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Pull Request Decision Explained: An Empirical Overview [article]

Xunhui Zhang, Yue Yu, Georgios Gousios, Ayushi Rastogi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Ayushi Rastogi is an Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Science and Engineering at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.  ...  Rastogi is with the Faulty of Science and Engineering, the University of Groningen, The Netherlands. A part of the work was performed while the author was affiliated to TU Delft.  ... 
arXiv:2105.13970v1 fatcat:dhices7ocfcdjk7rctjja7y42e

Pull Request Latency Explained: An Empirical Overview [article]

Xunhui Zhang, Yue Yu, Tao Wang, Ayushi Rastogi, Huaimin Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Pull request latency evaluation is an essential application of effort evaluation in the pull-based development scenario. It can help the reviewers sort the pull request queue, remind developers about the review processing time, speed up the review process and accelerate software development. There is a lack of work that systematically organizes the factors that affect pull request latency. Also, there is no related work discussing the differences and variations in characteristics in different
more » ... tics in different scenarios and contexts. In this paper, we collected relevant factors through a literature review approach. Then we assessed their relative importance in five scenarios and six different contexts using the mixed-effects linear regression model. We find that the relative importance of factors differs in different scenarios, e.g., the first response time of the reviewer is most important when there exist comments. Meanwhile, the number of commits in a pull request has a more significant impact on pull request latency when closing than submitting due to changes in contributions brought about by the review process.
arXiv:2108.09946v1 fatcat:zzsagpa2y5betbpuha6rtco4k4

Chest Wall PNET Masquerading as Breast Lump: A Case Report with Diagnostic Challenge

Vachaspati Kumar Mishra, Ajeet Kumar Gandhi, Madhup Rastogi Rastogi, Satyajeet Rath, Akash Agarwal, Ayushi Patni
2020 Journal of Case Reports  
Chest wall primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is a rare tumor necessitating a prompt diagnosis. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of this tumor can be extremely challenging and misdiagnosis is at times unavoidable. Case Report: Here we present one such rare case of chest wall PNET. Patient initially had complaints of pain and lump in the right breast. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of thorax showed large mass with both intra-thoracic and extra-thoracic extension. Trucut biopsy from
more » ... Trucut biopsy from lump was suggestive of PNET on histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Later patient was treated with induction chemotherapy with alternating VAC/IE followed by right chest wall resection. Post-operative histopathology was suggestive of complete pathological response. 18 FDG PET-CT done subsequently was suggestive of complete metabolic response. Conclusion: Chest wall PNETs may mimic as breast lump, posing diagnostic dilemma. Multimodality treatment may yield excellent outcome as in our case.
doi:10.17659/01.2020.0007 fatcat:yjtnqtbpljgdvisnjmq6dcwiye

Promises and Perils of Inferring Personality on GitHub [article]

Frenk van Mil, Ayushi Rastogi, Andy Zaidman
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Personality plays a pivotal role in our understanding of human actions and behavior. Today, the applications of personality are widespread, built on the solutions from psychology to infer personality. In software engineering, for instance, one widely used solution to infer personality uses textual communication data. As studies on personality in software engineering continue to grow, it is imperative to understand the performance of these solutions. This paper compares the inferential ability
more » ... ferential ability of three widely studied text-based personality tests against each other and the ground truth on GitHub. We explore the challenges and potential solutions to improve the inferential ability of personality tests. Our study shows that solutions for inferring personality are far from being perfect. Software engineering communications data can infer individual developer personality with an average error rate of 41%. In the best case, the error rate can be reduced up to 36% by following our recommendations.
arXiv:2107.05829v2 fatcat:w364ryjr6jep5odrptjimq22dy

The Delta Maintainability Model: Measuring Maintainability of Fine-Grained Code Changes

Marco Di Biase, Ayushi Rastogi, Magiel Bruntink, Arie Van Deursen
2019 Zenodo  
The Delta Maintainability Model: Measuring Maintainability of Fine-Grained Code Changes - 2nd International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt 2019) - Montréal, Canada - May 26–27, 2019 Technical Report for the paper and dataset available at: https://zenodo.org/record/2542535
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2606632 fatcat:xlazrjqozjclxecyuttexjdh6e

The Delta Maintainability Model: Measuring Maintainability of Fine-Grained Code Changes

Marco di Biase, Ayushi Rastogi, Magiel Bruntink, Arie van Deursen
2019 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt)  
Existing maintainability models are used to identify technical debt of software systems. Targeting entire codebases, such models lack the ability to determine shortcomings of smaller, fine-grained changes. This paper proposes a new maintainability model -the Delta Maintainability Model (DMM) -to measure fine-grained code changes, such as commits, by adapting and extending the SIG Maintainability Model. DMM categorizes changed lines of code into low and high risk, and then uses the proportion of
more » ... s the proportion of low risk change to calculate a delta score. The goal of the DMM is twofold: first, producing meaningful and actionable scores; second, compare and rank the maintainability of fine-grained modifications. We report on an initial study of the model, with the goal of understanding if the adapted measurements from the SIG Maintainability Model suit the fine-grained scope of the DMM. In a manual inspection process for 100 commits, 67 cases matched the expert judgment. Furthermore, we report an exploratory empirical study on a data set of DMM scores on 3,017 issue-fixing commits of four open source and four closed source systems. Results show that the scores of DMM can be used to compare and rank commits, providing developers with a means to do root cause analysis on activities that impacted maintainability and, thus, address technical debt at a finer granularity.
doi:10.1109/techdebt.2019.00030 dblp:conf/icse/BiaseRBD19 fatcat:fxdgjekztrcp3bp6mp2y4nofue

Herbal Immersion Oil for Microscopic Identification of Malaria Parasites

Ayushi Rastogi, V.K. Dua, V.K. Varshney, N.C. Gupta, Sumit Kumar
2017 International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences  
doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.266 fatcat:6wb44oeifjbgfms2rctbddxg6i

Does Contributor Characteristics Influence Future Participation? A Case Study on Google Chromium Issue Tracking System [chapter]

Ayushi Rastogi, Ashish Sureka
2014 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
Understanding and measuring factors influencing future participation is relevant to organizations. This information is useful for planning and strategic decision-making. In this work, we measure contributor characteristics and compute attrition to investigate their relationship by mining Issue Tracking System. We conduct experiments on four year data extracted from Google Chromium Issue Tracking System. Experimental results show that the likelihood of future participation increases with
more » ... reases with increase in relevance of role in project and level of participation in previous time-interval.
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-55128-4_22 fatcat:2w7mdfvcovdhlizjx3rxrrotx4

Effect of Doping ofCd1−xZnxS/ZnS Core/Shell Quantum Dots in Negative Dielectric Anisotropy Nematic Liquid Crystal p-Methoxybenzylidene p-Decylaniline

Ayushi Rastogi, Fanindra Pandey, Rajiv Manohar, Shri Singh
2021 Crystals  
Rastogi et al.  ...  The schematic illustration of the ion capturing phenomenon of Cd1−xZnxS/ZnS CSQDs in nematic 2020 was demonstrated by Rastogi et al. [16] . Pandey et al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cryst11060605 fatcat:xoetorixcndnnfvpbki2x235mi

Anti-malarial property of steroidal alkaloid conessine isolated from the bark of Holarrhena antidysenterica

Virendra K Dua, Gaurav Verma, Bikram Singh, Aswathy Rajan, Upma Bagai, Dau Agarwal, NC Gupta, Sandeep Kumar, Ayushi Rastogi
2013 Malaria Journal  
In the face of chronic and emerging resistance of parasites to currently available drugs and constant need for new anti-malarials, natural plant products have been the bastion of anti-malarials for thousands of years. Moreover natural plant products and their derivatives have traditionally been a common source of drugs, and represent more than 30% of the current pharmaceutical market. The present study shows evaluation of anti-malarial effects of compound conessine isolated from plant
more » ... rom plant Holarrhena antidysenterica frequently used against malaria in the Garhwal region of north-west Himalaya. Methods: In vitro anti-plasmodial activity of compound was assessed using schizont maturation and parasite lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) assay. Cytotoxic activities of the examined compound were determined on L-6 cells of rat skeletal muscle myoblast. The four-day test for anti-malarial activity against a chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium berghei NK65 strain in BALB/c mice was used for monitoring in vivo activity of compound. In liver and kidney function test, the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was examined by p-NPP method, bilirubin by Jendrassik and Grof method. The urea percentage was determined by modified Berthelot method and creatinine by alkaline picrate method in serum of mice using ENZOPAK/CHEMPAK reagent kits. Results: Compound conessine showed in vitro anti-plasmodial activity with its IC 50 value 1.9 μg/ml and 1.3 μg/ml using schizont maturation and pLDH assay respectively. The compound showed cytotoxity IC 50 = 14 μg/ml against L6 cells of rat skeletal muscle myoblast. The isolated compound from plant H. antidysenterica significantly reduced parasitaemia (at 10 mg/kg exhibited 88.95% parasite inhibition) in P. berghei-infected mice. Due to slightly toxic nature (cytotoxicity = 14), biochemical analysis (liver and kidney function test) of the serum from mice after administration of conessine were also observed. Conclusion: The present investigation demonstrates that the compound conessine exhibited substantial antimalarial property. The isolated compound could be chemically modified to obtain a more potent chemical entity with improved characteristics against malaria.
doi:10.1186/1475-2875-12-194 pmid:23758861 pmcid:PMC3685520 fatcat:mgdc7q5eqrc4tafhakqajqqxzm

Including Everyone, Everywhere: Understanding Opportunities and Challenges of Geographic Gender-Inclusion in OSS [article]

Gede Artha Azriadi Prana, Denae Ford, Ayushi Rastogi, David Lo, Rahul Purandare, Nachiappan Nagappan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Ayushi Rastogi is a postdoctoral researcher in the faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics & Computer Science at the Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands.  ... 
arXiv:2010.00822v1 fatcat:5s42hqwqojcopbodjjlesnpveu

Relationship between geographical location and evaluation of developer contributions in github

Ayushi Rastogi, Nachiappan Nagappan, Georgios Gousios, André van der Hoek
2018 Proceedings of the 12th ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement - ESEM '18  
Open source software projects show gender bias suggesting that other demographic characteristics of developers, like geographical location, can negatively influence evaluation of contributions too. Aim This study contributes to this emerging body of knowledge in software development by presenting a quantitative analysis of the relationship between the geographical location of developers and evaluation of their contributions on GitHub. Method We present an analysis of 70,000+ pull requests
more » ... pull requests selected from 17 most actively participating countries to model the relationship between the geographical location of developers and pull request acceptance decision. Results and Conclusion We observed structural differences in pull request acceptance rates across 17 countries. Countries with no apparent similarities such as Switzerland and Japan had one of the highest pull request acceptance rates while countries like China and Germany had one of the lowest pull request acceptance rates. Notably, higher acceptance rates were observed for all but one country when pull requests were evaluated by developers from the same country.
doi:10.1145/3239235.3240504 dblp:conf/esem/RastogiNGH18 fatcat:hwaei3ftujbi7cnnyhxcqbvzh4

Releasing fast and slow: an exploratory case study at ING

Elvan Kula, Ayushi Rastogi, Hennie Huijgens, Arie van Deursen, Georgios Gousios
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 27th ACM Joint Meeting on European Software Engineering Conference and Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering - ESEC/FSE 2019  
The appeal of delivering new features faster has led many software projects to adopt rapid releases. However, it is not well understood what the effects of this practice are. This paper presents an exploratory case study of rapid releases at ING, a large banking company that develops software solutions in-house, to characterize rapid releases. Since 2011, ING has shifted to a rapid release model. This switch has resulted in a mixed environment of 611 teams releasing relatively fast and slow. We
more » ... y fast and slow. We followed a mixed-methods approach in which we conducted a survey with 461 participants and corroborated their perceptions with 2 years of code quality data and 1 year of release delay data. Our research shows that: rapid releases are more commonly delayed than their non-rapid counterparts, however, rapid releases have shorter delays; rapid releases can be beneficial in terms of reviewing and user-perceived quality; rapidly released software tends to have a higher code churn, a higher test coverage and a lower average complexity; challenges in rapid releases are related to managing dependencies and certain code aspects, e.g. design debt. CCS CONCEPTS • Software and its engineering → Software development process management;
doi:10.1145/3338906.3338978 dblp:conf/sigsoft/KulaRHDG19 fatcat:x6o6ihcmundizdtkd6qylqqfci

Comprehensive review of the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) – Identifying gaps and assist in formulating improvement plan for routine immunization in few states of India

Vandana Gurnani, Pritu Dhalaria, Pradeep Haldar, Mahesh Kumar Aggarwal, Prem Singh, Ayushi Agarwal, Apurva Rastogi, Amrita Kumari, Gopal Krishna Soni
2021 Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health  
Despite the concerted efforts of the central and state governments and other immunization stakeholders, full immunization rates in India remains low. This paper outlines the findings of a comprehensive review of the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) and provide recommendations to formulate an action plan for improving routine immunization coverage. Design: A mixed-method approach was adopted to collect data under four thematic areas, namely programme implementation, vaccine logistics and
more » ... ine logistics and cold chain, data recording and reporting system, and programme communication in five high priority states. Results obtained for indicators under each thematic area, were then divided into four categories: a) ≥90 % -good, b) 70-90%-fair, c) 50-70 % -average and d) < 50 % -poor. Setting: The review was undertaken in five high-priority states -Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Four districts were selected base on a scoring criterion from each state. Results: The programme implementation was found average ranging from 53.6 % to 63.8 % and the mechanism of vaccine logistic and cold chain was fair ranging from 71.0 % to 79.4 % across all the states. The mechanism of data recording and reporting was poor in Madhya Pradesh (36.8 %) and Maharashtra (47.0 %) and average in the remaining three states. Programme communication needs considerable improvement. Except Madhya Pradesh (62.4 %), the communication activities were poor in the other four states. Conclusion: The methodology of the review will help in identifying critical gaps and strengths in the immunization processes and in formulating an immunization coverage improvement plan (ICIP) in the states.
doi:10.1016/j.cegh.2021.100834 fatcat:2cx3qm42njapbe2a7qszwbwwxi

Questions for Data Scientists in Software Engineering: A Replication [article]

Hennie Huijgens, Ayushi Rastogi, Ernst Mulders, Georgios Gousios, Arie van Deursen
2020 pre-print
In 2014, a Microsoft study investigated the sort of questions that data science applied to software engineering should answer. This resulted in 145 questions that developers considered relevant for data scientists to answer, thus providing a research agenda to the community. Fast forward to five years, no further studies investigated whether the questions from the software engineers at Microsoft hold for other software companies, including software-intensive companies with different primary
more » ... fferent primary focus (to which we refer as software-defined enterprises). Furthermore, it is not evident that the problems identified five years ago are still applicable, given the technological advances in software engineering.
doi:10.1145/3368089.3409717 arXiv:2010.03165v1 fatcat:hcq3tiktvbb5va6bg6r5bf3bb4
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