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Awareness in Practice: Tensions in Access to Sensitive Attribute Data for Antidiscrimination [article]

Miranda Bogen, Aaron Rieke, Shazeda Ahmed
2019 pre-print
For each domain, we describe how and when private companies collect or infer sensitive attribute data for antidiscrimination purposes.  ...  If companies that mediate access to life opportunities are unable or hesitant to collect or infer sensitive attribute data, then proposed techniques to detect and mitigate bias in machine learning models  ...  the collection of sensitive attribute data for new antidiscrimination efforts.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3351095.3372877 arXiv:1912.06171v1 fatcat:o6plj4jkj5hb3jivd6sah7wrpy

Gender Mainstreaming in Theory and Practice

M. Daly
2005 Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society  
The argument is advanced that this is at least in part attributable to particularities in the development of mainstreaming.  ...  This article utilizes the findings of a recently completed, eight-country research project to visit some key issues in the theory and practice of gender mainstreaming.  ...  by embedding gender-sensitive practices and norms in the structures, processes, and environment of public policy.  ... 
doi:10.1093/sp/jxi023 fatcat:uukjc5evlbbvlps3wlrglu525e

ELSI practices in genomic research in East Asia: implications for research collaboration and public participation

Go Yoshizawa, Calvin Wai-Loon Ho, Wei Zhu, Chingli Hu, Yoni Syukriani, Ilhak Lee, Hannah Kim, Daniel Fu Tsai, Jusaku Minari, Kazuto Kato
2014 Genome Medicine  
To enable this, however, a greater understanding of issues and practices that relate to the ethical, legal and social implications (ELSI) of genomic research will be needed for the different countries  ...  differences between these countries, and more generally, in relation to Western countries.  ...  are supported by the 'Genome Science' Grant in Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas from MEXT (221S0002).  ... 
doi:10.1186/gm556 pmid:24944586 pmcid:PMC4062049 fatcat:bj4z2gbyszcllmq3w3xevfy43q

Diversity and inclusion management: an analysis of practice developments in Italy

SILVIA RAVAZZANI, ALESSANDRA MAZZEI, CHIARA FISICHELLA, ALFONSA BUTERA
2021 Sinergie Italian Journal of Management  
Furthermore, organizations should adopt ad hoc practices to balance the tensions between the quest for heterogeneity and the quest for a shared purpose.  ...  In particular, it scrutinizes practice developments in Italy by building on previous studies carried out in this country according to a longitudinal perspective.  ...  This article takes into consideration the need for contextualized explanations of diversity and inclusion practices, responding to the call for country-sensitive research and especially developed outside  ... 
doi:10.7433/s116.2021.11 fatcat:5gv3ltpi4jgj5jzwkmlr2tgbee

How do Black Lives Matter in Teaching, Lab Practices, and Research?

Anne Pollock, Deboleena Roy, Manu O. Platt, Morgann Adams, Theophilia Dusabamoro, Chelesa Fearce, Imani Fennell, Ebony Gaillard, Courtney Harrison, Daphney Sihwa, Phoenix Williams, Kimberly Jackson (+8 others)
2017 Catalyst Feminism Theory Technoscience  
Lab Meeting: How do Black Lives Matter in Teaching, Lab Practices and Research?Curated by Anne Pollock and Deboleena Roy  ...  Often in advocacy, victim experiences are essentialized, which fails to attend to how race, class, sexuality, or social capital create tensions in the criminal justice system.  ...  June 23, 2017). 4 http://apps.washingtonpost.com/g/documents/local/us-justicedepartment-finds-discriminatory-practices-in-baltimore-police/2117/ (last accessed June 23, 2017).  ... 
doi:10.28968/cftt.v3i1.28793 fatcat:uqd73rr2v5exhnfuud3bu4vjiu

Implementing the New ANA Standard 8: Culturally Congruent Practice

Lucy Marion, Marilyn (Marty) Douglas, Mary Ann Lavin, Nancy Barr, Shena Gazaway, Elizabeth (Libby) Thomas, Carol Bickford
2016 Online Journal of Issues in Nursing  
The article also guides nurses in the application of Standard 8 to nursing practice and offers discussion about implementing culturally congruent practice through the nursing process.  ...  We also discuss cultural congruence for the graduate-prepared nurse; offer brief comments related to evaluation of culturally congruent practice using Standard 8 and future research; and conclude with  ...  Moreover, when controlling for buyer attributes such as income, wealth, and credit access, average premiums paid by Black and Hispanic homebuyers increase to nearly 3% (Bayer, et al., 2013) .  ... 
doi:10.3912/ojin.vol22no01ppt20 pmid:28493662 fatcat:p64zs6gvwvbrzngrfacb5oyrkq

Promoting Diversity in French Workplaces: Targeting and Signaling Ethnoracial Origin in a Colorblind Context

Mirna Safi
2017 Socius Sociological Research for a Dynamic World  
Acknowledgments Funding This research benefited from the financial support of the Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policy (LIEPP, Sciences Po) http://www.sciencespo.fr/liepp/en and  ...  ethnoracial attributes.  ...  They consist in referring to "cultural" mechanisms and mental processes that hinder access to opportunity for ethnic minority youth (DiMaggio 1997).  ... 
doi:10.1177/2378023117728834 fatcat:dnc27sonrffq5gxyzu2oyik3ua

Access denied: the practice and policy of global Internet filtering

2008 ChoiceReviews  
In the past, Syria has reportedly filtered access to popular e-mail sites.  ...  , including many apolitical blogs. www.freesyria.wordpress.com, a blog created to campaign for the release of Michel Kilo, a prominent Syrian journalist imprisoned for his writings, was also blocked.  ...  their filtering results from a fear of sanction for allowing politically sensitive material to be accessed, or from personal choice.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.45-6833 fatcat:qhuziwkinrdtldsaylvbmumopu

Culture, Milieu, Phenotype: Articulating Race in Judicial Sense-making Practices

Irene van Oorschot
2020 Social and Legal Studies  
In this contribution, I trace the ways practicing judges articulate, as well as challenge, race.  ...  Drawing on an ethnography of everyday practices of adjudication and sentencing in a Dutch, lower Criminal Court, and working with Stuart Hall's conception of articulation, I show how judges draw on three  ...  I learned that to stay what difference is and does in these practices I had to develop a certain methodological sensitivity to what I've come to call the ghosts that haunt a practice.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0964663920907992 fatcat:5mnjiebrfne35f7zqku5jtqfnm

2. Antidiscrimination Models and Enforcement [chapter]

2019 Discrimination at Work  
age antidiscrimination law have the power to aggravate or alleviate these tensions?  ...  On the possible emergence of a generational conflict, Louis Chauvel does not exclude an interpretation that attributes the tensions to the advantages accorded to certain age groups over others. 81 Does  ... 
doi:10.1525/9780520959583-005 fatcat:2sjdgkj4nrhc5jsguyk2zjgwbi

Fairer machine learning in the real world: Mitigating discrimination without collecting sensitive data

Michael Veale, Reuben Binns
2017 Big Data & Society  
For legal, institutional or commercial reasons, organisations might not hold the data on sensitive attributes such as gender, ethnicity, sexuality or disability needed to diagnose and mitigate emergent  ...  Collaborative online platforms would allow diverse organisations to record, share and access contextual and experiential knowledge to promote fairness in machine learning systems.  ...  It would require data subjects to share sensitive attributes along with non-sensitive ones every time their data was to be used to train a model.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2053951717743530 fatcat:f6cxnzgvxvdhtecpg5bhdd2vy4

Women succeeding in the sciences: theories and practices across disciplines

2001 ChoiceReviews  
to women and teaching about women in science; to share practices for "doing" science in ways that take gender into consideration as a research subject or use gender sensitive models of including women  ...  Defending Feminist Territory in the Science Wars Maureen Linker For some of us working in the sciences and the humanities there has been, as of late, an increasing awareness of the tension between the  ...  The tension between a woman's scientific prowess and the societal norms for her gender may be revealed in the language with which her achievement is discussed.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.38-3296 fatcat:ahj533ibpfht5km2yfzaacfvb4

Technological Innovation and Discrimination in Household Finance

Adair Morse, University of California, Berkeley and NBER, Karen Pence, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
2020 Finance and Economics Discussion Series  
Replacing human discretion with algorithms in decision-making roles reduces taste-based discrimination, and new modeling techniques have expanded access to financial services to households who were previously  ...  We also consider how these technological changes in finance intersect with existing discrimination and data privacy laws, leading to our contribution of four frontlines of regulation.  ...  sensitive in their demand for a given product and allows for personally targeted price discounts.  ... 
doi:10.17016/feds.2020.018 fatcat:uq6pntsg2bha7dqkinp2rdvzqe

Big Data's Disparate Impact

Solon Barocas, Andrew D. Selbst
2016 Social Science Research Network  
find out which part of information carried by a sensitive (or correlated) attribute is sensitive and which is objective." 252 While researchers are well aware that this may not be easy to resolve, let  ...  Then, in order to correct for it, an employer must have access to the underlying data and often an ability to collect more.  ...  But, until that happens, data mining will be permitted to exacerbate existing inequalities in difficult-to-counter ways. 280 to understanding antidiscrimination prohibitions in the employment realm is  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2477899 fatcat:fllph47vffb5dfpd246kcy3uoe

Measuring Discrepancies in Airbnb Guest Acceptance Rates Using Anonymized Demographic Data [article]

Siddhartha Basu, Ruthie Berman, Adam Bloomston, John Campbell, Anne Diaz, Nanako Era, Benjamin Evans, Sukhada Palkar, Skyler Wharton
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a system that measures discrepancies in platform user experience that are attributable to perceived race (experience gaps) using anonymized data.  ...  This allows for progress to be made in this area while limiting any potential privacy risk.  ...  Data Store 1 is stored securely and data is automatically deleted 30 days after persisting. Access to Data Store 1 is restricted to authorized members of the Airbnb antidiscrimination team.  ... 
arXiv:2204.12001v1 fatcat:fm2cy5m3qvdzlnvtglxdby7dla
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