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BREEDS: Benchmarks for Subpopulation Shift [article]

Shibani Santurkar, Dimitris Tsipras, Aleksander Madry
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Code and data available at .  ...  We develop a methodology for assessing the robustness of models to subpopulation shift---specifically, their ability to generalize to novel data subpopulations that were not observed during training.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Andrew Ilyas and Sam Park for helpful discussions.  ... 
arXiv:2008.04859v1 fatcat:5pl5t2dscrexvbypfulb4uf7kq

Encoding Hierarchical Information in Neural Networks helps in Subpopulation Shift [article]

Amitangshu Mukherjee, Isha Garg, Kaushik Roy
2021 arXiv   pre-print
\% in terms of graphical distance over standard models on subpopulation shift benchmarks.  ...  We tackle subpopulation shift by a structured learning procedure that incorporates hierarchical information conditionally through labels.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by JUMP, a Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) program for the task titled as EXPERT: EXPlainable-AI through Efficient hardware-design in EmeRging Technologies  ... 
arXiv:2112.10844v1 fatcat:nf6fspwzlbglbgrnwfui6y5tw4

Strong connectedness within Norwegian Cheviot and Fur Sheep ram circles allows reliable estimation of breeding values1

L. S. Eikje, R. M. Lewis
2015 Journal of Animal Science  
Suffolk sheep, with 2 distinct subpopulations appar ent.  ...  One of the most labor-intensive and costly tasks for a RC has been shifting rams among member flocks during the mating season.  ... 
doi:10.2527/jas.2015-8946 pmid:26440001 fatcat:ruuivggybnfzzmnxoqcolrboju

Genetic Diversity and Structure through Three Cycles of a Eucalyptus urophylla S.T.Blake Breeding Program

Wanhong Lu, Roger Arnold, Lei Zhang, Jianzhong Luo
2018 Forests  
In China, a breeding program for this species has progressed through three cycles but genetic diversity and structure in the breeding populations are uncertain.  ...  Likely effects of artificial directional selection, prior to sampling, on both populations examined are discussed along with implications for future E. urophylla breeding.  ...  Acknowledgments: We are grateful to Lan Jun from Dongmen State Forest Farm for the assistance in accessing the field trials sampled in this study, and to Paul Macdonell from Queensland, Australia, for  ... 
doi:10.3390/f9070372 fatcat:rbk2t2luwfe4fjvj5erijvtvea

Can domain adaptation make object recognition work for everyone? [article]

Viraj Prabhu, Ramprasaath R. Selvaraju, Judy Hoffman, Nikhil Naik
2022 arXiv   pre-print
may change significantly across geographies, and subpopulation shift, wherein the intra-category distributions may shift.  ...  for everyone.  ...  Recent work proposes the BREEDS benchmark [18] to study model robustness against subpopulation shift-the ability to generalize to novel data subclasses not seen during training. Cai et al.  ... 
arXiv:2204.11122v1 fatcat:auaqbcspgbegfp6v7j2svnacti

Leveraging Unlabeled Data to Predict Out-of-Distribution Performance [article]

Saurabh Garg, Sivaraman Balakrishnan, Zachary C. Lipton, Behnam Neyshabur, Hanie Sedghi
2022 arXiv   pre-print
, ImageNet, Breeds, CIFAR, and MNIST).  ...  ATC outperforms previous methods across several model architectures, types of distribution shifts (e.g., due to synthetic corruptions, dataset reproduction, or novel subpopulations), and datasets (Wilds  ...  We then evaluate the fine-tuned DOC (i.e., DOC with linear model) on natural and synthetic shifts from novel subpopulations on BREEDS benchmark.  ... 
arXiv:2201.04234v2 fatcat:iwdjtyc7lfdedjkj42dh6kpcee

Development of Genome-Wide Functional Markers Using Draft Genome Assembly of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. Allahabad Safeda to Expedite Molecular Breeding

Sujata Thakur, Inderjit Singh Yadav, Manish Jindal, Parva Kumar Sharma, Guriqbal Singh Dhillon, Rajbir Singh Boora, Naresh Kumar Arora, Manav Indra Singh Gill, Parveen Chhuneja, Amandeep Mittal
2021 Frontiers in Plant Science  
Genetic diversity analysis is the first step toward the identification of parents for hybridization, genetic mapping, and molecular breeding in any crop species.  ...  functional annotation, comparative transcriptomics-based genome-wide markers, and genetic diversity analysis will expand the knowledge of genomes of climacteric fruits, facilitating trait-based molecular breeding  ...  Deepak Singla, Bioinformatician, PAU, Ludhiana for the useful discussions. The authors thank Mr. Ashanpreet Singh for initial SSR marker validation support and Mr.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpls.2021.708332 pmid:34630458 pmcid:PMC8494772 fatcat:e4ekb23gg5anbpvi6f23nf6dna

Ambiguity in guideline definitions introduces assessor bias and influences consistency in IUCN Red List status assessments

Matt W. Hayward, Matthew F. Child, Graham I. H. Kerley, Peter A. Lindsey, Michael J. Somers, Bruce Burns
2015 Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution  
We suggest assessor bias can be reduced by refining the Red List guidelines to include quantified thresholds for when to include fenced/intensively managed subpopulations or subpopulations outside the  ...  We highlight two major issues where such bias influences assessments: relating to fenced subpopulations that require intensive management; and defining benchmark geographic distributions and thus the inclusion  ...  We thank Guy Castley, Mike Hoffmann, Michael Bode, Harriet Davies-Mostert, and four referees for critical review of this manuscript and insightful discussions/suggestions on this topic.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fevo.2015.00087 fatcat:hpqtxp24yrdxdh525f5qh6eo64

Initial productivity and genetic parameters of three Corymbia species in Brazil: designing a breeding strategy

Marcio José de Araujo, David John Lee, Evandro Vagner Tambarussi, Rinaldo Cesar de Paula, Paulo Silva
2020 Canadian Journal of Forest Research  
<i>variegata</i> (CCV) and <i>C. torelliana</i> (CT) were used to develop a breeding strategy for the <i>Corymbia</i> species.  ...  The genetic parameters indicated the need for different breeding strategies, for each species. Selecting the best families while roguing the poor families allowed forward selection of CCC and CCV.  ...  We thank all the speakers and their companies/organisations for their support of this workshop.  ... 
doi:10.1139/cjfr-2019-0438 fatcat:ibijhssmu5danoas5mgc33l7jm

WILDS: A Benchmark of in-the-Wild Distribution Shifts [article]

Pang Wei Koh, Shiori Sagawa, Henrik Marklund, Sang Michael Xie, Marvin Zhang, Akshay Balsubramani, Weihua Hu, Michihiro Yasunaga, Richard Lanas Phillips, Irena Gao, Tony Lee, Etienne David (+11 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To address this gap, we present WILDS, a curated benchmark of 10 datasets reflecting a diverse range of distribution shifts that naturally arise in real-world applications, such as shifts across hospitals  ...  This gap remains even with models trained by existing methods for tackling distribution shifts, underscoring the need for new methods for training models that are more robust to the types of distribution  ...  We are grateful for all of the helpful suggestions and constructive feedback from: Aditya Khosla, Andreas Schlueter, Annie Chen, Aleksander Madry, Alexander D'Amour, Allison Koenecke We also gratefully  ... 
arXiv:2012.07421v3 fatcat:bsohmukpszajxeadeo25oxmbs4

The Hierarchical Fair Competition (HFC) Framework for Sustainable Evolutionary Algorithms

Jianjun Hu, Erik Goodman, Kisung Seo, Zhun Fan, Rondal Rosenberg
2005 Evolutionary Computation  
(GA) benchmark problem.  ...  HFC employs an assembly-line structure in which subpopulations are hierarchically organized into different fitness levels, reducing the selection pressure within each subpopulation while maintaining the  ...  Riccardo Poli for the sub-machine-code for the even parity problem. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under contract DMI 0084934.  ... 
doi:10.1162/1063656054088530 pmid:15969902 fatcat:xbsqdshtevaq5ohochxspxdja4

Success rate group search optimiser

Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Sana Sadeghi, Alireza Rezvanian, Mohammad Reza Meybodi
2014 Journal of experimental and theoretical artificial intelligence (Print)  
We test the proposed algorithm on a rich set of benchmark functions including 30-and 300-dimensional problems and compare the results with popular evolutionary and swarm algorithms.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions which improved the paper. Notes 1.  ...  This may happen due to the lack of SRGSO's perception for properties of shifted problems inasmuch as this optimiser has a single-parameter tuning strategy.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0952813x.2014.971467 fatcat:2b24guonvnhetcrmabckhln5de

Parallel experimentation: a basic scheme for dynamic efficiency

David Ellerman
2014 Journal of Bioeconomics  
But that neglects the other "half" of an evolutionary process, the mechanism for the generation of new possibilities that is key to dynamic efficiency.  ...  Within evolutionary biology, this type of parallel experimentation scheme was developed in Sewall Wright's shifting balance theory of evolution.  ...  Shifting balances were involved. How small to make the subherds and how much cross-breeding between the subherds?  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10818-014-9175-y fatcat:4x37n65abrf3hkdlf3byjedt7e

Parallel Experimentation: A Basic Scheme for Dynamic Efficiency

David Ellerman
2004 Social Science Research Network  
But that neglects the other "half" of an evolutionary process, the mechanism for the generation of new possibilities that is key to dynamic efficiency.  ...  Within evolutionary biology, this type of parallel experimentation scheme was developed in Sewall Wright's shifting balance theory of evolution.  ...  Shifting balances were involved. How small to make the subherds and how much cross-breeding between the subherds?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.549963 fatcat:efbhnj5btzebfoacyradgyp6nq

A 21st century approach to tackling dengue: Crowdsourced surveillance, predictive mapping and tailored communication

May O. Lwin, Santosh Vijaykumar, Owen Noel Newton Fernando, Siew Ann Cheong, Vajira Sampath Rathnayake, Gentatsu Lim, Yin-Leng Theng, Subhasis Chaudhuri, Schubert Foo
2014 Acta Tropica  
engagement component allows the general public to use social media tools to interact and engage with health authorities by aiding them in surveillance efforts by reporting symptoms, mosquito bites and breeding  ...  Acknowledgements Center of Social Media Innovations for Communities (COSMIC), Nanyang Technological University.  ...  We are grateful to our collaborators in Sri Lanka, namely the University of Colombo School of Computing, Colombo Municipal Council, and Mobitel for their cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.09.021 pmid:24161879 fatcat:27ryxrihrfgw7kpil2fjbhq2mm
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