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Analysis of disruptions cascade effect within and between urban sociotechnical systems in a context of risks

Michaël Gonzva, Bruno Barroca, Pierre-Etienne Gautier, Youssef Diab, M. Lang, F. Klijn, P. Samuels
2016 E3S Web of Conferences  
of disruptions cascade effect within and between urban sociotechnical systems in a context of risks. Abstract.  ...  All these interactions may imply many failures caused by cascade effect in a context of risks.  ...  The need for understanding the cascade effects failures, that is to say the mechanisms of failures propagation, is actually growing in the field of urban risk management.  ... 
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20160707008 fatcat:ecvx33c3cndbhebvl4l5pmvpoa

"Dose-Response" Vulnerability Assessment of Urban Power Supply Network: Foundation for Its Sustainability and Resilience

Haizhou Tang, Xudong Zhao, Zhilong Chen, Jiheng Xu, Xiaochao Su
2018 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Urban power supply network plays a vital role in maintaining the city operation. The vulnerability of power supply network in the face of events has been one of significant concerns.  ...  This study presents a new methodology and framework for "dose-response" vulnerability assessment of urban power supply network.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors appreciate the data and information supports from the City Construction Bureau and Municipal Design and Research Institute of Lianyungang City, China.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/8025093 fatcat:mral222pwzganfq77oxt6smm44

Methodological Framework for Analysing Cascading Effects from Flood Events: The Case of Sukhumvit Area, Bangkok, Thailand

Geofrey Hilly, Zoran Vojinovic, Sutat Weesakul, Arlex Sanchez, Duc Hoang, Slobodan Djordjevic, Albert Chen, Barry Evans
2018 Water  
Impacts from floods in urban areas can be diverse and wide ranging.  ...  all these can be traced with the careful analysis of cascading effects.  ...  The present paper provides a contribution in this direction and describes a new approach for the assessment of cascading effects from floods and the quantification of impacts on other urban infrastructures  ... 
doi:10.3390/w10010081 fatcat:xmymwjiqvrfgfo43jaqbp2szni

Mapping urban infrastructure interdependencies and fuzzy risks

Barry Evans, Albert S. Chen, Alison Prior, Slobodan Djordjevic, Dragan A. Savic, David Butler, Patrick Goodey, John R. Stevens, Graham Colclough
2018 Procedia Engineering  
The impact on CI, including water supply, electricity, wastewater, solid waste, transportation, telecommunication, and emergency services were assessed by the HAZUR tool.  ...  The impact on CI, including water supply, electricity, wastewater, solid waste, transportation, telecommunication, and emergency services were assessed by the HAZUR tool.  ...  Acknowledgements This study is supported by the RESCCUE (RESilience to cope with Climate Change in Urban arEas) project, funded by the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.105 fatcat:nhkm2fd565c4dgfebnpjkjjp7e

Interdependent Healthcare Critical Infrastructure Analysis in a Spatiotemporal Environment: A Case Study

Nivedita Nukavarapu, Surya Durbha
2020 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
Hence, there is a need to identify cascading CI failure scenarios to visualize the propagation of failure of one CI facility to another CI, which can impact vast geographical areas.  ...  The goal of this work is to develop an interdependent HCI simulation model in a spatiotemporal environment to understand the dynamics in real-time and model the propagation of cascading CI failures in  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi9060387 fatcat:btimecrug5hetnkp5v4n25hw7q

Assessment of Urban Flood Resilience in Barcelona for Current and Future Scenarios. The RESCCUE Project

Beniamino Russo, Marc Velasco, Luca Locatelli, David Sunyer, Daniel Yubero, Robert Monjo, Eduardo Martínez-Gomariz, Edwar Forero-Ortiz, Daniel Sánchez-Muñoz, Barry Evans, Andoni Gonzalez Gómez
2020 Sustainability  
urban services (urban drainage, traffic, electric and waste sectors) and their cascade effects.  ...  In this context, the aim of this paper is to assess urban resilience through the analysis of the behavior of the main urban services in case of pluvial floods for current and future rainfall conditions  ...  Acknowledgments: This paper presents some of the results achieved in the framework of the RESCCUE project (Resilience to Cope with Climate Change in Urban Areas-a multisectoral approach focusing on water  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12145638 fatcat:esxuxr6kjnfyfpet7yqdyr7e4m

Perspective: The Climate-Population-Infrastructure Modelling and Simulation Fertile Area for New Research

Steven Fernandez
2014 Journal of Climatology & Weather Forecasting  
Suarez et al. assesses the impact of sea level rise on urban infrastructure [8].  ...  Wilby described a hydrological assessment of four main areas: urban ventilation and cooling, urban drainage and flood risk, water resources, and outdoor spaces [5].  ...  That is, a failure at a critical point in the electricity network can quickly translate to failures within other sections of the same interconnection.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2332-2594.1000116 fatcat:pypjrlbolnabzndcqn4ytostwm

Assessment of cascading effects of typhoons on water and sanitation services: A case study of informal settlements in Malabon, Philippines

Deepshikha Purwar, Richard Sliuzas, Johannes Flacke
2020 International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction  
of cascading effects varying with time and nature of the impact.  ...  When such highly inter-related systems are affected by a disaster, cascading effects may result in the failure of infrastructure systems.  ...  Specifically, we would like to thank the staff of Earthquake Megacities Initiative Organisation (Quezon city) and Human Cities Coalition for their support in data collection in the study area.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101755 fatcat:mxnq7egr4jgplhcmq3m4jrufa4

Disruption index, DI: an approach for assessing seismic risk in urban systems (theoretical aspects)

M. A. Ferreira, F. Mota de Sá, C. S. Oliveira
2014 Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering  
After an earthquake, a wide variety of services, networks and urban facilities may be unavailable to the public during the system failure and recovery processes, thereby causing disruptions in the basic  ...  For example, the lack of education may impose population migrations, or malfunctions in the electricity distribution system can produce electrical power outages of varying duration with respect to time  ...  EU-Civil Protection Financial Instrument in the framework of the European Project "Urban disaster Prevention Strategies using MAcroseismic Fields and FAult Sources" (UPStrat-MAFA-Num. 230301/2011/613486  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10518-013-9578-5 fatcat:r7usezsdajgmzchdpheszetzia

IDENTIFYING CRITICAL ELEMENTS OF ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE USING CASCADING IMPACT ASSESSMENT

David Rehak, David Patrman, Veronika Brabcová, Zdeněk Dvořák
2020 Transport  
This article introduces the Identifying Critical Elements of Road Infrastructure (ICERI) method, which was designed to make use of Cascading Impact Assessments (CIA).  ...  The use of CIA allows critical elements to be identified through impact escalation analysis.  ...  In the case study, they assessed the cascading impacts between electricity and rail transport.  ... 
doi:10.3846/transport.2020.12414 fatcat:x4uub5ccjfevdm5yp53jh3zonu

Integrating Resilience in Time-based Dependency Analysis: A Large-Scale Case Study for Urban Critical Infrastructures [chapter]

Vittorio Rosato, Antonio Di Pietro, Panayiotis Kotzanikolaou, George Stergiopoulos, Giulio Smedile
2021 Issues on Risk Analysis for Critical Infrastructure Protection [Working Title]  
Especially in an urban critical infrastructures where the occurrence of natural events may influence the state of other dependent infrastructures from various different sectors, the overall resilience  ...  The main goal is to dynamically assess the evolution of recovery over time, in order to identify how the expected recovery plans will eventually affect the overall risk of the critical paths.  ...  Acknowledgements Authors wish to acknowledge the funding of project RAFAEL (MIUR ARS01_ 00305) which has partly funded the research activities carried out for this work. 16 Issues on Risk Analysis  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.97809 fatcat:bnlxy54a55d77ibkdq3hcxpeii

Indirect flood impacts and cascade risk across interdependent linear infrastructures

Chiara Arrighi, Maria Pregnolato, Fabio Castelli
2021 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Two methods are used for assessing the impacts on the WSS and on the road network: a pressure-driven demand network model and a transport network disruption model respectively.  ...  Floods are one of the most frequent and damaging natural threats worldwide. Whereas the assessment of direct impacts is well advanced, the evaluation of indirect impacts is less frequently achieved.  ...  Authors acknowledge Publiacqua SpA for providing the sample network data and for the advice given as stakeholder.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-21-1955-2021 fatcat:e6xlccowmbbnpjxr2ovgzmkbea

Stochastic Counterfactual Risk Analysis for the Vulnerability Assessment of Cyber-Physical Attacks on Electricity Distribution Infrastructure Networks

Edward J. Oughton, Daniel Ralph, Raghav Pant, Eireann Leverett, Jennifer Copic, Scott Thacker, Rabia Dada, Simon Ruffle, Michelle Tuveson, Jim W Hall
2019 Risk Analysis  
investment to reduce the chance of cascading failure.  ...  The method is developed in the context of the direct and indirect socioeconomic impacts of a Ukrainian-style cyber-physical attack taking place on the electricity distribution network serving London and  ...  They also thank all participants of a workshop held at the Cambridge Judge Business School in 2015 who provided invaluable input. Arjun Mahalingam provided useful research assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1111/risa.13291 pmid:30812052 pmcid:PMC6850035 fatcat:aq4hrtlozbbkrda7nm6zfsqzli

Extreme Events, Critical Infrastructures, Human Vulnerability and Strategic Planning: Emerging Research Issues

Joern Birkmann, Friedemann Wenzel, Stefan Greiving, Matthias Garschagen, Dirk Vallée, Wolfgang Nowak, Torsten Welle, Stefan Fina, Anna Goris, Benedikt Rilling, Frank Fiedrich, Alexander Fekete (+12 others)
2016 Journal of Extreme Events  
The importance of critical infrastructures and strategic planning in the context of extreme events, climate change and urbanization has been underscored recently in international policy frameworks, such  ...  The main contribution of the paper is a compilation of identified research gaps and needs from an interdisciplinary perspective including the lack of integration across subjects and mismatches between  ...  This systemic configuration often requires an assessment of criticality by examining the entire network of an infrastructure (e.g., electricity) and its potential cascading effects on other infrastructure  ... 
doi:10.1142/s2345737616500172 fatcat:h4rd3looqzbx3ba5ewbsxeyd7y

Assessing Urban Resilience in Complex and Dynamic Systems: The RESCCUE Project Approach in Lisbon Research Site

João Barreiro, Ruth Lopes, Filipa Ferreira, Rita Brito, Maria João Telhado, José Saldanha Matos, Rafaela Saldanha Matos
2020 Sustainability  
This paper presents the EU H2020 Resilience to Cope with Climate Change in Urban Areas (RESCCUE) project approach in Lisbon's research site, regarding the Hazur® resilience assessment methodology.  ...  The main result consists of a deep understanding of the relations between different services and the consequent cascade effects triggered by flooding events.  ...  Given the importance of the electricity distribution in cities, it was expected that flooding events would trigger stronger cascade effects due to power failures.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12218931 fatcat:dgcvfyzl3zek3apopwkfzir7te
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