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Better the devil you know than the devil you don't: Neural processing of risk and ambiguity

Shuyi Wu, Sai Sun, Julia A Camilleri, Simon B Eickhoff, Rongjun Yu
2021 NeuroImage  
Risk refers to a situation in which we know the precise probability of potential outcomes of each option, whereas ambiguity refers to a situation in which outcome probabilities are not known.  ...  Our results showed that both processing of risk and ambiguity showed convergence in anterior insula, indicating a key role of anterior insula in encoding uncertainty.  ...  Common neural activity of both risk-processing and ambiguity-processing Our findings confirmed that both processing of risk and ambiguity consistently activated the right anterior insula.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118109 pmid:33940147 fatcat:mistuovemnaubfoh2kutb7dq3q

Angels, Devils, and Censors in the Brain

Daniel S. Levine
2004 ComPlexUs  
Insights from social neuroscience, brain imaging, and neural network theory suggest which cortical-subcortical interactions subserve enhancing or suppressing classes of behaviors.  ...  The fi rst stream is Eisler and Levine's construction of three separate brain networks for the confl icting behavior patterns of fi ght or fl ight, dissociation, and bonding -with the orbitomedial prefrontal  ...  Acknowledgment I wish to acknowledge the assistance of several friends who helped nourish my angels and rein in my devils -notably Ana Maria Aleksandrowicz, Riane Eisler, Nilendu Jani, Sam Leven, Lorraine  ... 
doi:10.1159/000089747 fatcat:k2mxtvbyjfbffnta32ojahrnwu

Digitalism and the New Economic Agent

Mir Faraj Abasov
2021 International Scientific Journal of Universities and Leadership  
The process of diffusion of the virtual ecosystem into our real world is accelerating, thereby more and more establishing the formation of digitalism as the only one and the only one without any alternative  ...  The article attempts to characterize the origin and evolutionary path of the formation of digitalism.  ...  «You know, and I know, that we don't live in a world of Rationals. We live in a world of people.  ... 
doi:10.31874/2520-6702-2021-12-2-76-87 fatcat:hhtywfymyrdybfxt534k7vlmpm

Building brain-inspired computing

2019 Nature Communications  
JG: The devil is in the numbers. Neural networks need huge amounts of synapses and neurons to be computationally powerful.  ...  JG: We don't completely understand how the brain is working, but we know that it is made very differently from today's electronic chips.  ...  For the same reason, I would like to see more critical analyses in the published papers, for instance, by providing technical arguments on why one approach would not work or one approach is better than  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12521-x pmid:31628303 pmcid:PMC6802080 fatcat:nomgryypofekbehzogixwcys2y

A Unifying Field in Logics: Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability and Statistics (fourth edition) [article]

Florentin Smarandache
2010 arXiv   pre-print
Neutrosophic Probability - a generalization of classical and imprecise probabilities - and Neutrosophic Statistics.  ...  In this book one makes an introduction to non-standard analysis in the first part, needed to the next four chapters in order to study the neutrosophics: 1.  ...  Acknowledgements: The author would like to thank Drs. Charles T. Le and Ivan Stojmenovic for encouragement and invitation to write this and the following papers.  ... 
arXiv:math/0101228v2 fatcat:duvqbcb4vvgcdgxs3apfxe3zua

Neuroeconomics: How Neuroscience Can Inform Economics

Colin Camerer, George Loewenstein, Drazen Prelec
2005 Journal of Economic Literature  
Neural evidence also substantiates the distinction between risk (known probability) and "Knightian" uncertainty, or ambiguity.  ...  or devil).  ... 
doi:10.1257/0022051053737843 fatcat:3xpno54jqbboba6ig2qclbtqye

Confessions of a "Bumpy Writer"

Michelle Anne. Fistek
1994 WAC journal  
I decided to take the risk of confiding to her a secret desire I had recently developed. "You know," I said, "what I'd really like to do some semester is teach a section of Composition."  ...  I feel, though, that they became so immersed in the information, by revising their own essays and by reading the essays of their peers, that this process may have been better than the traditional formal  ...  The final step in the process of bettering one's writing centers around constructive guidance, not constructive criticism. Mr. Johnson assigned three take home essays.  ... 
doi:10.37514/wac-j.1994.5.1.03 fatcat:oipd5txiq5frdlthft4mvlku4q

Probability and Statistics [chapter]

2011 Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications  
Acknowledgements: The author would like to thank Drs. C. Le and Ivan Stojmenovic for encouragement and invitation to write this and the following papers.  ...  Acknowledgements: The author would like to thank Drs. C. Le and Ivan Stojmenovic for encouragement and invitation to write this paper.  ...  If you learn better a discipline, you'll learn 'less' another one (for you don't have time to deepen the knowledge of the second one).  ... 
doi:10.1201/b10980-8 fatcat:folvs55wujcxtcqkq5b32h24ke

Exploring Literary Journalism and the Truth in Wine

John C Hartsock
2018 Brazilian Journalism Research  
, and the influence of the mirror neuron in mimicking that actuality.  ...  Writers of narrative literary journalism are not often aware of the reasons why they write the way they do, and they usually leave critical theory outside the door of their writing space.  ...  I know I didn't. Only after I finished the book did I begin to better understand why I had made the choices I made (and not always for the better).  ... 
doi:10.25200/bjr.v14n3.2018.1152 fatcat:bm7pcdmx4zfcrjuwl27bphftsm


David Porush
1994 Surfaces  
in rational systems that do the work of our nervous systems for us, better than us, and therefore seductively.  ...  (The absurd nightmare quality of this notion is nowhere better captured than in "Dr. Strangelove," the 1965 movie.)  ... 
doi:10.7202/1064963ar fatcat:2lt2h6pcxnfdpkqoe32nf35lz4

The recurrence of an illusion: the concept of "evil" in forensic psychiatry

James L Knoll
2008 The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law  
Embracing the term "evil" into the lexicon and practice of psychiatry will contribute to the stigmatization of mental illness, diminish the credibility of forensic psychiatry, and corrupt forensic treatment  ...  The author notes an increased interest in the concept of "evil" in the fields of psychiatry and psychology. In particular, there is some interest in defining and testifying about evil.  ...  Acknowledgments The author would like to acknowledge the helpful advice and suggestions of Ron Pies, MD, Phillip Resnick, MD, Fred Cohen, LLB, and Walter Davis.  ... 
pmid:18354131 fatcat:qoqwlje6ejhorbshacynhxq5m4

Behavioral Theories II: Time and Uncertainty [chapter]

2012 Is Behavioral Economics Doomed?: The Ordinary versus the Extraordinary  
Levine's current research interests include the study of intellectual property and endogenous growth in dynamic general equilibrium models, models of self-control, of the endogenous formation of preferences  ...  , institutions and social norms, learning in games, evolutionary game theory, virtual economies, and the application of game theory to experimental economics.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors go on to point out how modern economics is based on a foundation of sand.  ... 
doi:10.11647/obp.0021.07 fatcat:dzockqi2tvfxplbldpabhfixfi

Questionable All Along, DNA's Inheritance Role Is Now Failing in a Big Way—Does Anyone Care?

Ted Christopher
2022 Open Journal of Philosophy  
The haphazard and ambiguous nature of DNA/genetic specifications is very unlikely to have provided a vehicle for the exacting blueprints required for the many instinctive behaviors or capacities.  ...  The immediate unfolding challenge, though, is that the inheritance role is conveniently testable via searches for the DNA origins of a number of human behavioral and health tendencies, and despite enormous  ...  Acknowledgements The author gratefully acknowledges the Central Library of Rochester and Monroe County. Several significant books were obtained there and the library also provided a good work space.  ... 
doi:10.4236/ojpp.2022.121003 fatcat:6b3672wohjdm5amampmamfl2ni

Reading for storyness: preclosure theory, empirical poetics, and culture in the short story

2004 ChoiceReviews  
The anterior closure sentences were about four times more likely to be evaluative comments than statements of action: " . . . they don't know one thing about you and never did and honey, you're better  ...  In a kind of limbo, I suppose. After the crowd is lined up, each member looks familiar-like somebody you know, or could easily become. Take any path, and the Devil you meet is yourself in disguise.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.41-5733 fatcat:6ojw5jr4dfgeta6jsypz4nkgle

Editorial Commentary

1995 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
They cannot harness this information in the service of action, however, and this is said to show that a function of phenomenal consciousness is somehow to enable information represented in the brain to  ...  The mark of access-consciousness, by contrast, is availability for use in reasoning and rationally guiding speech and action. These concepts are often partly or totally conflated, with bad results.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The research for this commentary was financially supported by the Academy of Finland. Block's philosophical anosognosia G. Rey  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00038474 fatcat:o3zlkbqumjgkfmjl7ofdngpmay
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