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On the Representation and Aggregation of Evidence in Software Engineering: A Theory and Belief-based Perspective

Paulo Sérgio Medeiros dos Santos, Guilherme Horta Travassos
2013 Electronical Notes in Theoretical Computer Science  
In this paper, we present a preliminary proposal to use empirically-based theories and belief functions as a means to represent and aggregate evidence.  ...  The right representation can help scientists discuss and present the results of their findings and, if it is simple enough, it can be useful for practitioners to base their decisions on improvement implementations  ...  Authors thank the Experimental Software Engineering Group at COPPE/UFRJ and ESEM and CLEI anonymous reviewers for all the suggestions regarding previous versions of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.entcs.2013.02.008 fatcat:vwfhmork4rfvbdmd4qzgdosj64

Common Beliefs and Research Evidence about Dyslexic Students' Specific Skills: Is it time to reassess some of the evidence?

Victor Martinelli, Doriella Camilleri, Deidre Fenech
2018 Interdisciplinary Education and Psychology  
While some anecdotal evidence suggests that there is a positive association between dyslexia and creativity, other studies suggest that such an association emerges only in adulthood as a result of adverse  ...  Empirical studies of the relationship between dyslexia and creativity and visuo-spatial skills are inconsistent.  ...  Acknowledgment I acknowledge the contribution by Doriella Camilleri and Deidre Fenech who recruited and assessed the participants in this study and collated the data.  ... 
doi:10.31532/interdiscipeducpsychol.2.2.004 fatcat:gswhkyzhxrfjtns55squvylb6e

Attitudes, Beliefs, and Development Data Concerning Agile Software Development Practices [article]

Christoph Matthies, Johannes Huegle, Tobias Dürschmid, Ralf Teusner
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The perceptions and attitudes of developers impact how software projects are run and which development practices are employed in development teams.  ...  In this research, we investigate the perceptions of agile development practices and their usage in Scrum software development teams.  ...  They found that developers' opinions did not necessarily correspond to evidence collected in their projects.  ... 
arXiv:1903.01866v1 fatcat:kwwtojf4ljczta3gbbctwhbog4

Epistemic Beliefs and Googling

Tore Ståhl
2019 Frontline Learning Research  
Questions arise, such as 'Are these phenomena symptoms of changing beliefs about knowledge and learning?  ...  Although internet-based information and internet as a source of information have been acknowledged, studies so far have not explored how dealing with internet-based information relates to other epistemic  ...  I am grateful also for the feedback provided by my supervisors Marita Mäkelä and Eero Sormunen, and by anonymous reviewers to earlier drafts of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.14786/flr.v7i3.417 fatcat:lg5bxe5gijcq7p6tf2uoqoux5m

Exploring the Belief Systems of Software Development Professionals

Rory V. O'Connor, Murat Yilmaz
2015 Cybernetics and systems  
In this paper we explore the belief systems of software development professionals to understand the beliefs underlying intention and practice, and seek answers about how they adopt or reject new and innovative  ...  It is commonly accepted that an individual's beliefs and actions are based on their assessment and perceptions of the world they inhabit.  ...  and their attitudes, beliefs and opinion on both software process in general, process models and SPI activities.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01969722.2015.1038483 fatcat:vctvr76nwjbxdgocootc75vpge

Belief & evidence in empirical software engineering

Prem Devanbu, Thomas Zimmermann, Christian Bird
2016 Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Software Engineering - ICSE '16  
Empirical software engineering has produced a steady stream of evidence-based results concerning the factors that affect important outcomes such as cost, quality, and interval.  ...  Our findings suggest that more effort should be taken to disseminate empirical findings to developers and that more in-depth study the interplay of belief and evidence in software practice is needed.  ...  Opinion Formation Our survey did solicit (as described earlier) developers' statements on how they formed their opinion. In this section, we present those results.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2884781.2884812 dblp:conf/icse/Devanbu0B16 fatcat:vwjank4klnd7hj6flwh54vv4ce

False beliefs and naive beliefs: They can be good for you

Marco Bertamini, Roberto Casati
2009 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
But if humans are biologically engineered to appraise the world accurately and to form true beliefs, how are we to explain the routine exceptions to this rule?  ...  How can we account for mistaken beliefs, bizarre delusions, and instances of self-deception? We explore this question in some detail.  ...  Humans are thus assumed to have been biologically engineered to form true beliefs -by evolution.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x09991178 fatcat:rqll4qyhffhc3gsczkujuambdy

Applying Bayesian Belief Networks to System Dependability Assessment [chapter]

Martin Neil, Bev Littlewood, Norman Fenton
1996 Safety-Critical Systems: The Convergence of High Tech and Human Factors  
Decision making about system dependability is an uncertain affair and must account of failures in expertise and be capable of integrating different sources of evidence.  ...  Bayesian Belief Networks (BBN's) is proposed as the most promising technology to support this kind of dependability argumentation.  ...  The PROMISE consortium consists of the Centre for Systems and Software Engineering, South Bank University, and Philips Medical Systems -Radiotherapy as an industrial " uncle" .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-1480-2_5 dblp:conf/scss/NeilLF96 fatcat:ypaokcfqk5b7nmg4wks5ybzdgi

Belief Dynamics and Biases in Web Search

Ryen W. White, Eric Horvitz
2015 ACM Transactions on Information Systems  
We present evidence for confirmation bias and for anchoring-and-adjustment during search and retrieval.  ...  We extract related queries from search engine logs and consider the Cochrane assessments as ground truth.  ...  That is, is there evidence of overconfidence and how does that impact beliefs?  ... 
doi:10.1145/2746229 fatcat:qgajzmzf3zbc7lejfz4eh2fmwa

Effects of an empowerment program for survivors of sexual violence on attitudes and beliefs: evidence from the Democratic Republic of Congo

John Quattrochi, Rosalie Biaba, Ragnhild Nordås, Gudrun Østby, Susanne Alldén, Aline Cikara, Esther Namegabe, Christina Amisi
2019 International Journal for Equity in Health  
Women's empowerment may require women to change their beliefs and views about their rights and capabilities.  ...  greater barriers to, or derive greater benefits from, the adoption of empowered beliefs and preferences.  ...  We also thank Christine Schuler Deschryver, Denis Mukwege, Patrick Lwaboshi, and the rest of the City of Joy team for their openness to this research and their support.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12939-019-1049-4 pmid:31533738 pmcid:PMC6751604 fatcat:a5y4tg5kdvbixfnef6twm4yvwe

Analyzing the Impact of Beliefs in Software Project Practices

Carol Passos, Ana Paula Braun, Daniela S. Cruzes, Manoel Mendonca
2011 2011 International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement  
Software engineers are innovation driven and regularly use automated resources to share ideas, new paradigms and approaches to support and improve their practices.  ...  Folklore and beliefs are strong in the software practitioners' community. Software engineering is a communication intensive activity.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was partially supported by the National Institute of Science and Technology for Software Engineering (INES), funded by CNPq, grant 573964/2008-4.  ... 
doi:10.1109/esem.2011.63 dblp:conf/esem/PassosBCM11 fatcat:6nci2ejprzfefpgiyd23b2hi6u

E-commerce system quality assessment using a model based on ISO 9126 and Belief Networks

Antonia Stefani, Michalis Xenos
2007 Software quality journal  
Using a Bayesian Network the model can be used to combine different types of evidences and provide reasoning from effect to cause and vice versa.  ...  Among the many research questions that arise, some of the most important concern the exact nature of the quality attributes that define an e-commerce system, and how one could model these attributes in  ...  ACKWONDLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11219-007-9032-5 fatcat:kjxgfx36onbk3ixl4qoy2rxs3u

Undergraduates' Attitudes Toward Science and Their Epistemological Beliefs: Positive Effects of Certainty and Authority Beliefs

Gavin W. Fulmer
2013 Journal of Science Education and Technology  
Acknowledgements The author wishes to acknowledge the input of David Treagust and Fouad Abd-el-Khalick for their feedback on an early draft, as well as the comments and suggestions provided by anonymous  ...  Ashley Fulmer (National University of Singapore) and Cheri Ostroff (University of South Australia) for their support of the data collection effort.  ...  Students' epistemological beliefs involve their core views about the forms and EPISTEMOLOGY AND ATTITUDES TOWARD SCIENCE 4 sources of knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10956-013-9463-7 fatcat:5mdgzkxzbjcwddcw5ilmj6bnpy

A belief-theoretic framework for the collaborative development and integration of para-consistent conceptual models

Ebrahim Bagheri, Ali A. Ghorbani
2009 Journal of Systems and Software  
The approach presented in this paper focuses on the formalization of uncertainty and expert reliability through the employment of belief theory.  ...  In this paper, we focus on the fact that human analysts' opinions possess a degree of uncertainty which can be exploited while integrating such information.  ...  Introduction Requirement engineering is an important branch of software engineering which is involved with the identification and formalization of the goals, functions and constraints of a software entity  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2008.10.012 fatcat:tstvq5hrtjbd7fy4qk7vhuo6rq

Internet Based Religions: Alternative and Deregulated Systems of Belief in New Media Environment

2021 Media Dialogues – Medijski dijalozi  
The aim of this paper is to identify and describe these phenomena, the surroundings and influences that have led to its establishment, as well as present rituals, symbols and dogma behind this newly formed  ...  of traditional dogmaʹs and rituals adjusting to new types of communication and behavior of the modern society.  ...  What makes the analyses of these three churches interesting besides the belief that technology, or internet, or a search engine is divine, is their opinion on copyright.  ... 
doi:10.14254/1800-7074/14-3/4 fatcat:ia7qypvnbjfz3dvsfakzjyevmi
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