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Association between resting-state functional connectivity and empathizing/systemizing

Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Rui Nouchi, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Hiroshi Hashizume, Yuko Sassa, Yuka Kotozaki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Kunio Iizuka, Seishu Nakagawa, Tomomi Nagase (+2 others)
2014 NeuroImage  
Here we investigated the association between resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) and empathizing/systemizing in 248 healthy young adults.  ...  between individual empathizing/systemizing and RSFC between each seed region and other brain regions.  ...  and all our other colleagues at IDAC, Tohoku University for their support.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.05.031 pmid:24844739 fatcat:yl6v7xuecfe7bllvnvygkbepm4

White matter structures associated with empathizing and systemizing in young adults

Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Benjamin Thyreau, Yuko Sassa, Hiroshi Hashizume, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Tomomi Nagase, Rui Nouchi, Ai Fukushima, Ryuta Kawashima
2013 NeuroImage  
Post-hoc analyses revealed that these associations were generally formed by both the correlation between WM structures and empathizing as well as the opposite correlation between WM structures and systemizing  ...  We undertook voxel-by-voxel investigations of regional white matter volume (rWMV) and fractional anisotropy (FA) of diffusion tensor imaging to discover the WM structural correlates of empathizing, systemizing  ...  This study was supported by JST/RISTEX, JST/CREST, and a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) (KAKENHI 23700306) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.04.004 pmid:23578577 fatcat:mpmoqhntdfhwvan4gi76oqfmfy

Regional Gray Matter Volume Is Associated with Empathizing and Systemizing in Young Adults

Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Yuko Sassa, Hiroshi Hashizume, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Ai Fukushima, Ryuta Kawashima, Bogdan Draganski
2014 PLoS ONE  
These findings reconcile some previously inconsistent findings, provide other new findings and suggest that these areas contribute to empathizing-systemizing.  ...  Empathizing is defined as the drive to identify the mental states of others for predicting their behavior and responding with an appropriate emotion.  ...  Ambo, and J.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084782 pmid:24409308 pmcid:PMC3883687 fatcat:jkroibf6hvdklkhcsbxibfv7qa

Empathizing associates with mean diffusivity

Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Rui Nouchi, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Yuka Kotozaki, Seishu Nakagawa, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Kunio Iizuka, Yuki Yamamoto, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi (+7 others)
2019 Scientific Reports  
We undertook voxel-by-voxel investigations of regional MD to discover microstructural correlates of empathizing, systemizing, and the discrepancy between them (D score: systemizing - empathizing).  ...  In conclusion, while increased MD has generally been associated with reduced neural tissues and possibly area function, higher empathizing and cooperativeness were commonly reflected by greater MD values  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Yuki Yamada for operating the MRI scanner, Haruka Nouchi for conducting the psychological tests, all other assistants for helping with the experiments and the study, and the study  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-45106-1 pmid:31222093 pmcid:PMC6586867 fatcat:qxpbi2jjhfcztphbkhubwen7t4

AUTISM: A Window Onto the Development of the Social and the Analytic Brain

Simon Baron-Cohen, Matthew K. Belmonte
2005 Annual Review of Neuroscience  
This empathizing-systemizing theory explains other psychological models such as impairments of executive function or central coherence, and may have a neurobiological basis in abnormally low activity of  ...  connectivity. 109 Annu.  ...  On another axis, we can also separate physical connectivity (associated with synapses and tracts) from computational connectivity (associated with information transfer).  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144137 pmid:16033325 fatcat:lmkqax2zivhhnph46tq6poxtf4

Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review

Jocelyn V. Hull, Lisa B. Dokovna, Zachary J. Jacokes, Carinna M. Torgerson, Andrei Irimia, John Darrell Van Horn
2017 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
Ongoing debate exists within the resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) literature over how intrinsic connectivity is altered in the autistic brain, with reports of general overconnectivity, under-connectivity  ...  Further differences in reported results may be attributable to the age and sex of participants included, designs of the resting-state scan, and to the analysis technique used to evaluate the data.  ...  The study demonstrated that TNN deactivation did not occur between resting-state and task-associated fMRI for ASD subjects (48) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00205 pmid:28101064 pmcid:PMC5209637 fatcat:nan2vofovbhsflczhyfvcnm624

Default Mode Hypoconnectivity Underlies a Sex-Related Autism Spectrum

Rolf J.F. Ypma, Rachel L. Moseley, Rosemary J. Holt, Naresh Rughooputh, Dorothea L. Floris, Lindsay R. Chura, Michael D. Spencer, Simon Baron-Cohen, John Suckling, Edward T. Bullmore, Mikail Rubinov
2016 Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging  
We quantified the average connectivity between DMN regions and tested for group differences and correlation with behavioral performance using robust regression.  ...  We tested these three predictions for default mode network (DMN) hypoconnectivity during the resting state, one of the most robustly found neurobiological differences in autism.  ...  ARTICLE INFORMATION RJFY and RLM contributed equally to this work.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bpsc.2016.04.006 pmid:27430030 pmcid:PMC4936761 fatcat:e7s6dlim65cazfkekwz3pewey4

Rigidity, chaos and integration: hemispheric interaction and individual differences in metaphor comprehension

Miriam Faust, Yoed N. Kenett
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
In between these two extremes lie different states of semantic memory structure which are related to individual differences in semantic creativity.  ...  This continuum includes left hemisphere (LH) hyper-rigid semantic memory state on one end (e.g., in persons with AS), and RH chaotic and over-flexible semantic memory state on the other end (e.g., in persons  ...  This research was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF) grant (number 724/09) to Miriam Faust and partially supported by the I-CORE Program of the Planning and Budgeting Committee.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00511 pmid:25071534 pmcid:PMC4095568 fatcat:xjas5govkjcxzalkp2oi3esb7a

Autism Attenuates Sex Differences in Brain Structure: A Combined Voxel-Based Morphometry and Diffusion Tensor Imaging Study

F.D. Beacher, L. Minati, S. Baron-Cohen, M.V. Lombardo, M.-C. Lai, M.A. Gray, N.A. Harrison, H.D. Critchley
2011 American Journal of Neuroradiology  
Significant interactions were found between sex and diagnosis in total white matter volume, regional gray matter volume in the right parietal operculum, and fractional anisotropy (FA) in the body of the  ...  Males and females with AS and healthy controls (n = 28 and 30, respectively) were recruited.  ...  Graham for operational support during collection of control data, to the participants for their generous involvement in the study, and to 2 anonymous reviewers for useful suggestions on an earlier draft  ... 
doi:10.3174/ajnr.a2880 pmid:22173769 pmcid:PMC6345364 fatcat:t4456zud5jcfpbcroolw233mfq

Neural mechanisms underlying valence inferences to sound: The role of the right angular gyrus

Fernando Bravo, Ian Cross, Sarah Hawkins, Nadia Gonzalez, Jorge Docampo, Claudio Bruno, Emmanuel Andreas Stamatakis
2017 Neuropsychologia  
Functional and effective connectivity analyses further showed that consonances modulated a specific inhibitory interaction from associative memory to mental state attribution Valence Inferences to Sound  ...  Following evidence suggesting that individuals with autism may process social affective cues differently, we assessed the relationship between participants' task performance and self-reported autistic  ...  Both hypotheses were based on Baron-Cohen's Empathizing-Systemizing (E-S) theory (Baron- Cohen et al. 2001 ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.05.029 pmid:28602997 fatcat:dnhe6ofiv5cgxcf5n34qiemyom


Mahfuzah Mustafa, Zarith Liyana Zahari, Rafiuddin Abdubrani
2021 Jurnal Teknologi  
The connection between music and human are very synonyms because music could reduce stress.  ...  The state of stress could be measured using EEG signal, an electroencephalogram (EEG) measurement which contains an arousal and valence index value.  ...  Therefore, this study applied and focused on two music genres which are pop-punk and baby rhythm. These music genres are classified the Empathizing-Systemizing (E-Z) type of music.  ... 
doi:10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v83.16750 fatcat:zq5ex6zjvfavzgvruylzlyglde

The neurobiology of autism spectrum disorders

M. Parellada, M.J. Penzol, L. Pina, C. Moreno, E. González-Vioque, G. Zalsman, C. Arango
2014 European psychiatry  
connectivity between regions.  ...  In this sense, neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) (task-dependent, task-independent and resting-state fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are being used to  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2013.02.005 pmid:24275633 fatcat:db4adudan5hvzdqr4m4u7unbqa

From actions to empathy and morality – A neural perspective

Istvan Molnar-Szakacs
2011 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
to understand and feel another's emotional state.  ...  The firing pattern of neurons within this system appears to 'mirror' an action performed and seen, coding a functional correspondence between a motor action and sensory perception of that action.  ...  Khalil and Jonathan Wight, the participants and attendees of the Symposium, as well as the University of Richmond for its generous support towards making it all possible.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2010.02.019 fatcat:xllr4sjztnbfxcbfx7grcgfkgq

Processing of musical structure by high-functioning adolescents with autism spectrum disorders

Eve-Marie Quintin, Anjali Bhatara, Hélène Poissant, Eric Fombonne, Daniel J. Levitin
2013 Child Neuropsychology: A Journal of Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence  
Thus, music represents a promising means to test the empathizing-systemizing theory of ASD; although it has its limitations such as impossibility to obtain a complete dissociation between emotional and  ...  can associate emotional states to music (Heaton, Allen, Williams, Cummins, & Happé, 2008) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/09297049.2011.653540 pmid:22397615 fatcat:7mtwdo46bjhcnfwgq2sq7rv5py

General intelligence is associated with working memory-related brain activity: new evidence from a large sample study

Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Rui Nouchi, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Yuka Kotozaki, Seishu Nakagawa, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Kunio Iizuka, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Kohei Sakaki (+6 others)
2018 Brain Structure and Function  
This study found no significant association between general intelligence score and brain activity during the N-back working memory task.  ...  and neural activation as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the N-back working memory paradigm.  ...  Takeuchi H, Taki Y, Nouchi R, Sekiguchi A, Hashizume H, Sassa Y, Kotozaki Y, Miyauchi CM, Yokoyama R, Iizuka K (2014a) Association between resting-state functional connectivity and empathizing/systemizing  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00429-018-1747-5 pmid:30196431 fatcat:pgxhdureeba7vhe63nywhm5wpy
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