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New and not so new methods for assessing oral communication

Gary J Ockey, Li Zhi
2015 Language Value  
These tasks include oral proficiency interviews, paired/group oral discussion tasks, simulated tasks, integrated oral communication tasks, and elicited imitation tasks.  ...  Based on our evaluation, we advise test developers to consider the aspects of oral communication that they aim to include or exclude in their assessment when they select one of these task types.  ...  The revival of elicited imitation tasks in language testing is likely attributable to the ease of delivering and scoring these tasks with automated speech scoring systems.  ... 
doi:10.6035/languagev.2015.7.2 fatcat:e5v6hjxmizcv5iaal27rjpl3ze

Elicited Imitation for Prediction of OPI Test Scores

Kevin Cook, Jeremiah McGhee, Deryle Lonsdale
2011 Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications  
Elicited Imitation (EI), or sentence repetition, is well suited for automated scoring, but does not directly test a broad range of speech communication skills.  ...  Automated testing of spoken language is the subject of much current research.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the Brigham Young University English Language Center for their support.  ... 
dblp:conf/bea/CookML11 fatcat:d4mcgwk2eja2fme6mmunssfnzy

The potential of elicited imitation for oral output practice in German L2 [chapter]

Frederik Cornillie, Kristof Baten, Dirk De Hertog
2017 CALL in a climate of change: adapting to turbulent global conditions – short papers from EUROCALL 2017  
This paper reports on the potential of Oral Elicited Imitation (OEI) as a format for output practice, building on an analysis of picture-matching and spoken data collected from 36 university-level learners  ...  The design and development of OEI for output practice faces two key challenges: learners must be engaged in meaningful language processing rather than in mere repetition of oral stimuli, and the task must  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank MA student Wouter Vanacker for collecting and preparing the data.  ... 
doi:10.14705/rpnet.2017.eurocall2017.694 fatcat:xuotpaomunaz3hh34fpebs62oe

How accurately can the Google Web Speech API recognize and transcribe Japanese L2 English learners' oral production?

Tim Ashwell, Jesse Elam
2017 The JALT CALL Journal  
The ultimate aim of our research project was to use the Google Web Speech api to automate scoring of elicited imitation (ei) tests.  ...  We needed to assess how accurate this speech recognition tool is in recognizing native speakers' production of the test items; we had to assess  ...  Elicited imitation tests The present investigation was aimed at assessing whether it may be possible to use an asr system to score learner performance on an elicited imitation (ei) test. ei tests can be  ... 
doi:10.29140/jaltcall.v13n1.212 fatcat:p2lpvwlvmzbtxfkmo7d7lhaygi

Assessment of Prosodic Communicative Efficiency in Parkinson's Disease As Judged by Professional Listeners

Heidi Martens, Gwen Van Nuffelen, Patrick Cras, Barbara Pickut, Miet De Letter, Marc De Bodt
2011 Parkinson's Disease  
Each function was tested through reading and imitation. Interrater agreement was calculated.  ...  This study examines the impact of Parkinson's disease (PD) on communicative efficiency conveyed through prosody.  ...  The authors also wish to thank Dr. Sc. Kristien Wouters (University Hospital of Antwerp) for assisting in the statistical analysis of the data.  ... 
doi:10.4061/2011/129310 pmid:21969916 pmcid:PMC3182398 fatcat:nntb7guoivfefcdd54v4uybh3i

Elicited Imitation for Brazilian Portuguese

Jarrett Finlinson Lever, Deryle W. Lonsdale
2016 Brazilian English Language Teaching Journal  
Elicited imitation (EI) is an approach to measuring oral proficiency that consists of having test takers hear a sentence and repeat the sentence exactly as they heard it.  ...  This paper discusses the development, administration, and evaluation of an EI test for the Brazilian Portuguese language.  ...  Blair Bateman of Brigham Young University for advisement on pedagogical aspects of BP oral proficiency. We also appreciate the support of the BYU Center for Language Studies for funding the OPI tests.  ... 
doi:10.15448/2178-3640.2015.2.21251 fatcat:en2f7evukvehrh7z5yinpkkvfm

Executive and social-cognitive determinants of environmental dependency syndrome in behavioral frontotemporal dementia

Emma C. Flanagan, Julien Lagarde, Valérie Hahn, Elodie Guichart-Gomez, Marie Sarazin, Michael Hornberger, Maxime Bertoux
2018 Neuropsychology  
Data included scores of UB and IB, various executive measures, and ToM assessment using the faux pas test, from which we extracted a mental attribution score.  ...  We investigated the possible explanatory cognitive mechanisms of EDS in bvFTD by relating UB and IB to performance on tests of executive functioning and theory of mind (ToM).  ...  Results of the Automated Linear Modelling assessing the predictors of imitation behaviour with Means (M) and Standard deviations (SD).  ... 
doi:10.1037/neu0000433 pmid:29809029 fatcat:weknomkunjcingulxqofigakx4

Implementing ICAO language proficiency requirements in the Versant Aviation English Test

Alistair Van Moere, Masanori Suzuki, Ryan Downey, Jian Cheng
2009 Australian Review of Applied Linguistics  
The Versant Aviation English Test utilizes speech recognition technology and a computerized testing platform, such that test administration and scoring are fully automated.  ...  The second issue discussed is how an automated test can provide a valid assessment of spoken interactions.  ...  As mentioned in section 2, after the field testing, human rating and building of automatic scoring algorithms, tests from 140 candidates were used to validate whether the automated system assigned scores  ... 
doi:10.2104/aral0927 fatcat:7mlvph4acncqbl4vmjsud3s2ey

Deep Learning Model for Selecting Suitable Requirements Elicitation Techniques

Hatim Dafaalla, Mohammed Abaker, Abdelzahir Abdelmaboud, Mohammed Alghobiri, Ahmed Abdelmotlab, Nazir Ahmad, Hala Eldaw, Aiman Hasabelrsoul
2022 Applied Sciences  
The model scored prediction accuracy of 82%, precision score of 0.83, recall score of 0.83, F1 score of 0.82, cross-validation score of 0.82 (± 0.10), One-vs-One ROC AUC score of 0.74, and One-vs-Rest  ...  The implications of this study can be used to promote the automatization of the elicitation technique selection process, thereby enhancing current required elicitation industry practices.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app12189060 fatcat:qjzuzxonnrgw5gvj6u4rqfyigu

Page 942 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 59, Issue 5 [page]

1978 Psychological Abstracts  
The performance of 295 preschoolers, aged 36-60 mo, on the test was correlated with age and scores from the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration.  ...  Findings show that rigidity scores did not correlate with WAIS scores and do not support the contention that the Breskin test measures a “restriction of attention” in college students. 9143.  ... 

Developing an Innovative Elicited Imitation Task for Efficient English Proficiency Assessment

Larry Davis, John Norris
2021 ETS Research Report Series  
The elicited imitation task (EIT), in which language learners listen to a series of spoken sentences and repeat each one verbatim, is a commonly used measure of language proficiency in second language  ...  , evaluating scoring performance, and obtaining initial validity evidence to support score interpretation and use of the EIT in the TOEFL Essentials test.  ...  RQ6: Do Elicited Imitation Task Scores Separate Test Takers Into Distinct Levels of Proficiency?  ... 
doi:10.1002/ets2.12338 fatcat:ytkfz54jhzh75hqhqlhv53prcu

TruthfulQA: Measuring How Models Mimic Human Falsehoods [article]

Stephanie Lin, Jacob Hilton, Owain Evans
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We suggest that scaling up models alone is less promising for improving truthfulness than fine-tuning using training objectives other than imitation of text from the web.  ...  To perform well, models must avoid generating false answers learned from imitating human texts. We tested GPT-3, GPT-Neo/J, GPT-2 and a T5-based model.  ...  Ethics and Impact TruthfulQA tests models on general-knowledge questions designed to elicit imitative falsehoods.  ... 
arXiv:2109.07958v2 fatcat:ibqe6i73cfahfj2qq6kb245gna

Imitative Learning of Stimulus-Response and Response-Outcome Associations in Pigeons

A. L. Saggerson, David N. George, R. C. Honey
2005 Journal of Experimental Psychology Animal Behavior Processes  
A novel automated procedure was used to study imitative learning in pigeons.  ...  distinct responses (R1 and R2) resulted in the delivery of seed.  ...  Observer Behavior During Test Sessions The discrimination ratios derived from the automated and videotaped scores are shown in the left-and right-hand panels of Figure 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1037/0097-7403.31.3.289 pmid:16045384 fatcat:lyohye7sljh4nijodlu5xzsiny

Imitation of nonwords by hearing‐impaired children with cochlear implants: segmental analyses

Caitlin M. Dillon, Miranda Cleary, David B. Pisoni, Allyson K. Carter
2004 Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics  
Detailed segmental analyses of the consonants in the children's imitation responses were carried out. Overall, 39% of the consonants were imitated correctly.  ...  The imitation responses were also scored using a sequence comparison algorithm to compute linguistic distances and obtain similarity scores for the responses.  ...  Because the process of scoring the nonword imitations for segmental accuracy is timeconsuming, we were interested in automating the scoring process.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0269920031000151669 pmid:15053267 pmcid:PMC3434462 fatcat:enzfiafth5b63lhgy5avnyhqca

Children Facial Expression Production: Influence of Age, Gender, Emotion Subtype, Elicitation Condition and Culture

Charline Grossard, Laurence Chaby, Stéphanie Hun, Hugues Pellerin, Jérémy Bourgeois, Arnaud Dapogny, Huaxiong Ding, Sylvie Serret, Pierre Foulon, Mohamed Chetouani, Liming Chen, Kevin Bailly (+2 others)
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
This study aimed to explore factors that could influence the production of FEs in childhood such as age, gender, emotion subtype (sadness, anger, joy, and neutral), elicitation task (on request, imitation  ...  However, the way in which typical children develop and master their production of FEs has still not been clearly assessed.  ...  During on request elicitation task, emotion rating score significantly increased by a factor 1.71 compared to the imitation task.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00446 pmid:29670561 pmcid:PMC5894457 fatcat:gqc3pr6i7veunh4xvveeclm5z4
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