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Effects of Gender on the Production of Emphasis in Jordanian Arabic: A Sociophonetic Study

Mujdey Abudalbuh
2011 Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics  
Overall, the results showed that emphatic vowels were characterized by a raised F1 at the onset and midpoint of the vowel, lowered F2 throughout the vowel, and raised F3 at the onset and offset of the  ...  a phonemic feature of Semitic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew.  ...  Wahba (1993) compared the regression slopes of plain and emphatic vowels obtained by locus equation for males and females.  ... 
doi:10.17161/kwpl.1808.8096 fatcat:lvoaka7p35ewpj3jmkjesq6g4m

Individual differences in speech and nonspeech perception of frequency and duration

Matthew J. Makashay
2004 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Many of the previous studies on individual differences have failed to control for the dialects of the subjects, which suggests that any individual differences that were found may be dialectal.  ...  Multidimensional scaling results indicate that there are subgroups within a dialect that attend to frequency and duration differently, and that not all listeners use these cues consistently across dissimilar  ...  claim that distance between F2 and F1 along the Bark scale differentiates front vowels by height, as opposed to values of F1.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4784702 fatcat:ny4f5bviozgcrg2cluokcmkwvy

Neural network modeling of a dolphin's sonar discrimination capabilities

Whitlow W. L. Au, Lars N. Andersen, A. René Rasmussen, Herbert L. Roitblat, Paul E. Nachtigall
1995 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The sound field scattered by a smooth thin elastic shell immersed in fluid arises largely from specular reflection and acoustic-membrane coupling, unless both source and observer are located near or on  ...  d,g/locus equations.  ...  However, the mean differences between the sexes, 28/xs and 0.9 dB, were not large compared with the variability across individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.413700 pmid:7608403 fatcat:m3nunzs4wfflhfl27n4shdn2n4

Neural network modeling of a dolphin's sonar discrimination capabilities

Lars N. Andersen, A. René Rasmussen, Whitlow W. L. Au, Paul E. Nachtigall, Herbert Roitblat
1994 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The sound field scattered by a smooth thin elastic shell immersed in fluid arises largely from specular reflection and acoustic-membrane coupling, unless both source and observer are located near or on  ...  d,g/locus equations.  ...  However, the mean differences between the sexes, 28/xs and 0.9 dB, were not large compared with the variability across individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.410770 fatcat:ioiiov6bmjdi7kiflait5dhdfe

A coupled bispectral, temporal and spatial coherence function of the pressure field, scattered from a moving sea surface

Christian Bjerrum‐Niese, Leif Bjo/rno/
1995 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
methods of measurement and test, and terminology in the fields of mechanical shock and physiological acoustics, including aspects of general acoustics, shock, and vibration which pertain to biological  ...  Working group chairs will report on their preparation of standards on methods of measurement and testing, and terminology, in physical acoustics, electro-acoustics, sonics, ultrasonics, and underwater  ...  notes ranging from F2 (87 Hz) to A5 (880 Hz).  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.414267 fatcat:gtdrkztuvfbova3a4rdj2f7umu

Voice perception: Sex, pitch, and the right hemisphere

Sonja Lattner, Martin E. Meyer, Angela D. Friederici
2004 Human Brain Mapping  
Most importantly, the results suggest a functional segregation of the right superior temporal cortex for the processing of different voice parameters, whereby (1) voice pitch is processed in regions close  ...  and anterior to Heschl's Gyrus, (2) voice spectral information is processed in posterior parts of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) and areas surrounding the planum parietale (PP) bilaterally, and (3)  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Lutz Jäncke and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.20065 pmid:15593269 fatcat:6szcosaotfgobctcaeutedabdi

Phonetic Notation [chapter]

John H. Esling
The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences  
Acknowledgements My thanks to David Broad and Frantz Clermont for a helpful discussion of Broad & Clermont (1987) and to Janine Lilienthal and Nils Ülzmann for proof reading the manuscript. 64 Notes  ...  Thus the locus frequency can be estimated from the locus equation intercept and slope: (10) L = c/(1 -α) 1220. 3 3 Hz and 0.27 so the best estimate of the F2-locus is 1220.3/(1-0.27) = 1671 Hz which  ...  axis proportional to the Bark scale.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781444317251.ch18 fatcat:ond6rhoacvhpzeagrtqy5apn2m

Comparison of procedures for determination of acoustic nonlinearity of some inhomogeneous materials

L. Bjørnø
1983 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Within each continua, the frequencies of F• and/% were fixed, while the frequency difference F 2 -F• (or F 3 -F2} varied from •0.5 to = 7.0 bark in steps of •0.5 bark.  ...  transition duration contexts (40, 120, 240 ms) or which incorporated identical transition duration changes in three different transition frequency contexts (where F2 locus was 800, 1520, or 2120 Hz} was  ...  A half-scale model is implemented by adding two more microphones and using three redundant microphones to give the same beamwidth at 707 Hz.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2020879 fatcat:eid6pixobjetzhkfpo6h2okzua

Influence of statistical surface models on dynamic scattering of high‐frequency signals from the ocean surface

Christian Bjerrum‐Niese, Leif Bjo/rno/
1994 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The sound field scattered by a smooth thin elastic shell immersed in fluid arises largely from specular reflection and acoustic-membrane coupling, unless both source and observer are located near or on  ...  d,g/locus equations.  ...  However, the mean differences between the sexes, 28/xs and 0.9 dB, were not large compared with the variability across individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.411137 fatcat:ajwj7bozxzg6fd27v4xe57drgm

High‐intensity, focused ultrasonic fields

Leif Bjørnoø
1988 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Radiation and propagation of sound energy represents fundamental knowledge in all subfields of acoustics and vibration.  ...  terms of sound pressure, particle velocity, complex acoustic intensity and energy densities, construction of wave fronts, and determination of phase and group velocities.  ...  and (b) along a steady-state/I/to/i/vowel continuum (F1 = 390-270 Hz; F2 = 1990-2290 Hz; F3: 2550-3010 Hz).  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2025494 fatcat:yhmkhlqhivbwnp2lxraret33iq

Relevance of time‐varying properties of the first formant frequency in vowel representation

Maria‐Gabriella Di Benedetto
1985 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The calculations were made with the NORDA Parabolic Equation programs along four horizontal directions representing distinctly different environments and historical shipping distributions.  ...  2.8-11.2 Hz, {5} vibration within the range 1.4-11.2 Hz, and {6} sinusoidal vibration with a frequency of 5 Hz.  ...  Although the difference between bark-transformed F 1 and F0 decreased significantly as F0 increased, a 3-bark critical distance consistently separated/i/and/ac/ throughout the F0 range.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2023018 fatcat:3lbckbce2rglzj7zx3fp4nhiui

Ultra‐high‐speed imaging of bubbles interacting with cells and tissue

Michel Versluis, Philippe Marmottant, Sascha Hilgenfeldt, Claus‐Dieter Ohl, Chien T. Chin, Annemieke van Wamel, Nico de Jong, Detlef Lohse
2006 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
F2 locus equations differed systematically as a function of the place of articulation of the other stop.  ...  Thwops and wops were likely to be sex-differentiated calls with wops from females and thwops from males.  ...  Indexical cues to talker sex and individual talker identity extracted from vowels produced in sentence-length utterances. Michael J.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4788217 fatcat:5drbrqyk65cqzff2cmj5ne6n5e

Free‐field reciprocity calibration of laboratory standard (LS) microphones using a time selective technique

Knud Rasmussen, Salvador Barrera‐Figueroa
2006 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
F2 locus equations differed systematically as a function of the place of articulation of the other stop.  ...  a 3.5 bark bandwidth.  ...  Using a parabolic equation ͑PE͒ simulation, Choi and Dahl ͓J. Acoust. Soc.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4788231 fatcat:o5zthkauwvddtjcer4wralkeja

Low‐frequency pressure wave propagation in liquid‐filled, flexible tubes

Cato Bjelland, Leif Bjo/rno/
1992 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The difference between the design of the two arrays is in the backing of the individual piezoceramic elements.  ...  Project Agency, Arlington, VA 22202) Recent experimental evidence has shown that when wave breaking occurs, low-frequency (LF-200 Hz) sound is produced and LF scatter has a different characteristic than  ...  for both sexes.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.403122 fatcat:x23kvbg555hpnktivjgqhvxspq

Effects of measurement procedure and equipment on average room acoustic measurements

A. C. Gade, John S. Bradley, Gary W. Siebein
1993 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
There were two possible routes: testing acoustic scale models or full-size auditoria.  ...  quantities using 2265 different equipment and measurement procedures.  ...  The magnitudes of first and second formant transition extents of male talkers, who ranged from infancy to adulthood, were compared under three different normalization conditions (log Hz, ERB, and Bark  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.406634 fatcat:rah72seo75gtpgirf4x2ngcg24
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