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Automated fact‐checking: A survey

Xia Zeng, Amani S. Abumansour, Arkaitz Zubiaga
2021 Language and Linguistics Compass  
Researchers in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP) have contributed to the task by building fact-checking datasets, devising automated fact-checking pipelines and proposing NLP methods to further  ...  As online false information continues to grow, automated fact-checking has gained an increasing amount of attention in recent years.  ...  | Check-worthy claim detection ClaimBuster is the first automated fact-checking system that consists of integrated components tackling the entire fact-checking pipeline, starting off from the claim  ... 
doi:10.1111/lnc3.12438 fatcat:63crsybycvbkjgkmzeuxqitpay

Automated Fact-Checking: A Survey [article]

Xia Zeng, Amani S. Abumansour, Arkaitz Zubiaga
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Researchers in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP) have contributed to the task by building fact-checking datasets, devising automated fact-checking pipelines and proposing NLP methods to further  ...  As online false information continues to grow, automated fact-checking has gained an increasing amount of attention in recent years.  ...  Check-Worthy Claim Detection ClaimBuster is the first automated fact-checking system that consists of integrated components tackling the entire fact-checking pipeline, starting off from the claim detection  ... 
arXiv:2109.11427v1 fatcat:6ezha6y5svf4zkq7brodmd3vke

A Survey on Automated Fact-Checking [article]

Zhijiang Guo, Michael Schlichtkrull, Andreas Vlachos
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we survey automated fact-checking stemming from natural language processing, and discuss its connections to related tasks and disciplines.  ...  Therefore, researchers have been exploring how fact-checking can be automated, using techniques based on natural language processing, machine learning, knowledge representation, and databases to automatically  ...  Finally Nakov et al. (2021a) surveyed automated approaches to assist fact-checking by humans.  ... 
arXiv:2108.11896v3 fatcat:zjfyftf4wfdbrjwnahaskrybqm

Explainable Automated Fact-Checking: A Survey [article]

Neema Kotonya, Francesca Toni
2020 arXiv   pre-print
A number of exciting advances have been made in automated fact-checking thanks to increasingly larger datasets and more powerful systems, leading to improvements in the complexity of claims which can be  ...  accurately fact-checked.  ...  Automated Fact-Checking: State of the Art Engineering accurate and resilient computational methods for automated fact-checking is challenging.  ... 
arXiv:2011.03870v1 fatcat:moykzxzsvracfjo6nvg7b4nxp4

Automated Fact Checking in the News Room [article]

Sebastião Miranda and David Nogueira and Afonso Mendes and Andreas Vlachos and Andrew Secker and Rebecca Garrett and Jeff Mitchel and Zita Marinho
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present an automated fact-checking platform which given a claim, it retrieves relevant textual evidence from a document collection, predicts whether each piece of evidence supports or  ...  Fact checking is an essential task in journalism; its importance has been highlighted due to recently increased concerns and efforts in combating misinformation.  ...  The performed user study provided very fruitful feedback to direct future work in automated fact checking.  ... 
arXiv:1904.02037v1 fatcat:4snh5tybgrasbb3f7hp3rgtzhq

Fully Automated Fact Checking Using External Sources [article]

Georgi Karadzhov, Preslav Nakov, Lluis Marquez, Alberto Barron-Cedeno, Ivan Koychev
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Here, we propose a general-purpose framework for fully-automatic fact checking using external sources, tapping the potential of the entire Web as a knowledge source to confirm or reject a claim.  ...  The evaluation results show good performance on two different tasks and datasets: (i) rumor detection and (ii) fact checking of the answers to a question in community question answering forums.  ...  Our approach to fact checking is related: we verify facts on the Web. However, we use a much simpler and feature-light system, and a different machine learning model.  ... 
arXiv:1710.00341v1 fatcat:y4o6yx5gdrak3omach2xujdlcm

Fully Automated Fact Checking Using External Sources

Georgi Karadzhov, Preslav Nakov, Lluís Màrquez, Alberto Barrón-Cedeño, Ivan Koychev
2017 RANLP 2017 - Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing Meet Deep Learning  
Here, we propose a general-purpose framework for fully-automatic fact checking using external sources, tapping the potential of the entire Web as a knowledge source to confirm or reject a claim.  ...  The evaluation results show good performance on two different tasks and datasets: (i) rumor detection and (ii) fact checking of the answers to a question in community question answering forums.  ...  Our approach to fact checking is related: we verify facts on the Web. However, we use a much simpler and feature-light system, and a different machine learning model.  ... 
doi:10.26615/978-954-452-049-6_046 dblp:conf/ranlp/KaradzhovNMBK17 fatcat:wrjpfmacu5hf7bxxdwpyfywhra

Automated Fact Checking in the News Room

Sebastião Miranda, David Nogueira, Afonso Mendes, Andreas Vlachos, Andrew Secker, Rebecca Garrett, Jeff Mitchel, Zita Marinho
2019 The World Wide Web Conference on - WWW '19  
In this paper, we present an automated fact checking platform which given a claim, it retrieves relevant textual evidence from a document collection, predicts whether each piece of evidence supports or  ...  Full terms of use are available: ABSTRACT Fact checking is an essential task in journalism; its importance has been highlighted due to recently increased concerns and efforts in combating misinformation  ...  https://fullfact.org/blog/2017/jun/automated-fact-checking-full-fact/ https://data.worldbank.org/  ... 
doi:10.1145/3308558.3314135 dblp:conf/www/MirandaNMVSGMM19 fatcat:5dr5dlqf5zfctfqopy5ivr6724

Automated Fact-Checking of Claims from Wikipedia

Aalok Sathe, Salar Ather, Tuan Manh Le, Nathan Perry, Joonsuk Park
2020 International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation  
Automated fact checking is becoming increasingly vital as both truthful and fallacious information accumulate online.  ...  Research on fact checking has benefited from large-scale datasets such as FEVER and SNLI.  ...  Researchers began to address the shortcomings by automating the fact checking process.  ... 
dblp:conf/lrec/SatheALPP20 fatcat:pqqewfswj5blbn4gep3fexy5ja

Automated Fact Checking: Task formulations, methods and future directions [article]

James Thorne, Andreas Vlachos
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We conclude with proposing avenues for future NLP research on automated fact checking.  ...  In this paper we survey automated fact checking research stemming from natural language processing and related disciplines, unifying the task formulations and methodologies across papers and authors.  ...  A second type of input often considered in automated fact checking is textual claims.  ... 
arXiv:1806.07687v2 fatcat:ny2orsoyvfeylctzftssbqmm2i

FacTeR-Check: Semi-automated fact-checking through Semantic Similarity and Natural Language Inference [article]

Alejandro Martín and Javier Huertas-Tato and Álvaro Huertas-García and Guillermo Villar-Rodríguez and David Camacho
2022 arXiv   pre-print
To this end, we propose FacTeR-Check, a multilingual architecture for semi-automated fact-checking that can be used for either applications designed for the general public and by fact-checking organisations  ...  The union of all these components builds a semi-automated fact-checking tool able of verifying new claims, to extract related evidence, and to track the evolution of a hoax on a OSN.  ...  Automated Fact-Checking Automated Fact-Checking (AFC) involves different tasks and issues, such as extracting check-worthy claims from a speech or a large text, building fact-checking tools based on previously  ... 
arXiv:2110.14532v3 fatcat:epn6b5tthrbstnir5l3t7acnga

Explainable Automated Fact-Checking for Public Health Claims [article]

Neema Kotonya, Francesca Toni
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our results indicate that, by training on in-domain data, gains can be made in explainable, automated fact-checking for claims which require specific expertise.  ...  The vast majority of fact-checking studies focus exclusively on political claims.  ...  Toward automated fact- checking: Detecting check-worthy factual claims by claimbuster.  ... 
arXiv:2010.09926v1 fatcat:2ocrenbzcrbsrf3nc5sg34z4ee

BREAKING! Presenting Fake News Corpus for Automated Fact Checking

Archita Pathak, Rohini Srihari
2019 Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Student Research Workshop  
Popular fake news articles spread faster than mainstream articles on the same topic which renders manual fact checking inefficient.  ...  This work is still in progress as we plan to extend the dataset in the future and use it for our approach towards automated fake news detection.  ...  The second challenge is the lack of structured and clean dataset which is a bottleneck for fake opinion mining, automated fact checking and creating computationally-intensive learning models Related  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p19-2050 dblp:conf/acl/PathakS19 fatcat:hfgblbwo2rgnzhn7a6e3u7kksy

Assessing Effectiveness of Using Internal Signals for Check-Worthy Claim Identification in Unlabeled Data for Automated Fact-Checking [article]

Archita Pathak, Rohini K. Srihari
2021 arXiv   pre-print
While recent work on automated fact-checking has focused mainly on verifying and explaining claims, for which the list of claims is readily available, identifying check-worthy claim sentences from a text  ...  We also show that while the headline has more gisting similarity with how a fact-checking website writes a claim, the summary-based pipeline is the most promising for an end-to-end fact-checking system  ...  Automating any part of the fact-checking process can help scale up the fact-checking efforts.  ... 
arXiv:2111.01706v1 fatcat:vct5ryw6xbhqncls6cc4ajfk64

VERIFIC.AI application: automated fact-checking in Brazilian 2018 general elections

Dario Brito Rocha Jr., Anthony José da Cunha Carneiro Lins, Alice Cristiny Ferreira De Souza, Luiz Felipe De Oliveira Libório, André Henrique De Brito Leitão, Flávio Henrique Souza Santos
2019 Brazilian Journalism Research  
This article introduces the development, testing and data analysis from the Verific.ai application prototype, an automated tool for checking news links on the Android operating system.  ...  fact-checking.  ...  Key words: Automated. Check. Disinformation. News. Elections.  ... 
doi:10.25200/bjr.v15n3.2019.1178 fatcat:jvvdqd6eavfqzims4b47xz7t54
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