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A Review on Drone-Based Data Solutions for Cereal Crops

Uma Shankar Panday, Arun Kumar Pratihast, Jagannath Aryal, Rijan Bhakta Kayastha
2020 Drones  
This review aims to present a deeper understanding of how the drone-based data solutions can help to combat food insecurity caused due to the pandemic, zoonotic diseases, and other food shocks by enhancing  ...  The COVID-19 pandemic has placed additional stress on food production, demand, and supply chain systems; majorly impacting cereal crop producer and importer countries.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones4030041 fatcat:ru4ourvzmnctfeky3uodsnynre

Quantification of methane emissions from hotspots and during COVID-19 using a global atmospheric inversion

Joe McNorton, Nicolas Bousserez, Anna Agustí-Panareda, Gianpaolo Balsamo, Luca Cantarello, Richard Engelen, Vincent Huijnen, Antje Inness, Zak Kipling, Mark Parrington, Roberto Ribas
2022 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
Results for the first 6 months of 2019/20 suggest that the accumulated impact of the COVID-19 slowdown on CH4 emissions from March–June 2020 might be small relative to the long-term positive trend in emissions  ...  Concentrations of atmospheric methane (CH4), the second most important greenhouse gas, continue to grow.  ...  Third, is the system capable of assessing potential longerterm trends during the COVID-19 pandemic slowdown?  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-22-5961-2022 fatcat:fu524wjhcfe2jcmlfvxefhpw2u

Impact of COVID-19 outbreak measures of lockdown on the Italian Carbon Footprint

Benedetto Rugani, Dario Caro
2020 Science of the Total Environment  
Using the well-known carbon footprint (CF) indicator, this paper provides a comprehensive estimation of environmental effects due to the COVID-19 outbreak lockdown measures in Italy.  ...  Stringent lockdown measures implemented in Italy to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 are generating unprecedented economic impacts.  ...  B.R. is also grateful to the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR) for having partially supported this research within the framework of the "ESTIMUM" project (C16/SR/11311935; www.list.lu/en/project/  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139806 pmid:32492608 pmcid:PMC7258837 fatcat:g5k6su75wjd3lip5lztgnqmozu

Satellite-based estimates of decline and rebound in China's CO_2 emissions during COVID-19 pandemic [article]

Bo Zheng, Guannan Geng, Philippe Ciais, Steven J. Davis, Randall V. Martin, Jun Meng, Nana Wu, Frederic Chevallier, Gregoire Broquet, Folkert Boersma, Ronald van der A, Jintai Lin (+4 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Here, we instead use satellite observations together with bottom-up information to track the daily dynamics of CO_2 emissions during the pandemic.  ...  Changes in CO_2 emissions during the COVID-19 pandemic have been estimated from indicators on activities like transportation and electricity generation.  ...  in China's CO₂ emissions during COVID-19 pandemic Bo Zheng, Guannan Geng, Philippe Ciais, Steven J.  ... 
arXiv:2006.08196v1 fatcat:v4kgwcatsjeqvbfy74mgngz64m

OIL PALM PLANTATION DETECTION IN INDONESIA USING SENTINEL-2 AND LANDSAT-8 OPTICAL SATELLITE IMAGERY (CASE STUDY: ROKAN HULU REGENCY, RIAU PROVINCE)

Yunita Nurmasari, Arie Wahyu Wijayanto
2021 International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES)  
The objective of this work is to assess the capability of multispectral optical Landsat and Sentinel images to detect oil palm plantations in Rokan Hulu, Riau, one of the largest palm oil producers in  ...  With the use of multispectral bands and derived composite indices, the best classifier achieved an overall accuracy of up to 92%.  ...  AWW selected the methodology, supervised the project, review and editing the manuscript. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.30536/j.ijreses.2021.v18.a3537 fatcat:hfitnjze2ngr5dwptyumuyrc5u

National-Scale Cropland Mapping Based on Phenological Metrics, Environmental Covariates, and Machine Learning on Google Earth Engine

Abdelaziz Htitiou, Abdelghani Boudhar, Abdelghani Chehbouni, Tarik Benabdelouahab
2021 Remote Sensing  
, but even more so by the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that impacted the planting and managing of crops due to government measures taken at the national level, like complete lockdown.  ...  Therefore, the present work is an attempt to automate the extraction of multi-year (2016–2020) cropland phenological metrics on GEE and use them as inputs with environmental covariates in a trained machine-learning  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the Google Earth Engine team for providing cloud-computing resources and European Space Agency (ESA) for valuable open-access Sentinel data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13214378 fatcat:xihlx4zyxndb3kthcaomdorvdi

Nitrogen dioxide reductions from satellite and surface observations during COVID-19 mitigation in Rome (Italy)

Cristiana Bassani, Francesca Vichi, Giulio Esposito, Mauro Montagnoli, Marco Giusto, Antonietta Ianniello
2021 Environmental science and pollution research international  
Lockdown restrictions were implemented in Italy from 10 March 2020 to contain the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  Significant NO2 declines were observed during the COVID-19 pandemic with reductions of - 50%, - 34%, and - 20% at urban traffic, urban background, and rural background stations, respectively.  ...  Marco Torre (CNR-IIA) for improving the manuscript section relative to the emissions sources during the observed period.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11356-020-12141-9 pmid:33433830 fatcat:urt2aqak5jeihpccfzytagl4xq

Digging deeper into cutting methane emissions from the oil and gas industry in the era of volatile prices

Yassine Charabi
2021 Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change  
The present study uses the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines and methodology of 2006 to assess CH4 emission from the oil and gas supply chain.  ...  This article uses Oman as a representative example of the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) to uncover the CH4 emission from the oil and gas industry, explore potential reduction policies, and discuss  ...  Over the period 2015-2020, the natural gas average selling price was around $2.63/MMBtu and dropped below $2/MMBtu during 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11027-021-09948-3 fatcat:2nq7byuwv5bahpyvxcpy25z6oe

Satellite-based estimates of decline and rebound in China's CO2 emissions during COVID-19 pandemic

Bo Zheng, Guannan Geng, Philippe Ciais, Steven J. Davis, Randall V. Martin, Jun Meng, Nana Wu, Frederic Chevallier, Gregoire Broquet, Folkert Boersma, Ronald van der A, Jintai Lin (+4 others)
2020 Science Advances  
Changes in CO2 emissions during the COVID-19 pandemic have been estimated from indicators on activities like transportation and electricity generation.  ...  Here, we instead use satellite observations together with bottom-up information to track the daily dynamics of CO2 emissions during the pandemic.  ...  Acknowledgments: We acknowledge the free use of tropospheric NO2 column data from the TROPOMI sensor from www.temis.nl.  ... 
doi:10.1126/sciadv.abd4998 pmid:33268360 fatcat:feuvt65i7zepfcpemjej5wkmty

Integrating in situ Measurements and City Scale Modelling to Assess the COVID–19 Lockdown Effects on Emissions and Air Quality in Athens, Greece

Georgios Grivas, Eleni Athanasopoulou, Anastasia Kakouri, Jennifer Bailey, Eleni Liakakou, Iasonas Stavroulas, Panayiotis Kalkavouras, Aikaterini Bougiatioti, Dimitris G. Kaskaoutis, Michel Ramonet, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos, Evangelos Gerasopoulos
2020 Atmosphere  
The lockdown measures implemented worldwide to slow the spread of the COVID19 pandemic have allowed for a unique real–world experiment, regarding the impacts of drastic emission cutbacks on urban air  ...  The model permitted the assessment of air quality improvements on a spatial scale, indicating that NO2 mean concentration reductions in areas of the Athens basin reached up to 50%.  ...  We also thank the personnel of the Thissio and Finokalia monitoring stations.  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos11111174 fatcat:yco55alz7ngvjd2bnuwbgw65eq

High-resolution global map of smallholder and industrial closed-canopy oil palm plantations

Adrià Descals, Serge Wich, Erik Meijaard, David L. A. Gaveau, Stephen Peedell, Zoltan Szantoi
2021 Earth System Science Data  
As our model can be regularly rerun as new images become available, it can be used to monitor the expansion of the crop in monocultural settings.  ...  The characteristic backscatter response of closed-canopy oil palm stands in Sentinel-1 and the ability of CNN to learn spatial patterns, such as the harvest road networks, allowed the distinction between  ...  monitoring capabilities of oil palm plantations.  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-13-1211-2021 fatcat:prk33ge4lrgrhasorqlcmzi2pu

Trends in Vessel Atmospheric Emissions in the Central Mediterranean over the Last 10 Years and during the COVID-19 Outbreak

Martin Saliba, Francelle Azzopardi, Rebecca Muscat, Marvic Grima, Alexander Smyth, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Lasse Johansson, Alan Deidun, Adam Gauci, Charles Galdies, Tonio Caruana, Raymond Ellul
2021 Journal of Marine Science and Engineering  
Such an analysis was carried out through the use of SENTINEL 5 data.  ...  The model used to evaluate ship emissions was the Ship Traffic Emission Assessment Model (STEAM).  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jmse9070762 fatcat:c5rnubap35bejl5tmk4vq6xhji

Program

2022 2022 International Conference on Decision Aid Sciences and Applications (DASA)  
The selected features from EEG recordings of 23 subjects (AD-12 and NC-11) are used to train and test the Leastsquare support vector machine (LS-SVM) classifier with three different kernel functions.  ...  A maximum of 92.90% classification accuracy is obtained using the features of IMF-4 with 10-fold cross-validation. The results conclude that the proposed method can detect AD patients efficiently.  ...  by measuring the impact of COVID-19 pandemic of the dynamic patterns and time path of reactions of stock markets in oil exporting countries to oil price shocks before and during the COVID-19 pandemic,  ... 
doi:10.1109/dasa54658.2022.9765271 fatcat:ttqppf4j3navnaxe653mrzmezi

COVID-19 Challenges for Pakistan

Farah Naz
2020 NUST journal of social sciences and humanities  
Acknowledgement The author is grateful to Dr. Ather Maqsood Ahmed and Dr. Hammad Mushtaq (S 3 H NUST) for their valuable comments on the earlier draft of the chapter.  ...  I also thank my colleague Miss Tashin Fatima Khan (Lecturer, Mass Communication Department, NUST) for her support in the data gathering process.  ...  The GoP needed to use these skilled labour classes and workers in most of the activities that operated during the COVID-19 crises.  ... 
doi:10.51732/s3hbooks fatcat:yhgohgfua5ad3arkaqx2smkm7u

D6.2 Market Outlook Analysis

Vassilis Spitadakis
2021 Zenodo  
By highlighting the forces and conditions in the market, ENVISION will be aware of the driving elements to consider and the differentiation features to target.  ...  The purpose of the document is to present the status of the market that ENVISION is targeting in terms of the legal environment and technical conditions that affect.  ...  biosecurity and animal identification -The Covid-19 pandemic has reminded us of the importance of biosecurity.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6122355 fatcat:d23edb4nsvbbrejo7l656x4egi
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