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Automated Fact-Checking: A Survey [article]

Xia Zeng, Amani S. Abumansour, Arkaitz Zubiaga
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Researchers in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP) have contributed to the task by building fact-checking datasets, devising automated fact-checking pipelines and proposing NLP methods to further  ...  As online false information continues to grow, automated fact-checking has gained an increasing amount of attention in recent years.  ...  Abumansour holds a scholarship from Taif University, Saudi Arabia.  ... 
arXiv:2109.11427v1 fatcat:6ezha6y5svf4zkq7brodmd3vke

A Survey on Automated Fact-Checking [article]

Zhijiang Guo, Michael Schlichtkrull, Andreas Vlachos
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we survey automated fact-checking stemming from natural language processing, and discuss its connections to related tasks and disciplines.  ...  Therefore, researchers have been exploring how fact-checking can be automated, using techniques based on natural language processing, machine learning, knowledge representation, and databases to automatically  ...  Finally Nakov et al. (2021a) surveyed automated approaches to assist fact-checking by humans.  ... 
arXiv:2108.11896v2 fatcat:qq5b347rtnd3hh65g6535zotly

Explainable Automated Fact-Checking: A Survey [article]

Neema Kotonya, Francesca Toni
2020 arXiv   pre-print
A number of exciting advances have been made in automated fact-checking thanks to increasingly larger datasets and more powerful systems, leading to improvements in the complexity of claims which can be  ...  In this survey, we focus on the explanation functionality -- that is fact-checking systems providing reasons for their predictions.  ...  The fact-checking pipeline is shown in Figure 1 . The focus of this survey is explainable automated fact-checking.  ... 
arXiv:2011.03870v1 fatcat:moykzxzsvracfjo6nvg7b4nxp4

Using NLP for Fact Checking: A Survey

Eric Lazarski, Mahmood Al-Khassaweneh, Cynthia Howard
2021 Designs  
In summary, automated fact checking works well in some cases, though generalized fact checking still needs improvement prior to widespread use.  ...  It follows the entire process of automated fact checking using natural language processing, from detecting claims to fact checking to outputting results.  ...  Claim Identification and Extraction Some methods of automated fact checking assume that a claim is given as input, however in the context of fully automated fact checking this will not be the case.  ... 
doi:10.3390/designs5030042 fatcat:sbju5qv4tze5dk6llvs5mwxedm

Automated Fact Checking: Task formulations, methods and future directions [article]

James Thorne, Andreas Vlachos
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We conclude with proposing avenues for future NLP research on automated fact checking.  ...  In this paper we survey automated fact checking research stemming from natural language processing and related disciplines, unifying the task formulations and methodologies across papers and authors.  ...  A second type of input often considered in automated fact checking is textual claims.  ... 
arXiv:1806.07687v2 fatcat:ny2orsoyvfeylctzftssbqmm2i

BREAKING! Presenting Fake News Corpus for Automated Fact Checking

Archita Pathak, Rohini Srihari
2019 Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Student Research Workshop  
Popular fake news articles spread faster than mainstream articles on the same topic which renders manual fact checking inefficient.  ...  This work is still in progress as we plan to extend the dataset in the future and use it for our approach towards automated fake news detection.  ...  The second challenge is the lack of structured and clean dataset which is a bottleneck for fake opinion mining, automated fact checking and creating computationally-intensive learning models Related  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p19-2050 dblp:conf/acl/PathakS19 fatcat:hfgblbwo2rgnzhn7a6e3u7kksy

VERIFIC.AI application: automated fact-checking in Brazilian 2018 general elections

Dario Brito Rocha Jr., Anthony José da Cunha Carneiro Lins, Alice Cristiny Ferreira De Souza, Luiz Felipe De Oliveira Libório, André Henrique De Brito Leitão, Flávio Henrique Souza Santos
2019 Brazilian Journalism Research  
This article introduces the development, testing and data analysis from the Verific.ai application prototype, an automated tool for checking news links on the Android operating system.  ...  A plataforma aplica a técnica da mineração de dados a partir da definição de critérios de verdade e falsidade das notícias no ambiente digital.  ...  fact-checking.  ... 
doi:10.25200/bjr.v15n3.2019.1178 fatcat:jvvdqd6eavfqzims4b47xz7t54

Computational fact checking

Sylvie Cazalens, Julien Leblay, Philippe Lamarre, Ioana Manolescu, Xavier Tannier
2018 Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment  
A particularly popular and active area of data journalism is concerned with fact-checking.  ...  areas of digital content management research, in particular those relying on the Web, can be leveraged to help fact-checking, and gives a comprehensive survey of efforts in this area; (iii) Highlights  ...  (in a modern fact-checking scenario) [22] .  ... 
doi:10.14778/3229863.3229880 fatcat:wx4kp42jyzgc5bvu7wyk3s3q5e

WhatTheWikiFact: Fact-Checking Claims Against Wikipedia [article]

Anton Chernyavskiy, Dmitry Ilvovsky, Preslav Nakov
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Unfortunately, not all information online is true, and thus a number of fact-checking initiatives have been launched, both manual and automatic, to deal with the problem.  ...  The rise of Internet has made it a major source of information.  ...  As manual fact-checking is a complex and time-consuming task, it is important to develop tools that can help automate the process.  ... 
arXiv:2105.00826v2 fatcat:47tpwa2er5a6zjaozywpnzu7g4

Explainable Fact-checking through Question Answering [article]

Jing Yang, Didier Vega-Oliveros, Taís Seibt, Anderson Rocha
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Leveraging question answering as a proxy, we break down automated fact-checking into several steps -- this separation aids models' explainability as it allows for more detailed analysis of their decision-making  ...  To mitigate this issue, many researchers have proposed automated fact-checking methods to fight the spread of fake news.  ...  The authors also published a survey specifically about generating fact-checking explanations [7] .  ... 
arXiv:2110.05369v1 fatcat:njtnsbhyjzby5bm2ybtrtsrkyy

Towards Explainable Fact Checking [article]

Isabelle Augenstein
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, the thesis presents some first solutions for explainable fact checking.  ...  Despite this, current solutions for explainability are still lacking in the area of fact checking.  ...  Thorne and Vlachos 2018 present a survey for fact checking, highlighting multi-modal fact checking, fact checking of longer documents, and fact checking of real-world claims as future directions. user  ... 
arXiv:2108.10274v2 fatcat:5s4an6irezcjfmvvhmiaeqarh4

Fact Checking: Task definition and dataset construction

Andreas Vlachos, Sebastian Riedel
2014 Proceedings of the ACL 2014 Workshop on Language Technologies and Computational Social Science  
In this paper we introduce the task of fact checking, i.e. the assessment of the truthfulness of a claim.  ...  We first define the task and detail the construction of a publicly available dataset using statements fact-checked by journalists available online.  ...  Dataset construction In order to construct a dataset to develop and evaluate approaches to fact checking, we first surveyed popular fact checking websites.  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/w14-2508 dblp:conf/acl/VlachosR14 fatcat:i4npd645znbrnmiq7v5etyxgpq

Unsupervised Question Answering for Fact-Checking [article]

Mayank Jobanputra
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose an unsupervised question-answering based approach for a similar task, fact-checking.  ...  We transform the FEVER dataset into a Cloze-task by masking named entities provided in the claims.  ...  Moreover, Thorne and Vlachos (2018) released a survey on the current models for automated fact-checking.  ... 
arXiv:1910.07154v1 fatcat:bakv4d2qebbalcspz45hgpd3xi

A Content Management Perspective on Fact-Checking

Sylvie Cazalens, Philippe Lamarre, Julien Leblay, Ioana Manolescu, Xavier Tannier
2018 Companion of the The Web Conference 2018 on The Web Conference 2018 - WWW '18  
In this paper, we identify the fact checking tasks which can be performed with the help of content management technologies, and survey the recent research works in this area, before laying out some perspectives  ...  Fact checking has captured the attention of the media and the public alike; it has also recently received strong attention from the computer science community, in particular from data and knowledge management  ...  We identified a set of areas where we believe more content management research should be invested to help automated fact checking advance, and described a blueprint architecture for an ideal fact check  ... 
doi:10.1145/3184558.3188727 dblp:conf/www/CazalensLLMT18 fatcat:ux2zkw7mozapxnk32mxci54gxa

Fact checking and analyzing the web

François Goasdoué, Konstantinos Karanasos, Yannis Katsis, Julien Leblay, Ioana Manolescu, Stamatis Zampetakis
2013 Proceedings of the 2013 international conference on Management of data - SIGMOD '13  
We propose to demonstrate Fact-Minder, a fact checking and analysis assistance application.  ...  Fact checking and data journalism are currently strong trends.  ...  SCENARIOS Our demo is centered around political fact checking scenarios.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2463676.2463692 dblp:conf/sigmod/GoasdoueKKLMZ13 fatcat:va4f5k5zefevvgebxtsvvc2lr4
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