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Universal Memory Mechanism for Familiarity Recognition and Identification

V. Yakovlev, D. J. Amit, S. Romani, S. Hochstein
2008 Journal of Neuroscience  
The maximal signal for familiar stimuli arising in prefrontal cortex facilitates the formation of selective delay activity, as well as additional consolidation of the memory of the image in an upstream  ...  involved in familiarity recognition.  ...  It also provides a strong indication that the same Hebbian mechanism may underlie both the creation of familiarity detection as well as the more exacting process of generating selective delay activity  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.4799-07.2008 pmid:18171941 fatcat:lsnbrl34urhedo7fqszd2no46m

Recognizing Emotion from Facial Expressions: Psychological and Neurological Mechanisms

Ralph Adolphs
2002 Behavioral & Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews  
Early perceptual processing of faces draws on cortices in occipital and temporal lobes that construct detailed representations from the configuration of facial features.  ...  Subsequent recognition requires a set of structures, including amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex, that links perceptual representations of the face to the generation of knowledge about the emotion signaled  ...  One of the simplest forms of recognition is in fact called recognition memory and might involve simply the ability to hold in memory some information about the early perceptual properties of the visual  ... 
doi:10.1177/1534582302001001003 pmid:17715585 fatcat:nbdv3q7yuzb7tmai7fxgivmpke

Brain mechanisms of visual encoding and working memory in psychometrically identified schizotypal individuals and after acute administration of haloperidol

Bruno Kopp, Monika Wolff, Claudia Hruska, Friedel M. Reischies
2002 Psychophysiology  
Low, but not high, schizotypal individuals displayed evidence for selective associative learning in the working memory dependent~"trace"! version of the task.  ...  , but not of a placebo, strengthened the selectivity of associative learning in the trace version of the task. The amplitudes of the occipito-temporal N150 were augmented by haloperidol.  ...  Because their duration was beyond the duration of immediate and conceptual visual sensory memory~e.g., Knight 1983 Knight , 1994 !  ... 
doi:10.1111/1469-8986.3940459 pmid:12212638 fatcat:vgb2wslvw5dyxg4fmrwrq4xdcu

Brain mechanisms of visual encoding and working memory in psychometrically identified schizotypal individuals and after acute administration of haloperidol

BRUNO KOPP, MONIKA WOLFF, CLAUDIA HRUSKA, FRIEDEL M. REISCHIES
2002 Psychophysiology  
Low, but not high, schizotypal individuals displayed evidence for selective associative learning in the working memory dependent~"trace"! version of the task.  ...  , but not of a placebo, strengthened the selectivity of associative learning in the trace version of the task. The amplitudes of the occipito-temporal N150 were augmented by haloperidol.  ...  Because their duration was beyond the duration of immediate and conceptual visual sensory memory~e.g., Knight 1983 Knight , 1994 !  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0048577202001026 pmid:12212638 fatcat:2gisexhv2jhbvfezlnkznmtshm

Is human information processing conscious?

Max Velmans
1991 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Investigations of the function of consciousness in human information processing have focused mainly on two questions: (1) where does consciousness enter into the information processing sequence and (2)  ...  Conscious processing has also been thought to be necessary for choice, learning and memory, and the organization of complex, novel responses, particularly those requiring planning, reflection, or creativity  ...  We have considered the role of consciousness in the analysis and selection of stimuli, in learning and memory, and in the production of voluntary responses, including those requiring planning and creativity  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00071776 fatcat:e5c75uyjg5binpearmx4r5scmm

The Role of Oxytocin in Maternal-Fetal Bonding and Social Interaction

Enya Sammut, Melissa Sammut, Sarah Chetcuti, Jean Calleja Agius
2017 International Journal of Prenatal & Life Sciences  
For both processes to occur, there needs to be social recognition and memory of the infant or the partner, both of which are aided by oxytocin and other neurotransmitters, especially arginine vasopressin  ...  Social recognition forms the basis of all social interaction and therefore the role of oxytocin in recognition is also discussed.  ...  Such studies help reveal the mechanisms involved in normal human interaction and bonding, and can increase the understanding of social disorders.  ... 
doi:10.24946/ijpls.20.18.00.00.040604 fatcat:gljjkjwlwbdzhbapohmgn7syd4

Processing faces and facial expressions

Mette T Posamentier, Hervé Abdi
2003 Neuropsychology Review  
The review then covers findings from neuroimaging studies on face perception, recognition, and encoding.  ...  patterns in response to the different face-processing tasks.  ...  According to the Bruce and Young model, recognition of familiar faces is mediated by an established structural code in long-term memory.  ... 
pmid:14584908 fatcat:cumkljuwrvdilbhzav6icsy6ea

Mechanisms of Cognitive Development: Domain-General Learning or Domain-Specific Constraints?

Vladimir M. Sloutsky
2010 Cognitive Science  
Acknowledgments Preparation of this paper was supported by NSF BSC 0414302 and SBE 0541957. An earlier version of the paper was presented in a symposium at the Psychonomic Society in November 2007.  ...  Thanks to Vladimir Sloutsky for organizing the symposium and also assembling papers for a special issue, to the reviewers for their probing comments, and to the personnel and parents of the Temple Infant  ...  Therefore, if a recognition memory task is presented after a task that encourages access to the abstract representation of familiar categories, patterns of recognition errors may reveal information about  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1551-6709.2010.01132.x pmid:21564246 fatcat:onw6a66a5jgb3mvwu27isjvuxy

Self-esteem and memory

Romin W. Tafarodi, Tara C. Marshall, Alan B. Milne
2003 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
According to the relevance model, activation of either dimension results in superior encoding of matching negative content by individuals who are low on the dimension.  ...  This article describes two potential bases for memory bias associated with global self-esteem.  ...  Again, it is possible, albeit extraordinary, to scorn oneself in the face of universal adoration and to adore oneself in the face of universal scorn.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.84.1.29 pmid:12518969 fatcat:bmrlfbpxvvflzgywhyebqn4ssq

Self-esteem and memory

Romin W. Tafarodi, Tara C. Marshall, Alan B. Milne
2003 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
According to the relevance model, activation of either dimension results in superior encoding of matching negative content by individuals who are low on the dimension.  ...  This article describes two potential bases for memory bias associated with global self-esteem.  ...  Again, it is possible, albeit extraordinary, to scorn oneself in the face of universal adoration and to adore oneself in the face of universal scorn.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0022-3514.84.1.29 pmid:12518969 fatcat:pg53egub6rfozhjz6fb2wt2zoy

Responses of Human Medial Temporal Lobe Neurons Are Modulated by Stimulus Repetition

Carlos Pedreira, Florian Mormann, Alexander Kraskov, Moran Cerf, Itzhak Fried, Christof Koch, Rodrigo Quian Quiroga
2010 Journal of Neurophysiology  
Neuronal activity related to visual recognition memory: long-term memory and the encoding of recency and familiarity information in the primate anterior and medial inferior temporal and rhinal cortex.  ...  Single neuron activity in human hippocampus and amygdala during recognition of faces and objects. Neuron 18: 753-765, 1997. Gazzaniga MS, Ivry RB, Mangun GR.  ...  A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S We thank all the patients for participating in our study and M. J. Ison, J. Martinez, and S. Thill for discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1152/jn.91323.2008 pmid:19864436 pmcid:PMC2807242 fatcat:nzm3xceykzdxlmnpdvbeojfcvy

The Link Between Brain Learning, Attention, and Consciousness [chapter]

Stephen Grossberg
2009 Causality, Meaningful Complexity and Embodied Cognition  
Acknowledgments: The author wishes to thank Cynthia E. Bradford and Diana Meyers for their valuable assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.  ...  mechanism in the process whereby boundaries select only those surface brightness and color signals that are spatially coincident with them.  ...  In ART, the orienting system is automatically disengaged as events become familiar during the memory consolidation process.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3529-5_1 fatcat:ykj6lu4uhrfjxlz4bmwvmsuidu

The Link between Brain Learning, Attention, and Consciousness

Stephen Grossberg
1999 Consciousness and Cognition  
Acknowledgments: The author wishes to thank Cynthia E. Bradford and Diana Meyers for their valuable assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.  ...  mechanism in the process whereby boundaries select only those surface brightness and color signals that are spatially coincident with them.  ...  In ART, the orienting system is automatically disengaged as events become familiar during the memory consolidation process.  ... 
doi:10.1006/ccog.1998.0372 pmid:10072692 fatcat:hjoee44ixfdtxepk6pk7yina5y

Memory and Self–Neuroscientific Landscapes

Hans J. Markowitsch
2013 ISRN Neuroscience  
Relations between memory and the self are framed from a number of perspectives—developmental aspects, forms of memory, interrelations between memory and the brain, and interactions between the environment  ...  It is elaborated why descriptions from patients with functional or dissociative amnesia are particularly apt to demonstrate the facets in which memory, self, and personal temporality are interwoven.  ...  in a selective and abstract manner towards persons (faces) or objects.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/176027 pmid:24967303 pmcid:PMC4045540 fatcat:wdpyqcs6vjg27hirk4jk5srzw4

Electrophysiology of Cognitive Processing

S A Hillyard, M Kutas
1983 Annual Review of Psychology  
Ford and colleagues (1979) used the pattern of P300 latency-RT covariation in a Sternberg-type task to compare the speed of short-term memory processes in young and ddedy persons.  ...  the requirement for short-term memory storage and others with target recognition.  ...  Conditioning and reversal of short-latency multiple-unit responses in the rabbit medial genieulate nueletts. Science 189:1108-9 Galambos, R., Hillyard, S. A. 1981 .  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.ps.34.020183.000341 pmid:6338812 fatcat:2k24umloebetpjj72c3fziz3ia
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