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Automatic Detection of Causality in Requirement Artifacts: the CiRA Approach [article]

Jannik Fischbach, Julian Frattini, Arjen Spaans, Maximilian Kummeth, Andreas Vogelsang, Daniel Mendez, Michael Unterkalmsteiner
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we disclose our open data sets as well as our tool to foster the discourse on the automatic detection of causality in the RE community.  ...  We report on a case study and the resulting tool-supported approach for causality detection in requirements.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge that this work was supported by the KKS foundation through the S.E.R.T. Research Profile project at Blekinge Institute of Technology.  ... 
arXiv:2101.10766v1 fatcat:oex3mrlasfhpxjvotswpnrkvle

Causality in Requirements Artifacts: Prevalence, Detection, and Impact [article]

Julian Frattini, Jannik Fischbach, Daniel Mendez, Michael Unterkalmsteiner, Andreas Vogelsang, Krzystof Wnuk
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Second, we present and evaluate a tool-supported approach, called CiRA, for causality detection.  ...  Objective: In our empirically informed research, we aim at better understanding the notion of causality and supporting the automatic extraction of causal relations in NL requirements.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge that this work was supported, in parts, by the KKS foundation through the S.E.R.T. Research Profile project at Blekinge Institute of Technology.  ... 
arXiv:2112.08265v1 fatcat:rgqeqqnrbraoxfrpzpea4xeh3e

Automatic Creation of Acceptance Tests by Extracting Conditionals from Requirements: NLP Approach and Case Study [article]

Jannik Fischbach, Julian Frattini, Andreas Vogelsang, Daniel Mendez, Michael Unterkalmsteiner, Andreas Wehrle, Pablo Restrepo Henao, Parisa Yousefi, Tedi Juricic, Jeannette Radduenz, Carsten Wiecher
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present our tool-supported approach CiRA (Conditionals in Requirements Artifacts) capable of creating the minimal set of required test cases from conditional statements in informal requirements  ...  We demonstrate the feasibility of CiRA in a case study with three industry partners. In our study, out of 578 manually created test cases, 71.8 % can be generated automatically.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge that this work was supported by the KKS foundation through the S.E.R.T. Research Profile project at Blekinge Institute of Technology.  ... 
arXiv:2202.00932v1 fatcat:dehtghn2zbhb7ng7z46nxtccha

Model-based Analysis and Specification of Functional Requirements and Tests for Complex Automotive Systems [article]

Carsten Wiecher, Constantin Mandel, Matthias Günther, Jannik Fischbach, Joel Greenyer, Matthias Greinert, Carsten Wolff, Roman Dumitrescu, Daniel Mendez, Albert Albers
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This methodology supports system architects and test designers in the collaborative application of our technique and in maintaining a central system model, in order to automatically derive the required  ...  The specification of requirements and tests are crucial activities in automotive development projects.  ...  Test-Case Generation In previous work [11] , we presented our toolsupported approach named CiRA (Conditionals in Requirements Artifacts) capable of deriving test cases from conditionals automatically.  ... 
arXiv:2209.01473v1 fatcat:awhben2tcvbklgbzjuf366iiiu

Foundation-for the Next 100 Years

T. Weeks
2004 Journal of Aircraft  
As significant as technological progress reflected in the artifacts designed is the evolution in the processes by which the amazing ad- vances of the past century have been developed, as shown in Fig.  ...  In particular, a paramet- ric design approach called the unified tradeoff environment (UTE) is employed, which facilitates the examination of the multidimen- sional interaction between system requirements  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.10193 fatcat:55lvx2t3ajau5jpef7ussy7mcm


2018 Seibutsu Butsuri  
Up to five awardees of the Early Career Award in Biophysics will be selected and announced at the banquet 3SEA-5 光遺伝子操作による単一の糸球体の活性により誘因される恐怖行動の探索 Immobility responses are induced by photoactivation of  ...  In this symposium, each speaker will make 10-minute presentation followed by 3-minute discussion as the second round of screening.  ...  To characterize the singularity requires spatiotemporal information of the system and some scheme to measure causality between the event in question and the set to trigger the event.  ... 
doi:10.2142/biophys.58.s1 fatcat:6slkwnu64fen7cjixehxrcmdzm

An Integrated Cybersecurity Risk Management (I-CSRM) Framework for Critical Infrastructure Protection

Halima Kure
Lastly, the thesis employs a case study to validate the proposed i-CSRM framework and i-CSRMT in terms of applicability.  ...  We follow a number of techniques for the proposed unified approach including fuzzy set theory for the asset criticality, machine learning classifiers for the risk predication and Comprehensive Assessment  ...  However, it does not take any risk predictions. • Critical Infrastructure Risk Assessment Support (CIRAS) Approach: The CIRAS approach aims to create a methodology and tool to help in the selection of  ... 
doi:10.15123/uel.89ww3 fatcat:3w6q73sqy5dl7burfg2wnwli3m

Engineering change modelling using a function-behaviour-structure scheme

Bahram Hamraz, Apollo-University Of Cambridge Repository, Apollo-University Of Cambridge Repository
This change propagation significantly affects the success of a product in the market by increasing development cost and time-to-market.  ...  The FBS Linkage concept is designed based on a comprehensive set of requirements derived from both the literature and industry practices as well as a comparative assessment of existing change methods and  ...  FR frameworks 5.4.6 FR approaches model a product in the context of its functions, behaviours, and structures, including causal explanations of how the functions of a product are realised by behaviours  ... 
doi:10.17863/cam.14061 fatcat:dnkww5utcne2dlljk45wrvccxi

Social Space and Physical Space: Pierre Bourdieu's Field Theory as a Model for the Social Dynamics of the Built Environment [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, University, My, Gordon, Lewis R. (Lewis Ricardo)
The case studies, taken together, also demonstrate the virtue, inherent to a Bourdieuian approach, of explaining both the trends of relative stability and the instances of radical change that are observed  ...  The notion of social space or field is a central but under-studied category in the philosopher and sociologist Pierre Bourdieu's theory of practice.  ...  Classical theory worked within a "planar space governed by a transitive mechanical causality." 51 That is to say, when one is working only with a linear concept of causality, the only requirement is for  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/1213 fatcat:on6u43pr6nfqzhafmlrvlhfzy4

Bowing to Quirinus : compromised nodes and cyber security in East Asia

Cameron Jay Ortis
Other approaches used in International Relations to study security and the information revolution commonly employ more traditional frameworks built around the international system or the state and more  ...  At the core of this level of analysis is the argument that the compromised node on the Internet is the central problem in a digitizing world both in physical and theoretical terms.  ...  intrusion detection data were contacted in 2003.  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0093025 fatcat:z6djzyeuvzheflbvv6aq6dqib4

High-Power Yb-Doped Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Fiber Amplifier at 1150-1200nm

Hiroki Maruyama, Akira Shirakawa, Ken-ichi Ueda, Christina B. Olausson, Jens K. Lyngsø, Brian Mangan, Jes Broeng
2008 Frontiers in Optics 2008/Laser Science XXIV/Plasmonics and Metamaterials/Optical Fabrication and Testing   unpublished
Invited Historical Overview of Earth Science from Space, Stanley Q. Kidder; Cooperative Inst. for Res. in the Atmosphere (CIRA), Colorado State Univ., USA.  ...  The operation of a water-flow sensor based on two FBG laser was automatized using a PIC16F877 microcontroller.  ...  I will present an illustrated tour of some of the notable events and individuals along the timeline from Einstein in 1916 to Townes in 1951 , Schawlow and Townes in 1958 , Shawanga Lodge in 1959 , Maiman  ... 
doi:10.1364/fio.2008.ftug5 fatcat:2rman2c7cfczlfuad4o6giy2iq

A Rare Case of Spontaneous Intestinal 34 Perforation at a Paediatric Emergency Department Chen, Lien A Chinese Family with Dominant 37 Deafness-onychodystrophy Syndrome HONG KONG JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRICS Hong Kong Journal of Paediatrics (New Series)

Yang, Yang, Huang, Medcom Limited Blank, Yiu Cheung, Associate Fai, Hon Chung, Lam Yin, San Hung, Ting Leung, Fan, Ching Chan (+31 others)
2018 unpublished
Calcineurin Inhibitors Functional and Ultrastructural Analysis of Respiratory Cilia in Healthy Chinese Children in Hong Kong  ...  Conflict of Interest All authors have no conflict of interest regarding this paper. Conflicts of Interest Statement The authors have no conflicts of interest relevant to this article.  ...  While the organbased stratification of childhood illnesses epitomises the practice of a reductionist clinical approach, one cannot argue against the success of the hospital-based approach in managing common  ... 

The Concept of "Security" in Horizon 2020 Research Projects on Border Security The Automated Governing of Circulations

Michael Strasser, Gerald Steinhardt
But what is the meaning of "security" in this context? Whose security is increased by setting the "border" as the supposed object of security?  ...  This thesis analyzes the understanding of "security" underlying EU-funded researchprojects that shall be deployed in the context of border security.  ...  Iw oulda lsol iket ot hank Georg Hagmann for his valuable inputa nd all of thep articipants of thea ccompanying seminarf or the feedback on them aterial that Ip resented therein.  ... 
doi:10.34726/hss.2021.86221 fatcat:e274ashkwbhvzmnqrez3oxkpsy

Second International Symposium on Plant Health in Urban Horticulture: Berlin, Germany, August 27 - 29, 2003

International Symposium On Plant Health In Urban Horticulture 2 2003 Berlin, Julius Kühn Institut
Maybe must have in future, when the level of the past economic boost and investment in greens can't be maintained.  ...  They give us an idea of the position of urban greens, parks and public gardens in general, and plants in particular, might have when public treasuries are empty.  ...  Biology III, Freiburg University is thanked for his help and controls in the investigations, published in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.5073/20210706-114400 fatcat:lalaplyrljderfk45l3t5goxza