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Large scale content distribution protocols

Christoph Neumann, Vincent Roca, Rod Walsh
2005 Computer communication review  
More precisely, the paper explains FLUTE, ALC and the associated building blocks.  ...  This paper introduces large scale content distribution protocols, which are capable of scaling to massive numbers of users and providing low delay end-to-end delivery.  ...  ASYNCHRONOUS LAYERED CODING (ALC) Introduction and Principles ALC is a content delivery protocol that does not require any feedback from receivers.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1096536.1096550 fatcat:6oo4bn4mmfa2dp22sejyb2ymga

Evaluating high-throughput reliable multicast for grid applications in production networks

M.P. Barcellos, M. Nekovee, M. Koyabe, M. Daw, J. Brooke
2005 CCGrid 2005. IEEE International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid, 2005.  
It is widely accepted that this can be, in theory, best achieved using reliable multicast protocols.  ...  Unlike other work, our conclusions are backed by experimental evaluation of existing protocols in production environments.  ...  Layered Coding (ALC).  ... 
doi:10.1109/ccgrid.2005.1558588 dblp:conf/ccgrid/BarcellosNKDB05 fatcat:fbdxiao6ufdszgi53caamvl6yq

A Novel Framework of LBS Application Using Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Services in 3G Mobile Networks

Lu Lou, Xin Xu
2011 Procedia Engineering  
In this paper, we propose a novel LBS application framework that Point of Interest (POI) messages are coded and embedded into the TPEG protocol (transport protocol experts group), and then TPEG Frame messages  ...  ALC itself is a protocol instantiation of LCT (Layered Coding Transport building block) providing in-band session management functionality.  ...  FLUTE bases on ALC (Asynchronous Layered Coding) and thus inherits its requirements including massively scalable multicast distribution.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.1041 fatcat:z2kgjrzhuzh4la4izdafbggw7m

A Sustainable Framework for Multimedia Data Streaming [chapter]

Alessandro Bassi, Jean-Patrick Gelas, Laurent Lefèvre
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The approach is based on active networking support (dynamicity, new services and protocols) merged with logistical storage.  ...  The tools proposed are the Tamanoir 1 execution environment combined with the Internet Backplane Protocol middleware. By describing a scenario, we illustrate the realistic potential of this approach.  ...  TANs can be used to change the transport protocol during the packet's journey, as they are deployed in the access layer.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-24715-9_7 fatcat:ikhmdzwcfba6bly6232bgypiom


Avani U Pandya .
2013 International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology  
The standard AL-FEC system is based on systematic, fountain Raptor codes.  ...  In this direction, in order to support effective point-to-multipoint download and streaming delivery, 3GPP has included an Application Layer Forward Error Correction (AL-FEC) scheme in the standard eMBMS  ...  FLUTE is built on top of the Asynchronous Layered Coding (ALC) protocol instantiation.  ... 
doi:10.15623/ijret.2013.0204034 fatcat:zeymum3w7batxn3ayscaozdfr4

"WBC over DVB-H" Testbed Design, Development and Results

Zhanlin Ji, Ivan Ganchev, Máirtín O'Droma
2010 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
A three-layer system architecture of WBCs established over the digital video broadcasting-handheld (DVB-H) standard is presented.  ...  ADP was developed based on the modified asynchronous layered coding (ALC) protocol [16] . The ADP's FEC scheme uses Reed-Solomon (RS) algorithm to guarantee packet-level reliable IPDC.  ...  Full comparison between the ADP, FLUTE, and FCAST protocols is presented in Table 3 . (1) ADP Protocol Instantiation.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2010/769683 fatcat:whxxlds2kbak7dmnmrgq2tgl6u

Software architecture of the Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer

Allen Farris, Dan Klinglesmith, John Seamons, Nicolas Torres, David Buscher, John Young, Nicole M. Radziwill, Alan Bridger
2010 Software and Cyberinfrastructure for Astronomy  
This approach, based on gigabit Ethernet with a TCP/IP protocol, provides the flexibility to integrate and manage diverse, independent systems using a centralized supervisory system that provides a database  ...  Asynchronous -Is this monitor points implemented by an asynchronous method?  ...  T Offset -The off Code Generation The worksheets are the input to a code generation framework, which generates: (1) client/server interfaces to the system, using a communications protocol based on TCP  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.856497 fatcat:ikkzlbakmvfllbzl4wk2ol3stq

Video over IP using standard-compatible multiple description coding: An IETF proposal

Andreal L. Vitali, Antonio Borneo, Marco Fumagalli, Roberto Rinaldo
2006 Journal of Zhejiang University: Science A  
Standard-compatible multiple description coding (MDC) and layered coding (LC) are efficient ways to ensure erasure resilient, scalable transmission of encoded multimedia sources via RTP, allowing a gradual  ...  Alternative techniques such as robust source coding and channel coding techniques (ARQ: automatic repeat request, FEC: forward error correction) are presented; their integration into the proposed framework  ...  LC combined with unequal error protection is also covered extensively in many RFCs: RFC3450 for Asynchronous Layered Coding (ALC) protocol instantiation; RFC3451 for Layered Coding Transport (LCT) building  ... 
doi:10.1631/jzus.2006.a0668 fatcat:uol7ual3wzbjpgndykzjkpllku

Evaluating RaptorQ FEC over 3GPP multicast services

Christos Bouras, Nikolaos Kanakis, Vasileios Kokkinos, Andreas Papazois
2012 2012 8th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC)  
The Application Layer FEC (AL-FEC) scheme that 3GPP standardized is based on the systematic, fountain Raptor code.  ...  Index Terms-forward error correction, raptor code, raptorq code, mobile networks, broadcast and multicast 978-1-4577-1379-8/12/$26.00 ©2012 IEEE  ...  Download method uses the FLUTE protocol when delivering content over MBMS bearers. FLUTE is built on top of the Asynchronous Layered Coding (ALC) protocol instantiation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwcmc.2012.6314213 dblp:conf/iwcmc/BourasKKP12 fatcat:jrlzebpgwbccxke5c55x6727e4

Reliable Multicast Transport for Heterogeneous Mobile IP environment using Cross-Layer Information

Ilka Miloucheva
2007 Journal of Communications Software and Systems  
Cross layer interactions in order to enhance reliable transport and support seamless handover is discussed considering IEEE 802.21 media independent handover mechanisms.  ...  In particular, application-specific reliable multicast retransmission schemes are proposed, which are aimed to minimize the protocol overhead taking into account behaviour of mobile receivers (loss of  ...  For instance, Asynchronous Layered Coding (ALC) integrates building blocks for layered coding transport, multiple rate congestion control and forward error correction (FEC) [7] .  ... 
doi:10.24138/jcomss.v3i3.253 fatcat:mxy5u7m6wvccbfcxrtqm5nepwi

The Deployment of Intelligent Transport Services by using DVB-Based Mobile Video Technologies [chapter]

Vandenberghe, Leroux, De Turck, Moerman, Demeester
2010 Digital Video  
FLUTE is built on top of the Asynchronous Layered Coding (ALC) protocol instantiation (IETF, 2002) which provides reliable asynchronous delivery of content to an unlimited number of concurrent receivers  ...  TPEG is a bearer and language independent Traffic and Travel Information (TTI) service protocol which has a unidirectional and byte oriented asynchronous framing structure (Cho et al., 2006) .  ...  .), the protocol aspects and the transmission techniques making use of MIMO, hierarchical modulation and lossy compression.  ... 
doi:10.5772/8028 fatcat:26nymjm6b5ggxmhahpgby2ezbu

Networked Multimedia with Internet Media Guides

Jörg Ott, Dirk Kutscher, Janico Greifenberg, Kevin Loos
2005 Computational Methods in Science and Technology  
such as HTTP, and they allow for asynchronous change-notifications to interested subscribers.  ...  also independent of the distribution mechanisms for the media guides themselves: IMGs can be distributed in unidirectional broadcast networks, they can also retrieved over established query/response protocols  ...  , makes use of the reliable multicast protocol for a asynchronous layered coding (ALC, RFC 3450) that uses the layered coding transport (LCT, RFC 3451) peered with forward error correction (RFC 3452, RFC3453  ... 
doi:10.12921/cmst.2005.11.02.129-139 fatcat:m63gf4r76rgxnmf7uwglsad5a4

Performance Analysis of "WBC over DVB-H" Link Layer

Zhanlin Ji, Ivan Ganchev, Máirtín O'Droma
2010 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
This paper presents two novel smart cross-layer error-control coding schemes for improving the error protection of service advertisements that are broadcast to mobile terminals on wireless billboard channels  ...  These are the smart section erasure (SSE) and smart transport stream erasure (STSE) schemes, which are jointly executed by the link layer and service layer cross-layer algorithms.  ...  Two modified BBs-layered coding transport (LCT) and FEC-and one modified asynchronous layered coding (ALC) PI were developed for ADP. Figure 3 depicts the ADP building block structure.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2010/306709 fatcat:ivxbbfwhpfduhjswtkm32e5zwe

Video streaming over cooperative wireless networks

Yi Liu, Mohamed Hefeeda
2010 Proceedings of the first annual ACM SIGMM conference on Multimedia systems - MMSys '10  
ALC is a protocol instantiation of the Layered Coding Transport building block (LCT) such that ALC inherits the session concept of LCT [50] .  ...  The FLUTE protocol specifications build on the Asynchronous Layered Coding (ALC) protocol [49] , which is the base protocol designed for massively scalable multicast distribution systems.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1730836.1730849 dblp:conf/mmsys/LiuH10 fatcat:xv24cdee7ve2xozcxhttxmo2de

A Middleware-Based Application Framework for Active Space Applications [chapter]

Manuel Román, Roy H. Campbell
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
code).  ...  , the presentation has 350 lines (excluding the code to interface with the COM object), and the controller (considering the code to interact with the model and excluding the code for the GUI) requires  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44892-6_22 fatcat:puihavm5hnekrbbu7pclsj26xu
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