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Assembly and Use of New Task Rules in Fronto-parietal Cortex

Iroise Dumontheil, Russell Thompson, John Duncan
2011 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
We suggest that, as a new task is learned, a fronto-parietal representation of relevant rules and facts is assembled for future control of behavior.  ...  ■ Severe capacity limits, closely associated with fluid intelligence, arise in learning and use of new task rules.  ...  Conclusion Together, our results show a broad role of fronto-parietal MD regions in comprehension, assembly, and use of new task rules.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2010.21439 pmid:20146600 fatcat:drp37cimdzgp7gzt3lmw57d3wm

A Long-Range Fronto-Parietal 5- to 10-Hz Network Predicts "Top-Down" Controlled Guidance in a Task-Switch Paradigm

J. M. Phillips, M. Vinck, S. Everling, T. Womelsdorf
2013 Cerebral Cortex  
Subdivisions within prefrontal cortex are implicated to encode attentional task sets and to update changing task rules, particularly when changing task demands require top-down control.  ...  These findings reveal a 5-to 10-Hz coordinated, long-range fronto-parietal network prior to actual task-relevant stimulus processing, particularly when subjects engage in controlled task processing modes  ...  The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest: None declared.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bht050 pmid:23448872 pmcid:PMC4089379 fatcat:pqvppmjidjbw5kjk7pphepk3wu

THREE ANTI-CORRELATED NEURONAL NETWORKS MANAGING BRAIN ACTIVITY – REVIEW

Dragos Cirneci
2011 Romanian Journal of Neurology  
Various studies revealed that the "attention networks" are responsive to specific cognitive trainings using working memory and inhibitory control tasks, both in children and adults, and can be used as  ...  Imaging techniques like resting state functional connectivity MRI and Independent Component Analysis technique arrrived at the conclusion that there are a couple of neuronal networks activated in tasks  ...  stored data used in simulation of a new event.  ... 
doi:10.37897/rjn.2011.1.3 doaj:2ea0531ff6834740b114ec2dbf46cecb fatcat:xisoemgc5jcgxacxnwunwi3um4

Fronto-parietal, cingulo-opercular and striatal contributions to learning and implementing control policies [article]

Apoorva Bhandari, David Badrre
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The cognitive and neural basis of control policy implementation remains poorly characterized, in part because it is typically confounded with implementing new stimulus-response rules.  ...  This pattern of activity dissociated these regions from a fronto-parietal network including dorsolateral PFC, inferior frontal junction, inferior parietal sulcus, and rostrolateral PFC, which showed a  ...  We thank Celia Ford and Brittany Ciullo for assistance with data collection, and Christopher Chatham & Theresa Desrochers for useful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.05.10.086587 fatcat:wyfsa2iohjewfhmkcmyssinwpu

Neural correlates of superior intelligence: Stronger recruitment of posterior parietal cortex

Kun Ho Lee, Yu Yong Choi, Jeremy R. Gray, Sun Hee Cho, Jeong-Ho Chae, Seungheun Lee, Kyungjin Kim
2006 NeuroImage  
In both groups, the high g-loaded tasks specifically increased regional activity in the bilateral fronto-parietal network including the lateral prefrontal, anterior cingulate, and posterior parietal cortices  ...  However, the regional activations of the superior-g group were significantly stronger than those of the control group, especially in the posterior parietal cortex.  ...  fronto-parietal network, particularly in the posterior parietal cortex.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.07.036 pmid:16122946 fatcat:v6ohmtutkje3fhkirrnrhw2w7m

An integrative architecture for general intelligence and executive function revealed by lesion mapping

A. K. Barbey, R. Colom, J. Solomon, F. Krueger, C. Forbes, J. Grafman
2012 Brain  
Impaired performance on these measures was associated with damage to a distributed network of left lateralized brain areas, including regions of frontal and parietal cortex and white matter association  ...  The observed findings support an integrative framework for understanding the architecture of general intelligence and executive function, supporting their reliance upon a shared fronto-parietal network  ...  Reding and G. Tasick for their invaluable help with the testing of participants and organization of this study.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/aws021 pmid:22396393 pmcid:PMC3326251 fatcat:mcwweidzabhlvdggr6wpk4vrva

Functional dynamics underlying near-threshold perception of facial emotions: a magnetoencephalography investigation [article]

Diljit Singh Kajal, Chiara Fioravanti, Adham Elshahabi, Sergio Ruiz, Ranganatha Sitaram, Christoph Braun
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
We found a fronto-parietal network oscillating in the lower gamma band and exerting top-down control as determined by the causality measure of phase slope index.  ...  We assessed the participation of neural networks involved in conscious perception of emotional stimuli near the perceptual threshold using a visual-backward-masking paradigm in 12 healthy individuals using  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Mr Jürgen Dax, for the help in the setting up of stimulation presentation setup.  ... 
doi:10.1101/383315 fatcat:qnbocobhrna2fc4tejdxgxoj4q

Dissociating the Roles of the Rostral Anterior Cingulate and the Lateral Prefrontal Cortices in Performing Two Tasks Simultaneously or Successively

J.-C. Dreher
2003 Cerebral Cortex  
In contrast, switching between two tasks, relative to performing them simultaneously, activated the left lateral prefrontal cortex and the bilateral intra-parietal sulcus region.  ...  More importantly, we found that the anterior cingulate and the lateral prefrontal cortices were differently activated in dual-task and task-switching situations.  ...  A recent event-related fMRI study of task switching also supported a specific role of the left fronto-lateral cortex in the selection of cue-related task rules (Brass and von Cramon, 2002) .  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/13.4.329 pmid:12631562 fatcat:pqlvmwlzfjdh3mk25jenrnqixu

The Role and Sources of Individual Differences in Critical-Analytic Thinking: a Capsule Overview

Donald J. Bolger, Allyson P. Mackey, Min Wang, Elena L. Grigorenko
2014 Educational Psychology Review  
We argue that there is unequivocal evidence for both the existence and importance of individual differences in critical-analytic thinking.  ...  ., the same situation and the same developmental/ educational stage), there is variation in whether, when, and how people think critically/ analytically.  ...  As opposed to the fronto-parietal network, which is argued to maintain stimulus information, the cingulo-opercular network maintains task goals/rules, monitors for errors, and provides feedback (Dosenbach  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10648-014-9279-x fatcat:zoydfm5fcbbfxmocv6gx3enisq

Understanding Human Intelligence by Imaging the Brain [chapter]

Roberto Colom, Paul M. Thompson
2013 The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences  
It is highlighted that the study of white matter is developing quickly and provides useful insights.  ...  This overlap underscores frontal and parietal brain areas, along with their connections, for understanding individual differences in cognition.  ...  Gray and Thompson (2004) also underscored the relevance of a fronto -parietal network, noting that these brain regions are also implicated in working memory tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781444343120.ch12 fatcat:wih32dkkdrh5hl3mwhguz2xxgi

The effect of left fronto-parietal resections on hand selection: a lesion-tractography study [article]

Henrietta Howells, Guglielmo Puglisi, Antonella Leonetti, Luca Vigano, Luca Fornia, Luciano Simone, Stephanie J. Forkel, Marco Rossi, Marco Riva, Gabriella Cerri, Lorenzo Bello
2019 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
hand selected for the execution of a goal-directed task (assembly of jigsaw puzzles).  ...  In particular, this effect was significantly associated with the resection of dorsal fronto-parietal white matter connections, but not with the ventral fronto-parietal tract.  ...  , we investigated whether resection of fronto-parietal white matter pathways was associated with a shift in hand selection, assessed using a puzzle assembly task.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2019.12.11.872754 fatcat:jq7kdolmizfixnw6u4jvjoagqu

The role of left fronto-parietal tracts in hand selection: evidence from neurosurgery

Henrietta Howells, Guglielmo Puglisi, Antonella Leonetti, Luca Vigano, Luca Fornia, Luciano Simone, Stephanie J. Forkel, Marco Rossi, Marco Riva, Gabriella Cerri, Lorenzo Bello
2020 Cortex  
hand selected for the execution of a goal-directed task (assembly of jigsaw puzzles).  ...  Diffusion tractography was also used to dissect fronto-parietal tracts (the superior longitudinal fasciculus) and the corticospinal tract.  ...  Funding bodies This work was supported by a grant from Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro (AIRC) to L.B and supported by "Regione Lombardia" under the Eloquentstim Project (Por-Fesr, 2014-  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2020.03.018 pmid:32362441 fatcat:bhqfvruagvcozp2m55ffaqvtiq

Controversies over the mechanisms underlying the crucial role of the left fronto-parietal areas in the representation of tools

Guido Gainotti
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
Anatomo-clinical and neuroimaging data show that the left fronto-parietal areas play an important role in representing tools.  ...  As manipulation is an important source of knowledge about tools, it has been assumed that motor activity explains the link between tool knowledge and the left fronto-parietal areas.  ...  activities in regions of the fronto-parietal cortex.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00727 pmid:24137144 pmcid:PMC3797468 fatcat:apamg6pgqza35bkywrmk7j5kdi

Fronto-striatal mechanisms of salience-driven attentional flexibility

M.R. van Schouwenburg, R. Cools
2009 NeuroImage  
rule-switch and non-switch), with data pooled across TMS Time (pre-versus post-TMS) and TMS Site (M1 versus medial parietal cortex).  ...  remained the same but the task rule switched (i.e. yellow trials after blue trials [rule-switch trials]); and (4) trials on which both the task rule and the target stimulus were different from the previous  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1053-8119(09)71944-5 fatcat:jhuskj5kyrht7getavfnatulbe

Behavior in Oblivion: The Neurobiology of Subliminal Priming

Christianne Jacobs, Alexander T. Sack
2012 Brain Sciences  
However, this is not to say that recurrent processing is sufficient for consciousness, as a neural definition of consciousness in terms of recurrent connectivity would imply.  ...  Subliminal priming refers to behavioral modulation by an unconscious stimulus, and can thus be regarded as a form of unconscious visual processing.  ...  Acknowledgements We express gratitude to Felix Duecker for useful discussions and to two anonymous referees for suggestions how to further improve the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci2020225 pmid:24962773 pmcid:PMC4061795 fatcat:v4h6mv5hmvazddlfqisymcz7ya
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