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Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Computers in the Ultimatum Game

Aleksandra Swiderska, Eva G. Krumhuber, Arvid Kappas
2019 International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction  
In Experiment 1, participants were engaged in the ultimatum game with computer agents and regular computers while their physiological responses were recorded.  ...  This article describes how studies in the area of decision-making suggest clear differences in behavioral responses to humans versus computers.  ...  Mean difference scores of Levator Labii (A) and Zygomaticus Major (B) muscles' activities, and SCR (C) to the presentation of the offers and response phases of the ultimatum game played with the agents  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijthi.2019010103 fatcat:fuqajmzi4rht5obuhnfq2les2q

Affective state and decision-making in the Ultimatum Game

Mascha van 't Wout, René S. Kahn, Alan G. Sanfey, André Aleman
2006 Experimental Brain Research  
Indeed, activation of the anterior insula, a brain area involved in emotional processing, has been shown to predict decision-making in the Ultimatum Game.  ...  The results revealed that skin conductance activity was higher for unfair offers and was associated with the rejection of unfair offers in the Ultimatum Game.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank T. Rietkerk for help with data collection. M. van 't Wout and A.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00221-006-0346-5 pmid:16489438 fatcat:g35ktaotxzdcxjddx3uazozppy

Individual differences in decision making: Drive and Reward Responsiveness affect strategic bargaining in economic games

Anouk Scheres, Alan G Sanfey
2006 Behavioral and Brain Functions  
In order to assess economic decision making, we utilized two commonly-used tasks, the Ultimatum Game and Dictator Game.  ...  We found that higher scores on BAS Drive and on BAS Reward Responsiveness were associated with a pattern of higher offers on the Ultimatum Game, lower offers on the Dictator Game, and a correspondingly  ...  Jessie Kosorok was awarded a Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Institute Undergraduate Research Initiative Grant from the University of Arizona.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1744-9081-2-35 pmid:17049091 pmcid:PMC1635418 fatcat:ejisxesianfbjix3kjpbvm5t6y

Expectations and social decision-making: biasing effects of prior knowledge on Ultimatum responses

Alan G. Sanfey
2009 Mind & Society  
influence on the observed behavior.  ...  As predicted, these expectations had a large effect on decisions made by participants in the Ultimatum Game, with those with expectations of fairness rejecting significantly more unfair offers than those  ...  Acknowledgments The author is grateful for the assistance of K. Martin and L. Suchoski, and for the comments of N. Bonini, R. Viale, and three anonymous reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11299-009-0053-6 fatcat:ad5gyoywvfg2zph66j7tjipnou

Why humans deviate from rational choice

Johannes Hewig, Nora Kretschmer, Ralf H. Trippe, Holger Hecht, Michael G. H. Coles, Clay B. Holroyd, Wolfgang H. R. Miltner
2011 Psychophysiology  
unfair offers in the Ultimatum game.  ...  We used the Ultimatum and Dictator games to examine the affective correlates of decision-making.  ...  The authors thank Anett Siebenmorgen, Pino Nagel, Annelie Tuchscherer, Saskia Scho¨ler, and Melanie Spate for their assistance in the execution of the study.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01081.x pmid:20667034 fatcat:pcoo4ocivvealghtx6ajosbz2y

Affective Embodied Agents and Their Effect on Decision Making

Adrian Acosta-Mitjans, Dagoberto Cruz-Sandoval, Ramon Hervas, Esperanza Johnson, Chris Nugent, Jesus Favela
2019 Proceedings (MDPI)  
Twenty-one individuals were asked to play the ultimatum game, playing the role of a responder against another person, a computer, an avatar and a robot for a total of 32 games (8 per condition).  ...  We monitored galvanic skin response and heart rate of the players in the period when the offer was made by the proposer until the decision was announced by the responder.  ...  Many thanks also to Ángel Pavón for helping in the development of the material related with the avatar-based game. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/proceedings2019031071 fatcat:kk4hmubzvfh2rbmvzzq47auhxa

Emotional expressivity as a signal of cooperation

Joanna Schug, David Matsumoto, Yutaka Horita, Toshio Yamagishi, Kemberlee Bonnet
2010 Evolution and human behavior  
responding to unfair offers in the ultimatum game.  ...  In this study, we defined cooperators and non-cooperators in terms of their behavior as the proposer in an ultimatum game, and video-taped their facial expressions as they faced unfair offers as a responder  ...  to unfair offers in the Ultimatum Game.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2009.09.006 fatcat:47vb477m7zhuncoazeztmcmc6i

Perceived relative social status and cognitive load influence acceptance of unfair offers in the Ultimatum Game

Alison Harris, Aleena Young, Livia Hughson, Danielle Green, Stacey N. Doan, Eric Hughson, Catherine L. Reed, Mosi Rosenboim
2020 PLoS ONE  
Although this rejection behavior is linked to executive control, the exact role of cognitive regulation in relation to status cues is unclear.  ...  Participants in the Ultimatum Game will often reject unfair resource allocations at personal cost, reflecting a trade-off between financial gain and maintenance of social standing.  ...  Ultimatum Game acceptance rates We addressed whether cognitive load influences acceptance rates for unfair offers in the Ultimatum Game, and to what extent this behavior is modified by the social status  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0227717 pmid:31917806 pmcid:PMC6952087 fatcat:bblez4ceyndvbnsws4pxba5jcm

Social emotions and psychological games

Luke J Chang, Alec Smith
2015 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
We believe integrating appraisal theory with game theoretic modeling can improve our ability to study emotions and predict behavior in social interactions.  ...  Emotions arise from cognitive appraisals and organize adaptive behavioral responses.  ...  Psychological models of emotion Emotions are psychological states comprised of multiple interrelated processes such as cognitive appraisals, physiological responses, behavioral action tendencies, and the  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.09.010 fatcat:yoik3tvtpbbihmdy6tzx2kepfe

Mindfulness training increases cooperative decision making in economic exchanges: Evidence from fMRI

Ulrich Kirk, Xiaosi Gu, Carla Sharp, Andreas Hula, Peter Fonagy, P. Read Montague
2016 NeuroImage  
We find that MT results in an increased willingness to cooperate indexed by higher acceptance rates to unfair monetary offers in the Ultimatum Game.  ...  behavior in the MT cohort.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the NEMO team at Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute for technical assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.05.075 pmid:27266443 pmcid:PMC4954868 fatcat:fzztomzbyja6fhsldokii6fciu

The Effects of Intrapersonal Anger and Its Regulation in Economic Bargaining

Emma C. Fabiansson, Thomas F. Denson, Frank Krueger
2012 PLoS ONE  
However, future research is required to determine the most effective timing and components of reappraisal for promoting beneficial outcomes in bargaining contexts.  ...  This research investigated the effects of experiencing anger (Experiment 1) and regulating anger (Experiment 2) on ultimatum bargaining.  ...  The Ultimatum Game and Aggressive Retaliation We examined bargaining behavior within the context of the Ultimatum Game.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051595 pmid:23300553 pmcid:PMC3530551 fatcat:at2ic6un2rddretxaohrloerrm

Interoception Drives Increased Rational Decision-Making in Meditators Playing the Ultimatum Game

Ulrich Kirk, Jonathan Downar, P. Read Montague
2011 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Acknowledgments We would like to thank Nathan Apple and Mark Ross for help scripting the experiments. Krystle Bartley, Carrie Howard, and Christine Cortelyou for data collection.  ...  This work was supported by grants from the Kane Family Foundation (P. Read Montague), the National Institute of Health (RO1-DA11723; RO1-MH085496, P. Read Montague).  ...  In controls, such responses are powerful predictors of rejecting offers during social interaction, but in meditators, these responses are largely absent during the Ultimatum Game.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2011.00049 pmid:21559066 pmcid:PMC3082218 fatcat:mdyu64oao5ctzjvjdyv32sy2jq

Economic decision-making in psychopathy: A comparison with ventromedial prefrontal lesion patients

Michael Koenigs, Michael Kruepke, Joseph P. Newman
2010 Neuropsychologia  
Ultimatum offers and lower offer amounts in the Dictator Game.  ...  In this study, we administered two laboratory decision-making tasks (the Ultimatum Game and the Dictator Game) to a group of prisoners (n = 47) to determine whether the different subtypes of psychopathy  ...  We also thank Ralph Adolphs and Dan Tranel for providing neurological patient data from the Koenigs and Tranel (2007) and Krajbich et al. (2009) studies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.04.012 pmid:20403367 pmcid:PMC2876217 fatcat:ufm53dhkujb4nkevpc3syo5w2m

Risk, Reward, and Economic Decision Making in Aging

David R. Roalf, Suzanne H. Mitchell, William T. Harbaugh, Jeri S. Janowsky
2011 The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences  
Older adults were more likely to reject unfair divisions of money during an economic social-bargaining game and more likely to make equitable divisions of money during socialgiving game.  ...  We measure the influence of risk attitudes on age-related differences in decision making in both nonsocial and social contexts. Methods.  ...  In addition, we thank Colleen Brensinger and Kosha Ruparel for their assistance with statistical analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1093/geronb/gbr099 pmid:21926401 pmcid:PMC3325085 fatcat:au5vftcj6bgfvm7temyetlpomi

Impaired social decision making in patients with major depressive disorder

Yun Wang, Yuan Zhou, Shu Li, Peng Wang, Guo-Wei Wu, Zhe-Ning Liu
2014 BMC Psychiatry  
Methods: Using a well-studied ultimatum game (UG), which is frequently used to investigate social interaction behavior, we examined whether MDD can be associated with abnormalities in social decision-making  ...  Additionally, unfair proposals were accepted at similar rates from computer partners and human partners in the MDD patients, unlike the acceptance rates in the normal controls, who were able to discriminatively  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Hong-Li Peng for her assistance with data collection, Li-Lin Rao, Xing-Shan Li and Yin Su for their suggestions on data analyses, and Drs. Rhoda E.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-244x-14-18 pmid:24450703 pmcid:PMC3904421 fatcat:57z7wck37jdv5omslmhtffwhqu
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