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Predicting Landscapes from Environmental Conditions Using Generative Networks [article]

Christian Requena-Mesa, Markus Reichstein, Miguel Mahecha, Basil Kraft, Joachim Denzler
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Landscapes are meaningful ecological units that strongly depend on the environmental conditions. Such dependencies between landscapes and the environment have been noted since the beginning of Earth sciences and cast into conceptual models describing the interdependencies of climate, geology, vegetation and geomorphology. Here, we ask whether landscapes, as seen from space, can be statistically predicted from pertinent environmental conditions. To this end we adapted a deep learning generative
more » ... odel in order to establish the relationship between the environmental conditions and the view of landscapes from the Sentinel-2 satellite. We trained a conditional generative adversarial network to generate multispectral imagery given a set of climatic, terrain and anthropogenic predictors. The generated imagery of the landscapes share many characteristics with the real one. Results based on landscape patch metrics, indicative of landscape composition and structure, show that the proposed generative model creates landscapes that are more similar to the targets than the baseline models while overall reflectance and vegetation cover are predicted better. We demonstrate that for many purposes the generated landscapes behave as real with immediate application for global change studies. We envision the application of machine learning as a tool to forecast the effects of climate change on the spatial features of landscapes, while we assess its limitations and breaking points.
arXiv:1909.10296v1 fatcat:3ys6dhtp4ja5xmzlb3ajncfoo4

Towards hybrid modeling of the global hydrological cycle

Basil Kraft, Martin Jung, Marco Körner, Sujan Koirala, Markus Reichstein
2022 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
The hybrid hydrological model (H2M), extended from Kraft et al. (2020), simulates the dynamics of snow, soil moisture, and groundwater storage globally at 1∘ spatial resolution and daily time step.  ...  et al., 2019 (Kraft et al., , 2021a;; Humphrey et al., 2016) .  ...  To do so, we have further developed the model proposed by Kraft et al. (2020) , especially with regards to model robustness and physical consistency.  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-26-1579-2022 fatcat:itdo2ovgxnbgtksgdzovi36wbi

Identifying Dynamic Memory Effects on Vegetation State Using Recurrent Neural Networks

Basil Kraft, Martin Jung, Marco Körner, Christian Requena Mesa, José Cortés, Markus Reichstein
2019 Frontiers in Big Data  
Copyright © 2019 Kraft, Jung, Körner, Requena Mesa, Cortés and Reichstein. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdata.2019.00031 pmid:33693354 pmcid:PMC7931900 fatcat:qmgxg5g5xrfe7db4c27yxhcby4

A micro-CT-based standard brain atlas of the bumblebee

Lisa Rother, Nadine Kraft, Dylan B. Smith, Basil el Jundi, Richard J. Gill, Keram Pfeiffer
2021 Cell and Tissue Research  
AbstractIn recent years, bumblebees have become a prominent insect model organism for a variety of biological disciplines, particularly to investigate learning behaviors as well as visual performance. Understanding these behaviors and their underlying neurobiological principles requires a clear understanding of brain anatomy. Furthermore, to be able to compare neuronal branching patterns across individuals, a common framework is required, which has led to the development of 3D standard brain
more » ... ases in most of the neurobiological insect model species. Yet, no bumblebee 3D standard brain atlas has been generated. Here we present a brain atlas for the buff-tailed bumblebee Bombus terrestris using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scans as a source for the raw data sets, rather than traditional confocal microscopy, to produce the first ever micro-CT-based insect brain atlas. We illustrate the advantages of the micro-CT technique, namely, identical native resolution in the three cardinal planes and 3D structure being better preserved. Our Bombus terrestris brain atlas consists of 30 neuropils reconstructed from ten individual worker bees, with micro-CT allowing us to segment neuropils completely intact, including the lamina, which is a tissue structure often damaged when dissecting for immunolabeling. Our brain atlas can serve as a platform to facilitate future neuroscience studies in bumblebees and illustrates the advantages of micro-CT for specific applications in insect neuroanatomy.
doi:10.1007/s00441-021-03482-z pmid:34181089 pmcid:PMC8526489 fatcat:5tanjmybmzardmqojon3se3vli

Consolidating and Exploring Antibiotic Resistance Gene Data Resources

Basil Britto Xavier, Anupam J. Das, Guy Cochrane, Sandra De Ganck, Samir Kumar-Singh, Frank Møller Aarestrup, Herman Goossens, Surbhi Malhotra-Kumar, C. S. Kraft
2016 Journal of Clinical Microbiology  
The unrestricted use of antibiotics has resulted in rapid acquisition of antibiotic resistance (AR) and spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogens. With the advent of next-generation sequencing technologies and their application in understanding MDR pathogen dynamics, it has become imperative to unify AR gene data resources for easy accessibility for researchers. However, due to the absence of a centralized platform for AR gene resources, availability, consistency, and accuracy of
more » ... nformation vary considerably across different databases. In this article, we explore existing AR gene data resources in order to make them more visible to the clinical microbiology community, to identify their limitations, and to propose potential solutions.
doi:10.1128/jcm.02717-15 pmid:26818666 pmcid:PMC4809949 fatcat:d3rbj2nsljalti3nngpqvtfbgi

NORDISK POESI Tidsskrift for lyrikkforskning Ekfras som poetiskt modus Mats Jansson

D Snodgrass, Maria Kraft, Folke Isaksson, Seamus Heaney, Gael Turnbull, Tomas Tranströmer, Basil King
Snodgrass, Åsa Maria Kraft, Folke Isaksson, Seamus Heaney, Gael Turnbull, Tomas Tranströmer och Basil King samläses för att belysa och klargöra de aktuella teoretiska aspekter som ekfras i bemär-kelsen  ...  Från Snodgrass vänder jag mig till Åsa Maria Krafts diktsamling Randfenomen (2015) , som är ett ovanligt exempel på hur ekfras och ikonicitet kan samverka.  ...  distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC 4.0 License ( pendang till Tranströmer följer här den Brooklynbaserade målaren och poeten Basil  ... 

The Impact of Perioperative Chemotherapy on Survival in Patients With Gastric Signet Ring Cell Adenocarcinoma

Mathieu Messager, Jérémie H. Lefevre, Virginie Pichot-Delahaye, Amine Souadka, Guillaume Piessen, Christophe Mariette, Jean Pierre Arnaud, Jean Michel Balon, Frank Bonnetain, Frédéric Borie, Dorothée Brachet, Cécile Brigand (+36 others)
2011 Annals of Surgery  
doi:10.1097/sla.0b013e3182352647 pmid:22005144 fatcat:avbr54vzcvgnjka5wj2eugkoti

Alternative methods of biological control in maintaining the viability of stored coffee seeds

De Freitas Ribeiro Marcelo, Aparecida De Souza Genaina, Fontes Arauacute jo Eduardo, Maria De Oliveira Pires Raquel, Paola, Hormaza Martinez rea, Mauriacute cio Lopes Donzeles Seacute rgio
2016 African Journal of Agricultural Research  
Samples of 200 g of seeds were conditioned in three different packages: polypropylene flasks, kraft paper bags and polyethylene + nylon bags.  ...  Seeds conditioned in kraft paper bags presented percentage of germination higher than those conditioned in polypropylene flasks or polyethylene + nylon bags.  ...  (Zingiber officinalis W.) and basil (Ocimum basillium L.).  ... 
doi:10.5897/ajar2015.10491 fatcat:zb6g3wqzm5cexbz4ttozhlfjey

Page 186 of Bibliotheca Mathematica Vol. 2, Issue [page]

1901 Bibliotheca Mathematica  
Ex tev badezor cotégorv P Hipparchus de magnitudine et positione errantium stellarum Basil. fol. 6* Hipparchus de magnitudine et positione de inerrantium stellarum Basil. fol. 3* Ilegi weyétovg xal overcgsms  ...  Der Schreiber von 2420 hat sorgfiiltig kopiert und aus eigener Kraft nur statt des in seiner Vorlage viermal vorkommenden sinnlosen éggytog das richtige «extog hergestellt.  ... 

Page 390 of Modern Language Quarterly Vol. 21, Issue 4 [page]

1960 Modern Language Quarterly  
Mit einem Nachwort von Werner Kraft. Heidelberg/Darmstadt: Lambert Schneider, Verdffentlichungen der deutschen Akademie fiir Sprache und Dichtung Darmstadt, Vol. 18, 1959. Pp. 119. DM 6.80.  ...  Oxford: Basil Black- well, Modern Language Studies, 1960. Pp. xiii + 186. 30s. Blinkenberg, Andreas. Le Probléme de la transitivité en francais moderne: Essai syntacto-sémantique.  ... 

Page 557 of The English Historical Review Vol. 10, Issue 39 [page]

1895 The English Historical Review  
the attempts of the Asiatic ‘ baronage’ (including the fiasco of Isaac Com- nenus) by the length of the imperial purse: Die Uberlegenheit der hauptstddtischen Regierung kam daher, dass ihre finanzielle Kraft  ...  Die Geschichte der kleinasiatischen Fronde, die den Schwerpunkt des Reichs nicht verschoben haben wollte, ist ein grosses Stiick der Geschichte der Regierung Basils II.  ... 

Page 217 of MLN Vol. 68, Issue 3 [page]

1953 MLN  
Kraft, Victor. — The Vienna Circle: The Origin of Neo-Positivism. New York: Philo- sophical Library, 1953. Pp. xii + 209. $3.75. Kurath, Hans, and Kuhn, Sherman M. (eds.).—Middle English Dictionary.  ...  Oxford: Basil Black- well, 1952. xxxvi + 90 pp. 7s. 6d. ‘Kuehnemund, Richard.—Arminius or the Rise of a National Symbol in Literature (From Hutten to Grabbe).  ... 

Reviews of Books

1895 English Historical Review  
attempts of the Asiatic ' • baronage' (including the fiasco of Isaac Comnenus) by the length of the imperial purse: Die rbcrlegenhcit der lumptstiidtischcn Reyicrimg ham daher, doss xhrc tiiuniziclle Kraft  ...  Die Geschichte der kleinasiatischen Fronde, die den Sclnccrpunkt des lieiclis nicht verschoben haben leolltc, ist cin grosses Stiick d6r Geschichte der Begicrumj Basils II.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ehr/x.xxxix.556 fatcat:xmpdc3d6o5ctzegwljkz3kzo4y

Page 88 of The Geographical Journal Vol. 86, Issue 1 [page]

1935 The Geographical Journal  
Glanmor Myrddin Rees; Basil James Rogers; Miss Katharine Muriel Sheppard; Stephen Simpson; Keith Langford-Smith; Ernest George Trent; Mrs.  ...  Howard; Shri Paul Chandera Jaina; Louis Kraft; William Henry Mooring; Susilan Palpu; Osborne David Philips; Captain Robert Johnston Powrie; The Rev.  ... 

Jan Mayen: Correction

1935 Geographical Journal  
Glanmor Myrddin Rees; Basil James Rogers; Miss Katharine Muriel Sheppard; Stephen Simpson; Keith Langford-Smith; Ernest George Trent; Mrs.  ...  Howard; Shri Paul Chandera Jaina; Louis Kraft; William Henry Mooring; Susilan Palpu; Osborne David Philips; Captain Robert Johnston Powrie; The Rev.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1786824 fatcat:kc4npio3zzd63dwf7q5xi7nga4
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