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Cognitive systems for revenge and forgiveness

Michael E. McCullough, Robert Kurzban, Benjamin A. Tabak
2013 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We review empirical evidence regarding the operation of these systems, discuss the causes of cultural and individual differences in their outputs, and sketch their computational architecture.  ...  The operation of these systems depends on estimating the risk of future exploitation by the harmdoer and the expected future value of the relationship with the harmdoer.  ...  Rilling, Aaron Sell, and David White for their helpful comments on an earlier draft of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11002160 pmid:23211191 fatcat:7cy6wppp2jgzpk6fjisikxa3hu

Beyond economic games: A mutualistic approach to the rest of moral life

Jesse Graham
2013 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
AbstractMutualism provides a compelling account of the fairness intuitions on display in economic games.  ...  However, it is not yet clear how well the approach holds up as an explanation of all human morality.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank Pascal Boyer, Coralie Chevallier, Ryan McKay, Hugo Mercier, Olivier Morin, and Paul Reeve for their helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x12000817 pmid:23445590 fatcat:p4ssedndu5hlpffirsknm2igqu

Beyond foraging: behavioral science and the future of institutional economics

ALEXANDER J. FIELD
2007 Journal of Institutional Economics  
Game theoretic approaches, based as they typically are on foraging only assumptions, don't provide an adequate foundation for understanding the intervening role of politics and ideology.  ...  These adaptations, along with their effects on canalizing social learning, help to explain uniformities in political and social order, and are the bedrock upon which we build cultural and institutional  ...  it is based.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1744137407000720 fatcat:4onbsl5chbbtpbje6vdotyookq

The Uneasy Entente Between Insanity and Mens Rea: Beyond Clark v. Arizona

Stephen J. Morse, Morris B. Hoffman
2007 Social Science Research Network  
There is no single punishment gene or neural network.  ...  altruistic punishment mechanism have a competitive advantage compared with a rival society without one.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.962945 fatcat:2juzp3m2ajalzl3psx53xkkt3u

The cultural contagion of conflict

M. Gelfand, G. Shteynberg, T. Lee, J. Lun, S. Lyons, C. Bell, J. Y. Chiao, C. B. Bruss, M. Al Dabbagh, Z. Aycan, A.-H. Abdel-Latif, M. Dagher (+2 others)
2012 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Implications for future neuroscience and computational research needed to understand the emergence of intergroup conflict are discussed.  ...  Qualitative interviews conducted in the Middle East, USA and Canada suggest that parochial altruism processes vary across cultural groups and are most likely to occur in collectivistic cultural contexts  ...  that are recruited when witnessing the pain of ingroup members, and these processes mediate the culture-altruistic revenge link.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0304 pmid:22271785 pmcid:PMC3260851 fatcat:zehapc7nt5h77fhywuoz6vqws4

The Neuroscience of Social Decision-Making

James K. Rilling, Alan G. Sanfey
2011 Annual Review of Psychology  
This approach is informing our knowledge of the neural mechanisms that support decisions about trust, reciprocity, altruism, fairness, revenge, social punishment, social norm conformity, social learning  ...  In addition, recent progress has been made in understanding the neural bases of individual variation in social decision-making. 23  ...  (Klucharev et al. 2009 ), norm-abiding social behavior (Spitzer et al. 2007 ), revenge and altruistic punishment (de Quervain et al. 2004 , and reputation management (Izuma et al. 2008 ).  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.121208.131647 pmid:20822437 fatcat:celxgzeqhvdjpnjmoj5jiq6fx4

Gene-culture coevolution and the nature of human sociality

H. Gintis
2011 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Human characteristics are the product of gene-culture coevolution, which is an evolutionary dynamic involving the interaction of genes and culture over long time periods.  ...  Gene -culture coevolution is responsible for human other-regarding preferences, a taste for fairness, the capacity to empathize and salience of morality and character virtues.  ...  Nevertheless, there is no evidence of behaviors akin to altruistic cooperation and punishment in any primate group [79, 80] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2010.0310 pmid:21320901 pmcid:PMC3048999 fatcat:htxkm3vuqrduna6gcwkcodwdtq

Genetic variation of dopamine and serotonin function modulates the feedback-related negativity during altruistic punishment

Sören Enge, Hendrik Mothes, Monika Fleischhauer, Andreas Reif, Alexander Strobel
2017 Scientific Reports  
In the present study, we sought to investigate the genetic bases of altruistic punishment (AP), which refers to the costly punishment of norm violations with potential benefit for other individuals.  ...  Why do humans cooperate and often punish norm violations of others?  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Inge Reck, Carola Gagel and Nicole Döring for their technical assistance in DNA sample processing and genotyping.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-02594-3 pmid:28592831 pmcid:PMC5462809 fatcat:vfsy4r6u3bggxhlenqba3tseoe

Social Cognition through the Lens of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience

Maria Arioli, Chiara Crespi, Nicola Canessa
2018 BioMed Research International  
Its centrality in everyday life reflects the neural complexity of social processing and the ubiquity of social cognitive deficits in different pathological conditions.  ...  We review these domains from the lens of cognitive neuroscience, i.e., in terms of the brain areas mediating the role of such processes in the ability to make sense of others' behavior and plan socially  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/4283427 fatcat:lvqlwtj235g6ligojw5dbcuquy

Reciprocity: Weak or Strong? What Punishment Experiments Do (and Do Not) Demonstrate

Francesco Guala
2010 Social Science Research Network  
While it is essential to collect field data on altruistic punishment, this kind of data has limitations. Laboratory experiments can help shed light on the role of altruistic punishment "in the wild."  ...  In Commentary/Guala: Reciprocity Abstract: The rarity of altruistic punishment in small-scale societies should not be interpreted as evidence that altruistic punishment is not an important determinant  ...  What we need is theory of human cooperation (and meta-analysis) to bridge the gap between the lab and the wild  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1640616 fatcat:s3ls5x3rtfchtc7acgp2wn7sxq

In medio stat virtus: Theoretical and methodological extremes regarding reciprocity will not explain complex social behaviors

Claudia Civai, Alan Langus
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We argue for a model that sees social behavior as a dynamic interaction of genetic and environmental factors.  ...  AbstractGuala contests the validity of strong reciprocity as a key element in shaping social behavior by contrasting evidence from experimental games to that of natural and historic data.  ...  What we need is theory of human cooperation (and meta-analysis) to bridge the gap between the lab and the wild  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11001208 pmid:22289311 fatcat:5lxhae7xffdtvgp35aprmq6mym

Special human vulnerability to low-cost collective punishment

Don Ross
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
However, the more basic adaptation of language likely suffices.  ...  AbstractGuala notes that low-cost punishment is the main mechanism that deters free-riding in small human communities. This mechanism is complemented by unusual human vulnerability to gossip.  ...  What we need is theory of human cooperation (and meta-analysis) to bridge the gap between the lab and the wild  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11000896 pmid:22289327 fatcat:vd6xkwowvvbxzob4cipfpiyrfe

Reciprocity and uncertainty

Yoella Bereby-Meyer
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Thus, costly punishment is indeed a limited mechanism for sustaining cooperation in an uncertain environment.  ...  AbstractGuala points to a discrepancy between strong negative reciprocity observed in the lab and the way cooperation is sustained "in the wild."  ...  What we need is theory of human cooperation (and meta-analysis) to bridge the gap between the lab and the wild  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11001178 pmid:22289307 fatcat:xzkn5ukmnjfahdbylbxexuhjna

The social costs of punishment

Pieter van den Berg, Lucas Molleman, Franz J. Weissing
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
In real interactions, punishment is not cheap, but the costs of punishment are of a different nature than in experiments.  ...  They do not correspond to direct payments or payoff deductions, but they arise from the repercussions punishment has on social networks and future interactions.  ...  What we need is theory of human cooperation (and meta-analysis) to bridge the gap between the lab and the wild  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11001348 pmid:22289333 fatcat:eeuvaigtvrgdhdhhc7lphzuq64

Gossip as an effective and low-cost form of punishment

Matthew Feinberg, Joey T. Cheng, Robb Willer
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
AbstractThe spreading of reputational information about group members through gossip represents a widespread, efficient, and low-cost form of punishment.  ...  By sharing information in this way groups are better able to promote cooperation and maintain social control and order.  ...  What we need is theory of human cooperation (and meta-analysis) to bridge the gap between the lab and the wild  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11001233 pmid:22289314 fatcat:lw4qek3ve5bobcwoetcoom264u
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