometrics Could Streamline Border Crossings

Greg Goth
2008 IEEE Distributed Systems Online  
The new proposals are meant to streamline border-crossing procedures and data-collecting processes on an EU-wide basis.  ...  T Both the US and the EU are moving toward biometrically enabled travel documents and new proposals for border controls meant to combine greater security and more convenience to legitimate travelers.  ...  But because the prevailing mood in the UK and across Europe is to call for 'tougher borders' without quite knowing what that means."  ... 
doi:10.1109/mdso.2008.12 fatcat:5tmhufpssrgdlghftisb2wqve4

The Impact of Interoperability on the processing of (Biometric) Data of Third Country Nationals by Europol

Teresa Quintel
2018 Kritische Vierteljahresschrift für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft  
Therefore, it is all the more important that prior consultation will be carried out where biometric data will be processed in bulk, foreseen under Article 39(2)(b) of the Europol Regulation for types of  ...  for the consultation of all data or a specific set of data stored in the VIS. 149 As mentioned above, all underlying systems that will be included in the interoperable framework increasingly rely on biometric  ...  management, also for counter-terrorism and for cross-border anti-migrant (smuggling) operations.  ... 
doi:10.5771/2193-7869-2018-4-332 fatcat:w4yuxlwehffgzjq2jm5guqzzqi

A comparison of primary stakeholders'views on the deployment of biometric technologies in border management: Case study of SMart mobILity at the European land borders [article]

Mohamed Abomhara, Sule Yildirim Yayilgan, Livinus Obiora Nweke, Zoltan Szekely
2022 arXiv   pre-print
border crossing.  ...  In this paper, we provide a comparison of travelers and border authorities views on the deployment of biometric technologies in border management.  ...  Acknowledgement This work is carried out in the EU-funded project SMILE (Project ID: 740931), [H2020-DS-2016-2017] SEC-14-BES-2016 towards reducing the cost of technologies in land border security applications  ... 
arXiv:2201.03388v1 fatcat:dfmgyp5ljffjhlczivqxxkqkqe

In Harm's Way: Family Separation, Immigration Enforcement Programs and Security on the US-Mexico Border

Jeremy Slack, Daniel E. Martínez, Scott Whiteford, Emily Peiffer
2015 Journal on Migration and Human Security  
Moreover, Operation Streamline prosecutes individuals who have crossed the border without authorization.  ...  While it is important to note that future intention to cross is different from actually crossing the border, the data could just as easily undercount people who will return as over-count.  ... 
doi:10.14240/jmhs.v3i2.46 fatcat:u6sbgfdp25fynp5m2q3h4v2p7u

How Canada Capitalizes on Ukrainian Refugees

Raluca Bejan, Fachinformationsdienst Für Internationale Und Interdisziplinäre Rechtsforschung
2022 Verfassungsblog: On Matters Constitutional  
Similarly, in Moldova, the only VAC is in the capital of Chi#in#u, which is 200 km from the Mohyliv-Podilskyy border. These are large distances, especially for those crossing on foot.  ...  Most people, however, enter Romania at the Siret border which is 500 km away. In Poland, the only VAC is in Warsaw, 400 km from the main border entry of Medyka.  ... 
doi:10.17176/20220324-001122-0 fatcat:4cts5jeonrdcfdhi2kjvycjr2y

A Framework for Biometric and Interaction Performance Assessment of Automated Border Control Processes

Joshua J. Robertson, Richard M. Guest, Stephen J. Elliott, Kevin O'Connor
2017 IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems  
Automated Border Control (ABC) in airports and land crossings utilise automated technology to verify passenger identity claims.  ...  Future development using our proposed framework will see technological advances for biometric systems that are able to categorise interaction errors and feedback appropriately.  ...  or rejection to cross the border.  ... 
doi:10.1109/thms.2016.2611822 fatcat:w4rcwuhfb5ayjp2lgfccuw4lua

Smart and secure borders through automated border control systems in the EU? The views of political stakeholders in the Member States

Pinja Lehtonen, Pami Aalto
2017 European Security  
The European Commission launched the "Smart Borders" policy process in 2011 to enhance border security in the European Union (EU) using technologisation and harmonisation.  ...  This includes the use of automated border control (ABC) systems.  ...  It seeks to better secure the Union's external borders and streamline border-crossing by relying increasingly on automated information sharing and self-service.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09662839.2016.1276057 fatcat:nj5edjmhjngefgakiegmyakdye

Connecting Personal Data of Third Country Nationals: Interoperability of EU Databases in the Light of the CJEU's Case Law on Data Retention

Teresa Quintel
2018 Social Science Research Network  
The proposal seeks to enable all centralised EU databases for security, border and migration management to be interconnected by 2020.  ...  Where criminal investigations previously required multiple searches in separate databases, this cascading safeguard shall progressively be abandoned to streamline access to personal data by law enforcement  ...  of persons to and from the Union, and to improve police and judicial cooperation regarding cross-border issues. 1 The trend to further exploit personal data by expanding existing immigration and border  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3132506 fatcat:mmnfuzbp4nb6tftwehhezcxfum

The role of biometric applications in air transport security

Smilja Teodorovic
2016 Nauka bezbednost policija  
The intent of this review is to familiarize readers with biometric tools aimed at establishing and maintaining high security at airports and during flight, as well as to point out promising emerging biometric  ...  It is, therefore, not surprising that biometric technologies have an increasing presence in the air transportation industry.  ...  Iris recognition border-crossing system in the UAE, Biometrics, 44/2004, p.49. 17 Ibidem. 18 According to Emirates Identity Authority article from 2012 "Iris scan prevented entry of 20,000 deportees into  ... 
doi:10.5937/nbp1602139t fatcat:ite5lnqeurh37aaopfatk3go5u

Automated border control e-gates and facial recognition systems

Jose Sanchez del Rio, Daniela Moctezuma, Cristina Conde, Isaac Martin de Diego, Enrique Cabello
2016 Computers & security  
A B S T R A C T A fast automated biometric solution has been proposed to satisfy the future border control needs of airports resulting from the rapid growth in the number of passengers worldwide.  ...  To conclude, improvements that could be implemented in the near future in ABC face recognition systems are described.  ...  Acknowledgments This project ABC4EU (Automated Border Control Gates for Europe) received funding from the EU's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development, and demonstration under  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cose.2016.07.001 fatcat:66gvociowffihdov4ivzihokmm

An eye for an 'I:' a critical assessment of artificial intelligence tools in migration and asylum management

Lucia Nalbandian
2022 Comparative Migration Studies  
The second case focuses on the New Zealand government's introduction of artificial intelligence to improve border security and streamline immigration.  ...  The third case looks at data scraping and biometric recognition tools implemented by the United States government to track (and eventually deport) undocumented migrants.  ...  ICE's mission is "to protect America from the cross-border crime and illegal immigration that threaten national security and public safety" (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, n.d.).  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40878-022-00305-0 fatcat:qema7glsubfv5mmim4kvhizmwe

Fingerprint Identification System: Non-zero Effort Attacks for Immigration Control

Fatai OlawaleW., Oluwade Bamidele A., Awotunde Joseph B.
2014 International Journal of Applied Information Systems  
It has been noted that these foreigners device a means of beating security devices put in place at the border.  ...  The Immigrant seen as the real threats are those who cross the borders without valid documents.  ...  Nigeria could be said to be much more vulnerable to the threats than any country in Africa.  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijais14-451187 fatcat:qcetgwoktvaifi3nwvu3l6voua

From Fingerprints to DNA: Biometric Data Collection in U.S. Immigrant Communities and Beyond

Jennifer Lynch
2012 Social Science Research Network  
DHS collects approximately 300,000 fingerprints per day from non-U.S. citizens crossing the U.S. borders, and the State Department uses biometric identifiers in visas and other travel documents. 12 Anyone  ...  , social security number, telephone number, e-mail address, booking and/or border crossing photos, gender, race, date of birth, immigration status, length of time in the United States, and unique identifying  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2134481 fatcat:id3jpeoxfrcxvgpa5id7qh7iqu

Mobility Should Be Fun. A Consumer (Law) Perspective on Border Check Technology

Paul De Hert, Rocco Bellanova
2011 The Scientific World Journal  
Indeed, it has never been fun to cross borders, especially some decades ago in -Cold War Europe‖; continuous checks at borders, huge discretion for border officials to select those that were subjected  ...  One example of such a mechanism could be to put too few border and security officials on the normal lanes, forcing people, in practice, to enroll in the biometrically trusted traveler scheme to enjoy some  ...  De Hert and Bellanova: Mobility Should be Fun TheScientificWorldJOURNAL (2011) 11, 490-502 499 instruments, and a more consumer-friendly approach to border check technology, can foster a citizens' debate  ... 
doi:10.1100/tsw.2011.50 pmid:21380484 pmcid:PMC5720054 fatcat:m3pnmp2uurgrvnue6mpqi7zxqu

Finding the Balance between Security and Human Rights in the EU Border Security Ecosystem

Lauren Elrick
2021 European Journal of Law and Technology  
These twin Regulations establish a framework composed of four components: firstly, a European Search Portal (ESP); secondly, a Shared Biometric Matching Service (BMS); thirdly, a Common Identity Repository  ...  number of irregular border crossings.  ...  This automated IT system will record whenever a third country national crosses the EU's external border, registering their name, type of travel document, biometric data (such as fingerprints and facial  ... 
dblp:journals/ejlt/Elrick21 fatcat:pnprmfzlyvemjdbjrcs5b4d6qe
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