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Basic language resources for diverse Asian languages

Heather Simpson, Kazuaki Maeda, Christopher Cieri
2009 Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Asian Language Resources - ALR7   unpublished
This paper will discuss the streamlined approach to language resource development we designed to support simultaneous creation of multiple resources for multiple languages.  ...  We were tasked to produce basic language resources for 8 Asian languages: Bengali, Pashto, Punjabi, Tamil, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu and Uzbek, and 5 languages from Europe and Africa, and distribute them to  ...  Conclusion We have developed an efficient approach for creating basic text language resources for diverse languages.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1690299.1690307 fatcat:k7iqua4i4fh3nefkcb2wjo7dmi

Language politics in Nepal: a socio-historical overview

Bhim Lal Gautam
2022 Journal of World Languages  
Different ideas have been emerged because of globalization and neoliberal impacts which are responsible for language contact, shift, and change in Nepalese society.  ...  on the other hand squeeze the size of diversity by vitalizing the Nepali and English languages through contact and globalization.  ...  Both informants in this study argued that diversity has two different outcomes viz. as a resource and as a problem. Mr.  ... 
doi:10.1515/jwl-2021-0010 fatcat:g6kdqyia2zaaxdfthreqitq6ba

Acquisitions Globalized: The Foreign Language Acquisitions Experience in a Research Library

Judit H. Ward
2009 Library resources & technical services  
This paper highlights foreign language titles from the perspective of acquisitions in a large academic research library.  ...  Vendor-supplied records used for foreign language acquisition purposes seem to have the potential to improve accuracy in bibliographic records.  ...  However, for workflow and human resources reasons, it is easier for RUL to use this service for rush orders only and to place regular orders according to the workflow streamlined with Spanish and Portuguese  ... 
doi:10.5860/lrts.53n2.86 fatcat:wzofeh2znvhj5fuxncaifkyxz4

Language, neoliberalism, and the commodification of pedagogy

Carlos Soto, Miguel Pérez-Milans
2018 Language and Intercultural Communication  
It also shows how some actors concurrently constructed pedagogy as a resource for advancing ethnic-group activist concerns, leading to unpredicted tensions and forms of inequality.  ...  His recent publications focus on documenting and interrogating his development of a critical education practices while working in Hong Kong schools serving students from South Asian heritage communities  ...  Instead, he opted for a streamlined aesthetic, doubled the pages to include more images, and featured a group of ten uniform-clad students of Nepalese, Pakistani, and Chinese heritage on the cover.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14708477.2018.1501844 fatcat:6vqzxjhfbneevi5sxgevfcafrm

Systematic Inequalities in Language Technology Performance across the World's Languages [article]

Damián Blasi, Antonios Anastasopoulos, Graham Neubig
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We introduce a framework for estimating the global utility of language technologies as revealed in a comprehensive snapshot of recent publications in NLP.  ...  While the performance of NLP methods has grown enormously over the last decade, this progress has been restricted to a minuscule subset of the world's 6,500 languages.  ...  and possibly standardized) metrics that assist in streamlining complex decisions regarding resource allocation.  ... 
arXiv:2110.06733v1 fatcat:3euhbh7u7rcitc4d4jpra5yvny

Curricular and Programmatic Language Development Opportunities for University-Level Heritage Language Learners [chapter]

Sara Beaudrie
2021 The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics  
For business: Almost 30 percent of the U.S. business executives who participated in a 2014 Coalition for International Education commissioned study reported missed opportunities abroad due to a lack of  ...  on-staff language skills, and nearly 40 percent reported that they had failed to reach their international potential due to language barriers. 7 Business leaders are beginning to recognize that they are  ...  The English we speak is only one of many European, Native American, African, and Asian languages that have been spoken on the North American continent. 22 This diversity is a cherished part of our nation's  ... 
doi:10.1017/9781108766340.036 fatcat:xhztkpbd7berxkjz6o3m5puuya

The myth of language universals: Language diversity and its importance for cognitive science

Nicholas Evans, Stephen C. Levinson
2009 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Linguistic diversity then becomes the crucial datum for cognitive science: we are the only species with a communication system that is fundamentally variable at all levels.  ...  languages, with new opportunities for dialogue with biological paradigms concerned with change and diversity, and confronting us with the extraordinary plasticity of the highest human skills.  ...  Structural differences should instead be accepted for what they are, and integrated into a new approach to language and cognition that places diversity at centre stage.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x0999094x pmid:19857320 fatcat:mjf3lbg5e5c7rgz5gi5y3aif7y

Integrating local languages and cultures into the education system of French Guiana [chapter]

Bettina Migge, Isabelle Léglise
2010 Creole Language Library  
A method that has proven very useful for systematically addressing issues of language and cultural diversity including resulting inequalities is the Language Awareness approach.  ...  AMTEs' work needs to be further streamlined and validated through the creation of an official certification (Puren 2005) .  ... 
doi:10.1075/cll.36.05mig fatcat:tsgmjnxhmzaznkb455it4dygfi

No Language Left Behind: Scaling Human-Centered Machine Translation [article]

NLLB Team, Marta R. Costa-jussà, James Cross, Onur Çelebi, Maha Elbayad, Kenneth Heafield, Kevin Heffernan, Elahe Kalbassi, Janice Lam, Daniel Licht, Jean Maillard, Anna Sun (+27 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In No Language Left Behind, we took on this challenge by first contextualizing the need for low-resource language translation support through exploratory interviews with native speakers.  ...  However, such efforts have coalesced around a small subset of languages, leaving behind the vast majority of mostly low-resource languages.  ...  We thank Vishrav Chaudhary for help with the data pipeline. We thank Edouard Grave for his help in scaling fasttext to all Flores-200 languages.  ... 
arXiv:2207.04672v2 fatcat:gsbt3imt4bgodpmubpaq53onnm

Designing for Diverse User Groups: Case Study of a Language Archive

Christina Wasson, Melanie Medina, Miyoung Chong, Brittany LeMay, Emma Nalin, Kenneth Saintonge
2018 Journal of Business Anthropology  
This article explores the challenges of designing large-scale computing systems for multiple, diverse user groups.  ...  A key characteristic of these systems is the diversity and multiplicity of their intended user groups, which may range from various scientific disciplines, to assorted business functions, to government  ...  called the Computational Resource for South Asian Languages, or CoRSAL.  ... 
doi:10.22439/jba.v7i2.5605 fatcat:rnowrfjscvejjmssjux65zi2wm

Simulated speaking environments for language learning: insights from three cases

Tetyana Sydorenko, Tom F. H. Smits, Keelan Evanini, Vikram Ramanarayanan
2018 Computer Assisted Language Learning  
Conference paper Introduction Oral skills can often be considered a tortuous path in teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) in Brazil.  ...  A grounded mixed-method approach was adopted, in which both qualitative and quantitative data were collected.  ...  All the teachers relied on learners' writing for logistics and basic communicative interactions. Affordances of online resources.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09588221.2018.1466811 fatcat:56weegbwy5djzk7a4toj7bzqiy

Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition edited by ROBINSON, PETER, & NICK C. ELLIS

2009 The Modern Language Journal  
MLJ Review Policy The MLJ reviews books, monographs, computer software, and materials that (a) present results of research in-and methods of-foreign and second language teaching and learning; (b) are devoted  ...  to matters of general interest to members of the profession; (c) are intended primarily for use as textbooks or instructional aids in classrooms where foreign and second languages, literatures, and cultures  ...  These 10 observations are addressed, to a greater or lesser degree, in the nine paradigm-specific chapters in an effort to draw parallels among the diverse approaches for the SLA novice reader and also  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-4781.2009.00946.x fatcat:4w3nj6g67jct3crfghh3nk5wum

Language and modality

Brendan Costello
2017 Sign Language and Linguistics  
The study provides a strong case that this spatial mechanism in LSE (i) is a type of agreement that is similar to what has been described for other sign languages, (ii) is comparable to agreement processes  ...  in a signed language to agreement in spoken languages.  ...  that linguistic diversity is explained for spoken languages (Hohenberger 2007) .  ... 
doi:10.1075/sll.19.2.06cos fatcat:hqwmnyy3p5dctmhn3odmqclesq

Primary modern foreign languages: an overview of recent research, key issues and challenges for educational policy and practice

Marilyn Hunt, Ann Barnes, Bob Powell, Geoff Lindsay, Daniel Muijs
2005 Research Papers in Education  
Abstract There has never been a UK-wide policy for primary modern foreign language provision.  ...  Northern Ireland, similarly, has had to take account of its indigenous language and has never developed a foreign language programme for young learners.  ...  Preliminary research indicates that schools 16 have adopted diverse approaches and models using teachers with a wide range of expertise in both language and content.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02671520500335774 fatcat:rwd5wge7ynfnlmyun6zkdb46s4

Craig Nelson
2013 The Permanente Journal  
Abstract We present a simple model for thinking about control in interview situations that was developed as a tool for use in analyzing clinical interviews during research on the teaching of communication  ...  It takes the form of a series of metaphorical images-microscope, picture frame, mirror, and two comfy chairs-that correspond to points on a continuum of levels of control exerted by interviewers.  ...  The Golden Rules of Service There are two basic guidelines for a clinician to follow to do well with a diverse patient population. The golden rule is to treat someone like you want to be treated.  ... 
doi:10.7812/tpp/11-150 pmid:22745620 pmcid:PMC3383166 fatcat:t6rsblqsbjeptlzpzgejyfhqgu
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