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Metadata for Name Disambiguation and Collocation

Jeffrey Beall
2010 Future Internet  
Effective name disambiguation and collocation increase search precision and recall and can improve assessment of scholarly work.  ...  Databases and search engines can use metadata as a tool to solve the problem of name ambiguity and name variation in online databases.  ...  Library of Congress Authorities http://authorities.loc.gov This database combines name, subject, and title authority records created by the Library of Congress and other cooperating libraries.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi2010001 fatcat:54anocj4bjanpjpqg3e76gv7mq

Metadata for Scientific Audiovisual Media: Current Practices and Perspectives of the TIB|AV-Portal [chapter]

Sven Strobel, Paloma Marín-Arraiza
2015 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
Text, speech, and image content of the video are automatically indexed by specialised GND (Gemeinsame Normdatei) subject headings.  ...  In this paper, the TIB|AV-Portal is presented as a use case where methods concerning the automatic generation of metadata, a semantic search and cross-lingual retrieval (German/English) have already been  ...  We used DBpedia 12 , Library of Congress Subject Headings 13 (LCSH), results of the pro-ject 'Multi Lingual Access to Subjects 14 (MACS) and the WTI thesaurus 'Technology and Management' 15 .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-24129-6_14 fatcat:gltv42ahfvcjhnbrn6nbyimbri

Some computational tools for digital archive and metadata maintenance

David F. Gleich, Ying Wang, Xiangrui Meng, Farnaz Ronaghi, Margot Gerritsen, Amin Saberi
2011 BIT Numerical Mathematics  
Computational tools are a mainstay of current search and recommendation technology.  ...  We describe four computational tools we developed to aid in the processing and maintenance of large  ...  Acknowledgements We are indebted to the wonderful people at the Library of Congress, the World Digital Library, and the National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program for telling us about  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10543-011-0324-6 fatcat:dxwiuz2g6rbxpbcltjhpxpacqa

A Language Independent Approach for Aligning Subject Heading Systems with Geographic Ontologies

Nuno Freire, José Luis Borbinha, Pável Calado
2011 International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications  
Our approach was evaluated on a subset of the Library of Congress Subject Headings, achieving an F 1 score of 93%.  ...  Our approach first recognizes the place names in the subject headings using entity recognition techniques and follows with the resolution of the place names in a target geographic ontology.  ...  We also expect that, the outcome of this work can be used to automatically establish links between subject headings systems in different languages, such as the work carried out in the MACS project 3 and  ... 
dblp:conf/dc/FreireBC11 fatcat:inblh7i6lrc2ndw4vf3guz4cge

Automated Name Authority Control and Enhanced Searching in the Levy Collection

Tim DiLauro, G. Sayeed Choudhury, Mark Patton, James W. Warner, Elizabeth W. Brown
2001 D-Lib Magazine  
In addition, subject headings were applied using a controlled vocabulary derived from the Library of Congress' Thesaurus of Graphic Materials.  ...  Like the adaptive optical music recognition (AOMR) system described in the previous paper, the name disambiguation system is a learning system.  ... 
doi:10.1045/april2001-dilauro fatcat:w3vfogcqmbcmvngxtiig7zugsy

Exposing Ourselves: Displaying our Cultural Assets for Public Consumption

Gary Munnelly, Kevin Koidl, Séamus Lawless
2016 ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries  
We describe the current state of the portal and outline some of the unique issues observed when examining user engagement.  ...  The early stage of this project means that plans are still being finalised. Hence we speculate about other methods which may be applied to this corpus.  ...  The names of several fields are designed to reflect the structure of four well established library cataloguing ontologies: The Library of Congress Name Authority File (NAF), The Library of Congress Subject  ... 
dblp:conf/jcdl/MunnellyKL16 fatcat:gfutmpxscjfd3nws3ucip32d5a

Finding a catalog

David Mimno, Alison Jones, Gregory Crane
2005 Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries - JCDL '05  
It is generally impossible to search a catalog for the titles and subjects of particular chapters or volumes.  ...  One of the criticisms library users often make of catalogs is that they rarely include information below the bibliographic level.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Candy Schwartz, Briana Kula, Gwynne Langley, Lisa Cerrato, Anne Sauer, and Jennifer Mimno.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1065385.1065448 dblp:conf/jcdl/MimnoJC05 fatcat:44gq5zebuvezxlngjka22wx2ye

Cross-lingual Name and Subject Access

Jung-ran Park
2007 Library resources & technical services  
The author examines current mechanisms for cross-lingual name and subject access and identifies major factors that hinder cross-lingual information access.  ...  This paper considers issues surrounding name and subject access across languages and cultures, particularly mechanisms and knowledge organization tools (e.g., cataloging, metadata) for cross-lingual information  ...  automatic word segmentation.  ... 
doi:10.5860/lrts.51n3.180 fatcat:ecb5aapgx5blvf6s32roasr6vu

The Role of Digital Libraries as Virtual Research Environments for the Digital Humanities [chapter]

Widad Mustafa El Hadi, Marcin Roszkowski
2016 Knowledge Organization for a Sustainable World: Challenges and Perspectives for Cultural, Scientific, and Technological Sharing in a Connected Society  
Context and Rationale Digital Libraries are considered "as far more than simple digital surrogates of existing conventional libraries, they are considered as an important part of the Digital Humanities  ...  In this paper we will reflect on the state of the art of our knowledge of Research Infrastructures (RIs) for the Humanities and the role of digital libraries as Virtual Research Environments (VRE) for  ...  This scheme (KOS) can be implemented in VRE or operates as external and remotely dereferenced namespace (e.g. Library of Congress Subject Headings [6] ).  ... 
doi:10.5771/9783956504389-392 fatcat:nj7uc36ydbezjpboxuwpkwfxtq

Authority Control for Scientific Data: The Case of Molecular Biology

Shuheng Wu, Besiki Stvilia, Dong Joon Lee
2012 Journal of Library Metadata  
determination and disambiguation.  ...  Effective management of entity metadata, the ability of entity resolution and disambiguation are essential for scientific research processes, as well as for scientist productivity and impact evaluation  ...  Jianzhong Wen and Hong Huang for helpful conversations. We also thank the reviewer for helpful comments and feedback. AUTHORITY CONTROL FOR SCIENTIFIC DATA  ... 
doi:10.1080/19386389.2012.699822 fatcat:4cx2sias4fhsnfq2wavmm4noyu

Lightweight Parsing of Classifications into Lightweight Ontologies [chapter]

Aliaksandr Autayeu, Fausto Giunchiglia, Pierre Andrews
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This allows for a deeper understanding of natural language metadata semantics, which we show can improve by almost 18% the accuracy of the automatic translation of classifications into lightweight ontologies  ...  required by semantic matching, search and classification algorithms.  ...  We present the analysis of the NL used in six classifications: LCSH 1 (for "Library of Congress Subject Headings"), NALT 2 (for "National Agricultural Library Thesaurus"), DMoz 3 (for Open Directory Project  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-15464-5_33 fatcat:uwss2tllrrdl5eusojev6r73qe

Enhancing an Open-Access Linguistics Journal Archive with Library of Congress-like Metadata: A Case Study of the Effectiveness for Improving Discovery

Geoff Husic
2014 Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics  
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of adding Library of Congress subject headings in enhancing discoverability and increasing downloads.  ...  The University of Kansas has hosted the Kansas Working Papers in Linguistic (KWPL) in its digital repository, KU ScholarWorks, since 2007, but complete subject metadata, based on Library of Congress Subject  ...  in digital resources, and specifically recommended Library of Congress Subject Headings or the Sears Headings as appropriate options in many cases (ALA/ALCTS/SAC/Subcommittee on Metadata and Subject Analysis  ... 
doi:10.17161/kwpl.1808.15945 fatcat:cur7plgpoff7veyf5hbotwku2a

Generating Geographic Terms for Streaming Videos Using Python: A Comparative Analysis

Patrick Harrington
2019 Code4Lib Journal  
In libraries, the relationship between textual descriptions of audiovisual material and access to that material is a primary concern, as users expect to have access to all the library's resources—which  ...  At UW-Oshkosh, library staff developed a unique site for its streaming video collection that would allow users to search for videos and browse collections on particular topics across each of the three  ...  The third and final method explored in this paper leverages the structure of Library of Congress subject headings so that geographic subdivisions in subject headings are used to populate a standalone metadata  ... 
doaj:1c8dcdee8c344d71ad3e3b1cc86fcb6c fatcat:md5w77ewpvbhrexnzlzqrdctty

Construction and Applications of Ontology: Recent Trends
ENGLISH

Neela J. Deshpande, Rajendra Kumbhar
2011 DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology  
Ontologies are used in artificial intelligence, biomedical informatics, library science, chemistry and many other subjects.  ...  The purpose of this paper is to make the library professionals alert about the literature published on ontology and applications of ontology.  ...  Similarly a procedure for modeling the semantics of Library of Congress subject headings into ontology is described by Papadakis 13 .  ... 
doi:10.14429/djlit.31.2.859 fatcat:q2kkt5n5xndqfbbzuhlcnxd4za

Bibliographic Classification in the Digital Age: Current Trends & Future Directions

Asim Ullah, Shah Khusro, Irfan Ullah
2017 Information Technology and Libraries  
Bibliographic classification is among the core activities of Library & Information Science that brings order and proper management to the holdings of a library.  ...  The article also contributes two evaluation frameworks that evaluate different classification schemes and elaborate different approaches that exist in theory, in manual practice and automatically in digital  ...  LCC is also complex ("Library of Congress Subject Headings: Pre-vs.  ... 
doi:10.6017/ital.v36i3.8930 fatcat:foi546rojvddba56lg6phidkqu
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