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Short Papers [chapter]

Margaret L. Niess, Rosa-Maria Bottino, Fulvia Furinghetti, Georges-Louis Baron, Michelle Harrari, Andrej Blaho, Ivan Kalas, Herbert Möller, Anne McDougall, Seppo Tella, Mike Aston
1995 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
This short paper outlines the issues that this experience has shown to be important, and summarises outcomes reported from these initiatives.  ...  This paper gives a very short report of several projects concerning this objective, based in the Heinrich-BehnkeSeminar fUr Didaktik der Mathematik at the University of Miinster.  ...  Conclusion The ability to discover is considered valuable in learning and in practice. Information technology offers a lot of new possibilities to support discoveries.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-34842-1_25 fatcat:yykkhsq4afbazgffwo2xbusqsm

Efficacy of Behavioral Experiments in Cognitive Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Celina Clément, Jihong Lin, Ulrich Stangier
2019 Trials  
The present study investigates the question of whether enhanced training and the use of behavioral experiments (BEs) increases the efficacy of traditional CT, based on verbal methods of cognitive restructuring  ...  The present cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) trial will be the first to clarify the contribution of BEs to the efficacy of CT in a randomized controlled design.  ...  Based on previous treatment study results [34] , it is hypothesized that the outcome of participants in the BE intervention will significantly predict an active experimentation learning style, whereas  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13063-019-3905-3 pmid:31856903 pmcid:PMC6921437 fatcat:nltyuby5irh65ni2agpwukgdjy

The effects of change-decomposition on code review - A Controlled Experiment [article]

Marco di Biase, Magiel Bruntink, Arie van Deursen, Alberto Bacchelli
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Method: Controlled experiment using the pull-based development model involving 28 software developers among professionals and graduate students.  ...  Aims: (1) Quantitatively measure the effects of change-decomposition on the outcome of code review (in terms of number of found defects, wrongly reported issues, suggested improvements, time, and understanding  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS e authors would like to thank all participants of the experiment and the pilot.  ... 
arXiv:1805.10978v1 fatcat:bjzpphkd4jdjtir6ufez7y2yoe

The effects of change decomposition on code review—a controlled experiment

Marco di Biase, Magiel Bruntink, Arie van Deursen, Alberto Bacchelli
2019 PeerJ Computer Science  
Method Controlled experiment using the pull-based development model involving 28 software developers among professionals and graduate students.  ...  Aims (1) Quantitatively measure the effects of change decomposition on the outcome of code review (in terms of number of found defects, wrongly reported issues, suggested improvements, time, and understanding  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank all participants of the experiment and the pilot.  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.193 pmid:33816846 pmcid:PMC7924728 fatcat:c7jwzmpflfetdiqvvzgiqaqyom

Program comprehension as fact finding

Thomas D. LaToza, David Garlan, James D. Herbsleb, Brad A. Myers
2007 Proceedings of the the 6th joint meeting of the European software engineering conference and the ACM SIGSOFT symposium on The foundations of software engineering - ESEC-FSE '07  
We observed that participants spent their time seeking, learning, critiquing, explaining, proposing, and implementing facts about the code such as "getFold-Level has effects".  ...  We performed a lab study in which thirteen developers worked for 3 hours understanding the design of a 54 KLOC open source application.  ...  We thank Andrew Ko, Chris Scaffidi, Ciera Jaspan, and Marwan Abi-Antoun for helpful comments on earlier drafts of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1287624.1287675 dblp:conf/sigsoft/LaTozaGHM07 fatcat:gbf4rydkbzgqnb4wd5qm5ef46e

CEFAM: Comprehensive Evaluation Framework for Agile Methodologies

Masoumeh Taromirad, Raman Ramsin
2008 2008 32nd Annual IEEE Software Engineering Workshop  
There is therefore a strong tendency to use agile software development methodologies where applicable; however, the sheer number of existing agile methodologies and their variants hinders the selection  ...  We introduce the Comprehensive Evaluation Framework for Agile Methodologies (CEFAM) as an evaluation tool for project managers and method engineers.  ...  Moreover, XP enjoys a rich repertoire of papers, books, and experience reports.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sew.2008.19 dblp:conf/sew/TaromiradR08 fatcat:r545qirjmna6vjqpnqx33sbfyi

A practical guide to controlled experiments of software engineering tools with human participants

Andrew J. Ko, Thomas D. LaToza, Margaret M. Burnett
2013 Empirical Software Engineering  
Empirical studies, often in the form of controlled experiments, have been widely adopted in software engineering research as a way to evaluate the merits of new software engineering tools.  ...  In this paper, we aim both to help researchers minimize the risks of this form of tool evaluation, and to increase their quality, by offering practical methodological guidance on designing and running  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10664-013-9279-3 fatcat:3hz22yyrxjedvgsq57n3zd53oq

Experience and practice of the Emergency Operations Center, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention: a case study of response to the H7N9 outbreak

Fan Ding, Qun Li, Lian-Mei Jin
2021 Infectious Diseases of Poverty  
In the study, we hope to share the construction status, operation management experience of China CDC's EOC and the response process in the human avian influenza A (H7N9) outbreak.  ...  Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC)'s EOC was officially established in 2016, which has been the core department for the public health emergencies and risk response.  ...  Authors' contributions FD and L-MJ conceived and designed the study, and they analyzed the data and drafted the manuscript. QL revised and approved the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40249-020-00789-x pmid:33407876 pmcid:PMC7787607 fatcat:uur6lgpbgrbalciualv74ke3x4

Improving comprehension of informed consent

Sanja Kušec, Stipe Orešković, Mate Škegro, Dragan Korolija, Željko Bušić, Matija Horžić
2006 Patient Education and Counseling  
Dominant characteristics of patients producing a narrative of similar style to the best-understood narrative were observed: medium educational level, women over 60, urban workers, interviewed after surgery  ...  Cloze tests based on typical narratives, and tested on primary care patients, indicated to the style best understood by all.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank all patients involved in this study for sharing with us their stories, even at the moments of their painful condition, hoping their words will be heard and remembered  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pec.2005.10.009 pmid:16427762 fatcat:t3qhnfxfh5fu3c7rugm5fgu2ke

Reciprocal Teaching of Comprehension-Fostering and Comprehension-Monitoring Activities

Aannemarie Sullivan Palinscar, Ann L. Brown
1984 Cognition and Instruction  
The training method was that of reciprocal teaching, where the tutor and students took turns leading a dialogue centered on pertinent features of the text.  ...  In Study 1, a comparison between the reciprocal teaching method and a second intervention modeled on typical classroom practice resulted in greater gains and maintenance over time for the reciprocal procedure  ...  The authors would also like to express their appreciation to Joseph Campione, Allan Collins and Lauren Resnick, who provided important advice on an early form of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s1532690xci0102_1 fatcat:gathb6e7vzdgxgezv4737dklx4

Blended Learning Tools and Practices: A Comprehensive Survey

Adarsh Kumar, Rajalakshmi Krishnamurthi, Surabhi Bhatia, Keshav Kaushik, Neelu Jyoti Ahuja, Anand Nayyar, Mehedi Masud
2021 IEEE Access  
one from SEED (Science for Equity, Empowerment and Development)) Divisions of DST.  ...  She is on panel of various committees, including WHO-Promotion of Assistive Products and Technologies, 'DST-Expert Committee for inspection and  ...  While, Cakir & Bichelmeyer [164] conducted the comprehensive study on the usage of paper-based studying materials and online study materials at K-12 school students. B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3085844 fatcat:amgsvsbp2jdbdbsd7ifgwtuj4i

To Test Machine Comprehension, Start by Defining Comprehension [article]

Jesse Dunietz, Gregory Burnham, Akash Bharadwaj, Owen Rambow, Jennifer Chu-Carroll, David Ferrucci
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Second, we present a detailed definition of comprehension -- a "Template of Understanding" -- for a widely useful class of texts, namely short narratives.  ...  We then conduct an experiment that strongly suggests existing systems are not up to the task of narrative understanding as we define it.  ...  After finetuning, the model achieves 81.75% on the original RACE task (within 5 points of the best nonensemble model at the time of the experiments).  ... 
arXiv:2005.01525v2 fatcat:up64nyldcjganp2hbhw6cnocya

Leadership: A Comprehensive Review of Literature, Research and Theoretical Framework

Sait Revda Dinibutun
2020 Figshare  
This paper provides a comprehensive literature review on the research and theoretical framework of leadership.  ...  The overall aim of the paper is to give a brief understanding of how effective leadership can be achieved throughout the organization by exploring many different theories of leadership, and to present  ...  The paper has provided a comprehensive review on the literature, research and theoretical framework of leadership.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.11636601.v1 fatcat:owexrk3hufgytdzov2evso4xri

Teaching reading strategies and reading comprehension within a technology-enhanced learning environment

Carisma Dreyer, Charl Nel
2003 System (Linköping)  
This has an adverse effect on their chances of academic success.  ...  This paper outlines the format and structure of a strategic reading instruction component of an English for Professional Purposes course offered within a technology-enhanced environment.  ...  A closer analysis of the reading comprehension scores (posttest) of successful and at-risk students in the experimental and control groups indicated that the successful students in the experimental group  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0346-251x(03)00047-2 fatcat:pbn52paiy5e6pobth4tvao7i3e

Rapid Expectation Adaptation during Syntactic Comprehension

Alex B. Fine, T. Florian Jaeger, Thomas A. Farmer, Ting Qian, Kevin Paterson
2013 PLoS ONE  
Our findings take a step towards unifying insights from research in expectation-based models of language processing, syntactic priming, and statistical learning.  ...  These sentences typically lead to a clear expectation violation signature when the temporary ambiguity is resolved to an a priori less expected structure (e.g., based on the statistics of the lexical context  ...  Wrote the paper: AF TFJ TF.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077661 pmid:24204909 pmcid:PMC3813674 fatcat:5ojvh3m6qvccvel2uz7lh6eede
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