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Ethics in robotics and automation: a general view

Spyros G Tzafestas
2018 International Robotics & Automation Journal  
DOI: 10.15406/iratj.2018.04.00127 A full code of assistive technology was released in 2012 by the USA Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society (RESNA), 21 and another code by the Canadian  ...  Cyborgs can think the surrounding world in multiple dimensions, whereas human beings are more restricted in that sense.  ... 
doi:10.15406/iratj.2018.04.00127 fatcat:f3lnbgkuhnautbhiejrxmz6dpy

Roboethics: Fundamental Concepts and Future Prospects

Spyros Tzafestas
2018 Information  
Then, we outline the major branches of roboethics, namely: medical roboethics, assistive roboethics, sociorobot ethics, war roboethics, autonomous car ethics, and cyborg ethics.  ...  We start with the question of what roboethics is, as well as a discussion of the methodologies of roboethics, including a brief look at the branches and theories of ethics in general.  ...  A full code of assistive technology was released in 2012 by the USA Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society (RESNA) [38] , and another code by the Canadian Commission on Rehabilitation  ... 
doi:10.3390/info9060148 fatcat:dp4jolkf3vayrc65f6rhh7fjoa

Death, Innocence, and the Cyborg: Theorizing the Gynoid Double-Bind in Mamoru Oshii's Ghost in the Shell II: Innocence

Tembo Kwasu D.
2017 American, British and Canadian Studies Journal  
In Donna Haraway's "A Cyborg Manifesto" (1983), the author presents a discussion of the concept and praxis of the cyborg in emancipatory terms.  ...  or gynoid in 20th- and 21st-century science fiction, simultaneously confirms and contradicts Haraway's assessment of the concept of the cyborg.  ...  cyborg as a "technologized super-subject [and] as an end in itself" but as a subject or subjects that "must continue to live in a material world of other subjects and ethical responsibilities" (183)  ... 
doi:10.1515/abcsj-2017-0021 doaj:8396a948fa8641728b4fe4fdf7d52387 fatcat:m5rb636xrras5bt37ba2vobq6e

Locomotion Mode Transition Control of a Multi-Locomotion Robot [chapter]

2017 A Treatise on Good Robots  
The autonomy of the assistive robot should be restricted and in a sense be shared with the human.  ...  A characterization of a good cyborg states that a good cyborg should enhance the human and improve his/her physical and cognitive abilities to understand the world and other people, while good robotics  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781351296441-13 fatcat:ryl4jgdow5drtcy6dspoou3cfa

From Being to Ontogenetic Becoming: Commentary on Analytics of the Aging Body

Ender Ricart
2013 Anthropology & Aging  
It too has its own milieu: assistive technology sales and rental agents, assistive technology specialist and consultants, care managers, assistive technology user-trainers, product designer and developers  ...  When applying the cyborg model of analysis to the study of aging bodies and assistive technologies there is a tendency to regard such technologies as supplement or bodily prosthesis, incorporated into  ... 
doi:10.5195/aa.2013.9 fatcat:c64euajtpnbaxfrg3hwnqp6rwq

POSTHUMANISM AND ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGIES: ON THE SOCIAL INCLUSION/EXCLUSION OF LOW-TECH CYBORGS

Elizabeth Kath, Osorio Coelho Guimarães Neto, Marcelo El Khouri Buzato
2019 Trabalhos em Lingüística Aplicada  
of a low-tech cyborg in the world.  ...  In this paper, we elaborate on the consequences of a post-humanist perspective to the problem of physical disability by approaching the use of assistive technologies (AT) by disabled people as the introduction  ...  Whereas cyborgs by necessity need to be restored or normalized to (re)gain a certain degree of autonomy and/or selfhood (which, in many cases they can't afford, either financially or in other ways), cyborgs  ... 
doi:10.1590/0103181386558805282019 fatcat:irllh7hql5g7fbs3a4fbwqisai

Cyborg and Religious? Technonature and Technoculture

Anne Kull
2016 Scientia et Fides  
Cyborg is a figure of speech and asymbol, but preeminently a description of our actual being in contemporary technonature. Her idea has been picked up by artists (e.g.  ...  The cyborgian organism/ human and the world cannot be articulated in terms of black-and-white, us and them, friend and foe, kin and alien, good and evil etc.  ...  Gray) in Chris Hables Gray, with the assistance of Heidi J.  ... 
doi:10.12775/setf.2016.016 fatcat:omkykmyrnfdexeqko5lclrgs3m

DZIGA VERTOV AND STEVE MANN: THE EMBODIMENT OF THE MASTER METAPHOR OF VISION

Angela Joosse
2005 Intersections conference journal  
The privileged status of sight in Western culture can be understood as part of the striving to see the world more clearly, to combat distortion and gain an "objective" view.  ...  At the intersection of technology and culture, the master metaphor of vision maintains a prominent position.  ...  Vertov and Mann both also ground their 4 Canadian Intellectual Property patent CA 2248473. 5 The author assisted in the documentation of Mann's EyeTap technology.  ... 
doi:10.25071/1718-4657.36744 fatcat:efjluotmqnexpie3ljxm5jpedu

Cyborg psychiatry to ensure agency and autonomy in mental disorders. A proposal for neuromodulation therapeutics

Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Guillaume Fond, Guillaume Dumas
2013 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
This difficulty is also found in the field of Brain Computer Interface (BCI). BCI was developed, in particular, as assistive technology for patients with motor disabilities (Wang et al., 2010) .  ...  Consequently, a Cyborg is a kind of extended embodiment, an organism that is, at the same time, natural and artificial, and, as such, questions the limits between organism, technology and external environment  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00463 pmid:24046734 pmcid:PMC3763194 fatcat:6mzbbf6bwjecnpak5t53j6a7rq

Biases in risk assessment of Artificial Intelligence for military purposes

Miguel Moreno Muñoz
2018 Zenodo  
field; (3) Develop a case-study research on autonomous weapons / LAWs (in military context as a benchmark); (4) Extrapolate results and conclusion to civil/industrial AI agents.  ...  In particular: (1) Analyze the limitations of "engineering safety" approaches concerning to Artificial Intelligent agents for military applications; (2) Detect eventual biases in risks assessment in the  ...  ▪ Droids of Star Wars ▪ The Terminator's cyborg soldiers -In the real world, robots are simply programmable machines that can sense and interact with their environment.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2567385 fatcat:jj7q7fyl7nfnjhz4tgnjqnrwaa

Media Representing Visual Arts

Peter Goodall
1990 Media Information Australia  
In the context of cinema, appearance, as well as the interaction modality of a humanoid robot can play a crucial role in the perception of robots before and after short-term interactions.  ...  This paper proposes that even with better representation in cinema, improved sensitivity to gender and racial issues will still be important to promote fairness in the bold new future of cyborg cinema.  ...  Socially Assistive Robotics (SAR) is an example of a high end technology that assists humans in rehabilitation treatment of CP and ASD.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1329878x9005500115 fatcat:ngnac37wgvh5hn3a4nzj3b5n7i

Baby Steps to Superintelligence: Neuroprosthetics and Children

Matthew S Lucas
2012 Journal of Evolution and Technology  
toward a child/family focus and to strip away the prejudicial metaphor of cyborgization.  ...  In this paper, I discuss how neural prostheses may assist recovery for children surviving neural injury.  ...  Acknowledgments The author is supported by grants from the United States National Institutes of Health (T32NR007100; F31NR013091) and the American Cancer Society (DSCN-10-089). I wish to thank J. A.  ... 
pmid:23505339 pmcid:PMC3595610 fatcat:xmfpf2sabbaghelata2u5e7jqm

Digital Emotion : How Audiences React to Robots on Screen

Damian Schofield
2018 Computer Applications An International Journal  
The paper presents and experiment involving cyborg performances in a series of short films.  ...  Robots offer a lifelike presence and the Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) issues go beyond the traditional interactions of more passive technologies and artefacts.  ...  Socially Assistive Robotics (SAR) is an example of a high end technology that assists humans in rehabilitation treatment of CP and ASD.  ... 
doi:10.5121/caij.2018.5101 fatcat:2356rg26irezzn6t2lybgtd32e

Law, Cyborgs, and Technologically Enhanced Brains

Woodrow Barfield, Alexander Williams
2017 Philosophies  
As we become more and more enhanced with cyborg technology, significant issues of law and policy are raised.  ...  And what basic human and legal rights should be afforded to people equipped with cyborg technology as they become more machine and less biology?  ...  assist the brain in performing information processing which contributes to the functions of a technologically enhanced mind.  ... 
doi:10.3390/philosophies2010006 fatcat:dhnlwsozv5hfpphnm5smns677u

Falling in love with a wheelchair: enabling/disabling technologies

Elisabet Apelmo
2012 Sport in Society  
The aim of this article was to explore how young women with physical impairments make use of technology in their identity construction, drawing on the metaphor of the cyborg as well as on science and technology  ...  They challenge stereotypical notions of gender in sport by displaying determination, strength and risk-taking, while embodying a more traditional femininity when resisting the widespread view of disabled  ...  Like heterogeneous cyborgs, they question the dichotomies between organism and machine, possible way of analysing the function of assistive technology is suggested in A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology  ... 
doi:10.1080/17430437.2012.653208 fatcat:pjrkmaupnncbvpcov2xv3g2riu
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