Filters








8,142 Hits in 4.9 sec

Bias In, Bias Out? Evaluating the Folk Wisdom [article]

Ashesh Rambachan, Jonathan Roth
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We evaluate the folk wisdom that algorithmic decision rules trained on data produced by biased human decision-makers necessarily reflect this bias.  ...  In our baseline model, the more biased the decision-maker is against a group, the more the algorithmic decision rule favors that group. We refer to this phenomenon as "bias reversal."  ...  We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant DGE1745303 (Rambachan) and Grant DGE1144152 (Roth).  ... 
arXiv:1909.08518v2 fatcat:gefuk4hg7jgp7ch2jovzclgkl4

Bias In, Bias Out? Evaluating the Folk Wisdom

Ashesh Rambachan, Jonathan Roth, Aaron Roth
2020 Symposium on Foundations of Responsible Computing  
We evaluate the folk wisdom that algorithmic decision rules trained on data produced by biased human decision-makers necessarily reflect this bias.  ...  In our baseline model, the more biased the decision-maker is against a group, the more the algorithmic decision rule favors that group. We refer to this phenomenon as bias reversal.  ...  In this paper, we evaluate the folk wisdom that algorithms trained on data produced by biased human decision-makers will necessarily inherit bias.  ... 
doi:10.4230/lipics.forc.2020.6 dblp:conf/forc/RambachanR20 fatcat:t6263mfixre4dehfqv3dtgzy4u

Assessing Dataset Bias in Computer Vision [article]

Athiya Deviyani
2022 arXiv   pre-print
These biases have the tendency to propagate to the models that train on them, often leading to a poor performance in the minority class.  ...  In this project, we will explore the extent to which various data augmentation methods alleviate intrinsic biases within the dataset.  ...  The algorithm learns a projection function based on the folk-wisdom principle: pulls objects or data samples together if they are the same type and pushes them apart if they are not.  ... 
arXiv:2205.01811v1 fatcat:nerm3uxlbngqfbi7fsll6zjtre

Projection Bias in Predicting Future Utility

George F. Loewenstein, Ted O'Donoghue, Matthew Rabin
2000 Social Science Research Network  
We present evidence from a variety of domains which demonstrates the prevalence of such projection bias, develop a formal model of it, and use this model to demonstrate its importance in economic environments  ...  When there is habit formation, projection bias can lead people to consume too much early in life, and to decide, as time passes, to consume more -and save less -than originally planned.  ...  Several studies lend support to the folk wisdom that shopping on an empty stomach leads people to buy too much (Nisbett and Kanouse (1968) , Gilbert, Gill, and Wilson (1998) ).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.239901 fatcat:hbdchejtb5h4bbx44rsi2d2he4

Projection Bias in Predicting Future Utility

G. Loewenstein, T. O'Donoghue, M. Rabin
2003 Quarterly Journal of Economics  
We present evidence from a variety of domains which demonstrates the prevalence of such projection bias, develop a formal model of it, and use this model to demonstrate its importance in economic environments  ...  When there is habit formation, projection bias can lead people to consume too much early in life, and to decide, as time passes, to consume more -and save less -than originally planned.  ...  Several studies lend support to the folk wisdom that shopping on an empty stomach leads people to buy too much (Nisbett and Kanouse (1968) , Gilbert, Gill, and Wilson (1998) ).  ... 
doi:10.1162/003355303322552784 fatcat:ai3g23yqvja47l7wck3nwbywzi

Addressing Bias in Music: A Canadian case study

Charlene Morton
2000 Music Education Research  
to identify the more subtle manifestations of ethnic, gender and class bias in school repertoire.  ...  In their case studies of bias in the arts, Tator, Henry and Mattis [Challenging Racism in the Arts: Case Studies of Con ict and Confrontation, University of Toronto (1997) ] examine problems associated  ...  In short: White characters sing and dance and fall in and out of love. The Black characters sing and dance.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14613800050165596 fatcat:w5o6qgd5kjetrosqhc6jevobsy

Beyond Dataset Bias: Multi-task Unaligned Shared Knowledge Transfer [chapter]

Tatiana Tommasi, Novi Quadrianto, Barbara Caputo, Christoph H. Lampert
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This allows us to use the generic representation as un-biased reference knowledge for a novel classification task.  ...  By casting the method in the multi-view setting, we also make it possible to use different features for different databases. We call the algorithm MUST, Multitask Unaligned Shared knowledge Transfer.  ...  This work was supported by the PASCAL 2 Network of Excellence (TT) and by the Newton International Fellowship (NQ).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-37331-2_1 fatcat:s7ufj7zsbvfufaigsiuj7y7xmq

Fair and Balanced? Experimental Evidence on Partisan Bias in Grading

Paul Musgrave, Mark Rom
2014 American Politics Research  
Yet the evaluations of whether such biases exist has been asserted and denied with little evidence-even though prominent theories in political science suggest that the charge is not entirely implausible  ...  After evaluating the evidence carefully, we find that the evidence for bias is much weaker than activists claim.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank participants at the 2012 APSA Teaching and Learning  ... 
doi:10.1177/1532673x14561655 fatcat:vllutt6usbc43pi2hfhghi46je

Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology

John R. Hibbing, Kevin B. Smith, John R. Alford
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Thus the role of negativity bias in broad ideological conflict depends on the strategic packaging of economic and social attitudes by political elites.  ...  Abstract: We argue that the political effects of negativity bias are narrower than Hibbing et al. suggest.  ...  Open Peer Commentary Liberals and conservatives can show similarities in negativity bias  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13001192 pmid:24970428 fatcat:odon3jmubjd5hfkynkbprn3fxu

Voter Bias in the Associated Press College Football Poll

B. Jay Coleman, Andres Gallo, Paul M. Mason, Jeffrey W. Steagall
2009 Journal of Sports Economics  
We investigate multiple biases in the individual weekly ballots submitted by the 65 voters in the Associated Press college football poll in 2007.  ...  Using censored tobit modeling, we find evidence of bias toward teams (1) from the voter's state, (2) in conferences represented in the voter's state, (3) in selected Bowl Championship Series conferences  ...  Acknowledgement: We wish to acknowledge the substantial assistance provided by the two anonymous referees, and thank them for their valuable contributions to the improvement of this research.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1527002509346823 fatcat:7qmzr2u35bgr7crsfqjmd72vsi

The other side of Ecology: thinking about the human bias in our ecological analyses for biodiversity conservation

Sérgio de Faria Lopes
2017 Ethnobiology and Conservation  
Among these proposals, the human bias in studies of the biodiversity conservation emerges as the other side of ecology, integrating scientific knowledge with local ecological knowledge and converging with  ...  the idea of complexity in the relationships of humans with the environment.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank the anonymous referees for detailed and wise advice and the CNPq for the financial support and for productivity grant awarded.  ... 
doi:10.15451/ec2017-08-6.14-1-24 fatcat:gk2dbl3unjbwlhx7quweaotolu

Bias in Headlines: Evidence from Newspaper Coverage of the 2012 Ghana Presidential Election Petition

Sarfo-Adu Kwasi
2015 International Journal of Language and Linguistics  
Against this background, a corpus of 80 headlines culled from four Ghanaian private newspapers was analysed to explore the infusion of bias in headlines in the coverage of the 2012 Ghana Presidential Election  ...  It was also found out that influenced by which side of the petition the newspapers supported, they employed word choice as the main type of bias, using linguistic choices such as negative words, invectives  ...  The data were analysed to find out strategies the newspapers used to inject bias in their headlines.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ijll.20150306.25 fatcat:ysfz4jqs6jdcnl265ekqlz3lwm

Translation Bias: Impact of Gender in the English Translation of the Bible

Adejoke O. Olughuyi, Virginia C. Okafor
2015 International Journal of Culture and History (EJournal)  
Therefore, it is concluded that the translation is not biased since it is not the view of a single translator.  ...  Some critics of the Bible believe that the translation of the Bible does not give prominence to the role of women. Thus, such critics claimed that the translation of the Bible is biased.  ...  of female folk or women.  ... 
doi:10.18178/ijch.2015.1.2.017 fatcat:ib4wirgqajbrrpftxvl2tvlmou

Why Poor People Stay Poor. A Study of Urban Bias in World Development

M.P.T., Michael Lipton
1977 Population and Development Review  
sääij URBAN BIAS IN WORLD DEVELOPMENT T he g re a t division in th e w orld to d ay , says M ichael L ip to n in th is o u tstan d in g ly im p o rta n t book, is n o t betw een cap italist an d com m  ...  The incom e gap betw een city and c o u n try is m uch larger in th e T hird W orld to d a y th a n it was in th e early developm ent in E urope an d Ja p a n .  ...  in an urban-biased way -what might be called allocative urban bias.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1971700 fatcat:hsesw6z6kbggjolfdwunnvpnzq

The Elephant in the Room: Helping Delaware Courts Develop Law to End Systemic Short-Term Bias in Corporate Decision-Making

Kenneth McNeil, Keith Johnson
2018 Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review  
It then shows how existing Delaware law could be extended to address the underlying causes of corporate short-term bias, rather than merely imposing punishment on the symptoms.  ...  This corporate short-termism mindset is even more troubling given that at least half of the value of the companies in the S&P 1500 is generated by expectations for realization of future value.  ...  Fall 2018] The Elephant in the Room 25 gate and evaluate wrongful conduct. 97 The text of § 220 spells out this procedure. 98 long-term investor's use of the Delaware statute on books and records inspections  ... 
doi:10.36639/mbelr.8.1.elephant fatcat:frelx6t3cbd2pcwkepyyexqj3u
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 8,142 results