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Expertise Differences in the Comprehension of Visualizations: a Meta-Analysis of Eye-Tracking Research in Professional Domains

Andreas Gegenfurtner, Erno Lehtinen, Roger Säljö
2011 Educational Psychology Review  
This meta-analysis integrates 296 effect sizes reported in eye-tracking research on expertise differences in the comprehension of visualizations.  ...  hypothesis, and the holistic model of image perception of Kundel et al.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported in part by grants from the Academy of Finland and from the Doctoral Program for Multidisciplinary Research on Learning Environments (OPMON).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10648-011-9174-7 fatcat:s4isnct2nnau5oo4khsatg5opm

Evaluation of a surgical interface for robotic cryoablation task using an eye-tracking system

Alper Açık, Duygun Erol Barkana, Gökhan Akgün, Asım Evren Yantaç, Çağla Aydın
2016 International Journal of Human-Computer Studies  
In this study, we record the eye movements of doctors and other people with no medical expertise during interaction with an SI that directs a simulated cryoablation task.  ...  Even though the performance and gaze related analysis reveals that the two arrangements are comparable in many respects, there are also differences.  ...  Eye-tracking & Analysis Eye-tracking was performed with the Tobii TX300 eye-tracker with a sampling rate of 120 Hz.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijhcs.2016.07.004 fatcat:aryvt32t3fhjzawci473br7utm

Social orienting and joint attention in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders

Martina Franchini, Bronwyn Glaser, Hilary Wood de Wilde, Edouard Gentaz, Stephan Eliez, Marie Schaer, Michel Botbol
2017 PLoS ONE  
In this study, social orienting is measured using eye-tracking during a task consisting of side-by-side presentations of dynamic social images and dynamic geometric images.  ...  Data Availability Statement: Our study was conducted in humans and includes information on individual and sensitive data (e.g., diagnostic scores) collected in a local sample with respect to a clinical  ...  Writing -review & editing: MF BG EG MS.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0178859 pmid:28599002 pmcid:PMC5466314 fatcat:icvommibcnh25dtep6hikhlhua

Mitigating Bias in Algorithmic Systems – A Fish-Eye View [article]

Kalia Orphanou, Jahna Otterbacher, Styliani Kleanthous, Khuyagbaatar Batsuren, Fausto Giunchiglia, Veronika Bogina, Avital Shulner Tal, AlanHartman, Tsvi Kuflik
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Mitigating bias in algorithmic systems is a critical issue drawing attention across communities within the information and computer sciences.  ...  well as from the perspective of stakeholders in the broader context.  ...  Acknowledgement This project is partially funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 810105 (CyCAT).  ... 
arXiv:2103.16953v2 fatcat:b27zb3zusnfmzcspyl2njbivkq

When I Look into Your Eyes: A Survey on Computer Vision Contributions for Human Gaze Estimation and Tracking

Dario Cazzato, Marco Leo, Cosimo Distante, Holger Voos
2020 Sensors  
In this arena, it is being increasingly useful to find guidance through survey/review articles collecting most relevant works and putting clear pros and cons of existing techniques, also by introducing  ...  revolutionized the whole machine learning area, and gaze tracking as well.  ...  Although researchers often use the terms of eye tracking and gaze tracking as synonyms, there is a slight difference between them.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20133739 pmid:32635375 pmcid:PMC7374327 fatcat:jwou6gv4f5dy7lrsxvtbnb2fly

A Comprehensive Survey of Natural Language Generation Advances from the Perspective of Digital Deception [article]

Keenan Jones, Enes Altuncu, Virginia N. L. Franqueira, Yichao Wang, Shujun Li
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In recent years there has been substantial growth in the capabilities of systems designed to generate text that mimics the fluency and coherence of human language.  ...  As these systems improve, and it becomes ever harder to distinguish between human-written and machine-generated text, malicious actors could leverage these powerful NLG systems to a wide variety of ends  ...  [210] leverage eye-tracking technology to identify the sentences and keywords that code developers focus on during reading code.  ... 
arXiv:2208.05757v1 fatcat:l7qqnfdawjhcxb7m6jmt7zukmq

Data Mining in Neurology [chapter]

Antonio Candelieri, Giuliano Dolce, Francesco Riganello, Walter G
2011 Knowledge-Oriented Applications in Data Mining  
Application in the medical field differs from the Data Mining use in business, marketing and economy.  ...  The study was performed on a dataset of 8259 patients with eight demographic and patients' care attributes (age, gender, race, service, primary insurance, marital status, religion, and disease code) by  ...  In addition to understanding each section deeply, the two books present useful hints and strategies to solving problems in the following chapters.  ... 
doi:10.5772/13966 fatcat:5ahk2lglinecbj27hfpq5qh5tm

The choreography of human attraction: physiological synchrony in a blind date setting [article]

Eliska Prochazkova, Elio E. Sjak-Shie, Friederike Behrens, Daniel Lindh, Mariska E. Kret
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Participants wore eye-tracking glasses with embedded cameras, and devices to measure physiological signals including heart rate and skin conductance.  ...  Humans are social animals whose well-being is shaped by the ability to attract one another and connect with each other.  ...  the eye tracking glasses).  ... 
doi:10.1101/748707 fatcat:r67ogy7mzrfkzmpxlq3ri2neza

Perception and Orientation in Minimally Invasive Surgery

Mikael Sodergren
2012 Archives of Surgery  
During the last two decades, we have seen a revolution in the way that we perform abdominal surgery with increased reliance on minimally invasive techniques.  ...  clinical introduction of novel techniques such as single-incision laparoscopic surgery and natural orifice  ...  Eye-tracking research and disorientation Basic eye-tracking data has been used to evaluate disorientation in pilots.  ... 
doi:10.1001/archsurg.2011.2037 pmid:22430900 fatcat:hpeluud5qjb7dcohtze4t6tzv4

Mitigating Bias in Algorithmic Systems - A Fish-Eye View

Kalia Orphanou, Jahna Otterbacher, Styliani Kleanthous, Khuyagbaatar Batsuren, Fausto Giunchiglia, Veronika Bogina, Avital Shulner-Tal, Alan Hartman, Tsvi Kuflik
2021 Zenodo  
Mitigating bias in algorithmic systems is a critical issue drawing attention across communities within the information and computer sciences.  ...  as from the perspective of stakeholders in the broader context.  ...  In a follow-up study, Hofmann et al. [90] conducted an eye-tracking study with Bing users.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6240582 fatcat:vftoi4woebhrrp5tlmkclabgf4

The State of Automated Facial Expression Analysis (AFEA) in Evaluating Consumer Packaged Beverages

Samuel J. Kessler, Funan Jiang, R. Andrew Hurley
2020 Beverages  
Through a systematic Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) review, 38 articles were found that were relevant to the research goals.  ...  Because of this, biometric testing methods have been used in numerous studies, as researchers have worked to develop a more comprehensive understanding of consumers.  ...  In much of the literature, eye tracking and AFEA are completed in different study stages.  ... 
doi:10.3390/beverages6020027 doaj:799f0b571a4e4cfa8c87ed3031a60c57 fatcat:2jfwjmdj4rapld646o4vwbjb3e

Mitigating Bias in Algorithmic Systems - A Fish-Eye View

Kalia Orphanou, Jahna Otterbacher, Styliani Kleanthous, BATSUREN KHUYAGBAATAR, Fausto GIUNCHIGLIA, Veronika Bogina, Avital Shulner Tal, Alan Hartman, Tsvi Kuflik
2022 Zenodo  
Mitigating bias in algorithmic systems is a critical issue drawing attention across communities within the information and computer sciences.  ...  as from the perspective of stakeholders in the broader context.  ...  In a follow-up study, Hofmann et al. [87] conducted an eye-tracking study with Bing users.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6782985 fatcat:oc6qovumv5eszl5ukns4l3t6d4

Artificial Intelligence in Clinical and Translational Science: Successes, Challenges and Opportunities

Elmer V. Bernstam, Paula K. Shireman, Funda Meric‐Bernstam, Meredith Zozus, Xiaoqian Jiang, Bradley B. Brimhall, Ashley K. Windham, Susanne Schmidt, Shyam Visweswaran, Ye Ye, Heath Goodrum, Yaobin Ling (+2 others)
2021 Clinical and Translational Science  
Given the rapid evolution of AI in CTR, we present three complementary perspectives: (1) scoping literature review, (2) survey, and (3) analysis of federally funded projects.  ...  We mapped available abstracts to medical subject headings and found that nervous system (16.3%) and mental disorders (16.2) were the most common topics addressed.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank Travis Holder at the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center library for help with the literature review as well as Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cts.13175 pmid:34706145 pmcid:PMC8841416 fatcat:ttqysum2lrbm7nmqary44bm6pu

Culture Wires the Brain

Denise C. Park, Chih-Mao Huang
2010 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
We review evidence that the collectivistic and individualistic biases of East Asian and Western cultures, respectively, affect neural structure and function.  ...  The burgeoning field of cultural psychology has often demonstrated the subtle differences in the way individuals process information-differences that appear to be a product of cultural experiences.  ...  , such as MRI machines and imaging coils, rather than differences in the activation patterns between cultures (Park & Gutchess, 2002) .  ... 
doi:10.1177/1745691610374591 pmid:22866061 pmcid:PMC3409833 fatcat:wyfmdcoin5agnn4iqsp36fx7e4

Combining Virtual Reality and Machine Learning for Leadership Styles Recognition

Elena Parra, Aitana García Delgado, Lucía Amalia Carrasco-Ribelles, Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Javier Marín-Morales, Cristina Giglio, Mariano Alcañiz Raya
2022 Frontiers in Psychology  
Eye-tracking measures contributed more significantly to this differentiation than behavioural metrics.  ...  Interaction and gaze patterns were recorded in 83 subjects, who were classified as having either high or low leadership style, which was assessed using the Multifactor leadership questionnaire.  ...  The sample was counterbalanced in terms of gender and familiarity with the use of video games.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.864266 pmid:35712148 pmcid:PMC9197484 fatcat:wky5d26rs5cphj3d4t5sfukwrm
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