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Belief Merging by Source Reliability Assessment [article]

Paolo Liberatore
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Merging beliefs requires the plausibility of the sources of the information to be merged.  ...  In spite of the apparent lack of information, something can still be inferred by a try-and-check approach: a relative reliability ordering is assumed, the merging process is performed based on it, and  ...  This results in an ordered partition of formulae, similar to that used in iterated belief revision [23] , which is in fact the same as belief merging from sources of unequal reliability [6] .  ... 
arXiv:1605.02160v1 fatcat:wfi5a6vijvc3bdgxwn6ra5gh4u

Assessing forensic evidence by computing belief functions

Timber Kerkvliet, Ronald W.J. Meester
2016 Law, Probability and Risk  
We first discuss certain problems with the classical probabilistic approach for assessing forensic evidence, in particular its inability to distinguish between lack of belief and disbelief, and its inability  ...  We can actually retrieve the classical answers by imposing the relevant priors, so our setup can and should be interpreted as a generalization of the classical methodology, allowing more flexibility.  ...  The following theorem by Shafer shows that belief functions are characterized by a property between additivity and superadditivity.  ... 
doi:10.1093/lpr/mgw002 fatcat:34sqhvhevzf5zd2cnqbihbkije

Effects on assessment caused by splits between belief and understanding

Timothy L. McCaskey
2004 AIP Conference Proceedings  
The DC instructions were the same, except all their students wrote answers (first pass, "belief," and "scientist answer") by hand on a separate sheet of paper. We had to be careful with the UMd data.  ...  Students often misinterpreted the instructions, by skipping entire problems or marking either a square or a circle, but not both.  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.1807248 fatcat:suw6mb4f75bgvk3pjoyjagu4qm

Nurses' attitudinal and normative beliefs concerning hemodynamic assessement by pulmonary artery catheterization

Cristiano José Mendes Pinto, Roberta Cunha Rodrigues Colombo, Maria Cecília Bueno Jayme Gallani
2006 Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem  
The objective of this study was to identify, by using the Theory of Reasoned Action/Theory of Planned Behavior, the attitude and normative beliefs that influence the behavioral intention of the nurse to  ...  perform a hemodynamic assessment using the pulmonary artery catheterization.  ...  Attitude -formed by attitudinal beliefs, which refers to the individual's positive or negative assessment of the consequences of behavior; and 2.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0104-11692006000600013 pmid:17294026 fatcat:ma6fqhykz5a4xl7whhegizxbwa

Evaluating the training needs for an epilepsy education program by assessing the beliefs and attitudes of families with children impacted by epilepsy

Anwar Subhani
2022 Inquiry Queen s Undergraduate Research Conference Proceedings  
Objective: We assessed the training needs, beliefs, and attitudes through a questionnaire for families, taking into account epilepsy severity, time of their child's diagnosis, and religiosity.Methods:  ...  We focused on analyzing how families' beliefs towards the causes, treatment, and manifestations of epilepsy influenced training needs and interest and whether that is correlated with epilepsy severity,  ... 
doi:10.24908/iqurcp15516 fatcat:dhtviimy4retjjam2rpkhoqil4

Potential role of predators on carbon dynamics of marine ecosystems as assessed by a Bayesian belief network

Elisabeth K.A. Spiers, Richard Stafford, Mery Ramirez, Douglas F. Vera Izurieta, Mariaherminia Cornejo, Johnny Chavarria
2016 Ecological Informatics  
of lower trophic level fish and zooplankton, resulting in higher net carbon production by the system.  ...  Through a simple Bayesian belief network model of a typical marine foodweb, we show that predator removal, as is common through activities such as fishing and shark finning, results in higher biomasses  ...  This study accepts these limitations, but aims to quantify uncertainty in the structure of the model by using Bayesian belief networks (BBNs).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2016.10.003 fatcat:5fs4dpgy3neybblqouo4cbedpm

Primary Care Physicians' Beliefs and Practices Regarding E-Cigarette Use by Patients Who Smoke: A Qualitative Assessment

Omar El-Shahawy, Richard Brown, Jennifer Elston Lafata
2016 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
We explored primary care physicians' (PCPs') beliefs and practices about e-cigarettes. Cross-sectional, semi-structured interviews with PCPs in 2014 were conducted and audio-recorded.  ...  Interview recordings were transcribed, and the content analyzed using the Constant Comparative Method to identify key themes regarding PCPs' reported current practices and beliefs.  ...  Richard Brown's and Jennifer Elston Lafata's effort were partially supported by 5P30 CA016059.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph13050445 pmid:27128928 pmcid:PMC4881070 fatcat:agsq3d3jhnbhtmvvj3mgweis3q

"Bureaucracy & Beliefs": Assessing the barriers to accessing opioid substitution therapy by people who inject drugs in Ukraine

Martha J. Bojko, Alyona Mazhnaya, Iuliia Makarenko, Ruthanne Marcus, Sergii Dvoriak, Zahedul Islam, Frederick L. Altice
2015 Drugs: education prevention and policy  
Participants also voiced strong negative attitudes and beliefs about OST, especially methadone.  ...  Findings-A number of programmatic and structural barriers were mentioned by participants as barriers to entry to OST, including compulsory drug user registration, waiting lists, and limited number of treatment  ...  acknowledge the National Institute on Drug Abuse for funding for research (R01 DA029910 and R01 DA033679) and career development (K24 DA017072) as well as the Global Health Equity Scholars Program funded by  ... 
doi:10.3109/09687637.2015.1016397 pmid:27087758 pmcid:PMC4831711 fatcat:56url4x3ingczfnmdctx5zapi4

Assessing the integrity of the cognitive processes involved in belief reasoning by means of two nonverbal tasks: Rationale, normative data collection and illustration with brain-damaged patients

Aurélie Biervoye, Gaëlle Meert, Ian A. Apperly, Dana Samson, Alastair Smith
2018 PLoS ONE  
The study was funded by the Fonds spéciaux de recherche of the Université catholique de Louvain. We are very grateful to all participants in this study. We thank Dr.  ...  One paradigm which has often been used for ToM assessment is the false belief paradigm designed by Wimmer and Perner [39] .  ...  The true belief/memory control trials and filler trials aim to assess the participants' abilities to deal with the input information (these abilities can be impaired by general cognitive problems such  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0190295 pmid:29381730 pmcid:PMC5790227 fatcat:ytxhvfmz6fgkhhhavj7v7idcpu

Assessment of Intension to Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing Utilization and Associated Factors Among Youth Living in Mizan Aman Town, South-West Ethiopia By Health Belief Model, A Cross Sectional Study

2020 Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics  
Therefore, this study was aimed to assess youth's voluntary counseling and testing utilization and associated factors in Mizan-Aman Town, Southwest Ethiopia.  ...  More emphases should be given by concerned bodies in Mizan-Aman town health unit, Mizan Aman Health Science College on information translation regarding VCT, focus on male youth, collaborating with educational  ...  The health belief model questionnaire was adapted and modified from research done by Zelalem Mehari (Mehari, 2015) .  ... 
doi:10.7176/jmpb/66-03 fatcat:per62fgrevhjjpxkimgfbzk5wi

Management of lung nodules in Brazil—assessment of realities, beliefs and attitudes: a study by the Brazilian Society of Thoracic Surgery (SBCT), the Brazilian Thoracic Society (SBPT) and the Brazilian College of Radiology (CBR)

Maria Teresa Ruiz Tsukazan, Ricardo Mingarini Terra, Frank Detterbeck, Ilka Lopes Santoro, Bruno Hochhegger, Gustavo de Souza Portes Meirelles, Gustavo Fortunato, Gustavo Faibischew Prado
2018 Journal of Thoracic Disease  
Methods: A web-based survey was developed by thoracic surgeons, pulmonologists and radiologists to evaluate SPN perception and management.  ...  Assessment of the variability and the association with the degree of availability of resources can provide a foundation for development of clinical guidelines for management of SPN specific for the Brazilian  ...  Ethical Statement: The study was approved by University of Sao Paulo Ethics Committee by the ID CAAE:59712616.7.0000.0065.  ... 
doi:10.21037/jtd.2018.05.23 pmid:29997949 pmcid:PMC6006090 fatcat:yhid5m3worci7cwjon4dreknom

Dissonances between Teachers' Beliefs and Practices of Formative Assessment in EFL Classes

Ida Ayu Made Sri Widiastuti, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, idaayuwidia@unmas.ac.id, Nur Mukminatien, Johannes Ananto Prayogo, Enny Irawati, English Language Teaching, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, nur.mukminatien.fs@um.ac.id, English Language Teaching, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, johannes.ananto.fs@um.ac.id, English Language Teaching, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, enny.irawati.fs@um.ac.id
2020 International Journal of Instruction  
Teachers' CPD participation has no real impact on the success of formative assessment practices, although it may influence teachers' beliefs.  ...  Futhermore, it is expected that teachers carefully consider the influecing factors and carry out formative assessment in accordance with their beliefs.  ...  The success of formative assessment practices is much influenced by their beliefs.  ... 
doi:10.29333/iji.2020.1315a fatcat:4gpek3si7rgbfnjs7ntisx55bi

The Relationship between pre-service elementary school mathematics teachers' beliefs about epistemology of mathematics, teaching and learning, and mathematics assessment

Kimura Patar Tamba, Wiputra Cendana
2021 Premiere Educandum  
and learning, with the productive beliefs on mathematics assessment.  ...  <div><p>This study aims to examine the relationship between epistemological beliefs, teaching-learning beliefs and assessment beliefs in mathematics education.  ...  The findings in this research indicate a reform in the practice and beliefs regarding mathematics assessment, can be achieved only by assessing and shaping the beliefs held by pre-service elementary school  ... 
doi:10.25273/pe.v11i1.8311 fatcat:sznvm6bmfbfqlmzkek2jydm6iu

Teachers' Conceptions of Assessment

Dana Opre
2015 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Our objective is to identify key issues and findings regarding the relationship between the conceptions/beliefs that teachers have about many educational artefacts (teaching, learning, assessment) and  ...  The present article reviews relevant research on teachers' conceptions of assessment.  ...  These teachers reported that the assessment tools used have been imposed by external requests for a particular kind of assessment information.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.222 fatcat:isawmearhzgozk4k3t6rvrpeiu

The Policy-driven Dimensions of Teacher Beliefs about Assessment Assessment

Dennis Alonzo, University of New South Wales, Velma Labad, Jean Bejano, Florence Guerra, University of Southeastern, Philippines, University of Southeastern, Philippines, University of Southeastern, Philippines
2021 Australian Journal of Teacher Education  
Despite the advancement of the conceptualisations of teacher assessment literacy, teachers' assessment practices remain relatively low due to misalignment between teachers' beliefs on assessment and principles  ...  We argue that to change teachers' exam-dominated assessment practices towards a more student-centred approach, there is a need to explore teachers' beliefs in assessment.  ...  For example, a tool to measures science teachers' assessment beliefs and practices was developed by Genc (2005) .  ... 
doi:10.14221/ajte.2021v46n3.3 fatcat:kj4widdd4fe6hjk3q3kgrp5mc4
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