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Asking It All: Generating Contextualized Questions for any Semantic Role [article]

Valentina Pyatkin, Paul Roit, Julian Michael, Reut Tsarfaty, Yoav Goldberg, Ido Dagan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To this end, we introduce the task of role question generation, which, given a predicate mention and a passage, requires producing a set of questions asking about all possible semantic roles of the predicate  ...  We develop a two-stage model for this task, which first produces a context-independent question prototype for each role and then revises it to be contextually appropriate for the passage.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Daniela Brook-Weiss for helping in the initial stages of this project and the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments.  ... 
arXiv:2109.04832v1 fatcat:lknnmgojpjhanevfp2cqydsw2y

Asking It All: Generating Contextualized Questions for any Semantic Role

Valentina Pyatkin, Paul Roit, Julian Michael, Yoav Goldberg, Reut Tsarfaty, Ido Dagan
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing   unpublished
To this end, we introduce the task of role question generation, which, given a predicate mention and a passage, requires producing a set of questions asking about all possible semantic roles of the predicate  ...  We develop a two-stage model for this task, which first produces a contextindependent question prototype for each role and then revises it to be contextually appropriate for the passage.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Daniela Brook-Weiss for helping in the initial stages of this project and the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.emnlp-main.108 fatcat:qyegh7ptcvgjvm7csphqq57ow4

It doesn't hurt to ask: Question-asking increases liking

Karen Huang, Michael Yeomans, Alison Wood Brooks, Julia Minson, Francesca Gino
2017 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
In the current research, we isolate the role of an understudied conversational behavior: question-asking.  ...  We trained a natural language processing algorithm as a "follow-up question detector" that we applied to our speed-dating data (and can be applied to any text data to more deeply understand question-asking  ...  This is true when they are in the role of question-asker, question-receiver, and third-party observer. Thus, it seems that people are largely unaware that asking questions has social benefits.  ... 
doi:10.1037/pspi0000097 pmid:28447835 fatcat:i65kh6exhbc3nggzp7govp2qeu

It Doesn't Hurt to Ask: Question-Asking Increases Liking

Karen Huang, Mike Yeomans, Julia Alexandra Minson
2017 Academy of Management Proceedings  
In the current research, we isolate the role of an understudied conversational behavior: question-asking.  ...  Our results suggest that question-asking affects liking in dyads because it solicits self-disclosure from the question answerer.  ...  Attribution theory suggests that question-asking may boost liking precisely because it is enjoyable for the discloser.  ... 
doi:10.5465/ambpp.2017.10647abstract fatcat:cor53xblynhbfotxwbkam75diq

Sometimes it does hurt to ask: The constructive role of articulating impressions

Lee C. White, Emmanuel M. Pothos, Jerome R. Busemeyer
2014 Cognition  
Decisions can sometimes have a constructive role, so that the act of, for example, choosing one option over another creates a preference for that option (e.g.In this work we explore the constructive role  ...  of just articulating an impression, for a presented visual stimulus, as opposed to making a choice (specifically, the judgments we employ are affective evaluations).  ...  After the second advert is presented, the observer is asked to rate it.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2014.05.015 pmid:24955888 fatcat:vadaniogdzgm5icjy52gvuhoom

Asking more than one question in one turn in oral examinations and its impact on examination quality

Karianne Skovholt, Marit Skarbø Solem, Maria Njølstad Vonen, Rein Ove Sikveland, Elizabeth Stokoe
2021 Journal of Pragmatics  
When this final question provided a pragmatic context for a specific answer, it constrained the candidate's opportunity to expand upon their overall answer.  ...  However, when the MUQs were separated by more talk across turns, candidates typically addressed only the final question.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the blind reviewers for useful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2021.05.020 fatcat:v4pfjvmtifa4jf2zcaf4xbidy4

'It is hard to know what you are being asked to do.' Deciphering codes, constructing schemas

John Hodgson, Ann Harris
2013 English in Education  
However a Freudian critic would argue against this idea, since one must question whether it is possible for a writer or any artist to remain separate from his work.  ...  But in English they tend not to look for any critique of arguments. They just want you to pick up on what is there and really go deeper and analyse it."  ... 
doi:10.1111/eie.12001 fatcat:wya47fnqxfhbfi7gkewznidfli

Exploring culture through in-depth interviews: is it useful to ask people about what they think, mean, and do?

Ricardo Rivas, Michael Gibson-Light
2016 Cinta de Moebio: Revista de Epistemologia de Ciencias Sociales  
Exploring culture through in-depth interviews: is it useful to ask people about what they think, mean, and do? Cinta moebio 57: 316-329  ...  This sparked a debate in the discipline over the legitimacy of interview methods for researchers of culture and others. Here, we contextualize and contribute to this debate.  ...  more than we would expect to strike gold by asking them for whatever change is in their pockets" (2010:240).  ... 
doi:10.4067/s0717-554x2016000300007 fatcat:o4bwliovsbhmxnfohuoa5qwsg4

Frege's Puzzle is About Identity After All

Elmar Unnsteinsson
2018 Philosophy and Phenomenological Research  
The result is important, as it suggests that the puzzle can be solved, not by a semantic theory of names or referring expressions as such, but simply by a theory of identity statements.  ...  To show this, I sketch a framework for developing solutions of this sort.  ...  So, for example, if two people are talking generally about former presidents of the US, this may signi cantly raise the contextual salience of their names-at least the most familiar ones-even before any  ... 
doi:10.1111/phpr.12516 fatcat:4gpkp7kdzzhc5drgaryzlbez7m

Is Well-being Measurable After All?

Anna Alexandrova
2016 Public Health Ethics  
It is also broader in that it considers a kind of person rather than an individual. This -let us call it contextual -sense of well-being is sometimes all that we mean by well-being.  ...  That merely shows that there are other notions which apply to kinds and since kinds are based on generalizations, these contextual notions are better candidates for measurement.  ... 
doi:10.1093/phe/phw015 fatcat:6rophkotg5dy5nnx7vfprgl2de

All the Superhero's Names

Olga Poller
2020 Studia Semiotyczne  
I owe many thanks also to Professor Adam Olszewski for his remarks about the formal semantics presented here.  ...  A version of this paper was presented at the PhiLang 2011 conference held at the University of ód (12.05.14.05.2011) and I would like to thank all of the audience for their valuable comments on this occasion  ...  (For the general definition of an interpretation of a modified predicate see Def. III. in Appendix).  ... 
doaj:484affde5fd3440fab183b1cb56cecc9 fatcat:cfaxknlkmffabljsl7rzau2t5i

For one or for all?

Brett L. Fiedler, Taliesin L. Smith, Jesse Greenberg, Emily B. Moore
2022 Proceedings of the 19th International Web for All Conference  
We find that educators perceive the feature as beneficial both broadly and for specific pop ulations while some acknowledge particular populations for whom it remains ineffective.  ...  We surveyed over 2000 educators to investigate their per ceptions and preferences of the Web Speech-based Voicing feature and its broad appeal and effectiveness for teaching and learning.  ...  In a second step to confirm participants were educators, an ini tial survey question asked participants to select their role, and a selection of a non-educator role ended the survey allowing only those  ... 
doi:10.1145/3493612.3520456 fatcat:hmbis2h4njfivjbycgri2tdq6u

Opinions: All About Culture

Edgar H. Schein, Jana Costas, Gideon Kunda, Majken Schultz, Tomoko Hamada Connolly, Susan Wright, Gert Jan Hofstede, Dixon Wong Heung Wah
2015 Journal of Business Anthropology  
The word "culture" has been used in so many ways in the last few decades that it has virtually lost all meaning.  ...  In this short opinion piece, I want to bring back the concept of culture, as it has been used by anthropologists, and show its power when used in relation to nations, organizations and occupations.  ...  Strongly informed by CCCS, the core cultural studies course at Sussex University posed, as the central question to ask of any situation: "Who has the power to define what, for whom, with what material  ... 
doi:10.22439/jba.v4i1.4792 fatcat:v2sq6hx6enfcpniai2dizj2jwa

On Failing to Capture some (or even all) of what is Communicated [chapter]

Kent Johnson
2009 Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy  
general structure and scope of semantic theories for natural languages (CL, 2005).  ...  In particular, it is extremely common for semanticists and philosophers of language to assume that a correct semantics for (1a) and (2a) assigns the additional structure in (1b) and (2b) as part of the  ...  Acknowledgment I am grateful to Rob Stainton for much useful feedback. Notes  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8310-5_6 fatcat:k7sqp6alzneonfijjj6ydwdfvu

Deontic Modals and Probabilities: One Theory to Rule Them All? [chapter]

Fabrizio Cariani
2016 Deontic Modality  
I offer a probabilistic premise semantics that explains all the data that create trouble for the rival theories. keywords: deontic modality, probability, information sensitivity, premise semantics, deontic  ...  This paper motivates and develops a novel semantic framework for deontic modals.  ...  The semantics of §3 solves the latter problem. This is all that it should be reasonably asked to do.  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0002 fatcat:krsgehntkzhp3k2ccbu3lgzvmq
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