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Assisting Users in a World Full of Cameras: A Privacy-Aware Infrastructure for Computer Vision Applications

Anupam Das, Martin Degeling, Xiaoyou Wang, Junjue Wang, Norman Sadeh, Mahadev Satyanarayanan
2017 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW)  
In this paper we introduce a novel distributed privacy infrastructure for the Internet-of-Things and discuss in particular how it can help enhance user's awareness of and control over the collection and  ...  This includes the presence of computer vision applications that collect data about users.  ...  The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of DARPA  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvprw.2017.181 dblp:conf/cvpr/DasDWWSS17 fatcat:xm7tk7ntlrbedj2gqxxpanlwde

REVAMP2T: Real-time Edge Video Analytics for Multi-camera Privacy-aware Pedestrian Tracking

Christopher Neff, Matias Mendieta, Shrey Mohan, Mohammadreza Baharani, Samuel Rogers, Hamed Tabkhi
2019 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
This article presents REVAMP^2T, Real-time Edge Video Analytics for Multi-camera Privacy-aware Pedestrian Tracking, as an integrated end-to-end IoT system for privacy-built-in decentralized situational  ...  On the algorithm side, REVAMP^2T proposes a unified integrated computer vision pipeline for detection, re-identification, and tracking across multiple cameras without the need for storing the streaming  ...  Ambient computer vision and real-time video analytics are the major classes of applications that requires edge computing for human-like vision processing over a large geographic area [3] [4] [5] [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2019.2954804 fatcat:oyeijzcn3jbrpbakkinifditse

Preliminary Investigation: A background to an ethnographic investigation of Body Worn Cameras (BWCs)

Alexander Hayes
and prefacing '4.0 Observational Study' in the PhD thesis 'The Socioethical Implications of Body Worn Cameras: An Ethnographic Study'.  ...  word count for a PhD thesis published through and Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong.  ...  In this case the 'goggles' are augmenting reality and the user, the surgeon's vision, is enhanced for the task of surgery.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12033408.v1 fatcat:xjkedko7mzhjrfdlruiy4zjona

CamLoc: Pedestrian Location Estimation through Body Pose Estimation on Smart Cameras

Adrian Cosma, Ion Emilian Radoi, Valentin Radu
2019 2019 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN)  
interactive (real-time) applications and better data privacy by processing user data locally.  ...  With this wave of technology, a range of intelligent devices can perform local inferences (activity recognition, fitness monitoring, etc.), which have obvious advantages: reduced inference latency for  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was supported by a grant of Romanian Ministry of Research and Innovation, CCCDI-UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P1-1.2-PCCDI-2017-0272/17PCCDI-2018, within PNCDI III.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ipin.2019.8911770 dblp:conf/ipin/CosmaRR19 fatcat:yqnb53xqrreojdz3klctsbeiaq

Near-field Perception for Low-Speed Vehicle Automation using Surround-view Fisheye Cameras [article]

Ciaran Eising, Jonathan Horgan, Senthil Yogamani
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Cameras are the primary sensor in automated driving systems. They provide high information density and are optimal for detecting road infrastructure cues laid out for human vision.  ...  In this work, we provide a detailed survey of such vision systems, setting up the survey in the context of an architecture that can be decomposed into four modular components namely Recognition, Reconstruction  ...  Many thanks to Edward Jones (NUI Galway) and Matthieu Cord (Sorbonne University and for providing a detailed review prior to submission.  ... 
arXiv:2103.17001v3 fatcat:uyy2ieomf5cajhened27n3n2mm

Police Body-Worn Cameras

Alexandra Claudia Mateescu, Alex Rosenblat, danah boyd
2015 Social Science Research Network  
people) in order for police to record in situations where the subjects have a reasonable expectation of privacy, like in their residence. 92 85 There also needs to be a process whereby officers can  ...  While body-worn cameras facilitate surveillance on a smaller scale than CCTV footage, many of the same privacy risks will become salient for both.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2569481 fatcat:nzfhldwvp5ar3fl3gdxpiw2kn4

Large-Scale Object Detection of Images from Network Cameras in Variable Ambient Lighting Conditions [article]

Caleb Tung, Matthew R. Kelleher, Ryan J. Schlueter, Binhan Xu, Yung-Hsiang Lu, George K. Thiruvathukal, Yen-Kuang Chen, Yang Lu
2018 arXiv   pre-print
It does so by working (a) at large scale and (b) by using consecutive images from a curated network of public video cameras deployed in a variety of real-world situations, including traffic intersections  ...  Computer vision relies on labeled datasets for training and evaluation in detecting and recognizing objects.  ...  For example, a computer vision program could rule out the presence of a car, given camera placement (e.g. facing a lake).  ... 
arXiv:1812.11901v1 fatcat:tmfs4yegxnh2fhkcblgpe3ai6u

Police Body-Worn Cameras

Seth W. Stoughton
2017 Social Science Research Network  
It does so by first reviewing the historical justifications for, implementation of, and lessons learned from an earlier iteration of police video recording technology: in-car cameras.  ...  Body-worn cameras, like any tool, should not be used when the goal itself is inappropriate or when the tool is ill-suited for the job at hand. This Article explores the limits of BWCs as a tool.  ...  A study of civilians in Spokane, Washington, for example, found that only twenty-eight of the people who interacted with an officer equipped with a body-worn camera were aware of the camera during the  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3094334 fatcat:zaw4m5jl3jhxvebcjhfvwosvnq

Sensor fusion in smart camera networks for Ambient Intelligence

Tommi Määttä
2013 Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments  
Acknowledgments It is time for the best part, a chance to thank all the people that I have had the pleasure of meeting and working with during my PhD years.  ...  Privacy concerns are one of the major challenges for the deployment of vision networks in ambient intelligence applications.  ...  In addition, based on the amount of activity of the remote user the users shadow is shown in different colors, to serve as a status indicator for peripheral awareness.  ... 
doi:10.3233/ais-130214 fatcat:axt23ap7wvb4roqozgbu257kaq

Mobile computing

Mahadev Satyanarayanan
2011 ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications Review  
In the inaugural issue of MC2R in April 1997 [24], I highlighted the seminal influence of mobility in computing.  ...  Mobile Web-based services and location-aware advertising opportunities have emerged, triggering large commercial investments. Mobile computing has arrived as a lucrative business proposition.  ...  One of the earliest practical applications of pervasive computing was in the creation of smart spaces to assist people.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2016598.2016600 fatcat:4t7tlphocbcmhcohuaqwrh4msi

Detecting, Tracking and Counting People Getting On/Off a Metropolitan Train Using a Standard Video Camera

Sergio A. Velastin, Rodrigo Fernández, Jorge E. Espinosa, Alessandro Bay
2020 Sensors  
On the other hand, public transport networks, specially metropolitan railways, have an extensive monitoring infrastructure based on standard video cameras.  ...  The main source of delays in public transport systems (buses, trams, metros, railways) takes place in their stations.  ...  This is a general observation applicable to many other computer vision application domains.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20216251 pmid:33147784 pmcid:PMC7662571 fatcat:o3a37mlzhzb2vgsaa5fra5kygi

Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments: A State of the Art [chapter]

Juan Carlos Augusto, Hideyuki Nakashima, Hamid Aghajan
2010 Handbook of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments  
We are also grateful to Valerie Schofield and Jennifer Maurer of Springer for their assistance with the production of this handbook. Many thanks go to the contributors of the chapters for the book.  ...  Acknowledgments We wish to thank Jennifer Evans and Melissa Fearon of Springer for their encouragement and support of this project.  ...  Privacy Sensitive Surveillance for Assisted Living: A Smart Camera Approach Western societies are aging rapidly.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-93808-0_1 fatcat:usy35x43zneo5jtj2owfycqfg4

The Georgia Tech aware home

Julie A. Kientz, Shwetak N. Patel, Brian Jones, Ed Price, Elizabeth D. Mynatt, Gregory D. Abowd
2008 Proceeding of the twenty-sixth annual CHI conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '08  
Starting in 1998, our collection of faculty and students has created a unique research facility that allows us to simulate and evaluate user experiences with off-theshelf and state-of-the-art technologies  ...  The Aware Home Research Initiative (AHRI) at Georgia Tech is devoted to the multidisciplinary exploration of emerging technologies and services based in the home.  ...  These areas include Computing (HCI, computer vision, activity recognition), Electrical and Computer Engineering, Psychology, Industrial Design, the Health Systems Institute, and Architecture.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1358628.1358911 dblp:conf/chi/KientzPJPMA08 fatcat:nbr2pkrsvbf4bpc23l5isxxitm

Integrated roadmap for the rapid finding and tracking of people at large airports

Henri Bouma, Jeroen van Rest, Kim van Buul-Besseling, Jacomien de Jong, Anton Havekes
2016 International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection  
According to the roadmap, a major step forward can be achieved by integrating advancements in four areas: (i) increasing camera coverage; (ii) implementing computer vision for automated recognition and  ...  interfaces, computer vision and the information and communications infrastructure.  ...  for stimulating the idea of using a roadmap for coherent sets of technologies that go beyond a single airport.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijcip.2015.11.002 fatcat:ftfzdohtizcafkpa4jopiemz5m

From the internet of things to embedded intelligence

Bin Guo, Daqing Zhang, Zhiwen Yu, Yunji Liang, Zhu Wang, Xingshe Zhou
2012 World wide web (Bussum)  
The Internet of Things (IoT) represents the future technology trend of sensing, computing, and communication.  ...  In this paper, however, we attempt to enhance the IoT with intelligence and awareness.  ...  propose the Wisdom Web of Things (W2T) vision, which represents a holistic intelligence methodology for realizing harmonious interaction among humans, computers, and things in the hyper world.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11280-012-0188-y fatcat:ocyb57s5mvhmtep5ezcf7pbcku
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