Filters








208 Hits in 2.6 sec

Babel Fees via Limited Liabilities [article]

Manuel M. T. Chakravarty and Nikos Karayannidis and Aggelos Kiayias and Michael Peyton Jones and Polina Vinogradova
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We present formal ledger rules to handle liabilities together with the concept of babel fees to pay transaction fees in custom currencies.  ...  We also discuss how clients can determine what fees they have to pay, and we present a solution to the knapsack problem variant that block producers have to solve in the presence of babel fees to optimise  ...  Implementing Babel Fees In this section, we describe a concrete spot market, where users can exchange custom tokens via the babel fees mechanism described in Section 2.3.  ... 
arXiv:2106.01161v2 fatcat:ntsanatspbfwbi63d643urezvi

Online and free! Ten years of online machine translation: origins, developments, current use and future prospects

Federico Gaspari, John Hutchins
2007 Machine Translation Summit  
Marking the ten-year anniversary of the launch of Babel Fish, the first ever free online machine translation (MT) service that went live on the Internet in late 1997, this paper sketches the background  ...  Babel Fish), Jay Marciano (FreeTranslation), Cris Fitch (Systran). Many thanks also to three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.  ...  Another potential liability might arise if an incorrect translation provided by an online system leads to safety violations.  ... 
dblp:conf/mtsummit/GaspariH07 fatcat:ef2d3fxlxjcmln5s7g3xqnwzfe

The financial Tower of Babel: roots of crisis

Robin Matthews, Issam Tlemsani
2010 International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management  
A highly original conceptual idea is used in the metaphorical comparison to the Tower of Babel.  ...  In the story of the Tower of Babel, Babylonians tried to create a consumerist Tower that reached right up into the Heavens.  ...  Proposition 6 strengthens the earlier propositions and leads to the proposition 7, that the role of governments, via the central bank, should be limited to keeping money supply growth in line with real  ... 
doi:10.1108/17538391011093270 fatcat:m25dnvayozh4dlusf2nipdse7e

Immigration and New Media: 'Diasporic Radio': A Preliminary Case Based in Milan

Francesco Pasetti
2010 Social Science Research Network  
liability company with a commercial licence.  ...  In those cases where a fee is paid, as in the case of Radio Marconi and Radio Meneghina, the fee is normally fairly symbolic and there is, in any case, a close collaboration and involvement of the station  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1692718 fatcat:zzwy63znanacblwkyg5dvulbbm

Ignoring the Public, Part I: On the Absurd Complexity of the Digital Audio Transmission Right

David Nimmer
2000 UCLA Entertainment Law Review  
See George Steiner, After Babel 27 (1998) ("Every musical realization is a new poiesis."). 401 17 U.S.C. § 1140)(4) (1995).  ...  As of July 31, 1998, DMX and Music Choice made transmissions via both cable and satellite media; the DiSH Network was available only via satellite.  ...  After enunciating those time-bound limitations as to maximum licensing periods, the statute next dispenses with them under two circumstances: (1) the time limitations 425 are inapplicable to promotional  ... 
doi:10.5070/lr872026997 fatcat:cshczmsws5bafkhvasyqo7caue

Managing vulnerabilities in networked systems

R.A. Martin
2001 Computer  
This isolation meant that software errors usually had limited impact.  ...  Further, the list and relevant information about CVE activities should be publicly accessible via the Internet for downloading and reviewing. • Industry endorsement should occur via a CVE editorial board  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.963441 fatcat:35xtmmp5ffgwdivdad3mveg2rm

Attorney-Client Relationships in Cyberspace: The Peril and the Promise

Catherine J. Lanctot
1999 Duke law journal  
Yet, if attorney-client relationships in cyberspace present some peril, through the specter of legal liability or of bar disciplinary action, they also present enormous promise for addressing the unmet  ...  to your credit card via our secure server.  ...  Early employee handbook cases encouraged employers to limit their liability by using disclaimers. See Woolley v.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1373064 fatcat:nqtapb77hbhvlhs4bc4xrpr47y

Payment Systems, Consumer Tragedy, and Ineffective Remedies

Marc Lane Roark
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Among other consumer protections, the Credit CARD Act: (1) banned credit lenders from raising interest rates without notice; (2) capped late and over-the-limit fees and banned inactivity fees; (3) required  ...  One way that merchants control risk in a transaction is by limiting the types of liability they may be subject to should the transaction fail.  ...  The holder in due course doctrine allocates risk efficiently in that it imposes liability on the lower cost avoider: The transferee of an obligation becomes a holder in due course over an obligor.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2211013 fatcat:67yvexxxvnc43aevu6sty5t42e

Efficiency of Insurance Firms With Endogenous Risk Management and Financial Intermediation Activities

Georges Dionne, J. David Cummins, Robert Gagné, Abdelhakim Nouira
2007 Social Science Research Network  
The econometric results show that both activities significantly increase the efficiency of the property-liability insurance industry.  ...  We investigate the role of risk management and financial intermediation in creating value for financial institutions by analyzing U.S. property-liability insurers.  ...  We also assume that the duration of common stocks is equal to the duration of S&P 500 (Staking and Babel, 1995) . The duration of the S&P 500 is computed as the duration of perpetual bonds.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.900384 fatcat:e7kpyczedjanpbkhdcqbmme2uu

Efficiency of insurance firms with endogenous risk management and financial intermediation activities

J. David Cummins, Georges Dionne, Robert Gagné, A. Hakim Nouira
2009 Journal of Productivity Analysis  
The econometric results show that both activities significantly increase the efficiency of the property-liability insurance industry.  ...  We investigate the role of risk management and financial intermediation in creating value for financial institutions by analyzing U.S. property-liability insurers.  ...  We also assume that the duration of common stocks is equal to the duration of S&P 500 (Staking and Babel, 1995) . The duration of the S&P 500 is computed as the duration of perpetual bonds.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11123-009-0131-0 fatcat:dor5rdsl7bcybk7gj4afwvcsfu

IAIMS at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center: accomplishments and challenges

N K Roderer, P D Clayton
1992 Bulletin of the Medical Library Association  
November 1991, 2,600 different individuals used the clinical information system, 700 different individuals used the library resources, and 900 different individuals used hospital administrative systems via  ...  Forty-two additional token rings connect to the backbones via bridges, and three AppleTalk local area networks connect to the backbones via gateways.  ...  This type of capability has been implemented on a limited basis by hard coding. But the general capability does not exist today.  ... 
pmid:1326368 pmcid:PMC225665 fatcat:lmllyapwhng3hilhmqo6izogdy

Thy Brother Came with Subtlety: How a Cause of Action Against Companies Who Leak Data Can Increase Security in the Digital Age

2014 Kansas Law Review  
However, courts should limit liability in several ways.  ...  That's $1 per person, not including attorney fees.  ... 
doi:10.17161/1808.20258 fatcat:w7edxxm66ved7iwa7bbznkdto4

Reimbursing Live Organ Donors for Incurred Non-Medical Expenses: A Global Perspective on Policies and Programs

M. Sickand, M. S. Cuerden, S. W. Klarenbach, A. O. Ojo, C. R. Parikh, N. Boudville, A. X. Garg
2009 American Journal of Transplantation  
A co-payment fee is required for every round-trip.  ...  Payments are not subject to tax liability. Tax liability for loss of earnings depends on the employment status of the donor.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.02829.x pmid:19788503 pmcid:PMC4388151 fatcat:atxsa2gdajgz7oucfvlgmx6cx4

Tumbling Tower of Babel: Subprime Securitization and the Credit Crisis

Bruce I. Jacobs
2009 CFA Digest  
Citigroup-with fees of 0.4-2.5 percent on securitizations of more than $20 billion in 2005 (up from $6.3 billion in 2003)-reportedly made hundreds of millions of dollars in fees alone that year (Dash  ...  In fact, they have some disincentive because the more loans they make, the more fees they collect.  ... 
doi:10.2469/dig.v39.n3.51 fatcat:6didvvk62ngutanh3sctlzf6ym

Tumbling Tower of Babel: Subprime Securitization and the Credit Crisis [chapter]

Bruce I. Jacobs
2011 Lessons from the Financial Crisis  
Citigroup-with fees of 0.4-2.5 percent on securitizations of more than $20 billion in 2005 (up from $6.3 billion in 2003)-reportedly made hundreds of millions of dollars in fees alone that year (Dash  ...  In fact, they have some disincentive because the more loans they make, the more fees they collect.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118266588.ch29 fatcat:spp5dytc35en3cuiiz7xt5gxty
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 208 results