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Axiomatic thinking for information retrieval: introduction to special issue

Enrique Amigó, Hui Fang, Stefano Mizzaro, Chengxiang Zhai
2020 Information retrieval (Boston)  
Publisher's Note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.  ...  The five papers selected for this special issue cover recent research efforts on applying axiomatic thinking to different problems including retrieval models, similarity functions, and evaluation metrics  ...  As one theoretical approach to IR research, axiomatic thinking has shown great promise when studying both retrieval models and evaluation measures, and this special issue is to report the most recent work  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10791-020-09376-y fatcat:57rmvu4zyfcgpc336u5tlome2u

Introduction to the JAGI Special Issue "On Defining Artificial Intelligence" —Commentaries and Author's Response

Dagmar Monett, Colin W. P. Lewis, Kristinn R. Thórisson
2020 Journal of Artificial General Intelligence  
Pei Wang's paper titled "On Defining Artificial Intelligence" was published in a special issue of the Journal of Artificial General Intelligence (JAGI) in December of last year .  ...  His non-axiomatic approach to reasoning has stood as a singular example of what may lie beyond narrow AI, garnering interest from NASA and Cisco, among others.  ...  Acknowledgments We want to thank all authors for their time, their commitment, and the high quality of their contributions.  ... 
doi:10.2478/jagi-2020-0003 fatcat:4q5toqhjnjcr3nem2ek4rmp5li

Neighborhood systems and approximate retrieval

2006 Information Sciences  
An information table can be used for exact retrieval. With the introduction of neighborhood systems to information tables, one is able to perform approximate retrieval.  ...  The final retrieval results are presented according to the proposed ordering relation.  ...  Acknowledgment The author is grateful to the anonymous referees for their constructive comments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ins.2006.02.002 fatcat:5simbqwwundc5b5sfihoxhrb7u

Information Retrieval as Card Playing

Yinan Zhang, Chengxiang Zhai
2015 Proceedings of the 38th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '15  
We propose a novel formal model for optimizing interactive information retrieval interfaces.  ...  We show that such a formal interface card model can not only cover the Probability Ranking Principle for Interactive Information Retrieval as a special case by making multiple simplification assumptions  ...  INTRODUCTION Developing formal models for information retrieval (IR) has always been an important fundamental challenge.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2766462.2767761 dblp:conf/sigir/ZhangZ15 fatcat:ldwxlekbtjfw3de3hzyn32pe4i

Mirlog: A Logic for Multimedia Information Retrieval [chapter]

Carlo Meghini, Fabrizio Sebastiani, Umberto Straccia
1998 Information Retrieval: Uncertainty and Logics  
This chapter presents a logic for the retrieval of multimedia information, whose ultimate goal is to model retrieval as an uncertain logical inference, in accordance to the logic-based view of retrieval  ...  The resulting logic is to be understood as a modelling retrieval tool, which can be used for the specification and the rapid prototyping of applications. * Partial funding provided by ESPRIT BRA Action  ...  INTRODUCTION The development of retrieval models has been a major concern of the information retrieval community for the last two decades.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-5617-6_7 fatcat:5fhm4vbpfvfifm5av7lrbdnfci

Commentary on Quantum-Inspired Information Retrieval [article]

Elham Ashoori, Terry Rudolph
2018 arXiv   pre-print
There have been suggestions within the Information Retrieval (IR) community that quantum mechanics (QM) can be used to help formalise the foundations of IR.  ...  This paper is an attempt to provide some conceptual clarity on the emerging issues.  ...  Coecke for discussions on these issues. This research was supported by the Imperial College EPSRC Strategic Fund.  ... 
arXiv:1809.05685v1 fatcat:cz27lirwl5h65cmyn4o3nenz3q

Spatiotemporal enabled Content-based Image Retrieval

Mariana Belgiu, Martin Sudmanns, Tiede Dirk, Andrea Baraldi, Stefan Lang
2016 International Conference on GIScience Short Paper Proceedings  
For efficient deployment of sensors in a WSN the coverage estimation is a critical issue. Probabilistic methods are among the most accurate models proposed for sensor coverage estimation.  ...  Introduction Nowadays, WSNs have found various applications in industry, security, agriculture, military and disaster management.  ...  We acknowledge the USGS Center for Excellence in Geospatial Information Science (CEGIS) for analytic advice.  ... 
doi:10.21433/b311729295dw fatcat:fulw4pw3kfh5nmfzcsy3pkisvm

Frontiers, challenges, and opportunities for information retrieval

James Allan, Bruce Croft, Alistair Moffat, Mark Sanderson
2012 SIGIR Forum  
agencies data to focus and coordinate support for information retrieval research.  ...  ideas and directions for Information Retrieval.  ...  A perennial issue in Information Retrieval, evaluation remains important, particularly as the field expands into new challenges.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2215676.2215678 fatcat:mo7fz7o5vzdrfkiisn2rdttg6y

Entity Centric Information Retrieval

Xitong Liu
2016 SIGIR Forum  
We think the top ranked related entities can provide useful information to better reformulate the original query.  ...  Introduction Enterprise search allows users to access information from enterprise data to fulfill their information needs such as information seeking and decision making.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2964797.2964815 fatcat:qdmhwfminnaefonienqyggckbm

Evaluating the Robustness of Retrieval Pipelines with Query Variation Generators [article]

Gustavo Penha, Arthur Câmara, Claudia Hauff
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Heavily pre-trained transformers for language modelling, such as BERT, have shown to be remarkably effective for Information Retrieval (IR) tasks, typically applied to re-rank the results of a first-stage  ...  IR benchmarks evaluate the effectiveness of retrieval pipelines based on the premise that a single query is used to instantiate the underlying information need.  ...  INTRODUCTION Heavily pre-trained transformers for language modeling such as BERT [19] have been shown to be remarkably effective for a wide range of Information Retrieval (IR) tasks [41, 44, 58] .  ... 
arXiv:2111.13057v3 fatcat:mgjubdswa5hdbhhiexbxcf6foq

Theoretical evaluation of XML retrieval

Tobias Blanke
2012 SIGIR Forum  
XML retrieval can be seen as a special case of structured document retrieval for texts marked up in XML.  ...  Next we analyse another model called contextualisation also specially designed for XML retrieval.  ...  Further experimental performance issues for a model based on information overlap can also be seen by comparing the generalised quantisations in Tables 8.5 and 8.4 with the strict quantisations in Tables  ... 
doi:10.1145/2215676.2215689 fatcat:grnfihrombgttb6p6wy4k36vum

Report on the third workshop on exploiting semantic annotations in information retrieval (ESAIR)

Jaap Kamps, Jussi Karlgren, Ralf Schenkel
2011 SIGIR Forum  
These meaningful, semantic, annotations hold the promise to significantly enhance information access, by enhancing the depth of analysis of today's systems.  ...  Second, there is a framework emerging to view annotation as (1) a linking procedure, connecting (2) an analysis of information objects with (3) a semantic model of some sort, expressing relations that  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank ACM and CIKM for hosting this workshop, in particular Mounia Lalmas, Aijun An and Jimmy Huang for their outstanding support in the organization.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1988852.1988858 fatcat:oicesefc5jcojhafknvycugynm

An Axiomatically Derived Measure for the Evaluation of Classification Algorithms

Fabrizio Sebastiani
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Theory of Information Retrieval - ICTIR '15  
To this end, we adopt an axiomatic approach, i.e., we discuss a number of properties ("axioms") that an evaluation measure for classification should arguably satisfy.  ...  We go on to discuss an alternative, simple evaluation measure for binary classification, that we call K, and show that it instead satisfies all the previously proposed axioms.  ...  I am also indebted to one of the reviewers for spotting problems in previous formulations of Axioms 2 and 8.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2808194.2809449 dblp:conf/ictir/Sebastiani15 fatcat:tsznoci46fhkfaibdx6iglsiya

Variations on language modeling for information retrieval

Wessel Kraaij
2005 SIGIR Forum  
Variations on Language Modeling for Information Retrieval W. Kraaij -Enschede: Neslia Paniculata. Thesis Enschede -With ref. With summary ISBN 90-75296-09-6  ...  INTRODUCTION Definition of "Information Retrieval" The International Conference on Scientific Information held in 1958 in Washington is usually considered to be the start of IR as the field we know today  ...  Chapter 2 gives a thorough and up-to-date survey of models for information retrieval.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1067268.1067291 fatcat:h23lp5aqfvfu5iecwnihfme244

Application of aboutness to functional benchmarking in information retrieval

Kam-Fai Wong, Dawei Song, Peter Bruza, Chun-Hung Cheng
2001 ACM Transactions on Information Systems  
Experimental approaches are widely employed to benchmark the performance of an information retrieval (IR) system. Measurements in terms of recall and precision are computed as performance indicators.  ...  In this article, we propose to use inductive evaluation for functional benchmarking of IR models as a complement of the traditional experiment-based performance benchmarking.  ...  Bruza would like to thank Gianni Amati, Theo Huibers, Bernd van Linder, and Keith van Rijsbergen for the interesting discussions in the topic area of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1145/502795.502796 fatcat:ggu3sn4o7nfghf77kxj55c3jdi
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